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PROPER HANGING OF

FIRE SPRINKLER
SYSTEMS

2010 IFSA. All rights reserved.

HANGING PER NFPA 13

Historicaldevelopmentsandbasicconcepts

Hangers

Hangerinstallation

Speciallistedpipe

Hangersinearthquakeareas

Trapezehangers

Endsoflinesandarmovers

Risersupport

NFPA 13 HANGER RULES 1896

Utypehangersmadeofroundwroughtironor
malleablecastiron,ringclipsorapproved
adjustablehangers.FlatUtypehangers
permittedifatleast3/16inchthick.

Hangersrequiredtobeatleast12inchesfrom
sprinklerstoavoidinterference,exceptround
hangerswerepermittedascloseas3inches.

Forconcreteconstruction,castironinserts
recommended,butexpansionboltscouldbe
usedinexistingbuildings,preferablyina
horizontalposition.

BASIC CONCEPTS

NFPA13 2010containsSection9.1on
Hangersand9.2onInstallationofPipe
Hangers
NFPA13basisforotherNFPAstandardsfor
waterbasedsystems:13R,14,15,16,750
NFPA13Drequiressupportmethods
comparabletothoseoflocalplumbing
codes.
Exception:listedpipingmustbe
supportedperlistinglimitations

PERFORMANCE OPTION

HangersmustmeettherequirementsofSection9.1
unlesscertifiedbyaprofessionalengineeras
capableof:

supportingfivetimestheweightofthewaterfilledpipe
plus250lbs(114kg)ateachpointofsupport

thepointsofsupportareadequate

thespacinglimitationsforthepipingmaterialarenot
exceeded

thehangercomponentsareferrous

DetailedcalculationstobesubmittedtoAHJas
required

HANGERS

Thecomponentsofhangerassembliesthat
directlyattachtothepipeortothebuilding
structuremustbelisted.

Exception:Mildsteelhangersformedfromrods.

Exception:Fasteners(screwsandbolts)per9.1.3to
9.1.5.

UL203listingbasedon5timesweightofwater
filledpipeplus250lbs(114kg).Notintended
asbuildingdesigndeadloadperhanger.

HANGERS - COMPONENTS

Hangersandtheircomponentsmustbe
ferrous.

Exceptions:
Nonferrouscomponentsprovenbyfire
teststobeadequateforthehazard,listed
forthepurpose,andincompliancewiththe
requirementsofthestandard
Holesthroughstructuralmembers
permittedtoserveashangersifpermitted
byapplicablebuildingcodes

HANGERS - TYPES
Definedbyhow

theyattachto
thestructure
andthesprinkler
piping

ATTACHMENT TO STRUCTURE

CeilingFlanges

SideBeamAttachments

BeamandCclamps

ConcreteInsertsandExpansionShields

StrapsandUhooks

LagScrewsandCoachScrewRods

PowderdrivenStudsandWeldingStuds

ATTACHMENT TO
STRUCTURE
Aspartoflisting,Cclampsare

testedineachpossible
mountingpositionunless
otherwisemarked.
Somestructuralengineers

preferattachmentofhanging
loadstotopflanges.
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ATTACHMENT TO PIPE

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RiserClamps

AdjustableSwivelRingsorLoops

Jhangers

ClevisHangers

StrapsandUhooks(strapsmustbelisted)

CONCRETE INSERTS AND


EXPANSION SHIELDS

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Listedinsertspermitted

Listedexpansionshieldspermittedexcept:

Withcinderconcrete,permittedonlyfor
branchlineswherealternatedwith
throughboltsorbeamhangers

Onlyinsideofconcretebeams(above
centerlineorabovereinforcingsteel)or
verticallyunderSection9.1.3.7

POWDER-DRIVEN AND WELDING


STUDS

Studsandinstallationtoolsmustbelisted

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Steelshouldnotbelessthan3/16inch(4.2mm)
thickforpowderdrivenstuds

Representativesamplesofconcretemustbetested
forminimumloadsper9.1.3.9.3

SteelmustbenotlessthanUSstandard12gauge
(2.78mm)forweldedattachmentofweldingstuds
orotherhangerparts

