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Q.5 Give composition, properties and uses of Malleable cast iron.

White cast iron is hard and brittle material so it is unsuitable for many applications. It can not use for the thin or
light objects. It has less machinability for practical applications.
Malleablizing is the one type of annealing process given to the white cast iron to produce malleable cast iron.
COMPOSITION
-3 % C, 0.6-1.3 % Si, 0.2-0.6 % Mn, 0.15 % P and 0.10 % S.
PROPERTIES
tain different shapes.

USES
industry

Q.6 What is Wrought Iron? Enlist the properties and uses of it.

Wrought iron is pure form of iron with 0.02 to 0.03% carbon in it. It is generally known as highly refined form of
iron with very low percentage of carbon. Mixture of very pure iron and a silicate slag.
PROPERTIES OF WROUGHT IRON
done by hammering, pressing, forging.

content in this.
USES OF WROUGHT IRON
- underground service lines and electrical conduit. Soil, waste, vent and downspout piping.
- bridge railings, blast plates, drainage lines , sewer outfall lines, weir plates, sludge tanks, etc.
- Diesel exhaust and air brake piping, ballast and brine protection plates, tanker heating
coils.
- condenser tubes, heat exchangers, acid/ alkali process lines, skimmers bars, etc.
- coal handling equipment, cooling towers and spray pond piping.

Q.7 What are the purpose of alloying? Give effect of nickel as alloying element.
PURPOSE OF ALLOYING STEELS ARE

EFFECT OF NICKEL ARE AS BELOW

Q.8 Enlist the properties of pure copper and mention the composition,
properties and application of phosphorus bronze.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PURE COPPER:
Corrosion resistance.
Non-magnetic property.
Ductile and malleable.
Moderate to high hardness and strength.
High thermal and electrical conductivity.
Resistance to fatigue, abrasion, corrosion.
PHOSPHOR BRONZE:
Three Types and COMPOSITION
1. Standard Phosphor Bronze for bearing application 90% Cu, 10% Sn, 0.5 % P.
2. Phosphor Bronze for gears 88 % Cu, 12 % Sn, 0.3 % Zn, 0.50 % Pb, 0.15 % P.
3. Leaded Phosphor Bronze 87 % Cu, 7.5 % Sn, 2.0 % Zn, 3.5 % Pb, 0.3 % P and 1.0 % Ni.
PROPERTIES:
a. High Strength and Toughness., Corrosion resistance, Good Load bearing capacity., Low coefficient of
friction.
APPLICATION :
a. Bearing applications., Pump parts, linings, springs, gears, clutch discs, bellows etc.

Q.9 Give composition, properties and uses of Y-alloy.


COMPOSITION

PROPERTIES

USES

Q. 10 Define the term Non Ferrous. State composition, specific properties


and applications of 1. Muntz Metal 2. Duralumin.
The metals in which iron is not as a base element is known as non ferrous metals.
1. MUNTZ METAL

COMPOSITIONS :Zn 40% , and balance copper


PROPERTIES

APPLICATIONS :Pump parts such as valves, condenser tubes , ship sheathing, shafts, nuts, bolts, utensils, brazing rods, etc.
2. DURALUMIN IS ONE OF THE ALLOYS OF ALUMINIUM.
COMPOSITIONS OF DURALUMIN:Al- 94.5%, Cu-4.5%, Mg 0.5%, Mn- 0.5%
PROPERTIES
produces good strength after precipitation hardening.

APPLICATIONS