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Lets get into the depth of

IPv6 Address Forma


The latest and the most awaited technology are here! With some of its drastic
changes!! Internet Protocol version 6 which is IPv6 is the most up-to-date version of
the Internet Protocol (IP), the communication protocol that provides recognition and
setting system for computers on systems and routes traffic over Internet. IPv6 was
deployed by the Internet Engineering Task Force to contract with the long-expected
crisis of IPv4 address exhaustion. IPv6 obsolete the old Internet protocol version
which is IPv4.
Prior of launching IPv6 Address format, we shall gaze into Hexadecimal Number
System. Hexadecimal is a positional number system that employs base of 16. To stand
for the values in comprehensible format, this system uses 0-9 symbols to signify
values from zero to nine and A-F to signify values from ten to fifteen. Every digit in
Hexadecimal can signify values from 0 to 15.
Address Structure of IPv6
An IPv6 address is complete of 128 bits divided into eight 16-bits blocks. Each block
is then changed into 4-digit Hexadecimal numbers split by colon symbols.
For instance, given ahead is a 128 bit IPv6 address signifying in binary format and
alienated into eight 16-bits blocks:
0010000000000001 0000000000000000 0011001000111000 1101111111100001
0000000001100011 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 1111111011111011
Each block is then transformed into Hexadecimal and separated by : symbol:
2001:0000:3238:DFE1:0063:0000:0000:FEFB
Even after switching into Hexadecimal format, IPv6 address stays long. IPv6 offers
some rules to shorten the address. The rules are as follows:

Rule.1: Cast off leading Zero (es):


In Block 5, 0063, the leading two 0s can be omitted, such as (5th block):
2001:0000:3238:DFE1:63:0000:0000:FEFB
Rule.2: If two of more blocks hold uninterrupted zeroes, skip them all and reinstate
with dual colon sign::, such as (6th and 7th block):
2001:0000:3238:DFE1:63::FEFB
Successive blocks of zeroes can be reinstated only once by:: so if there are still blocks
of zeroes in the address, they can be shriveled down to a single zero, such as (2nd
block):
2001:0:3238:DFE1:63::FEFB
IPv6 Address Types
Mounting the IP address pond was one of the chief forces behind expanding IPv6. It
employs a 128-bit address, meaning that we have a maximum of 2 addresses
available, or 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456, or enough to
give multiple IP addresses to every star in our galaxy. So, our old friend IPv6 of 32-bit
dotted-quads doesnt do the job anymore, this newfangled IPs need eight 16-bit
hexadecimal colon-delimited blocks. So, they are not only long enough to complicate
a person but also use numbers and alphabets. At first glance, those IPv6 addresses
look like dense secret code, for instance:
2001:0db8:3c4d:0015:0000:0000:abcd: ef12
Three Types of IPv6 Addresses
1) Unicast addresses.
A Unicast address performs as an identifier for a particular edge. An IPv6 packet
hurled to a Unicast address is conveyed to the edge identified by that address.
2) Multicast addresses.
A Multicast addresses acts as an identifier for a group/set of interfaces that may be in

the right place to the dissimilar nodes. An IPv6 packet delivered to a Multicast
address is delivered to the multiple interfaces.
3) Anycast addresses.
Anycast addresses act as identifiers for a set of interfaces that may belong to the
diverse nodes. An IPv6 packet destined for an Anycast address is sent to one of the
interfaces identified by the address.
IPv6 address formats are much portable. IPv6 offers other technical benefits in
adding to a better addressing space. In exacting, it authorizes hierarchical address
allotment methods that make easy route aggregation over the Internet and limit the
increase of routing tables. The use of multicast addressing is enlarged and simplified,
and provides additional optimization for the deliverance of services.