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# Chapter 19 - Speed, velocity and acceleration (Answers)

Q.I) Multiple choice questions. Tick the correct answer from the options given below.
1. What A racing car is fitted with an on-board computer. Every time the car
passes the starting line, the computer records the distance travelled in the
next 2 seconds.
Which set of data shows that the car is increasing in speed during the 2
seconds?
(0625_w04_qp_1 4)

2. A heavy metal ball falls vertically downwards through air past four equally
spaced levels J, K, L and M. (0625_s13_qp_12 2)

The times taken to fall from one level to the next are measured.
Where is the speed of the ball greatest and which time is shortest?

## 3. Which person is experiencing an acceleration? (0625_s13_qp_11 2)

A. a driver of a car that is braking to stop at traffic lights
B. a passenger in a train that is stationary in a railway station
C. a shopper in a large store ascending an escalator (moving stairs) at a
uniform rate
D. a skydiver falling at constant speed towards the Earth
4. A ball is thrown upwards.
What effect does the force of gravity have on the ball?
A. It produces a constant acceleration downwards.
B. It produces a constant acceleration upwards.
C. It produces a decreasing acceleration upwards.
D. It produces an increasing acceleration downwards.
5. Which statement about a moving object is correct? (0625_s10_qp_11 - 8)
A. When an object is accelerating, the resultant force acting on it must
equal zero.
B. When an object is moving at a steady speed, the air resistance acting on
it must equal zero.
C. When an object is moving at a steady speed, the resultant force
acting on it must equal zero.
D. When an object is moving, there must be a resultant force acting on it.
6. A ship sends a pulse of sound vertically downwards to the sea bed. An echo
is heard 0.4 seconds later. (0625_w10_qp_11 25)
If the speed of sound in the water is 1200 m / s, how deep is the water below
the ship?
A. 240 m
B. 480 m
C. 1500 m
D. 3000 m
1. A hillside is covered with snow. A skier is travelling down the hill. (0625_w10_qp_32-1)

Fig 1.1
The table below gives the values of the acceleration of the skier at various heights
above the bottom of the hill.

## (i) the acceleration of the skier,

...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(ii) the speed of the skier.
...........................................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(b) The acceleration becomes zero before the skier reaches the bottom of the hill.
Use ideas about forces to suggest why this happens.
...................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................
(c) Below a height of 50 m, further measurements show that the acceleration of the skier has
a negative value.
What does this mean is happening to the speed of the skier in the last 50 m?
...................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................
(d) The skier has a mass of 60 kg.
Calculate the resultant force on the skier at a height of 250 m.

## resultant force = .........................................................

2. A young athlete has a mass of 42 kg. On a day when there is no wind, she runs a 100 m
race in 14.2 s. A sketch graph (not to scale) showing her speed during the race is given
in Fig. 2.1. (0625_w10_qp_33 1)

(a) Calculate

(i) the acceleration of the athlete during the first 3.0 s of the race,

acceleration = .........................................................
(ii) the accelerating force on the athlete during the first 3.0 s of the race,

force = .........................................................
(iii) the speed with which she crosses the finishing line.

speed = .........................................................
(b) Suggest two differences that might be seen in the graph if there had been a strong wind
opposing the runners in the race.
1................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................
2................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................