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# CHENDU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

## DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

SUB CODE & SUB NAME : CE6402- STRENGTH OF MATERIALS
UNIT I
ENERGY PRINCIPLES
PART-A (TWO MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. Define strain energy and Proof stress.
2. Proof stress
3. Define Resilience, Proof Resilience and Modulus of Resilience. (MAY/JUNE 2012)
Resilience
4. State the two methods for analyzing the statically indeterminate structures.
5. Define Castiglianos first theorem second Theorem. For strain energy. (MAY/JUNE 2012)
6. State the Principle of Virtual work. (APRIL/MAY 2011)
7. What is the strain energy stored in a rod of length l and axial rigidity AE to an axial force P?
8. State the various methods for computing the joint deflection of a perfect frame.
9. State the deflection of the joint due to linear deformation.
10. State the deflection of joint due to temperature variation.
11. State the deflection of a joint due to lack of fit.
12. What is the effect of change in temperature in a particular member of a redundant frame?
13. State the difference between unit load and strain energy method in the
determination of structures.
15. State the comparison of Castiglianos first theorem and unit load method.
16. State Maxwells Reciprocal Theorem. (NOV/DEC 2013) (NOV/DEC 2010) (APRIL/MAY 2011)
17. Define degree of redundancy.
20. Define Perfect Frame.
21. State the two types of strain energies.
22. State in which cases, Castiglianos theorem can be used.
23. Write down the expression for strain energy stored in a bar of cross sectional area A and length I and subjected to a
24. Derive the relation for strain energy due to shear (NOV/DEC 2013)
25. Define: Williot Mohrs theorem I.
PART-B (16 MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. Derive the expression for strain energy in Linear Elastic Systems for the following cases.
2. State and prove the expression for castiglianos first theorem.
3. Derive the expression for strain energy in Torsion of a circular shaft of length I and radius R subjected to a Torque
T producing a twist in the length of the shaft for the following cases.
(i) Solid circular shaft and (ii) Hollow circular shaft, with an external radius R and internal radius ( NOV / DEC 2010)
4. An axial pull of 40 kN is suddenly applied to a steel rod 2m longand1000mm2
in cross section. Calculate the strain energy that canbe absorbed if E = 200 GN/m2 . (NOV/DEC 2010)
5) A beam AB of span 3mis fixed at both the ends and carries a point load of 9 KN at C distant 1m from A. The M.O.I. of
the portion AC of the beam is 2I and that of portion CB is I. calculate the fixed end moments and reactions.
6. A beam 4m in length is simply supported at the ends and carries a uniformly distributed load of 6 kN/m length.
Determine the strain energy stored in the beam. Take E = 200 GPa and I = 1440 cm4.
7. Determine the vertical and horizontal displacements of the point C of the pin-jointed frame shown in fig. The cross
sectional area of AB is 100 sq mm and of AC and BC 150mm2 EACH. E= 2 x 10 5 N/mm2. (By unit load method)
8.(i)A beam simply supported over a span of 3m carries a UDL of 20 kN/m over
the entire span. The flexural rigidity EI = 2.25 MNm2 Using Castig lianos theorem, determine the deflection at the centre
of the beam. (APRIL/MAY 2011)
(ii) A fixed beam of 6m span is loaded with point loads of 150 kN at distance
of 2m from each support. Draw the bending moment diagram and shear
force diagram. Also find the maximum deflection.
Take E = 200GPa and I = 8 108mm4(APRIL/MAY 2011)
.9. Determine the vertical deflection at the free end of the cantilever truss shown in fig. Take cross sectional area of
compression members as 850 mm 2 modulus of elasticity, E =210 GPa for all the members. (MAY/JUNE 2012)
3m
3m 2m
40kn

10) A simply supported beam of span 3m is carrying a point load of 20KN at 1m from the left support in addition to udl of
10 kN/m spread over the right half span. U sing castiglianos theorem. Determine the deflection under the point load. T ake
EI is constant throughout. (MAY/JUNE 2012)
11) A simply supported beam of span 3-5M carries a UD of 25 Kn/m over the entire span. Take E I = 2.5 Kn m2.
