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Communication is the act of conveying intended meaning to another

entity through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules. The
basic steps of communication are the forming of communicative intent,
message composition, message encoding, transmission of signal, reception
of signal, message decoding and finally interpretation of the message by
the recipient.
The study of communication can be divided into communication studies,
which concerns only human communication, and biosemiotics, which
examines the communication of organisms in general. Communication is
usually visual, auditory, or biochemical, while human communication is
unique for its extensive use of language.

Communication Process

A sender is the party that sends a message.


Message, which is the information to be conveyed.
Encode her message, which is transforming her thoughts of the information to be
conveyed into a form that can be sent, such as words.
A channel of communication must also be selected, which is the manner in
which the message is sent. Channels of communication include speaking, writing,
video transmission, audio transmission, electronic transmission through emails,
text messages and faxes and even nonverbal communication, such as body
language. Lindsey also needs to know the target of her communication. This party
is called the receiver.
The receiver must be able to decode the message, which means mentally
processing the message into understanding. If you can't decode, the message
fails. For example, sending a message in a foreign language that is not understood
by the receiver probably will result in decoding failure.
Feedback, which is a message sent by the receiver back to the sender. For

example, a member of Lindsey's team may provide feedback in the form a


question to clarify some information received in Lindsey's message.

Elements of Communication
(1) Sender:
The person who intends to convey the message with the intention of passing
information and ideas to others is known as sender or communicator.
(2) Ideas:
This is the subject matter of the communication. This may be an opinion,
attitude, feelings, views, orders, or suggestions.
(3) Encoding:
Since the subject matter of communication is theoretical and intangible, its
further passing requires use of certain symbols such as words, actions or
pictures etc. Conversion of subject matter into these symbols is the process of
encoding.
(4) Communication Channel:
The person who is interested in communicating has to choose the channel for
sending the required information, ideas etc. This information is transmitted to
the receiver through certain channels which may be either formal or informal.
(5) Receiver:
Receiver is the person who receives the message or for whom the message is
meant for. It is the receiver who tries to understand the message in the best
possible manner in achieving the desired objectives.
(6) Decoding:
The person who receives the message or symbol from the communicator tries to
convert the same in such a way so that he may extract its meaning to his
complete understanding.

(7) Feedback:
Feedback is the process of ensuring that the receiver has received the message
and understood in the same sense as sender meant it.