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PMR 2012

SCIENCE
108 MANTRA

4. The following statements shows the


characteristics of an animal.

1. Diagram 1 shows test tube P and Q which


contain oxygen and carbon dioxide respectively.

With hair or fur


Warm-blooded
Breathes with lungs

Diagram 1
Which of the following shows the correct level of
sodium hydroxide solution?

A
B
C
D

Test tube P
Rises
Unchanged
Rises
Unchanged

5. Which of the following will maintain the balance


of on ecosystem?
A Felling of trees
B Conservation of forest
C Mining activity
D Housing project

Test tube Q
Unchanged
Unchanged
Rises
Rises

6. Diagram 2 shows the electrolysis of acidified


water.

2. Which of the following causes the depletion of


ozone layer and the green-house effect
respectively?

A
B
C
D

Depletion of ozone
layer
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Chlorofluorocarbon
Carbon monoxide

Green-house effect
Chlorofluorocarbon
Nitrogen dioxide
Carbon dioxide
Carbon dioxide

3. Table 1 shows two different energy sources.


Types of energy
X
Y

Diagram 2

Renewable / Nonrenewable
Renewable
Non-renewable

Which of the following shows the correct


confirmation tests for gas X and Y?
Gas X
Gas Y
A Lime water turns Red litmus paper turns
chalky
blue
B A glowing
A pop sound is
wooden splinter
produced with a lighted
is ignited
splinter
C A glowing
Lime water turns chalky
wooden splinter
is ignited
D A lighted splinter A glowing wooden
is put out
splinter is ignited

Which of the following are example of energy X


and Y?
A
B
C
D

X
Solar
Biomass
Solar
Fossil fuel

Y
Fossil fuel
Solar
Hydroelectric
Biomass

7. Diagram 3 shows a water treatment plant.


Substances X, Y and Z are added into the water.

10. Diagram 5 shows a boy climbing up a wall.

Diagram 3

Diagram 5

What are substances X,Y and Z?

A
B
C
D

X
Alum
Chlorine
Lime water
Slaked lime

Y
Slaked lime
Alum
Alum
Chlorine

The boy manages to climb 400 em in 8 seconds.


If the power of the boy is 6 W, calculate the body
weight ofthe boy.
A 3N
B 8N
C I0 N
D 12 N

Z
Chlorine
Slaked lime
Chlorine
Alum

11. Diagram 6 shows a stem cutting dipped in a


dilute red ink for 30 minutes.

8. What is the advantage of stereophonic hearing


to the animal?
A The animal has a wider range of hearing
B The animal can detect the sound of
approaching danger
C The animal can detect the sound beyond their
hearing range
D The animal can detect various sounds clearly
at any one time

Diagram 6
Which part ofthe stem will be stained red?
A Part Y
B Part X
C Part Z
D Parts X and Y

12. Which of the following does not fall into the plant
kingdom?
A Mushroom
B Fern
C Moss
D Blue-green alga

Diagram 4
9. Foods are pushed through the oesphagus as
shown in the diagram above, which of the
following causes the food to move?
A Contraction of the oesophagus wall
B Air pressure in the oesophagus
C The force of the water in the oesophagus
D Mucus wall of the oesophagus causes the
movement of foods

13. The following are functions of protein except it


A insulates the body
B helps the body to grow and maintain it
C helps in cell repair
D aids in enzyme production

17. Diagram 9 shows a pie chart that represents the


composition of air in the atmosphere.

14. Which of the following is a reptile?


A Toad
B Platypus
C Tortoise
D Salamander
15. Diagram7 shows the comparisons of mass
among solid P, Q and R of the same volume.

Diagram 9
Which of the following is true about gas X?
A Slightly soluble in water
B Turns lime water cloudy
C Soluble in alkaline pyrogallol solution
D Support combustion but does not burn
Diagram 7
18. The information below shows the characteristics
of energy.

Which of the following shows the arrangement of


the densities of solids in increasing order?
A P, Q, R
B P, R, Q
C Q, P, R
D Q, R, P

Can be radiated
Can travel through a metal
Can travel through a vacuum

16. Diagram 8 shows the particles of material M and


material N.

Which form of energy has the characteristics


shown above?
A Sound energy
B Heat energy
C Light energy
D Chemical energy
19. Diagram 10 shows a bimetallic strip being
heated.

Diagram 8
Which of the following material is true about
material M and material N?

A
B
C
D

M
Orange juice
Gold
Carbon dioxide
Orange Juice

N
Gold
Sea water
Sea water
Carbon dioxide

Diagram 10
Why would the bimetallic strip bend when it is
heated?
A Metal Y is hotter than metal X
B Metal X expands more than metal Y
C The size of atoms increases more in metal X
than that of metal Y
D The kinetic energy of the atoms in metal Y
increases more than that of metal X

Which of the following is true about P, Q, R and


S?