(NOV/DEC 2013)
12) Define and prove the Maxwells reciprocal theorem.
13. Using Castiglianos theorem, determine the deflection of the free end of thecantilever beam shown in the fig. Take EI =
4.9 MN/m2. (NOV / DEC 2003)
14. Fig shows a cantilever, 8m long, carrying a point loads 5 KN at the center and an udl of 2 KN/m for a length 4m from
the end B. If EI is the flexural rigidity of the cantilever find the reaction at the prop. (NOV/DEC 2004)
15. Using Castiglianos theorem, calculate the central deflection and the slope at end of a simply supported beam carrying
a UDL of intensity per unit length over the whole span. (NOV/DEC 2013)
16. cantilever of rectangular section breadth b, depth d and of length l carries uniformly distributed load spread from free
end to the mid section of thecantilever. Using Castiglianos theorem find: Slope and deflection due to bending at the free
end. (NOV/DEC 2010)
17. A beam 4m in length is simply supported at the ends and carries a uniformly distributed load of 6 kN/m length.
Determine the strain energy stored in the beam. Take E = 200 GPa and I = 1440 cm2 (APRIL/MAY 2011)
UNIT II INDETERMINATE BEAMS
PART-A (TWO MARKS)
1. Define statically indeterminate beams.
2. State the degree of indeterminacy in propped cantilever.
3. State the degree of indeterminacy in a fixed beam.
4. Find the reaction at the prop in a propped cantilever of span 3m carrying a UDL of 5 kn/m over the entire span.
.(NOV/DEC 2013)
5. What is the value of prop raction in a propped cantilever of span L, when it subjected to a udl over the entire length.
(MAY/JUNE 2012)
6. State the methods available for analyzing statically indeterminate structures.
7. Write the expression fixed end moments and deflection for a fixed beamcarrying point load at centre.
8. Write the expression fixed end moments and deflection for a fixed beamcarrying eccentric point load.
9. Write the expression fixed end moments for a fixed due to sinking of support.
10. State the Theorem of three moments.(NOV/DEC 2013)
11. Draw the shape of the BMD for a fixed beam having end moments M in onesupport and +M in the other. (NOV/DEC 2003)
12. What are the fixed end moments for a fixed beam of length L subjected to aconcentrated load w at a distance a
from left end? (Nov/Dec 2004)
13. Explain the effect of settlement of supports in a continuous beam. (Nov/Dec2003)
14. What are the advantages and limitations of the theorem of three moments. (MAY/JUNE 2012)
15. A fixed beam of length 5m carries a uniformly distributed load of 9 kN/m runover the entire span. If I = 4.5x10-4 m4
and E = 1x107 kN/m2, find the fixingmoments at the ends and deflection at the centre.
16. what is mean by prop (NOV/DEC 2012)
17. What is fixed beam (APRIL/MAY 2011)
18. state muller breslaus principle(NOV/DEC 2012)
19. A fixed beam of 5m span carries a gradually varying load from zero at end A to
10 kN/m at end B. Find the fixing moment and reaction at the fixed ends.
20. A cantilever beam AB of span 6m is fixed at A and propped at B. The beamcarries a udl of 2kN/m over its whole
length. Find the reaction at propped end.
23. Define: Shear force.
24. Define: Bending moment.
25. Difference between the propped cantilever and cantilever beam.
PART- B (16 MARKS QUESTIONS )
1. A fixed beam AB of length 6m carries point load of 160 kN and 120 kN at a distance of 2m and 4m from the left end A.
Find the fixed end moments and the reactions at the supports. Draw B.M and S.F diagrams.
