Anda di halaman 1dari 4

SULIT

4531

SECTION B
(20 marks)
5.

Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 are the ray diagram to show the formation of image of a
pensil by a convex lens.
Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 merupakan rajah sinar bagi menunjukkan pembentukan imej bagi
sebatang pensil oleh sebuah kanta cembung.

Image
Imej
Object
Objek

Convex lens
Kantacembung

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

Image
Imej
Object
Objek

Convex lens
Kantacembung

Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2
(a) What is meant by real image?
Apakahmaksudimejnyata?
[1 mark]

(b) Observed Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2.

SULIT

4531

Perhatikan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2.


(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Compare the object distance, the image distance and the size of the image.
Bandingkanjarakobjek, jarakimejdansaizimej.
[3 marks]
State the relationship between the object distance and the image distance.
Nyatakanhubunganantarajarakobjekdanjarakimej.
[1 mark]
State the relationship between the object distance and the size of the image.
Nyatakanhubunganantarajarakobjekdansaizimej.
[1 mark]

(c) Explain why a piece of paper burns when placed under a convex lens aimed
towards hot sun rays.
Huraikanmengapasehelaikertasterbakarapabiladiletakkan di
bawahsebuahkantacembung yang dihalakankepadacahayamatahari yang terik.
[4marks]
(d) You are given two convex lenses, R and S, with focal lengths 40 cm and 5 cm
respectively. Both the lenses are used to build a simple astronomical telescope at
normal adjustment.
Andadibekalkanduakantacembung, P dan Q. Panjang focus kantamasing
masingialah 40 cm dan 5 cm. Kedua
duakantaitudigunakanuntukmembinasebuahteleskopastronomiringkaspadapelarasa
n normal.
(i)

Using the two lenses, explain how you are going to build the simple astronomical
telescope.
Denganmenggunakanduakantatersebut,
terangkanbagaimanaandaakanmembinasebuahteleskopastronomiringkasterseb
ut.
[6 marks]

(ii) Suggest modifications that need to be done on the telescope to produce


clearer and bigger images.
Cadangkanpengubahsuaian yang
perludilakukanterhadapteleskopituuntukmenghasilkanimej yang
lebihjelasdanlebihbesar.
[4marks]
SECTION C
2

SULIT

4531

(20 marks)
6. Diagram below shows a strong spring that is used to make a cradle for babies. Table below
shows the characteristics of different types of springs that can be used for making a cradle.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkansatu spring yang kuat yang
digunakanuntukmembuatbuaianbayi. Jadual di bawahmenunjukkanciri-ciri spring yang
berlainanjenis yang bolehdigunakanuntukmembuatbuaianbayi.

Diagram /Rajah

Table /Jadual
(a)
(i) What is the meaning of spring constant?
Apakah yang dimaksudkandenganpemalar spring?
[1 mark/1 markah]

SULIT

4531

(ii) You are assigned to investigate the characteristics of the springs in Table above to make a
cradle for babies.
Andaditugaskanuntukmengkajiciri-ciri spring dalamJadual di
atas untukdigunakanbagimembuat
buaianbayisepertipada Rajah di atas.
Explain the suitability of each characterisitc shown in Table above. Then suggest the most
suitable spring to be used and give your reasons.
TerangkankesesuaiansetiapciridalamJadual di atas. Seterusnyatentukan spring yang paling
sesuaidigunakanuntukmembuatbuaianbayiitudanberikansebabuntukpilihananda.
[10 marks/10 markah]
(b)
The original length of a spring is 20 cm. When a load of 10 N is hooked onto the spring, its
length becomes 25 cm. When a load of more than 50 N is hooked, the spring does not return
to its original length even after the load is removed.
Satu spring mempunyaipanjangasal 20 cm. Apabilabeban 10 N diletakkan, panjang spring
itumenjadi 25 cm. Apabilabebanlebihdaripada 50 N diletakkan, spring
initidakkembalikepanjangasalapabilabebanitudialihkan.
(i) Sketch a graph of extension against stretching force for the spring. Use your graph to explain
the process.
Lakarkangrafpemanjanganmelawandayareganganbagi spring itu.
Gunakangrafandauntukmenerangkan proses itu.
[4 marks/4 markah]

(ii) Calculate the amount of work done by the spring when a load of 25 N is hooked onto it.
Hitungkankerja yang dilakukanoleh spring apabilabeban 25 N diletakkan.
[2 marks/2 markah]
(iii) Which type of arrangement of springs will cause the springs to be stronger, the parallel
arrangement or the series arrangement? Explain this observation.
Susunan spring yang manakahakanmenjadilebihkuat, susunansecaraselariatausesiri?
Jelaskanpemerhatianini.
[3 marks/3 markah]