20. Diagram 11 shows two mirrors J and K which are


placed parallel to each other.

P
A Floweri

ng
plant
B Non-

floweri
ng
plant
C Floweri
ng
plant
Diagram 11

D Non-

floweri
ng
plant

Which is the value of the angle g?


A 25
B 35
C 55
D 65

Nonfloweri
ng
plant
Floweri
ng
plant

Mango tree

Fungus

Dicotyledonou
s

Fungus

Nonfloweri
ng
plant
Floweri
ng
plant

Paddy plant

Mushro
om

Monocotyledo
nous
plant

Mushro
om

23. Diagram 13 shows an insecticide sprayer

21. Table 2 shows the X and Y solutions that are


required for the food tests

Food
Milk
Corn powder

Food Test
X
Y
Table 2

Which of the following are most probably X and


Y?

A
B
C
D

X
Iodine solution
Ethanol and
water
Millons reagent
Benedicts
solution

Diagram 13
Which part of the insecticide sprayer has the
lowest air pressure when the piston is pushed?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

Y
Benedicts solution
Millons reagent
Iodine solution
Millons reagent

24. Diagram 14 shows a wooden block being pulled


on the surface of a table

22. Diagram 12 shows the classification of plants.

Diagram 12

Diagram 14

28. A low protein diet slows down childrens body


growth because protein is needed for ..
A preventing anaemia
B building strong teeth
C building strong bones
D building new body tissues

Based on the diagram, which of the arrows


labeled P,Q,R and S represent the direction in
which a frictional force is exerted?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

29. Diagram 16 shows three types of vehicles that


run on fuels extracted from petroleum.

25. Which of the following groups of organisms has


the same method of support?
A Camel, elephant, crab
B Water lily, lotus, duckweed
C Prawn, cockroach, caterpillar
D Bougainvillea plant, pea plant, maize plant

Diagram 16
26. Diagram 15 shows two types of levers.
Which of the following states correctly the fuels
used by P, Q and R respectively?

A
B
C
D
Diagram 15

P
Diesel
Diesel
Petrol
Petrol

R
Kerosene
Petrol
Kerosene
Diesel

Z
Petrol
Kerosene
Diesel
Kerosene

30. Diagram 17 shows a complete electrical circuit.

Which of the following tools represent X and Y ?

A
B
C
D

X
A fishing rod
A broom
Scissors
A claw hammer

Y
A nutcracker
A paper cutter
A wheelbarrow
A fishing rod

27. The graph below shows the growth curve of a


human.
Which stage represents a form three student?

Diagram 17
Both A1 and A2 show readings of 2A. What is the
resistance of Y in ohms?
A 1
B 2
C 3
D 4
31. Diagram 18 shows an electrical appliance with its
power and voltage ratings.

Diagram 18
Which of the following fuses is the most suitable
to be used for the appliance?

35. Which of the following statements is true about


prominences?
A They emit gamma rays
B They last for a few years
C They occur in the inner layer of the sun
D They throw out matter from the Sun into
space
36. Diagram 21 shows a beaker filled with water. A
piece of potassium manganate (VII) crystal is put
into the beaker and the water is heated.
32. Diagram 19 shows a beaker filled with water and
pieces of paper. When the water is heated, the
npieces of paper will move in the direction as
shown in Diagram 19.

Water
Pieces
of paper
Diagram 21
Which of the following shows the direction of
movement of the colour produced when the
beaker is heated?

Bunsen
burner
Diagram 19
Which of the following appliances use this
principle?
A Icebox
B Refrigerator
C Thermos flask
D Washing machine
33. Which of the following is a permanent
contraceptive method?
A Ligation
B Spermicides
C In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
D Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD)

37. A food sample is taken from organ Q shown in


Diagram 22. After analysis, the pH value of the
sampel is 3.

34. Diagram 20 shows a ginger that reproduce by


their vegetative part.

Diagram 22

Diagram 20

Which of the following statements explain this


condition?
A Q secretes hydrochloric acid
B Q receives bile from the liver
C Enzymes in Q change starch to glucose
D Enzymes in Q change fat to fatty acids and
glycerol

Which of the plants below reproduce same way


as the plant in Diagram 26 ?
A Potato
B Carrot
C Sweet potato
D Bryophyllum
6

Which of the following statements is correct


about gas X?
A It is odourless but with colour
B It is not soluble in sodium hydroxide solution
C It has neutral properties towards moist litmus
paper
D It turns hydrogen carbonate indicator from red
to yellow

38. A box weighing 800 N is lifted to a vertical height


of 2.0 m. How much work is done in lifting the
box?
A 16 J
B 400 Nm
C 1 600 J
D 1 600 N
39. Diagram 23 shows a wooden plank being used to
lift a load. At which point, A, B,C or D, is the least
effort needed to lift the load?