Increasercouplingsmustbedirectlyattachedto
powderdrivenstudsorweldingstuds

RODS AND U-HOOKS

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Hangerrod,Uhookrodandeyerod
diametersdependonthepipesizebeing
supported,withminimum3/8inch(10mm)
diameter(5/16inch(7.9mm)forUhooks)
unlesspartoflistedhangerassembly

Table9.1.2.1 Hangerrods

Table9.1.2.4 Uhookrods

Table9.1.2.5.1 Eyerods

Threadedsectionsofrodsshallnotbebent
orformed

SCREWS AND BOLTS

ForceilingflangesandUhooks,
minimumscrewoptionsand
dimensionsprovidedinTable
9.1.5.2.1
Forcoachscrewrods,minimum
plankthicknessandbeamorjoist
facewidthprovidedinTable
9.1.5.7.2

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Example:for3inchpipe,minimum
nominaltis4inches(102mm),
minimumnominalwis3inches(76
mm)

Plank
t

Beam or joist
w

ADDITIONAL HANGER
RULES

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Nailsarenotacceptableforfasteninghangers

Holesforlagscrewsandcoachscrewrodsmust
bepredrilled1/8inch(3.2mm)lessindiameter
thanscrewthreadmaximumrootdiameter

Boltsmustbeprovidedwithaflatwasherand
nut,andholesforboltsmustnotbemorethan
1/16inch(1.6mm)largerindiameterthanthe
bolt.

Eyerodsmustbesecuredwithlockwashersto
preventlateralmovement,withflatwasheralso
providedforwoodstructuralmembers.

INSTALLATION
CONSIDERATIONS
Hangbranchlines

perpendicularto
closespaced
buildingmembers
suchasjoistsor
purlins

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INSTALLATION OF
HANGERS

Pipingmustbesupportedindependentlyofceiling
sheathing

Pipinginracksmustbesupportedfromrack

Structuremustsupportweightofthewaterfilled
pipingplus250lbs(114kg)

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Exception:Togglehangerspermittedunderhollowtileor
metallathandplasterforpipe1 inch(40mm)orsmaller

Exception:1inch(25mm)andsmallerbranchlinesunder
metaldecks

Pipingunderductscanbesupportedbycommon
hangersper9.2.1.5

DISTANCE BETWEEN
HANGERS

Table9.2.2.1basedontypeandnominalsizeof
pipe

Notlessthanonehangerforeachsectionofpipe

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Steelpipemaximum15ft(4.6m)spacing,but12ft
(3.7m)maximumupto1 inch(32mm)andfor
threadedlightwall
Othermaximumsassignedforcopper,CPVC,and
ductileiron
Exception:Lengthslessthan6ft(1.8m)

Atleastonehangeroncrossmainsbetweeneach
twobranchlines

Exception:Steelmainsinbays

EXCEPTIONS FOR STEEL MAINS

Wherehangersareattachedtopurlinsonall
branchlinesasneartothecrossmainas
possible,intermediatehangersarepermittedto
beomittedfromsteelcrossmainsinbays:

For2or3branchlinesperbay,1omitted

For4ormorebranchlinesperbay,2omitted
Branch lines

Permitted omission
Cross main

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SPECIAL LISTED PIPE

Beamstrengthofspecial

listedpipeaconsideration
duringlisting
Specialhangersnow

availabletoavoidharmto
nonmetallicpiping,usually
withflarededges.
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HANGERS IN EARTHQUAKE
AREAS

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Section9.3.7

RetainingstraprequiredforallCtypeclamps
(includingbeamandlargeflangeclamps).Strap
tobelistedormeetminimumdimensions.In
absenceofadequatelip,straptobesecured
withboltorscrew.

Powderdrivenfastenersnotpermittedwhere
systemsarerequiredtobeprotectedagainst
earthquakeaccelerationsgreaterthan0.5g
unlessspeciallylisted.