2. A fixed beam of length 8m length is loaded with equal point loads of 130 kn each at distance 3m from each support.
Draw the BM AND SFD where E=2X108 KN/m2 , I=8x108 mm2 (nov/dec 2013)
3. A continuous beam consists of three successive spans of 6 m, 12 m and 4 m and carries loads of 2 kN/m, 1 kN/m and 3
kN/m respectively on the spans. Draw bending moment diagram and shear force diagram for the continuous beam
(april/may 2011)
4. A continuous beam ABC covers two consecutive span AB and BC of lengths 4m
and 6m, carrying uniformly distributed loads of 6kN/m and 10kN/m respectively. If the ends A and C are simply
supported, find the support moments at A,B and C.
draw also B.M.D and S.F.D.

5. A continuous beam ABCD of length 15m rests on four supports covering 3 equal spans and carries a uniformly
distributed load of 1.5 kN/m length .Calculate the moments and reactions at the supports. Draw The S.F.D and B.M.D.
6. a continuous beam ABCD, simply supported at A,B, C and D is loaded as shown
in fig. Find the moments over the beam and draw B.M.D and S.F.D. (Nov/ Dec 2003)
7. Using the theorem of three moments draw the shear force and bending moment
diagrams for the following continuous beam. (April / May 2003)
8. A beam AB of 4m span is simply supported at the ends and is loaded as shown in fig. Determine (i) Deflection at C (ii)
Maximum deflection (iii) Slope at the end A.E= 200 x 106 kN/m2 and I = 20 x 10-6 m4
9. A continuous beam ABCD 20m long is fixed at a simply supported at D and carried on the supports B and C at 5m and
12m from the left end A. It carries two concentrated loads of 80 KN and 40 kn at 3m and 8m respectively from A and udl
of 12 kn/m over the span CD. Analyse the beam by theorem of three moments and draw the shear force and bending
moment diagrams . (MAY/JUNE 20112)
10. For the fixed beam shown in fig. draw BMD and SFD. (Nov / Dec 2004)
11. A cantilever beam ABC 6m span fixed at A at propped at C is loadedwith an udl of 10 kn/m for a length of 4m from
the fixed end find the prop section draw the SF and BM diagram. Find the maximum sagging BM and point of
contraflexure. (NOV/DEC 2012)
12.A straight bar of steel 2.5m long of 30mmx16mm is used as struct with both ends hinged. Assuming eulers formula for
pinned ends to apply estimate the maximum central deflection before the material attains its yield. Strength 290 n/mm 2.
Take E-2x105
13.A continuous beam ABCD is simply supported at A, B,C,D AB=BC=CD=5m span AB carries a load of 30 kn at 2.5m
from A. span BC carries an UDL of 20 kn/m span CD carries a load of 40kn at 2m from C. D raw the shear fprce and
bending moment diagrams.(NOV/DEC 2013)
14. . A propped cantilever of span 6m is subjected to a udl of 2 kN/m over a length of 4m from the fixed end. Determine
the prop reaction and draw the shear force and bending moment diagrams. (MAY/JUNE 20112)
15.A simply supported beam AB of span 5 m is carrying a point load of 30 kn at a distance 3.75m from the left end
A.calculate the slopes at a A and B and deflection under the load. Take EI= 26x1o12 n-m
16. A fixed beam of 6m span is loaded with point loads of 150 kN at distance
of 2m from each support. Draw the bending moment diagram and shear force diagram. Also find the maximum deflection.
Take E = 200GPa andI=8108mm4 (APRIL/MAY 2011)
UNIT III COLUMNS
PART-A (TWO MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. Define columns
2. Define struts.
3. Mention the stresses which are responsible for column failure.
4. State the assumptions made in the Eulers column theory.
5. define eccentrically loaded short column (NOV/DEC 2010)
