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CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015


NO
1

JAWAPAN
(a)

MARKAH

Labelkan T dengan betul

T
1

*terima mana-mana jawapan yang sama fasa


(b)

Pelembapan

(c)(i)

Frekuensi tidak berubah

(c)(ii)

Frekuensi ayunan tidak dipengaruhi oleh jisim

TOTAL
2

(a)

Daya impuls

(b)

Daya boleh mengubah bentuk objek

(c)

Halaju kereta = 140 x 100


3600
= 38.89 ms-1

*terima jawapan dalam kg.km j

Momentum kereta = mv
-1
= 1200 kg x 38.89 ms
-1
=46 668 kg m s .

(d)

-1

Mengurangkan halaju
// mengurangkan muatan //
(terima sebarang jawapan bagi mengurangkan kesan daya impuls)
TOTAL

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

NO
3

JAWAPAN

MARKAH

(a)

1m

1m

(b)
(c)(i)

(c)(ii)

Pasangan daya pada arah yang betul - 1m

Berat = Daya apungan


Daya apungan = berat kereta
= 1350 x 10
= 13500 N

Daya apungan = Vg
Vair = Daya apungan
g
= 13500
(1000x10)
= 1.35 m3

TOTAL
4

(a)

(b)(i)

(b)(ii)

(c)

900J tenaga haba diperlukan untuk menaikkan suhu sebanyak 1oC


bagi 1kg Aluminium.

m = V
-4
= 8900 x 2.8 x 10
= 2.492 kg

Q=mc
= 2.492 390 x (400-25)
= 364 455 J

Dalam periuk tekanan,


1. Apabila suhu semakin bertambah, tekanan di dalam periuk
semakin bertambah.
2. Tekanan tinggi menyebabkan makanan masak dalam masa
yang lebih singkat.
TOTAL

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

(a)

(b)(i)

Rintangan dalam ialah rintangan di dalam sel atau bateri disebabkan


oleh elektrolit atau elektrod.
Kecerahan mentol dalam Rajah 5.2 > Rajah 5.1

(b) (ii)

Jumlah d.g.e. Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 adalah sama

(b)(iii)

Jumlah rintangan dalam bagi Rajah 5.1 > Rajah 5.2

(c)(i)

(c)(ii)

(d)

Semakin bertambah bilangan sel kering, semakin bertambah


rintangan dalam.

Kereta tidak boleh dihidupkan.


Kerana jumlah rintangan dalam adalah tinggi

2
8

JAWAPAN

MARKAH

Kuantiti haba diperlukan untuk menaikkan suhu i kg bahan sebanyak


1oC .

(b)(i)

Jisim X dan jisim Y adalah sama

(b)(ii)

Perubahan suhu dalam cecair X > cecair Y

(c)(i)

sama

(c)(ii)

sama

(c)(iii)

Muatan haba tentu

(d)

NO
(a)

Semakin bertambah rintangan dalam, semakin berkurang kecerahan


mentol

TOTAL

1
1
1
1
1

Muatan haba tentu tidak berubah.


Kerana nilai muatan haba tentu setiap bahan adalah tetap
TOTAL

2
8

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

NO
7

JAWAPAN

MARKAH

(a)(i)

(ii)

Direct current / arus terus

Jarum hanya bergerak ke satu arah sahaja

(b)(i)

Garis medan magnet 1


Arah medan 2
2 arah daya yang bertentangan 3

(b)(ii)
(c)

Daya kilas / Daya medan lastik


Peraturan tangan kiri Fleming

1
1

(d)(i)

(d)(ii)

(f)

Meningkatkan kekuatan medan magnet // menghasilkan medan


magnet jejarian/berpusat
Tambahkan bilangan lilitan gegelung dawai kuprum // gunakan dawai
yang lebih tebal
TOTAL

1
1
10

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

NO
8

(a)

JAWAPAN

MARKAH

Get logik ialah peranti elektronik dengan 1 atau lebih input tetapi
hanya satu output sahaja.

(b)

Input A
0
0
1
1

Input B
0
1
0
1

Output X
0
1
1
1

(c)(i)

C
1

Untuk mengesan haba // peka kepada perubahan suhu //


rintangan berubah dengan suhu

(c)(ii)

D
1

Untuk mengesan cahaya // peka cahaya // rintangan berubah


dengan keamatan cahaya
(c)(ii)

E
1
1

Untuk menghasilkan output akhir seperti dalam Jadual 8


(d)

R
1
TOTAL

12

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

Question
9

(a)(i)
(ii)

Suggested Answer

Mark

Image that can be formed on a screen


-

Lens P thicker than Q//vice versa


Focal length of P is shorter than Q//vice versa
Height of image formed by Lens P is smaller than Q // vice
versa
The shorter the focal length of the lens, the smaller the
height of the image // vice versa
The shorter the focal length, the greater the power of the lens

(b)

Light from the sky travels from a cold region to a hot region
// Light from the sky travels from a denser medium to a
less dense medium.
It refracts away from normal
At certain point, the incident angle is greater than the
critical angle
Total internal occur

Max 4

(c)(i)
Lens S, objective lens

Lens R, eyepiece

40 cm
L = 40 + 5 = 45 cm
-

5 cm

Choose lens S as objective lens // diagram


Choose lens R as eyepiece // diagram
Lens S is placed in front of lens R // diagram
The two lenses are adjusted so that they are in normal
adjustment where distance between the two lenses is equal
45 cm // diagram

4 marks

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015
Modification

Explanation

1. Use a low power of convex


lens as the objective lens.

