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Pengertian Direct Speech

Direct Speech (percakapan langsung) adalah bentuk percakapan yang


mengarahkan untuk meniru kata-kata atau suatu kalimat persis seperti yang
diucapkan. Dalam Direct Speech, kita menggunakan tanda kutip (...).
Contoh Cara Penulisan Direct Speech
1.

Quoting One Sentence (Mengutip Satu Kalimat)

Contoh penulisan:
She said, My father is a farmer.
My father is a farmer, she said.
My father, she said, is a farmer.
Dari ketiga contoh penulisan percakapan langsung (Direct Speech) di atas, contoh
penulisan yang pertama adalah yang lazim digunakan.
She said, My father is a farmer.
Artinya: Dia berkata, Ayah saya adalah seorang petani.
Cara penulisannya: Gunakan tanda koma setalah She said. Gunakan huruf besar
pada kata pertama setelah tanda kutip. Kemudian beri tanda kutip lagi setelah tanda
titik diakhir kalimat.
2. Quoting More Than One Sentence (Mengutip Lebih Dari Satu
Kalimat)
Contoh penulisan:
My father is a farmer. He is going to the rice barn, she said.
(rice barn = lumbung padi)
Cara penulisannya: Tanda kutip digunakan pada awal dan akhir dari kutipan
lengkap. Catatan: Tidak ada tanda kutip lagi setelah kata farmer.

3. Quoting a Question Or An Exclamation ( Mengutip Kalimat Tanya


atau Kata Seru)
Contoh Penulisan:
She asked, When will you be here?

Penempatan
tanda
tanya
diletakkan di dalam tanda kutip.

Artinya: Dia bertanya, Kapan kamu akan kesini?


When will you be here? she asked.
Artinya: Kapan kamu akan kesini? dia bertanya.
She said, Watch out!

Jika tanda tanya digunakan, tidak


perlu lagi menggunakan tanda
koma sebelum She asked
Penempatan
tanda
seru
diletakkan di dalam tanda kutip

Artinya: Dia berkata, hati-hati!

Pengertian Indirect Speech


Indirect Speech (Percakapan Tidak Langsung) adalah bentuk percakapan
yang mengarahkan untuk menggunakan noun clause (anak kalimat yang
berfungsi sebagai nounatau kata benda) untuk melaporkan apa yang telah
dikatakan oleh seseorang.
Contoh Penggunaan Indirect Speech(Kalimat Tidak Langsung)
Direct Speech (Kalimat Langsung)

Indirect Speech (Kalimat Tidak


Langsung)

Simple Present Tense

Simple Past Tense

He said, I watch TV every day.

He said (that) he watched TV every day.

Present Progressive Tense

Past Progressive Tense

He said, I am watching TV every day.

He said he was watching TV every day.

Present Perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

He said, I have watched TV every day.

He said he had watched TV every day.

Simple Past Tense

Past Perfect Tense

He said, I watched TV every day.

He said he had watched TV every day.

Using Modal Auxiliaries

Using Modal Auxiliaries

He said, I will watch TV every day.

He said he would watch TV every day.

He said, I am going to watch TV every


day.

He said he was going to watch TV every


day.

He said, I can watch TV every day.

He said he could watch TV every day.

He said, I may watch TV every day.

He said he might watch TV every day.

He said, I might watch TV every day.

He said he might watch TV every day.

He said, I must watch TV every day.

He said he had to watch TV every day.

He said, I have to watch TV every day.

He said he had to watch TV every day.

He said, I should watch TV every day.

He said he should watch TV every day.

He said, I ought to watch TV every day.

He said he ought to watch TV every day.

He said, Watch TV!

He told me to watch TV.

He said, Do you watch TV?

He asked (me) if I watched TV.

CATATAN:
Jika kata kerja pelapor (kata kerja utama dari kalimat, contoh dari kalimat di atas adalah
kata: said) dalam bentuk past (lampau), kata kerja pada anak kalimat biasanya juga
akan menggunakan bentuk past (lampau).
Ketika
kata
kerja
pelapor
menggunakan: Simple
Present Tense,
Present
Perfect Tenseatau Simple Future Tense, kata kerja pada anak kalimat (noun clause) nya
tidak berubah. Contoh:
She says, I watch TV every day.

She says (that) she watches TV every day.

She has said, I watch TV every day.

She has said that she watches TV every day.

She will say, I watch TV every day.

She will say that she watches TV every day.

Lihat tabel
auxiliaries.

dibawah

ini

untuk

mengetahui bentuk

lampau dari modal

Simple Present Simple Past


Can

Could

May

Might

Must / have to

Had to

Will

Would

CATATAN: Tidak
bentuk Past (lampau)
untuk:Should dan Ought to

ada

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