6. How columns are classified are depending upon slenderness ratio.(APRIL/MAY 2011)
7. Write the expression for buckling load (or) Crippling load when both endsof the column are fixed?
8. Write the expression for crippling load when column with one end fixedand other end linged.
9. Write the expression for buckling load for the column with onefixed and other end free.
10. How many types of stresses are developed in thick cylinders? Name them.(MAY/JUNE 2012)
11. Write the Equivalent length (L) of the column in which both ends hingedand write the crippling load.
12. Write the relation between Equivalent length and actual length for all endconditions of column.
13. Define core (or) Kernel of a section. (April/May 2003)
14. Derive the expression for core of a rectangular section.(Nov/Dec 2003)
15. Derive the expression for core of a solid circular section of diameter D.
16. A steel column is of length 8m and diameter 600 mm with both endshinged. Determine the crippling load by Eulers
formula. Take
17. Define Slenderness ratio of column. (NOV/DEC 2013)
18. State the Limitations of Eulers formula.(April /May 2005)
19. Write the Rankines formula for columns.
20. distinguish between thick and compound cylinder (NOV/DEC 2010)
21. What is thick cylinder.(APRIL/MAY 2011)
22. State the assumptions involved in Lames Theory (NOV/DEC 2013)
23. What is the middle third rule? (Nov/Dec 2003)
24.Differentiate short and long column.
25. Define: core of a column section (MAY/JUNE 2012)
PART-B (16 MARKS QUESTIONS )
1. Explain the failure of long column.
2. State the assumptions made in the Eulers column Theory. And explainthe sign conventions considered in columns.
3. Derive the expression for crippling load when the both ends of the columnare hinged. (NOV/DEC 2013)

4. What are the assumptions made in eulers column theorey (MAY/JUNE 2012)
5. Derive the expression for crippling load when column with one end fixed and other end hinged. (April/May 2003)
6. Derive the expression for buckling load for the column with one end fixed and other end free. (April/May 2003)
7. A Thick walled steel cylindricall shell of internal diameter 150mm and external diameter 500mm is subjected to fluid
pressure of 100 MPa. Calculate the principal stress at a point on the inside surface of the cylinder and calculate the increase
in inside diameter due to fluid pressure. ASSUME e=200 KN/MM2 AMD 1/m =0.3.(NOV/DEC 2013)
Determine the crippling load by Eulers formula. Take E =2.1 x 105 N/mm2
8. A mild steel tube 4m long, 3cm internal diameter and 4mm thick is used asa strut with both ends hinged. Find the
collapsing load, what will be thecrippling load if i. Both ends are built in? ii. One end is built in and one end is free?
9. A column having a T section with a flange 120 mm x 16 mm and web 150 mm x 16 mm is 3m long. Assuming the
column to be hinged at both ends, find the crippling load by using Eulers formula. E = 2 x 106 Kg/cm2.
10. A Hollow cylindricall cast iron column whose external diameter is 200mm and has thickness of 20mm is 4.5mm long
and is fixed at both ends calculate the safe load by rankines formula using a factor of safety of 2.5. take the crushing
strength of material as 550 N/mm2 and rankins constant as 1/1600. Find also the radio of eulers to rankines load. Take E=
11. Explain Rankines Formula and Derive the Rankines formula for bothshort and long column.
12. A rolled steel joist ISMB 300 is to be used a column of 3 meters length withboth ends fixed. Find the safe axial load on
the column. Take factor ofsafety 3, fc = 320 N/mm2 and = 17500 . Properties of the column section.Area = 5626 mm2,
IXX = 8.603 x 107 mm4 Iyy =4.539 x 107 mm4
13. A built up column consisting of rolled steel beam ISWB 300 with twoplates 200 mm x 10 mm connected at the top
andbottom flanges.Calculate the safe load the column carry, if the length is 3m and both endsare fixed. Take factor of
safety 3 fc = 320 N/mm2 and = 17500 Take properties of joist: A = 6133 mm2 IXX = 9821.6 x 104 mm4 ; Iyy = 990.1 x
104 mm4
14. A 1.5m long cast iron column has a circular cross section of 50mm diameter. One end of the column is fixed in
direction and position and the other is free. Taking factor of safety as 3, calculate the safe load using Rankine-Gordon
formula. Take yield stress as 560 MPa and constant = 1/1600. (APRIL/MAY 2011)
15. A column of circular section has 150 mm dia and 3m length. Both ends of
the column are fixed. The column carries a load of 100 KN at an eccentricity of 15 mm from the geometrical axis of the
column. Find themaximum compressive stress in the column section. Find also the maximum permissible eccentricity to