- Magnification of telescope =

(ii)

2. Use a high power of


convex lens as the eyepiece
3.Use bigger diameter of
objective lens

fo
,
fe
Low power lens has a longer
focal length, fo //
magnification is greater
High power lens has a
shorter focal length, fe //
magnification is greater
More light can enter the lens

Total marks

Question
10 (a)

(b)

20

Suggested Answer

Mark

A material in which its conductivity is between conductor and


insulator
-

electrons attracted to positive terminal


holes attracted to negative terminal
no electrons drift across the p-n junction
the depletion layer widens
no current flows (hence the bulb doesnt light up)

Diagram 10.2

(c)

6 marks

1 mark

Max 4
marks

Diagram 10.3

Connection
of p-type of
the base to
dry cells

Base terminal
connected to
negative terminal of
dry cells

Base terminal
connected to positive
terminal of dry cells

Biased of the
emitter-base
junction

Reverse biased

Forward biased

Bulb

Does not light up

Light up

When the emitter-base junction is in forward biased, the bulb


lights up// vice versa
When the base-emitter junction is in forward biased, base
current flows // vice versa

5 marks

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015
(d)

10
marks
Modification
1. Positive terminal of the dry
cells connects to the base
// In series // diagram
3. LDR is at below// diagram

5. Siren // diagram
7. Relay // diagram
9. A (fixed) resistor connected
to the base // diagram

Explanation
Base current flows // Base
circuit in high voltage
So that when a person crosses
the laser path, the voltage
across LDR / base circuit is
high
Emits sound if there is an
intruder cross the laser path
// convert electrical energy to
sound energy
To switch on secondary circuit
that uses 240 V
To limit base current

Total marks

Question
11

(a)
(i)
(ii)

Suggested Answer
Specific heat capacity is the amount of heat required to increase
the temperature of 1kg substance by 10C
-

Water is used to cool down the car engine.

Water is pumped and circulated throughout the engine to

20

Mark
1

absorb heat.
-

The hot water flows to the radiator where heat is released


through the fins blades to the surrounding

The cool water flows back to the engine again to capture more
heat (and this cycle is repeated continuously)

Max 4

CADANGAN JAWAPAN : FIZIK KERTAS 2


PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM TAHUN 2015

(b)

Characteristics

Explanation

High specific heat capacity

It can store more heat (with a


small change in temperature)

Low freezing point

The liquid will not easily freeze at


low temperature

High boiling point

The liquid will not easily vapour


at high temperature

Low rate of rusting

It can last longer // will not


easily corrode

K is chosen
because it has high specific heat capacity, low freezing point, high
boiling point and low rate of rusting
[10 marks]
(c)
(i)

The output
power

(ii)

Heat
generated

(iii)

Q
4.86 x 107 J
c

=
=
=
=
=

mechanical energy / 1 hour


40 % x Total energy
40 % x 8.1 x 107
3.24 x 107 J in 1 hour //
9000 Js-1

= Total energy output


= 8.1 x 107 - 3.24 x 107
= 4.86 x 107 J
= mc
= 200(c)(91 36)
= 4418 J kg-1 o C-1

1 - Substitution
1 - Correct answer
with unit

12

1 - Correct answer / ECF

1 Substitution / ECF
1 - Correct answer with unit

Total marks

Question

Suggested Answer

2
20

Mark

(a)
(i)

Atoms with unstable nucleus // Atoms that emit radioactive


particles

(ii)

Air molecules are ionised

(iii)

Alpha particles
Thick - alpha particles have high ionising power
Straight alpha particles are heavy
Different lengths Different kinetic energy

(b)

Characteristics

Explanation

Uranium-235

Heavy nucleus // Can undergo


fission reaction

Long half life

Last longer

Water electrolysis

Will produce oxygen

Concrete

Prevents leakage of radiation


from the reactor core
R is chosen because the fuel is Uranium-235, with long half life, use
water electrolysis and build with concrete shield
[10 marks]
(c)
(i)
(ii)

Mass
defect, m
E

= 2.015 + 2.015 3.016 1.009


= 0.005 u

= mc2
= (0.005 x 1.66 x 10-27)(3 x 108)2
= 7.47 x 10-13 J

1 Substitution / ecf
1 - Correct answer with
unit / ecf

Total marks

END OF MARKING SCHEME

10

1 - Substitution
1 - Correct answer
with unit

20