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Boxer at Rest

Boxer at Rest Seated boxer (Museo delle Terme, Rome) Dated to around 330 B.C.E., the bronzeHellenistic Greek sculpture of a sitting nude boxer at rest, still wearing his caestus , a type of leather hand-wrap, in the collection of the National Museum of Rome . 1 Discovery sometimes and most unexpectedly met with real masterpieces; but I have never felt such an extraordinary impression as the one created by the sight of this magnificent specimen of a semi-barbaric athlete, coming slowly out of the ground, as if awakening from a long repose af- ter his gallant fights. 2 Description The Boxer is one of two unrelated bronzes (the other be- ing the unidentified Hellenistic ruler) discovered on the slopes of the Quirinal within a month of each other in 1885, possibly from the remains of the Baths of Con- stantine . It appears that both had been carefully buried in antiquity. The archaeologist Rodolfo Lanciani , who was present at the sculpture’s discovery, wrote I have witnessed, in my long career in the active field of archaeology, many discoveries; I have experienced surprise after surprise; I have Detail of the head The statue is a masterpiece of Hellenistic athletic pro- fessionalism, with a top-heavy over-muscled torso and scarred and bruised face, cauliflower ears , broken nose, and a mouth suggesting broken teeth. R.R.R. Smith be- lieves that the statue does not show a true portrait: this is genre realism, individuality removed in favour of a generic character of “boxer”. In 1989 both bronzes were meticulously conserved by Nikolaus Himmelmann, in preparation for their exhibi- 1 " id="pdf-obj-0-4" src="pdf-obj-0-4.jpg">

Seated boxer (Museo delle Terme, Rome)

Dated to around 330 B.C.E., the bronze Boxer at Rest, also known as the Terme Boxer or Boxer of the Quirinal, is a Hellenistic Greek sculpture of a sitting nude boxer at rest, still wearing his caestus, a type of leather hand-wrap, in the collection of the National Museum of Rome.

1 Discovery

sometimes and most unexpectedly met with real masterpieces; but I have never felt such an extraordinary impression as the one created by the sight of this magnificent specimen of a semi-barbaric athlete, coming slowly out of the ground, as if awakening from a long repose af- ter his gallant fights. [1]

2 Description

Boxer at Rest Seated boxer (Museo delle Terme, Rome) Dated to around 330 B.C.E., the bronzeHellenistic Greek sculpture of a sitting nude boxer at rest, still wearing his caestus , a type of leather hand-wrap, in the collection of the National Museum of Rome . 1 Discovery sometimes and most unexpectedly met with real masterpieces; but I have never felt such an extraordinary impression as the one created by the sight of this magnificent specimen of a semi-barbaric athlete, coming slowly out of the ground, as if awakening from a long repose af- ter his gallant fights. 2 Description The Boxer is one of two unrelated bronzes (the other be- ing the unidentified Hellenistic ruler) discovered on the slopes of the Quirinal within a month of each other in 1885, possibly from the remains of the Baths of Con- stantine . It appears that both had been carefully buried in antiquity. The archaeologist Rodolfo Lanciani , who was present at the sculpture’s discovery, wrote I have witnessed, in my long career in the active field of archaeology, many discoveries; I have experienced surprise after surprise; I have Detail of the head The statue is a masterpiece of Hellenistic athletic pro- fessionalism, with a top-heavy over-muscled torso and scarred and bruised face, cauliflower ears , broken nose, and a mouth suggesting broken teeth. R.R.R. Smith be- lieves that the statue does not show a true portrait: this is genre realism, individuality removed in favour of a generic character of “boxer”. In 1989 both bronzes were meticulously conserved by Nikolaus Himmelmann, in preparation for their exhibi- 1 " id="pdf-obj-0-32" src="pdf-obj-0-32.jpg">

The Boxer is one of two unrelated bronzes (the other be- ing the unidentified Hellenistic ruler) discovered on the slopes of the Quirinal within a month of each other in 1885, possibly from the remains of the Baths of Con- stantine. It appears that both had been carefully buried in antiquity. The archaeologist Rodolfo Lanciani, who was present at the sculpture’s discovery, wrote

I have witnessed, in my long career in the active field of archaeology, many discoveries; I have experienced surprise after surprise; I have

Detail of the head

The statue is a masterpiece of Hellenistic athletic pro- fessionalism, with a top-heavy over-muscled torso and scarred and bruised face, cauliflower ears, broken nose, and a mouth suggesting broken teeth. R.R.R. Smith be- lieves that the statue does not show a true portrait: this is genre realism, individuality removed in favour of a generic character of “boxer”. [2]

In 1989 both bronzes were meticulously conserved by Nikolaus Himmelmann, in preparation for their exhibi-