avoid tension in the column section. E = 1 x 105 N/mm2
16. State the assumptions and derive Lames Theory?
17. (i) Describe the Rankines method for columns subjected to Eccentricity. (4) (ii) From the following data of a column
of circularsection calculate the extreme stresses on the column section. Also find the maximum eccentricity in order that
there may be no tension anywhere on the section. (12)
External diameter = 20 cm
Internal diameter = 16 cm
Length of the column = 4 m
Load carried by the column = 175 kN
Eccentricity of the load = 2.5 cm (from the axis of the column) End conditions = Both ends fixed Youngs
modulus = 94 GN/m2 (NOV/DEC 2010)
19. pipe of 200mm internal diameter and 50mm thickness carries a fluid at a pressure of 10 MPa. Calculate the maximum
and minimum intensities of circumferential stress across the section.A lso sketch the radial stress distribution and
circumferential stress distribution across the section. (APRIL/MAY 2011)
20. (i) What are the assumptions and limitations of Eulers theory for long columns.(ii) A slender pin ended aluminium
column 2.0 m long and of circular cross section it to have an outside diameter of 50 mm. Calculate the necessary internal
diameter to prevent failure by buckling if the actual load applied is l2kN and the critical load applied is twice the actual
load. Take E for aluminium as 70GN/m2 (NOV/DEC 2010)
UNIT IV STATE OF STRESS IN THREE DIMENSIONS
PART-A(TWO MARKS QUESTIONS )
1. Define stress
2. Define principal planes.
3. Define spherical tensor.
4. what do u meant by tri-axial state of stress(nov/dec 2013)
5. Define volumetric strain (NOV/DEC 2010)
6. State the principal theories of failure.
7. State the Limitations of Maximum principal stress theory
8. Explain maximum principal stress theory.
9. what are the various stress invariants for three diamensional state of stress.(may/june 2012)
10. State the limitations of maximum shear stress theory.
11. Explain shear strain Energy theory.
12. State the limitations of Distortion energy theory.
13. Explain Maximum principal strain theory

## 14. State the Limitations in maximum principal strain theory

15. State the stress tensor in Cartesian components
16. Explain the three stress invariants.
17. State the two types of strain energy
18. what is principle strain and principle strain (nov/dec 2013)
19. State the total strain energy theory.
20. State the shear strain energy per unit volume
21. Explain the concept of stress?
22. State distortion energy Theories of failure. (may/june 2012)
23Define: Volumetric strain.