43. Which of the following will happen when a


substance cools down?
A Heat energy is reversed
B Heat energy is released
C Heat energy is absorbed
D The particles move further apart
44. Diagram 26 shows a graph of body temperature
versus surrounding temperature for an animal.

Diagram 23

40. The density of iron is 7.9 g/cm3. What is the


mass of 20 cm3 of iron?
A 99 g
B 158 g
C 170 g
D 198 g

Diagram 26
Among the following, which is the animal?
A Eel
B Bat
C Toad
D Monitor lizard

41. Diagram 24 shows an experimental set-up.

45. The information below shows three


characteristics of one water purification method
Kills microorganisms
Does not get rid of impurities
Sometimes endangers health

Diagram 24
Which of the following properties is correct about
R?
A R has dull surfaces.
B R cannot be reshaped
C R is poor conductor of heat
D R has very high melting point

This method is most probably


A Boiling
B Filtration
C Distillation
D Chlorination

42. Diagram 25 shows an experiment.

Diagram 25
7

46. Diagram 27 shows that the length of the spring is


10 cm before it is being pulled. When the spring
is pulled, its length becomes 22 cm.

50. What is formed when a medium-size star dies?


A Nebula
B Black hole
C Neutron star
D White dwarf
51. Who was the first human in space?
A Yuri Gagarin
B Edwin Aldrin
C Michael Collins
D Neil Armstrong

Diagram 27

52. Diagram 29 shows a space probe.

If the work done is 30 J, how much force is acting


on the spring?
A 150 N
B 200 N
C 250 N
D 275 N
47. Diagram 28 shows a pumpkin plant.
Diagram 29
A space probe is a spacecraft that
A can support life in space
B used to launch rockets into space
C gathers information and sends it back to Earth
D gathers and records data about the Earth from
a distance

Diagram 28

53. Which gas has the same percentage in inhaled


air and exhaled air?
A Nitrogen
B Carbon dioxide
C Oxygen
D Water vapour

Which of the following has the same support


system with pumpkin plant?
A Roses
B Orchid
C Cucumber plant
D Money plant

54. Diagram 30 shows the longitudanal section of


human blood vessel

48. Which of the following situations shows that the


stability increases?
A Lean body on a wall.
B Shorten a chairs legs.
C Build a racing cars body from fibre glass
D Bend body slightly forward when lifting heavy
object.

49. Diego is an Eskimo living near the North Pole.


One day he observes a dazzling displayof light in
the sky that lasts for several hours. What is this
phenomenon called?
A Aurora
B Sunspot
C Black hole
D Solar flare

Diagram 30
Which statement is true?
A It has wall of one cell thick
B It has very small lumen
C It transports high pressure blood
D It transports deoxygenated blood

58. Diagram 10 shows the apparatus set up for an


experiment

55. Which diagram shows the correct magnetic field


lines around a magnet bar?

Father of Modern Astronomy


Diagram 32

56. Who is mention in the statement above?


A Neil Armstrong
B Nicholas Copernicus
C Johannes Kepler
D Al-Battani

What is the purpose of immersing the leaf in an


alcohol?
A To break down the cell wall
B To remove the chlorophyll
C To color the leaf
D To soften the leaf

57. Diagram 31 shows a hand holding the


handle of broom.

59. Diagram 33 shows an organism.

Diagram 33
Which of the following organisms reproduce in
the same way as the organism in diagram 33?

Diagram 31
Which of the following examples have
the same class of lever with the above
diagrarm?
A Scissors and paper cutter
B Bottle opener and wheelbarrow
C Fishing rod and ice tongs
D lce tongs and paper cutter

63. Copper sulphate crystals cannot be seen when


they are mixed with water. This is because
A they react with water
B they evaporate quickly into the air
C they fill up the space between water
particles
D water breaks up the crystals to form a new
substance

60. Diagram 34 shows two bar magnets placed


side by side to one another

64. Diagram 35 shows a set-up apparatus to study


the changes in the state of matter.

Diagram 34
Two compasses are placed in position P and Q.
Which of the following correctly shows the
directions of the compass needles P and Q?

