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Seasons in Russian Time of the Year


Is your city covered in fresh snow in winter? Do you find the parks at their best when
leaves change color in autumn? What would you rather do over your summer
vacation next year?
In this lesson, you will learn words for the seasons in Russian and what case to use
when you want to say that something is going to happen "in" a certain season of the
year. Just like in English, Russian seasons are not capitalized unless they are used in
the beginning of a sentence.
Audio
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English translation

Pronunciation

spring

vees-NAH

summer

LYEH-tah

autumn, fall

OH-seen'

winter

zee-MAH

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To ask "At what time of the year... ?" use the phrase:
... ? [fkah-KOYEH VRYEH-myah GOH-dah]
For example, "At what time of the year were you born?"
? [fkah-KOYEH VRYEH-myah GOH-dah vi rahDEE-lees']

Using the Instrumental Case with Seasons


In order to say that something is going to happen "in" a certain season, Russians
change the word for season into the instrumental case. You don't need to use any
prepositions because the instrumental endings (-, -, -) already convey the
meaning of "in". The table below gives a few examples:
Audio
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Russian word

English translation

Pronunciation

in spring

vees-NOY

in summer

LYEH-tahm

in autumn

OH-seen'-yoo

in winter

zee-MOY

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Adjectives for the Seasons


Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. You will need to know Russian
adjectives for seasons to form phrases like "winter clothing" or "summer time". The
table below shows the dictionary form of these adjectives (i.e. singular masculine
nominative form).
Audio
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Russian word

English translation

Pronunciation

(adj.) spring

vee-SYEH-neey

(adj.) summer

LYEHT-neey

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(adj.) autumn

ah-SYEH-neey

(adj.) winter

ZEEM-neey

winter clothing

ZEEM-nee-ah ah-DYEHZHdah

required.

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If you were to say "winter clothing" in Russian you would have to use the adjective
"winter" (). In addition to that, the adjective "winter" () would have to
agree with the noun "clothing" () in number, gender and case. Thus, the
phrase "winter clothing" can be translated as " ". Here, the singular
feminine noun "clothing" () is in the nominative case, and the corresponding
form of the adjective "winter" is .

Russian language Q&A

Are there any


tips/shortcuts/memory aids
for learning how to decline
numbers?

Furthermore, if you want to say "I wear winter clothing" then the noun "clothing"
() must be changed into the accusative case, and the adjective "winter"
() must be changed into the accusative as well. The correct translation of the
sentence will be " ". See the lesson on adjectives in Russian
for more information about agreement of adjectives with nouns.
Also, listen to a podcast that teaches Russian words for yesterday, today, tomorrow in
Russian.

WORD OF THE DAY

Audio recordings: Copyright 2006 Streit Goulnara, Streit Eric, Vion Nicolas.
Copyright 2007 S. Sakhno, N. Vion. Distributed under CC-BY

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Word:
Meaning: to see, to spot, to catch sight of
Pronunciation: [oo-VEE-deet']

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TODAY'S STREET SIGN

Russian:
English: Pelmeni

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