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Nozzle Analysis

PVElite calculates required wall thickness and area of reinforcement for a nozzl
e in a
pressure vessel shell or head, and compares this area to the area available in t
he shell, nozzle
and optional reinforcing pad. The program also calculates the strength of failur
e paths
for the nozzles. This calculation is based on the ASME Code, Section VIII, Divis
ion 1,
Paragraph UG-37 through UG-45, 1995. The calculation procedure is based on figur
e UG37.1.
The program calculates the required thickness (for reinforcement conditions) bas
ed on
inside diameter for the following vessel components:
The program evaluates nozzles at any angle (less than 90 degrees) away from the
perpendicular,
allowing evaluation of off angle or hillside nozzles.
The NOZZLE program takes full account of corrosion allowance. You enter actual t
hickness
and corrosion allowance, and the program adjusts thicknesses and diameters when
making calculations for the corroded condition.
The NOZZLE program also performs UCS-66 Minimum Design Metal Temperature
(MDMT) calculations for nozzles.
As the nozzle data is entered, PVElite will automatically perform the ASME area
of
replacement or PD:5500 nozzle compensation calculations. A calculation is perfor
med
every time the cursor is moved in between input cells. If there is any error in
the input that
will not allow the analysis to be performed, a status of failed will appear at t
he bottom of
the Nozzle Dialog. The calculation is initiated once the pipe size is specified.
If you are
changing data, such as the pad thickness and are not moving between cells, press
F5 to
force PVElite to recalculate and display the results. If the calculation has fai
led, the result
will appear in red. A nozzle that has passed will have blue results. The result
is typically
the area and minimum nozzle overstress per 1-7. The program will display the tex
t failed
in brackets, even though the area of replacement may be sufficient. To effective
ly use this
feature, we suggest that the entire vessel be modeled first, along with the liqu
id and nozzle
pressure design options set. Also for vessels that have ANSI flanges note that t
he ANSI
flange rating will be shown on the main Status bar.
Component Paragraph Limitations
Cylinder G-27 (c) (1) None
2:1 Elliptical Head UG-32 (d) (1) None
Torispherical Head UG-32 (e) (1) None
Spherical Head or Shell UG-27 (d) (3) None
Nozzle Analysis PVElite - User Guide
5-12 Vessel Detail Data
The figure below shows geometry for the Nozzle module.
PVElite - User Guide Nozzle Input Data
Vessel Detail Data 5-13
Nozzle Input Data

Nozzle Description
Enter a 15 character or less description of this nozzle. If you type in the desc
ription
MANWAY the UG-45 check for minimum nozzle neck thickness will not be performed.
Angle Between Nozzle and Shell
Enter the angle between the centerline of the nozzle and a tangent to the vessel
at the point
where the nozzle centerline intersects the vessel outside diameter. If left blan
k, and an offset
is entered, the program will compute the angle.
Offset Distance from Cylinder/Head Centerline (L1)
Enter the distance from the center of the head to the nozzle centerline.
Class for Attached B16.5 Flange
Enter the letters CL followed by a space and the number corresponding to the flang
e
class. The following flange classes are available:
CL 150, CL 300, CL 400, CL 600, CL 900, CL 1500, CL 2500
Grade for Attached B16.5 Flange
Enter the letters GR followed by a space and the number corresponding to the flang
e
material grade. The following flange grades are available:
GR 1.1 Med Carbon Steel
GR 1.2 High Carbon Steel
GR 1.4 Low Carbon Steel
Austenitic Steels:
GR 2.1 Type 304
GR 2.2 Type 316
GR 2.3 Type 304L,316L
GR 2.4 Type 321
GR 2.5 Type 347,348
GR 2.6 Type 309
GR 2.7 Type 310
Alloy Steels:
GR 1.5 C-1/2Mo
GR 1.7 1/2Cr-1/2Mo, Ni-Cr-Mo
GR 1.9 1-1/4Cr-1/2Mo
GR 1.10 2-1/4Cr-1Mo
GR 1.13 5Cr-1/2Mo
GR 1.14 9Cr-1Mo
High Alloy Steels
GR 3.1 NI-FE-MO-CB
GR 3.2 NI Alloy 200
GR 3.4 NI CU 400, 500
GR 3.5 NI-CR-FE 600
GR 3.6 NI CR-FE 800
GR 3.7 NI-MO B2
GR 3.8 Nickel Alloys
Modification of Reinforcing Limits PVElite - User Guide
5-14 Vessel Detail Data
Modification of Reinforcing Limits
You may enter any physical limitation which exists on the thickness available fo
r reinforcement
or the diameter available for reinforcement. An example of a thickness limitatio
n
would be a studding pad or nozzle stub which would not extend normal to the vess
el
wall as far as the thickness limit of the nozzle calculation. An example of a di
ameter limitation
would be two nozzles close together, or a vessel seam for which you did not want
to

take an available area reduction.


Physical Maximum for Nozzle Diameter Limit
Enter the maximum diameter for material contributing to nozzle reinforcement. An
example
of a diameter limitation would be two nozzles close together, or a vessel seam f
or
which you did not want to take an available area reduction.
Physical Maximum for Nozzle Thickness Limit
Enter the maximum thickness for material contributing to nozzle reinforcement. A
n example
of a thickness limitation would be a studding pad or nozzle stub which would not
extend normal to the vessel wall as far as the thickness limit of the nozzle cal
culation.
Do you want to set Area1 or Area 2 to 0
In some vessel design specifications it is mandated that no credit be taken for
the area contributed
by the shell or nozzle. You can enter the text A1 or A2 in this field. If you do
so, that area will be set equal to 0. You can also enter A1 A2 . This would give yo
u no
credit for Area1 - available area in the vessel wall or Area2 - available area i
n the nozzle
wall.
Nozzle Material Specification
Enter the ASME code material specification as it appears in the ASME material al
lowable
tables. Alternatively, the material can be selected from the material data base
by pressing
D when the cursor is in the material field. If a material is not contained in th
e data base, its
specification and properties can be entered manually.
Nozzle Diameter Basis
Enter 0 for nozzles where the diameter you give is inside diameter. Enter 1 for
nozzles
where the diameter you give is outside diameter.
Actual or Nominal Diameter of Nozzle
Enter the diameter of the nozzle. If you specify nominal or minimum for the nozz
le size
and thickness basis, then you must enter the nominal diameter of the nozzle in t
his field.
Valid nominal diameters are
0.125 0.25 0.375 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 1.5
2 2.5 3 3.5 4 5 6 8
10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30
Nozzle Size and Thickness Basis
Select the appropriate basis for nozzle diameter and thickness.
PVElite - User Guide Modification of Reinforcing Limits
Vessel Detail Data 5