Diagram 35
What is the process that occurs to the iodine
crystals?
A Boiling
B Sublimation
C Evaporation
D Condensation

61. 3 kW water heater is switched on 3 hours a


day. How much is the cost if the water heater is
used for 30 days? The charge of one unit of
electrical energy is RM 0.30
A RM 2.70
B RM 8.10
C RM 27.00
D RM 81.00

65. Which part of the eyes becomes smaller when


we are coming out from a dark place into a
bright room?
A Iris
B Lens
C Pupil
D Retina

62. The word equation below represents cell


respiration.
Glucose + P

66. Which of the following best describes the


importance of a balanced ecosystem?
A It provides fresh air.
B It balances the world climate.
C It recycles gases and minerals.
D It ensures that all living organisms can live
together.

H2O + Q + energy

What is the percentage of P and Q in the


atmosphere?
P
Q
A
78 %
21%
B
21%
0.03%
C
16%
4%
D
21%
4%

67. After cutting down trees in the jungle for timber,


the forests are replanted with young trees. This
is the process of
A education
B preservation
C conservation
D pollution control
10

68. Diagram 36 is a graph which shows the result


of an experiment to neutralize the sodium
hydroxide solution by using the hydrochloric
acid.

71. Diagram 38 shows the condition of a


herbaceous plant

Diagram 38
Diagram 36
The herbaceous plant wilts because of
insufficient
A air in its cells.
B food in its cells.
C water in its cells.
D minerals in its cells.

Based on the graph, what is the volume of


hydrochloric acid needed to neutralize the
sodium hydroxide?
2
A 10cm
2
B 15cm
2
C 20cm
2
D 25cm

72. Diagram 39 shows an electric circuit with three


ammeters A1, A2 and A3.

69. Diagram 37 shows the condition of a packet of


chips before and after it is taken from low place
to higher place.

Diagram 39
Which of the following relationship between A1,
A2 and A3 is correct?
A A2 = A1 + A3
B A1 = A2 A3
C A2 = A1 A3
D A3 = A1 + A2

Diagram 37
Why is the size of the packet becomes bigger
after it is taken to the higher place?
A Air pressure outside the packet is lower.
B Air pressure inside the packet is lower
C Air pressure are both equal inside and
outside.
D Air pressure inside and outside the packet is
equal to zero.

73. Electrical energy is transmitted to consumer at


a very high voltage with a small current. Why
did this happen?
A Increase the speed of transmission.
B Reduce resistance set up by the cables.
C Reduce heat generated in the cables.
D Increase the voltage of the electrical energy.

70. Which of the following statements regarding


force is correct?
A Force is the rate of doing work.
B Force is a magnet that attracts magnetic
material.
C A force can cause an object to change its
direction of motion.
D Force is the energy used to change the
shape of an object
11

74. Diagram 40 illustrates the death of a large star.


77. The diagram shows an experiment to
investigate the percentage of oxygen used by a
burning candle.

Diagram 40
What happens at Q?
A Dying star expands.
B Remaining mass of the large star contracts.
C Red Giant star explodes.
D Red Giant star collapses

Diagram 42
Which of the following is the correct percentage
of oxygen used?
A 20.0%
B 33.3%
C 40.5%
D 70.0%

75. Which of the following describes what a satellite


could do?
A Ability to communicate
B Thinning of the ozone layer
C Controlling the weather in a country
D Preventing ultra violet rays to reach the
Earth

78. Which of the following has the highest kinetic


energy ?
A An aeroplane in flight
B A charging bull
C A falling tree
D A moving car

76. Diagram 41 shows one of the harmful effects on


Earth resources

79. The diagram shows an activity carried out by a


student.

Diagram 43
Which of the following conclusion is correct?
A Ice is a poor heat conductor
B Heat is transferred by convection
C Water is a poor conductor of heat
D Wire gauze is a good insulator of heat

Diagram 41
What can be done to overcome the problem?
A Replace the usage of chlorofluorocarbon
with hydrochlorofluorocarbon.
B Treat and prevent sewage from
contaminating water.
C Throw radioactive wastes in the proper way.
D Use biological control to kill pest.

12

A
B
C
D

80. Diagram shows the classes of food found in


peanut butter.

Exoskeleton
Endoskeleton
Water buoyancy
Hydrostatic

84. Diagram below shows a participant lifting a


weight.

Diagram 44
What does X represent?
A Fat
B Carbohydrate
C Protein
D Vitamin
81. A sugar cane juice is tested with iodine solution
and Benedicts solution.
Diagram 47

Iodine solution
Dark blue
colour
Dark blue
colour
No change

No change

A
B

Benedicts solution
Brick red precipitate is
formed
No change

How can he increase his stability ?


