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VERBS AS COMPLEMENTS

a) Verbs that use the Ing form.


VERB+

GERUND (VERB-ING)

admit

delay

miss

regret

risk

appreciate

deny

postpone

report

suggest

avoid

enjoy

practice

resent

cant help

finish

quit

resist

consider

mind

recall

resume

VERB+

GERUND+

SUBJECT+

COMPLEMENT+

MODIFIER

I enjoyed studying English at School.

b) Verbs that use the infinitive form.


VERB+

INFINITIVE (TO VERB)

agree

expect

intend

prepare

try

attempt

fail

learn

pretend

want

claim

forget

mean

propose

wish

decide

have

need

refuse

demand

hesitate

offer

seem

desire

hope

plan

tend

I decided to refuse the invitation.

c) Sentences that dont change meaning using Gerund or Infinitive

VERB+

GERUND (VERB-ING)

or

VERB+

INFINITIVE (TO VERB)

begin

continue

like

prefer

cant stand

start

love

hate

d) Sentences that have different meaning

VERB+

GERUND (VERB-ING)

or

VERB+

INFINITIVE (TO VERB)

Stop
Remember
Forget

e) Sentences that the require the ING form with Prepositions

VERB+

PREPOSITION+

VERB-ING

EXCEPTION: But, except.


Prepositions:
as a result of

from

in view of

thanks to

at

in

of

through

because of

in exchange for

on account of

with

by means of

in return for

on the strength of

without

by virtue of

in spite of

out of

for fear of

in the face of

owing to

for lack of

in the light of

for want of
He hid the wallet, for fear of being stolen.

f) Sentences that require the infinitive form with adjetives


ADJECTIVES +

INFINITIVE

able

dangerous

good

ready

anxious

difficult

hard

strange

boring

eager

pleased

usual

common

easy

prepared

VERB+

ADJECTIVE+

Im pleased to meet you


Its difficult to understand some people.

g) Pronoun before the Infinitive

TO VERB

SUBJECT+

VERB+

PRONOUN+

TO VERB

Allow

Convince

Invite

Persuade

Remind

Ask

Expect

Order

Prepare

Urge

Beg

Instruct

Permit

Promise

Want

Object pronoun:
ME, YOU, HIM, HER, IT, US, YOU, THEM.

He orders her to study for the test.

h) Verb -Ing plus possessive form


SUBJECT+

VERB+

POSSESSIVE FORM+

VERB-ING

Possessive form:
MINE, YOURS, HIS, HERS, ITS, YOURS, OURS, THEM, MY, YOU , HIS HER, ITS,
YOURS, THEIR.
I understand her feeling.

i) Need

LIVING THING+

NEED+

THING+

NEED+

INFINITIVE

GERUND (ING)
TO BE+ PAST PARTICIPLE

COUNT
PENCIL, BOOK, ORANGE, PEOPLE

NON COUNT OR UNCOUNTABLE


MONEY, SUGAR, FOOD

A, THE, SOME, ANY,


THAT, THOSE, THIS, THESE,

THE, SOME, ANY


THIS, THAT (ONLY SINGULAR)

NONE, ONE, TWO, THREE,..

NONE

MANY

MUCH

A LOT OF

A LOT OF

A LARGE NUMBER OF

A LARGE AMOUNT OF

FEWER THAN

LESS. THAN

MORE. THAN

MORE THAN

(A) FEW

(A) LITTLE

j) Subjunctives
VERBS WITH THAT:
Advice

Demand

Move

Recommend

Stipulate

Ask

Desire

Order

Request

Suggest

Command

Insist

Prefer

Require

Urge

Decree

SUBJECT+

VERB+

THAT+

SUBJECT+

Joe prefers that she speak with him personally.


NOUNS WITH THAT:
Recommendation
Requirement
Suggestion
ADJECTIVES WITH THAT

VERB WORD .+
+

Advised

Mandatory

Proposed

Suggested

Imperative

Necessary

Recommended

Urgent

Important

Obligatory

Require

I
IT+

BE+

ADJECTIVE+

THAT+

SUBJECT+

VERB WORD