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Resources

For Walk-in Coolers & Freezers

Quick Load Calculations


Applications Note

The Quick Calculations Table gives Typical and Heavy load estimates BASED on the conditions for each room temperature. Conditions include
construction, loading, and room surroundings. IF your conditions are very DIFFERENT from the Typical or Heavy conditions, then figure a load
estimate specifically for your job.
Here are three suggestions to get an accurate load estimate for your specific application:
1. Utilize the Heatcraft ProSelect software.
2. Contact your local Sales Representative for help.
3. Utilize the paper and pencil calculation in Heatcrafts Engineering Manual (H-ENGM0408).

Room Conditions for Loads Shown in the Quick Calculations Table


FOR 35F LOAD CALCULATION
The calculation is for a product entering a room during a 24 hour
period. The amount of entering hot product (pounds) is twice the room
volume (cu ft). The entering product temp is 40F. The product temp is
reduced to 35 in 24 hours. The specific heat of the product is 0.90 BTU
per pound. The freezing temp of the product is 27.
The insulation in the ceiling and walls is 4 of styrofoam. The ceiling
temp is 115, solar effect. The wall temperatures are 95. The R value
for the styrofoam is 16.7, the k factor is 0.24. The floor is 6 of concrete
on grade. The floor temp is 55. The R value of the concrete is 4.8, the k
factor is 1.25.

FOR 30, 0, -10, -20F. LOAD CALCULATIONS


The calculation is for a product entering a room during a 24 hour
period. The amount of entering hot product (pounds) EQUALS the
room volume (cu ft). The entering product temp is 10F warmer than
the room temp. The product temp is reduced to the room temp in 24
hours. The specific heat of the product is 0.90 BTU per pound for the 30
room. The specific heat of the product is 0.45 BTU per pound for the 0,
-10, and -20 rooms. The freezing temp of the product is 27.
The insulation in the ceiling, walls, AND FLOOR is 4 of URETHANE. The
ceiling temp is 115, solar effect. The wall temperatures are 95. The R
value for the urethane is 25, the k factor is 0.16. The floor temp is 55.

Air enters through the door at 95 and 50% relative humidity. The door
openings cause TWICE number of air changes listed in tables that
estimate AVERAGE AIR CHANGES FOR STORAGE ROOMS. Table 4, page
14, Heatcraft Engineering Manual (H-ENGM0408).

Air enters through the door at 95 and 50% relative humidity. The door
openings cause TWICE number of air changes listed in tables that
estimate AVERAGE AIR CHANGES FOR STORAGE ROOMS. Table 5, page
14, Heatcraft Engineering Manual (H-ENGM0408).

The motor load is charged at 1 HP per 16,000 CU FT of room volume.


The lighting load is 1 watt per SQ FT of floor area. The people load is
figured at 1 person per 25,000 CU FT of room volume.

The motor load is charged at 1 HP per 12,500 CU FT of room volume.

A 10% safety factor is added to the product, wall transmission, door


infiltration, and miscellaneous loads above.
BTUH is based on SIXTEEN hour runtime. The BTU load for 24 hours is
divided by 16 hours to yield the hourly heat load.

The lighting load is 1 watt per SQ FT of floor area. The people load is
figured at 1 person per 25,000 CU FT of room volume.
A 10% safety factor is added to the product, wall transmission, door
infiltration, and miscellaneous loads above.

BTUH is based on a EIGHTEEN hour runtime. The BTU for 24 hours is


divided by 18 hours to yield the hourly heat load.
For Heavy Load Conditions: People load is 1 person. Pounds of product is 3 times the rooms cubic feet.
Ten Foot box height load estimates: Add 15% to the loads listed for 8 height.

Additional Tables For Special Rooms or Boxes & Conditions


Meat Cutting / Prep Room
Floor Square Feet
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1200

BTUH per sq. ft. of Floor Area


55 F
50 F
93
88
85
81
78
75
72
69
67
65
62

105
99
95
90
87
85
81
78
75
73
69

Loads based on continuous operation and include allowances for avg.


number of personnel, processing equipment, etc., with glass panel in one
wall and walls and ceilings insulated with 3 inches of styrene, with box
located in air conditioned area. Evaporator should below outlet velocity
type to avoid drafts and should be selected for continuous operation and
not less than 30 F evaporator temperature.

