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BTY100:ELEMENTARY BIOLOGY

L:2

T:0

P:0

Credits:2

Course Objectives:

To know the fundamentals of biology and its importance in daily life

To elaborate on concepts and technology with an emphasis on the utilization of living


things

To introduce scientific principles relevant to biology and role in development of innovative


technologies

Unit I
Evolution of life : How new species originate, Evolutionary patterns, Human
evolution, Rates of evolution
Origin of life : Spontaneous generation v/s Biogenesis, current thinkings about
origin of life, Life from inorganic material, Major Evolutionary Changes
Unit II
The Cell: Structure : Molecular Components of Cells, Cell organelles
The Cell: Function : Maintaining Internal Environments, Responding to External
Environments, Cell Growth, Reproduction and Differentiation, Molecular components
of cell: Function
The Cell : Introduction to cell and Cell organelles, Eukaryotic Cell Structure,
Prokaryotic Cell Structure, Differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell
Unit III
DNA: Forms and Function : Chemistry of DNA, Forms of DNA, Functions of DNA,
Proteins working with DNA
DNA to protein : Transcription, Translation, Replication
Biomolecules : Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleic acids: DNA and RNA
Genetic Material : DNA, RNA, Watson and Crick model of DNA, Types of RNA
Unit IV
Mechanochemistry: ATP motors : Introduction to mechanochemistry and
molecular motors, ATP Synthase Structure:The F1 Motor, Structure of Fo, Proton half
channel, Rotational catalysis mechanism
Mechanochemistry: Microfilament and microtubule motors : Myosin Motors,
Flagellar Motors, Kinesin Motors, Dynein Motors, Strcuture of Sarcomere, Kinesin
structure and function
Unit V
Immune system : Innate and adaptive immune system, Cells of the immune
system, Organs of the immune system, Immunoglobulin types and their functions
Enzymes in life : Proteases, Carbonic Anhydrases, Restriction Enzymes,
Introduction to enzymes, Enzyme kinetics, Industrial Applications of enzymes
Ecosystem organization and energy flow and
Community interactions : Ecology and environment, The organization of ecological
systems Characterizing Ecosystems: Energy, Numbers, Biomass, Community
interactions Community, Habitat and niche Kinds of organisms interactions, The
cycling of materials in ecosystems Impact of Human actions on communities
Unit VI
Relationships between Engineering and Biology : Bionics, Biomimetics,
Biotechnology, Nanobiotechnology, Biomedical Engineering
Utilizing living systems : Biomedical Engineering, Nanobiotechnology

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Print Date : 6/15/2015 7:29:37 PM

Unit VI

Vitamins and Hormones : Vitamin types and deficiency diseases, Hormone types
and deficiency diseases

Text Books:
1. CONCEPTS IN BIOLOGY by ENGER, ROSS & BAILEY, MCGRAW HILL EDUCATION,
11th Edition, (2005)
References:
1. BIOCHEMISTRY by L. STRYER, W. H. FREEMAN AND COMPANY, 5th Edition,
(2002)

2. PRINCIPLES OF BIOCHEMISTRY by ALBERT L. LEHNINGER, DAVID L. NELSON,


W. H. FREEMAN AND COMPANY, 4th Edition,

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Print Date : 6/15/2015 7:29:37 PM