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Chapter 19 - Speed, velocity and acceleration (Answers)

Q.I) Multiple choice questions. Tick the correct answer from the options given below.
1. What A racing car is fitted with an on-board computer. Every time the car
passes the starting line, the computer records the distance travelled in the
next 2 seconds.
Which set of data shows that the car is increasing in speed during the 2
seconds?
(0625_w04_qp_1 4)

Answer C
2. A heavy metal ball falls vertically downwards through air past four equally
spaced levels J, K, L and M. (0625_s13_qp_12 2)

The times taken to fall from one level to the next are measured.
Where is the speed of the ball greatest and which time is shortest?

3. Which person is experiencing an acceleration? (0625_s13_qp_11 2)


A. a driver of a car that is braking to stop at traffic lights
B. a passenger in a train that is stationary in a railway station
C. a shopper in a large store ascending an escalator (moving stairs) at a
uniform rate
D. a skydiver falling at constant speed towards the Earth
4. A ball is thrown upwards.
What effect does the force of gravity have on the ball?
A. It produces a constant acceleration downwards.
B. It produces a constant acceleration upwards.
C. It produces a decreasing acceleration upwards.
D. It produces an increasing acceleration downwards.
5. Which statement about a moving object is correct? (0625_s10_qp_11 - 8)
A. When an object is accelerating, the resultant force acting on it must
equal zero.
B. When an object is moving at a steady speed, the air resistance acting on
it must equal zero.
C. When an object is moving at a steady speed, the resultant force
acting on it must equal zero.
D. When an object is moving, there must be a resultant force acting on it.
6. A ship sends a pulse of sound vertically downwards to the sea bed. An echo
is heard 0.4 seconds later. (0625_w10_qp_11 25)
If the speed of sound in the water is 1200 m / s, how deep is the water below
the ship?
A. 240 m
B. 480 m
C. 1500 m
D. 3000 m
Q.II) Answer the following.
1. A hillside is covered with snow. A skier is travelling down the hill. (0625_w10_qp_32-1)

Fig 1.1
The table below gives the values of the acceleration of the skier at various heights
above the bottom of the hill.

(a) Describe what is happening, during the descent, to

(i) the acceleration of the skier,


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(ii) the speed of the skier.
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(b) The acceleration becomes zero before the skier reaches the bottom of the hill.
Use ideas about forces to suggest why this happens.
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(c) Below a height of 50 m, further measurements show that the acceleration of the skier has
a negative value.
What does this mean is happening to the speed of the skier in the last 50 m?
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.............................................................................................................................................
(d) The skier has a mass of 60 kg.
Calculate the resultant force on the skier at a height of 250 m.

resultant force = .........................................................


2. A young athlete has a mass of 42 kg. On a day when there is no wind, she runs a 100 m
race in 14.2 s. A sketch graph (not to scale) showing her speed during the race is given
in Fig. 2.1. (0625_w10_qp_33 1)

(a) Calculate

(i) the acceleration of the athlete during the first 3.0 s of the race,

acceleration = .........................................................
(ii) the accelerating force on the athlete during the first 3.0 s of the race,

force = .........................................................
(iii) the speed with which she crosses the finishing line.

speed = .........................................................
(b) Suggest two differences that might be seen in the graph if there had been a strong wind
opposing the runners in the race.
1................................................................................................................................................
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2................................................................................................................................................
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