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Grade 10_1st semester@SMA2PSKD 2015-2016 (KTSP 2006)

Greetings and Leave Taking:

Formal greeting:
Good morning (until about lunch
time, or before 12 a.m.)
Good afternoon (12-6 p.m.)
Good evening (until about 9 p.m.)
Initial greetings:
How are you?
Hows it going?
How are you going?
Hows life?

Ive got to go now

So, Ill see you next week
I think Id better be going now
Well, its time for me to leave
I think its already late at night
I must be going home

Closing/leave taking:
Good bye
Bye-bye, bye, bye now, see you,
take care
See you later
Good night (after 8 p.m. or retiring
to bed)

Pre closing:
OK then
Introducing ourselves and others
Tenses: present and past (simple and continuous)
Recount text
Social function:
To retell past events (experience).

Generic structure:
Orientation: sets the scene (when and where) and introduces participants/characters.
Events: tell what happened in chronological order.
Reorientation: the end of story (optional).
I was driving along the coast road when the car suddenly lurched to one side.
Event 1
At first I thought a tyre had gone but then I saw telegraph poles collapsing like matchsticks.
Event 2
The rocks came tumbling across the road and I had to abandon the car.
Event 3
When I got back to town, well, as I said, there wasnt much left.

Different pond different fish

Please be Quite
When I studied in UNSW, Sydney during 1999-2000, I spent my Monday mornings teaching
Music at the Pinangsia Indonesian Kindergarten in Randwick. Although the kindergarten was an
Indonesian school, we had to use English when teaching because the students were no longer be able to
speak Indonesian fluently one Monday morning, because the class was so noisy, I said, Please shut up. I
wanted them to be quiet. To my surprise one of my students asked me, How long have you been studying
English? I was shocked. I answered it honestly, I had been studying it for years since I was elementary
school. Later on my fellow teacher explained that I should use Please be quiet instead of Shut-up. The
students thought I was being rude. I was so embarrassed. I will be more careful next time.

Grade 10_1st semester@SMA2PSKD 2015-2016 (KTSP 2006)


Slobber on the Train

One day, I was on the train on my way home from my grandmothers place. I had spent the day
there and I was very tired. I tried to stay awake, but didnt succeed. After some time, my eyelids started to
feel very heavy. Before I knew it, I was slobbering. Startled, I awoke to find two beautiful girls who were
sitting in front of me giggling and watching me. I was mortified.
I remember, I remember
I think my first memories starts when I was about four years old. I lived in a suburb of Sydney,
called Chatswood. I had a happy childhood. I remember playing in a big garden. I fell from a big tree and
broke my hand.
I had a naughty friend. I dont remember his name but I usually called him, Giant, because he was
very fat. He liked hitting and pulling my head. One day I hit him over the head with my bag. So, his
parents were very angry with me.
I started my svhool when I was four. My favorite teacher is Mrs. Jude. She was liked my mom.
Every day she asked me to sing Waltzing Matilda.
Independence Day
Inviting someone
Offering an invitation
Id like you to come to dinner
Id like to ask you to come swimming
Would you like to go to ?
How about going ?
Accepting an invitation
Thank you, Id be glad to go
Yes, thank you. Id be happy to go
Thank so much for inviting me
Lets meet at the school canteen
Yes, Id love to
Sure/great/ all right
Declining an invitation
Im so sorry. Ill be very busy tomorrow night.
Im afraid thats not too good, what about after lunch.
Showing Concern:
Expressing sympathy:

Offering condolences:
Im sorry
Im sorry to hear about your father
Let me offer mo condolences

Grade 10_1st semester@SMA2PSKD 2015-2016 (KTSP 2006)


Let me tell you how sorry I am to hear about

I know how you must feel
You must feel terrible about losing your brother like that
I was deeply saddened to hear about the death of
I know how difficult this must be for you. You are in my thoughts and prayers
I am so sorry for the loss of your loved one. May precious memories fill your heart and ease
your pain.

