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General Physics 1

TEST 1 13/04/2016

1. Unit, measurement and uncertainty (20 points)


Gold, which has a density of 0.698 lb/in3, is the most ductile metal and can be pressed into a
thin leaf or drawn out into a long fiber. (a) If a sample of gold with a mass of 29.34 g is pressed
into a leaf of 1.000 m thickness, what is the area of the leaf? (b) If, instead the gold is drawn
out into a cylindrical fiber of radius 2.500 m, what is the length of the fiber?
Hint: Convert into c.g.s. (1 lb = 453.59 gram; 1 in = 2.54 cm) . Determine the least uncertainty in
the density, mass, and thickness or radius, and then calculate the uncertainty in the area or
length value. Express the uncertainty in the area (A) or length (l) as an absolute value A or
l , as a fractional ratio A/A or l/l, and as a percentage A% or l%

2. Dimensional Analysis (10 points)


Consider a simple pendulum consisting of a massive bob suspended from a fixed point by a
string. Let T denote the time (period of the pendulum) that it takes the bob to complete one
cycle of oscillation. How does the period of the simple pendulum depend on the quantities that
define the pendulum and the quantities that determine the motion? (Do the dimensional analysis
to derive the relationship)

3. Vectors (20 points)

A. Displacement d1 is in the yz plane 63.0 from the positive direction of the y axis, has a

positive z component, and has a magnitude of 4.80 m. Displacement d 2 is in the xz


plane 30.0 from the positive direction of the x axis, has a positive z component, and has

magnitude 1.40 m. What are (a) d 1 d 2 , (b) d 1 d 2 , (c) d 1 d 2 d 1 5d 2 , and (c) the

angle between d1 and d 2 ?


B. In the product F qv B , take q = 3,

v 2.0i 4.0 j 6.0k and F 4.0i 20 j 12k

What then is B in unit-vector notation if B x B y ?

K
4. Kinematics
A. In
nstantaneous velocity: The
T
position
n of a particcle moving along the x axis is given in
3
ce
entimeters by
b x = 9.75
5 + 1.50t , where t is in seconds. Calculate (a) the ave
erage
ve
elocity durin
ng the time interval t 2.0
00 s to t 3.0
00 s; (b) the
e instantane
eous velocityy at t
2.00 s; (c) the
e instantane
eous velocity
y at t 3.00 s; (d) the insta
antaneous velocity at t 2
2.50 s;
nstantaneous velocity when the partticle is midw
way between
n its position
ns at t
and (e) the in
ersus t and indicate you
ur answers graphically ! (15
2.00 s and t 3.00 s. (f) Graph x ve
points)
B. Projectile
P
motion (Concep
ptual unders
standing): A person is sttanding on ttop of a hill w
which
sllopes downw
wards uniformly at an angle
a
with
h respect to
o the horizontal. The pe
erson
th
hrows a ston
ne at an initial angle 0 from the ho
orizontal with
h an initial sspeed of v0 . You
may
m neglect air resistanc
ce. Derive th
he equationss to describe
e range xf, flight time tf, and
height from to
op of the hill to the final position yf a
as a function of 0 and ? (20 pointts)

i.

R
motiion: In the ov
verhead view
w of figure b
below, Jeepss P and B ra
ace along strraight
C. Relative
lin
nes, across flat terrain, and past stationary
s
bo
order guard A. Relative
e to the gua
ard, B
trravels at a constant speed of 20.0 m/s,
m at the a
angle 2 = 30
0.0. Relative to the gua
ard, P
2
at the angle
has acceleratted from res
st at a consttant rate of 0
0.400 m/s a
e 1 = 60.0.. At a
ertain time during
d
the acceleration,
a
P has a sp
peed of 40.0
0 m/s. At tha
at time, wha
at are
ce
th
he (a) magnitude and (b) directio
on of the ve
elocity of P relative to
o B and the (c)
magnitude
m
an
nd (d) directiion of the ac
cceleration o
of P relative tto B? (15 po
oints)