TRAPEZE HANGERS

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Consideredanextensionofthebuilding
structure;usedtotransferloadstoappropriate
structuralmembers

TRAPEZE HANGERS

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Minimumrequiredsectionmodulusfrom
Table9.1.1.6.1(a)mustbelessthanor
equaltotheminimumavailablesection
modulusofproposedtrapezememberfrom
Table9.1.1.6.1(b)

Criteriabasedonsimplecenterloadedsteel
beamsupporting15ft(4.6m)ofwater
filledpipeplus250lbs(114kg)with
maximumallowablebendingstressof15ksi
(1034.2bar)

TRAPEZE HANGER EXAMPLE

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Itisdesiredtosupport8inchSchedule
10pipewithatrapezehangerwitha
spanof5ft8in(1.7m).

Table9.1.1.6.1(a)requires0.97
sectionmodulusfor6ft(1.8m)span

Table9.1.1.6.1(b)provides1.04
sectionmodulusfor3inchSchedule
10pipe

TRAPEZE HANGER EXAMPLE

Section9.1.1.6.5requiresAllcomponentsof
eachhangerassemblythatattachtoatrapeze
membershallconformto9.1.1.4andbesizedto
supportthesuspendedsprinklerpipe.

3-inch Schedule 10

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8-inch Schedule 10

TRAPEZE HANGERS

Formulaforeffectivelengthoftrapeze
supportingpipetoonesideofspan:

4ab
L
a b
Thiscanallowsmallertrapezemember
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EFFECTIVE LENGTH
EXAMPLE

Fora6ft(1.8m)spanwith8inchSchedule10pipeat
centeroftrapezetherequiredsectionmodulusis0.97.

Ifpipeis1ft(0.3m)fromonesupport,whatisthenew
sectionmodulus?

a 1 ft
b 5 ft
415 20
L

3.33 ft
1 5 6

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a 0.3m
b 1.5m
40.31.5 1.8
L

1.0m
0.3 1.5 1.8

Withaneffectivelengthof3.33ft(1.0m)therequired
sectionmodulusbecomes0.64

SUPPORT OF ENDS OF
LINES

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Unsupportedlengthatendofbranchlines
limitedto36in.(0.9m)for1inch(25mm)pipe,
48in.(1.2m)for11/4inch(32mm)pipeor60
in.(1.5m)for11/2inch(40mm)andlargerpipe

SUPPORT OF ENDS OF
LINES

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Exception:Forpendentsprinklersat
100psi(7bar)orhigherunder
ceilings,closesthangermustprevent
upwardmovement,and
unsupportedlengthlimitedto12in.
(305mm)forsteelor6in.(152mm)
forcopper

SUPPORT OF ENDS OF LINES

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Specialrestraintagainst
upwardmovementfor
highpressurelines
appliesonlytopendent
sprinklersthrough
ceilings

Criteriabasedon1985
NFSAtestsforTexas
StateBoardofInsurance

SUPPORT OF ARMOVERS

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Cumulativehorizontallength
ofunsupportedarmovermust
notexceed24in.(610mm)
forsteelor12in.(305mm)
forcopper
Exception:Forpendent
sprinklersat100psi(7bar)
orhigherunderceilings,
lengthlimitedto12in.
(305mm)forsteelor6in.
(152mm)forcopper,and
closesthangermust
preventupward
movement

SPECIAL LISTED HANGERS

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RISER SUPPORT

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Riserstobesupportedbyriserclampsorby
hangersonhorizontalpipewithin24inches
(610mm)ofriser

Inmultistorybuildings,risersupportstobe
providedatthelowestlevel,ateachalternate
levelabove,aboveandbelowoffsets,andat
thetopofriser

Inhighverticalshaftsorbays,distancebetween
supportsmustnotexceed25ft(7.6m)

CORROSION PROTECTION

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8.15.3.2.3 Wherecorrosiveconditionsare
knowntoexistduetomoistureorfumes,
hangersthatresistcorrosionmustbeused
oraprotectivecoatingapplied.

A9.2.2 Wherecoppertubeisusedin
moistareasororotherenvironments
conducivetogalvaniccorrosion,copper
hangersorferroushangerswithan
insulatingmaterialshouldbeused.

QUESTIONS?
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