-10 F to 0 F
Reach-ins

35 F to 40 F
Reach-ins

Room
Volume
CU FT

Approx
BTUH

Room
Volume
CU FT

Approx
BTUH

4- 10
11 - 18
19 - 35
36 - 55
56 - 75
76 - 100

1000
1350
1900
2900
4200
5500

4- 10
11 - 18
19 - 35
36 - 55
56 - 75
76 - 100

950-1150
1100-1300
2100
2600
3500
5700

Based on a minimum 1-1/2


inch urethane foam insulated
fixture, 18 hours per day
compressor run time.

Based on a minimum 1 inch


urethane foam insulated
fixture, 16 hours per day
compressor run time.

Reach-in Glass
Door Loads
Room
Temp.

BTUH per
Door

+35 F
+30 F
0 F
-10 F
-20 F

1060
960
1730
1730
1730

Glass door loads have been


adjusted for run time load.
Multiply number of doors by
the door load listed and add
to hourly heat load in the
table of quick calculations.

Resources
Quick Load Calculations

For Walk-in Coolers & Freezers

Table of Quick Calculations in BTUH

Based on 95 F ambient. Add 15% to loads for 10 height.


Room
Dimensions
+35F Room
+30F Room
0F Room
-10F Room
Room
Room
(in.)
Area
Volume
Typical Heavy Typical Heavy Typical Heavy Typical Heavy
(Sq FT)
(CU FT)
W
L
H
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
Load
(BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH) (BTUH)
6
6
6
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
14
14
14
16
16
16
18
18
18
20
20
20
20
20
20
40
40
40
40
40

6
8
10
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
28
12
14
16
18
20
22
14
16
20
24
16
20
24
18
20
24
20
24
28
32
36
40
24
28
32
36
40

8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8

36
48
60
64
80
96
112
128
144
160
176
192
208
224
240
256
100
120
140
160
180
200
240
280
144
168
192
216
240
264
196
224
280
336
256
320
384
324
360
432
400
480
560
640
720
800
960
1,120
1,280
1,440
1,600

288
384
480
512
640
768
896
1,024
1,152
1,280
1,408
1,536
1,664
1,792
1,920
2,048
800
960
1,120
1,280
1,440
1,600
1,920
2,240
1,152
1,344
1,536
1,728
1,920
2,112
1,568
1,792
2,240
2,688
2,048
2,560
3,072
2,592
2,880
3,456
3,200
3,840
4,480
5,120
5,760
6,400
7,680
8,960
10,240
11,520
12,800

4,986
5,884
6,729
6,939
7,934
8,887
9,808
10,626
11,581
12,588
13,434
14,267
15,585
16,398
17,203
18,001
9,072
10,164
11,221
12,398
13,406
14,890
16,823
18,709
11,391
12,728
13,887
15,518
16,633
17,732
14,046
15,828
18,329
20,756
17,240
19,987
22,656
20,132
21,615
25,018
23,713
27,005
30,084
33,608
36,595
40,190
45,633
51,628
57,408
63,278
68,954

6,540
7,470
8,350
8,570
9,600
10,590
11,550
12,410
13,410
14,310
15,190
16,060
17,420
18,270
19,120
19,960
10,790
11,930
13,040
14,120
15,170
16,710
18,740
20,720
13,220
14,470
15,680
17,370
18,550
19,710
15,850
17,700
20,340
22,910
19,200
22,100
24,930
22,260
23,830
27,410
26,030
29,370
32,650
36,370
39,550
43,200
49,040
55,280
61,460
67,580
73,650