25. Define: Maximum principle stress theory. (Rankines theory)
26. Define: Maximum principle strain theory .(St. Venants theory)
PART-B (16 MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. The normal stress in two mutually perpendicular directions is 500n/mm2 perpendicular directions is 500 N/mm2 and 100
N/mm2 both are tensile the complaimentary shear stresses in these directions iare the intensity 400 n/mm2 find the normal
and tangential stresses in the two planes which are equally inclined to the planes carrying the normal stresses mentioned
above.(NOV/DEC 2013)
2. Explain the Maximum Principal stress Theory: ( Rankines Theory)
3. Explain the Maximum shear stress (or) Stress Difference theory (April /May 2003)
4. (i) State Maximum Shear Stress Theory (4)
(ii) A shaft is subjected to a maximum torque of l0 kNm and a maximum of bending moment of 8kNm at a particular
section. If the allowable equivalent stress in simple tension is 160MN/m2, find the diameter of the shaft according to the
maximum shear stress theory. (12) (NOV/DEC 2010)
5. In a steel member, at a point the major principal stress is 200MN/m2and the minor principal stress is compressive. If the
tensile yield point of the steel is235MN/m2 find the value of the minor principal stress at which yielding will commence,
according to each of the following criteria of failure
(i) Maximum shearing stress. (4) (ii) Maximum total strain energy and (6) (iii) Maximum shear strain energy. Take Poisson
Ratio =0.26. (6) (NOV/DEC 2010)Take E = 200 GN/m2+ and 1/m = 0.3
6. A state of stress (Cartesian components of stress)at a point are: xx=7 mpa. yy=6 mpa, xy=2 mpa, yz=-2 mpa xz=0
mpa. Determine the value of principle stresses.(MAY/JUNE 2012)
7. A cylindrical shaft made of steel of yield strength 350 MPa is subjected to static load consisting of bending moment 10
knm. And a torsional moment of 30knm. Determine the diameter of the shaft using(i)maximum principle stress theorey
(ii)maxi shear force theory (iii)maximum strain energy theory and (iv)maximum distortion energy theory take E= 210 GPa,
poissions ratio =0.25 and factor of safety =2 (may/june 2012)
8. A bar 30mm in diameter was subjected to a tensile load of 54kn and measured extension on 300mm gauge length was
0.12mm and change in diameter was 0.00366mm. calculate the ratio and the poisons values of three elastic moduli.
9. A rod is 3m lomg at a temperature of 15oc. find the expansion is prevented, find the stress in the material of the rod.
Take E= 1x105n/mm2 and = 1.2x10-5/oc.
10.a steel tube of 250mm long and 30mmx50mm uniform section is acted upon by a tensile force of 30KN along its length.
a compressive force of 350kn along its width, a compressive force of 200kn along its thickness assuming poissions ratio of
0.3 and e =2x105 n/mm2 find change in diamensions and change in volume. (nov/dec 2013)
11. A rod is 5m lomg at a temperature of 18oc. find the expansion is prevented, find the stress in the material of the rod.
Take E= 3x105n/mm2 and = 1.2x10-5/oc.
12. A bar 40mm in diameter was subjected to a tensile load of 44 kn and measured extension on 300mm gauge length was
0.24mm and change in diameter was 0.00866mm. calculate the ratio and the poisons values of three elastic moduli.
13. A thick steel cylinder having an internal diameter of 200 mm an externaldiameter of 200 mm is subjected to an internal
pressure of 55 M pa and anexternal pressure of 7 Mpa. Find the maximum hoop stress.
14. The rectangular stress components of a point in three dimensional stress system are defined as x= 20 MPa, y= 40
MPa, z= 80 MPa, xy= 40 MPa, yz= 60 MPa andzx= 20 MPa. Determine the principal stresses at the given point.
(APRIL/MAY 2011)
15.A steel shaft is subjected to an end thrust producing a stress of 90 MPa and the maximum shearing stress on the surface
arising from torsion is
60 MPa. The yield point of the material in simple tension was found to be 300 MPa. Calculate the factor of safety of the
shaft according to (i) Maximum shear stress theory and (ii) Maximum distortion energy theory. (APRIL/MAY 2011)
UNIT V ADVANCED TOPICS IN BENDING OF BEAMS
PART-A (TWO MARKS QUESTIONS )
1.Define Unsymmetrical bending of a beam section (may/june 2012)
2. State the two reasons for unsymmetrical bending.
3. what are the reason of unsymmetrical bending (April/may 2011)
4. Write the shear centre equation for channel section.

## 5. A channel Section has flanges 12 cm x 2 cm and web 16 cm x 1 cm.

Determine the shear centre of the channel.