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5 EXTERNAL LINKS

tion at the Akademisches Kunstmuseum in Bonn. [3] The sculpture is soldered together from eight segments, sep- arately cast through the lost-wax process; the joins have been filed and finished to be virtually invisible. The lips and wounds and scars about the face were originally inlaid with copper, and further copper inlays on the right shoul- der, forearm, caestus and thigh represented drops and trickles of blood. The fingers and toes were worn from being rubbed by passers-by in ancient times, which has suggested that the Boxer was carefully buried to preserve its talismanic value, when the Baths were abandoned after the Goths cut the aqueducts that fed them. [4]

The statue was displayed in the United States for the first time from June to July 2013 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City as part of the “Year of Italian Culture in the United States”. [5]

  • 4 References

[1] Lanciani, Ancient Rome in Light of Recent Discover- ies (1888:305–306), quoted in Sean Hemingway, “The Boxer: an ancient masterpiece comes to the Met”, 2013; accessed 29 June 2013.

[2]

Smith, R. R. R. (1991). Hellenistic Sculpture. London. pp.

54–55.

[3] Himmelmann, Nikolaus (1998). Herrscher und Athlet:

Die Bronzen vom Quirinal. Milan: Olivetti.

  • 3 Reception

The literary and aesthetic reception of the statue contin- ues to be of high regard for its aesthetic virtues. In 1991, the short story writer Thom Jones wrote “The Pugilist at Rest” as the prize winning, lead short story in a book of his by the same name. The short story includes the aesthetic reflection upon the statue’s rare quality as seen through the eyes of a worn and weary boxer contemplat- ing its inspiration. During the time of its display in New York during the summer of 2013 (ended 20 July), New York magazine published on 15 July 2013 a full page ded- ication to the special qualities and attributes of the statue.

Jerry Saltz, the author of this magazine article enumer- ated the six distinctive features of the statue as follows:

(i) The Pose, distinct for its massiveness and “elemental” form, (ii) The Face, noted for the large brow and colum- nar neck, (iii) The Blood, noted by its inlaid copper upon the bronze statue itself, (iv) The Scared Genitals, dis- tinct for being infibulated for aesthetic purposes of an- cient times, (v) The Hands, noted for being astounding yet gentle at the same time, and (vi) The Foresight, refer- ring to the sculptor’s strength of vision which resembles and conjures Goya's Giant as well as comparison with "Velazquez and Rembrandt", as Saltz completes his list.

The author of the short story “The Pugilist at Rest,” Thom Jones, suggests the identification of the boxer as follows:

“Perhaps it is Theogenes who is depicted in the famous Roman statue (based on the earlier Greek original) of

[

the boxer.] The statue depicts a muscular athlete ap-

... proaching his middle age. He has a thick beard and a full head of curly hair. In addition to the tell-tale broken nose and cauliflower ears of a boxer, the pugilist has the slanted, drooping brows that bespeak torn nerves. Also, the forehead is piled with scar tissue. As may be ex- pected, the pugilist has the musculature of a fighter.”

[4] Hemingway 2013.

[6] “Apollonius’s Boxer at Rest”. Smarthistory at Khan Academy. Retrieved February 18, 2013.

  • 5 External links

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  • 6 Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses

6.1

Text

Boxer at Rest Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boxer_at_Rest?oldid=697947725 Contributors: Wetman, Jastrow, MatthiasKabel, Sparkit, BD2412, Pleiotrop3, Feydey, Hellbus, Ptcamn, Gadget850, Fram, PRehse, Hmains, ApolloCreed, Smallbones, Greenshed, Erimus, Neddyseagoon, Eponymous-Archon, Erik Kennedy, Outriggr (2006-2009), Cydebot, EdJohnston, Psychobunny2412, STBotD, Andyvphil, TXiKiBoT, Chrisrus, PixelBot, Vivio Testarossa, Estirabot, Arjayay, Addbot, Mephiston999, Luckas-bot, Yobot, Materialscientist, Grou- choBot, DecebalHormuz, Kanghuitari, CorvusValerius, Animus93, DavidLeighEllis, Livioandronico2013, Fitchdude and Anonymous: 29

6.2

Images

File:Boxer_of_Quirinal_(Mys_from_Taranto)_-_Lateral_View.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/ Boxer_of_Quirinal_%28Mys_from_Taranto%29_-_Lateral_View.jpg License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:

File:Commons-logo.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contribu- tors: ? Original artist: ?

File:Nuvola_apps_kaboodle.svg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Nuvola_apps_kaboodle.svg License:

 

File:Púgil_Massimo_06.JPG Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/27/P%C3%BAgil_Massimo_06.JPG Li- cense: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Miguel Hermoso Cuesta

File:Thermae_boxer_Massimo_Inv1055_n7.jpg Source: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ed/Thermae_boxer_ Massimo_Inv1055_n7.jpg License: CC BY 2.5 Contributors: Marie-Lan Nguyen (2009) Original artist: ?

6.3

Content license