3,483
4,095
4,668
4,812
5,485
6,126
6,744
7,343
7,927
9,078
9,639
10,192
10,736
11,273
11,804
12,330
6,252
6,984
7,691
8,956
9,626
10,282
11,560
12,804
7,805
9,177
9,948
10,700
11,438
12,164
10,054
10,907
12,560
14,597
11,842
14,093
15,846
14,189
15,164
17,071
16,216
18,854
22,108
23,277
25,219
27,714
31,681
35,721
39,570
43,516
47,289

5,190
5,910
6,590
6,760
7,580
8,360
9,120
9,860
10,580
11,740
12,440
13,130
13,820
14,490
15,170
15,830
8,520
9,430
10,310
11,610
12,460
13,290
14,920
16,520
10,460
11,910
12,890
13,850
14,800
15,740
13,030
14,130
16,270
18,800
15,340
18,160
20,480
18,290
19,580
22,120
20,990
24,190
28,150
30,020
32,670
35,730
41,100
46,410
51,670
56,880
62,060

4,522
5,296
6,020
6,193
7,032
7,830
8,597
9,341
10,065
11,402
12,097
12,779
13,451
14,115
14,770
15,417
7,980
8,883
9,752
11,224
12,045
12,849
14,413
15,931
9,887
11,483
12,423
13,338
14,235
15,115
12,547
13,580
14,587
15,574
14,704
17,318
19,416
17,429
18,592
20,863
19,842
22,911
25,289
28,058
30,347
33,231
37,745
42,361
46,722
51,218
55,479

6,570
7,390
8,170
8,360
9,270
10,140
10,980
11,790
12,580
13,800
14,570
15,320
16,060
16,800
17,520
18,240
10,310
11,300
12,250
13,630
14,530
15,430
17,170
18,860
12,410
13,920
14,970
15,990
16,990
17,970
15,110
16,260
17,520
18,750
17,530
20,420
22,800
20,550
21,870
24,460
23,300
26,530
29,260
32,380
35,020
38,070
43,290
48,420
53,490
58,500
63,460

4,859
5,692
8,573
6,654
7,555
8,413
9,239
10,039
10,818
12,225
12,973
13,708
14,432
15,146
15,851
16,549
8,573
9,543
10,477
12,028
12,911
13,775
15,457
17,090
10,621
12,305
13,314
14,297
15,260
16,206
13,446
14,554
16,696
19,202
15,761
18,533
20,786
18,652
19,900
22,336
21,240
24,503
27,054
29,993
32,449
35,515
40,316
45,232
49,870
54,656
59,186

7,070
7,960
10,890
8,990
9,960
10,890
11,790
12,660
13,510
14,780
15,600
16,400
17,200
17,980
18,760
19,520
11,070
12,130
13,150
14,580
15,550
16,500
18,360
20,170
13,310
14,890
16,010
17,100
18,160
19,220
16,160
17,390
19,780
22,530
18,740
21,790
24,320
21,930
23,330
26,090
24,850
28,260
31,160
34,450
37,260
40,470
45,980
51,390
56,730
62,020
67,250

-20F Room
Typical Heavy
Load
Load
(BTUH) (BTUH)
5,187
6,076
6,908
7,104
8,066
8,982
9,865
10,720
11,553
13,031
13,830
14,617
15,392
16,156
16,912
17,659
9,152
10,187
11,185
12,815
13,758
14,682
16,480
18,227
11,338
13,108
14,185
15,236
16,246
17,274
14,326
15,509
17,795
20,441
16,795
29,124
22,129
19,850
21,182
23,781
22,611
26,066
28,788
31,894
34,516
37,762
42,487
48,059
52,973
58,047
62,848

7,570
8,510
9,390
9,610
10,640
11,620
12,580
13,500
14,410
15,730
16,600
17,460
18,310
19,140
19,970
20,780
11,810
12,940
14,020
15,520
16,550
17,560
19,530
21,460
14,190
15,850
17,030
18,180
19,300
20,430
17,190
18,490
21,030
23,920
19,920
32,530
25,820
23,270
24,760
27,680
26,370
29,950
33,030
36,490
39,460
42,840
48,270
54,320
59,940
65,490
71,000