A Taking off his clothes
B Widening the distance between his legs
C Bending his body forward slightly
D Decreasing the distance between his two
hands

Brick red precipitate is


formed
No change

85. Diagram below shows a rod, AB which is hung


at point B.

82. The diagram shows a girl of weight 400 N


carrying 50 N load walking up a staircase.

Diagram 48
What is the quantity of force required to balance
the rod?
A 45 N
B 70 N
C 105 N
D 420 N

Diagram 45
Calculate the power of the girl if she takes 20
seconds to reach the top of the staircase.
A 120 W
B 135 W
C 150 W
D 225 W

86. Which of the following causes addiction to


smokers?
A Tar
B Nicotine
C Carcinogen
D Carbon monoxide

83. The diagram below shows two types of animals.

Diagram 46
13

87. The diagram shows a section of an alveolus in


human lung.

91. Four test tubes P, Q, R and S are prepared for


an experiment

Diagram 51

Diagram 49

Which test tube will show the germination of


seeds after three days?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

Which region has the highest oxygen


concentration?
A P
B Q
C R
D S

92. A newborn baby has the following


characteristics.

88. What is meant by transpiration?


A Absorption of water by roots
B Loss of water vapour from the leaves.
C Transport of water from the roots to the
leaves.
D Excretion of water droplets from the veins of
leaves

Smaller in size
Mentally and physically retarded
Premature baby

What can you predict about the habit of the


babys mother during pregnancy?
A She often drinks alcohol
B She smokes occasionally
C She takes too much Folic acid
D She drinks too much carbonated drink

89. Which of the following substance is present in


the urine of a diabetic patient ?
A Glucose
B Mineral salts
C Urea
D Uric acid

93. The diagram below shows the human


menstrual cycle. Based on the calendar given,
calculate the date when the ovulation process
occurs if menstruation fall on the date of 10th
October 2006.

90. Which substance is removed through P at


night?

Diagram 50
A
B
C
D

A
B
C
D

Oxygen
Carbon dioxide
Sulphur dioxide
Carbon monoxide
14

20th October 2006


23rd October 2006
14th October 2006
26th October 2006

99. Diagram 53 shows a washing machine with a


power rating of 960 W 240V.

94. Which of the following pairs is correctly


matched ?

Diagram 53

95. The following information describes a process.

Calculate current flowing through a washing


machine.
A 3A
B 4A
C 5A
D 6A

A change in the body shape and body


function
An increase in the body size, number of
cells and weight

The process is .
A Growth
B Ovulation
C Reproduction
D Implantation

100. Diagram 54 shows the heating of zinc with


sulphur.

96. Which of the following is the correct graph for


growth in human beings?

Diagram 54

What is formed when zinc reacts with sulphur?


A Zinc oxide
B Zinc sulphide
C Zinc carbonate
D Zinc sulphate
97. How is a black hole formed?
A When a white dwarf dies
B When a red giant dies
C When a super-giant star dies
D When a neutron star dies

101. Which of the following compounds does not


decompose when heated strongly?
A Zinc oxide
B Lead sulphide
C Copper carbonate
D Calcium carbonate

98. What is a star?


A A body in the outer space which gives out its
own light and heat.
B Dot of light shinning in the sky at night
C A huge solid ball in the outer space
D A huge ball of gas in the outer space
15

Diagram 56
Which of the following represents P?
A Tomato
B Toothpaste
C Lime water
D Milk of Magnesia

102. Diagram 55 shows the female reproductive


system.

107. Diagram 57 shows a cross section of the stem


of a plant.

Diagram 55
What processes occur at P?
A Ovulation
B Implantation
C Fertilisation
D Ligation

Diagram 57
State the function of structure P.
A Enables the plant to float
B Enables the plant to breathe
C Enables the plant to transport food
D Enables the plant to absorb minerals

103. Which of the following statement is true about


multicellular organism?
A Paddy plant is a multicellular organism
B All plants are multicellular organisms
C All animals are multicellular organisms
D All multicellular organisms live on land

108. What is the moment of force if a minimum force


of 50 N is applied to pull the nail as shown in
Diagram 58?

104. The hearing ability of the elderly is usually less


sensitive because
A the ear ossicles have fused together
B the cochlea is damaged
C the eardrum became less elastic
D the fluid in the semicircular canal decreases
105. Too much carbon dioxide in the air will cause a
rise in the earths temperature.
This is known as
A air pollution
B water pollution
C greenhouse effect
D depletion of ozone layer

Diagram 58
A
B
C
D

106. Diagram 56 shows the pH scale and the pH


value of some substances.

16

3 Nm
4 Nm
5 Nm
24 Nm