Responding condolences:
Thank you
Thats very kind of you
Theres nothing that can be done about it
Its God will, I suppose
God gives and God takes away
Thats life
Thanksgiving and Halloween
Social function:
To amuse/entertain the readers/listeners.
To deal with actual/imaginative experiences in different ways.
Generic structure:
Orientation: sets the scene (when and where) and introduces participants/characters.
Complication: a problem series followed by other problems.
Resolution: provide solution to the problem.
Snow White
Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her aunt and uncle because
her parents were dead.
Major Complication
One day she heard her uncle and aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both
wanted to go to America and they didnt have enough money to take Snow White.
Snow White did not want her uncle and aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The
next morning she ran away from home when her aunt and uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into
the woods.
She was very tired and hungry.
Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.
Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow
White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, What is your name?
Snow White said, My name is Snow White.
Major Resolution
Doc said, If you wish, you may live here with us. Snow White said, Oh, could (I)? Thank you. Then
Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.
The Thirsty Crow
On a hot day, a thirsty crow flew over a field looking for water. For along time, she could not find
any. She felt very exhausted, almost giving up. Suddenly, she saw a water jug below her. She flew straight
down to see if there was any water inside. It was a surprise because there was some water inside the jug!
The crow tried to push her head into the jug. Sadly, she found that the neck of the jug was too
narrow. Then, she tried to push the jug down for the water to flow out but she found that the jug was too
The crow thought hard for a while. Then looking around her, she saw some pebbles. She suddenly
had a good idea. She started picking up the pebbles one by one, dropping each into the jug. As more and
more pebbles filled the jug, the water level kept rising. Soon it was high enough for the crow to drink. Its
working! she said.

Grade 10_1st semester@SMA2PSKD 2015-2016 (KTSP 2006)


The Fly and the Bull

There was once a little fly that thought he was very important. One sunny morning, he flew
around looking for someone to talk to. He saw a bull grazing in a field. He decided to fly down to talk to
The little fly flew down and buzzed around the bulls head. The bull didnt bother with him. He
went on chewing grass. The fly then buzzed right inside the bulls ear. The bull continued chewing grass.
Now the fly decided to land on one of the bulls horns to make the bull notice him. He waited for
the bull to say something, but the bull kept quiet.
The fly then shouted angrily, Oh bull, if you find that I am to heavy for you, let me know and Ill
fly away.
The bull laughed and said, Little fly, I dont care if you stay or leave. You are so tiny that your weight
does not make any difference to me, so please be quiet and leave me alone.
Adjective Clause
Passive Voice
Reported Speech
Social function:
To describe how something is accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps.
To tell how to make/use/operate something.
Generic structure:
Material and equipment needed.
Steps (Method).
The Hole Game
Materials needed:
- two players
- a hole on the ground

- one marble per person

- a line to start from

1. First, check whether the marbles are good or not and whether they are in the same size.
2. Then, dig a hole on the ground and draw a line in a fair distance away from the hole.
3. Next, each player carefully throws his or her marble towards the hole.
4. The player whose marble is the closest to the hole tries to flick his/her marble into the hole. If successful, this
player tries to flick his/her opponents marble into the hole. The person who can flick the both marbles (his/hers
and the opponents) into the hole wins. He/she will keep both marbles.
How to Mend a Puncture
Materials needed:
- a bowl of water

- rubber gum

- patch

- cloth

- sand paper

1. First locate the cause of the puncture e.g. nail.
2. Then open up the valve to let air out of inner tub.
3. Next take outer tyre off.
4. Remove the inner tube.
5. After that pump the tube and put it in a bowl of water.
Move the tube slowly under water. Air bubbles indicate position of punctured area.
6. Take the tube out of water and rub the punctured area. Dry with cloth. Clean it with sand paper.
7. Spread rubber gum over the punctured area and place a patch over the punctured area. Press down hard and let
it dry.

Grade 10_1st semester@SMA2PSKD 2015-2016 (KTSP 2006)

Pump up the tube again; check that air doesnt escape from patched area. Let
8. Put the tube back into the tyre.
9. Finally, put tyre back on the rim. Pump up the tube.
10. Now the bicycle is ready for riding.


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