6. Write the shear centre equation for unsymmetrical I section.
7. State the assumptions made in Winklers Bach Theory.
8. State the parallel Axes and Principal Moment of inertia.
9. write the expression for position for neutral axis in case of curved bars. (April/may 2011)
10. Distinguish between symmetrical and unsymmetrical sections of beams. (nov/dec 2010)
11. Define fatigue stress concentration factor.
12. Define shear flow.
13. Explain the position of shear centre in various sections.
14. State the principles involved in locating the shear centre.
15. Determine the position of shear centre of the section of the beam shownin fig.
17. enumerate the assumptions made in winkler-bach theory for the determination of stresses in curved beams. (june 2012)
18. What are the causes of fatigue in beams? (nov/dec 2010)
19. State the reasons for stress- concentration.
20. What is the most suitable section for a crane?
21. What is the pure bending of the beam?
22. How will you determine the product of inertia?
23. Define: Principle moment of inertia. (nov/dec 2013)
24What are the assumptions made in Winkler Bach Theory. (nov/dec 2013)
25. Define: Unsymmetrical Bending.
PART-B (16 MARKS QUESTIONS )
1. Explain the stresses induced due to unsymmetrical bending.
2. Derive the equation of Shear centre for channel section. April/May 2005
3. Derive the equation of Shear center for unequal I-section
4. Derive the stresses in curved bars using Winkler Bach Theory.
5. The curved member shown in fig. has a solid circular cross section 0.01 m
in diameter. If the maximum tensile and compressive stresses in the member are not to exceed 150 MPa and 200 MPa.
Determine the value ofload P that can safely be carried by the member.
6. Fig. shows a frame subjected to a load of 2.4 kN. Find (i) The resultantstresses at a point 1 and 2;(ii) Position of neutral
axis. (April/May 2003)
7. A curved beam of rectangular cross section is subjected to pure bending with a moment of 400n-m the beam has width
of 20mm depth of 40mm and is curved in plane parallel to the depth. The mean radius of curvature is 50mm. determine the
position of neutral axis and the ratio of maximum to the minimum stress.(MAY/JUNE 2012)
8. A curved beam has a T-section (shown in fig.). The inner radius is 300 mm.what is the eccentricity of the section?
9. A beam of T-section having flange of 100mmx 20mm and web of 150mm x 10mm and 4m long is simply supported at
its ends it carries 5 kn at 400 to vertical and passing through the centroid of the section. Calculate the maximum tensile
stresses and maximum compressive stresses E= 200kn/m2. (NOV/DEC 2013)
10. Derive the formula for the deflection of beams due to unsymmetrical bending.
11. A 80 mm x 80 mm x 10 mm angle section shown in fig. is used as a simplysupported beam over a span of 2.4 m. It
carries a load of 400 kN along the lineYG, where G is the centroid of the section. Calculate (i) Stresses at the points A,
Band C of the mid section of the beam (ii) Deflection of the beam at themid-section and its direction with the load line
(iii) Position of the neutral axis.Take E = 200 GN/m2
12.(i)define fatigue (ii)what is the polar moment of inertia (ii)what is symmetrical bending
(iv)what are the reasons for unsymmetrical bending occurring in the beams.(NOV/DEC 2013)
13. thick cylinder of external and internal diameter of 350 mm and 200 mm is subjected to an internal pressure of 45
N/mm2and external pressure 5N/mm2 Determine the stress in the material. Now if the external pressure is doubled, what
internal pressure canbe maintained without exceeding the previously determine maximum stress? (nov/dec 2010)
14. Write brief technical note on: (4 4 =16)
(i) Unsymmetrical bending of beams
(ii) Curved beams
(iii) Stress concentration
(iv) Significance of shear centre. (nov/dec 2010)
15. A 80 80 10 mm angle is used as a simply supported beam over a span of 2.4m. It carries a load of 400kN along the
vertical axis passing through the centroid of the section. Determine the resulting bending stress on the outer corners of the
section along the middle section of the beam. (april/may 2011)
16.A central horizontal section of hook is a symmetrical trapezium 60 mm deep,the inner width being 60mm and the outer
being 30 mm. Estimate the extreme intensities of stress when the hook carries a load of 30 kN, the load line passing 40mm
from the inside edge of the section and the centre of curvature being in the load line. . (april/may 2011)