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APPENDIX F

VIBRATION TESTING PROCEDURE

Appendix F

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VIBRATION PERFORMANCE TESTING

I.

General
Perform a vibration analysis on all motor driven equipment listed below after it is installed
and ready to run. All final vibration readings used for acceptance will be taken with the
machinery under operating/loaded conditions. The analysis is to be performed by qualified
technicians and whose credentials are approved in advance by the County. An authorized
representative of the County shall also witness the testing.
All vibration tolerances listed in Section IV of this specification shall not be exceeded over
the full operating range of the equipment, including variable speed driven equipment.
Measurement of overall lateral vibrations (i.e. vibrations acting side-to-side, up and down or
axially) are 0 that is required in the field.
Field acceptance vibration analysis should also confirm that natural frequencies of
drivetrains, motor bases, pump bases, steady bearing supports and beams have been
properly avoided throughout the operating range of the equipment per design.
If the following requirements are met during design and installation prior to operation, the
equipment can be expected to run with a minimum of vibration and wear and should meet
(and likely be well within) the tolerances set forth in this standard:

II.

1)

Pumps properly selected for the range of hydraulic conditions expected and power
transmission equipment (gear boxes, couplings, etc.) properly selected for the
service conditions expected.

2)

Rotor assemblies statically and dynamically balanced.

3)

Equipment bases for pumps, motors, etc. installed level in both directions and in a
rigid manner.

4)

Particular care taken that areas in the hold down bolts are flat and level and "soft
foot" conditions are avoided.

5)

Piping strains on equipment casings minimized during installation.

6)

Proper shaft alignments on coupled equipment checked and corrected as installed


on-site.

Equipment to be tested - Equipment to be tested shall include, but is not limited to:
1)
2)

Motors
Pumps (except):
Wet pit submersibles
Pump end of vertical turbine pumps

Published: 01/01

Revised:

CHART NO. 2

Appendix F
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
III.

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Blowers
Compressors (centrifugal, rotary & reciprocating)
Gear boxes/gear reducers
Fans (5 HP and over)
Machine supports, piping, etc. (as found necessary)

Methods For Taking Vibration Readings


A.

Vibration readings shall be taken with test equipment that is capable of complete
discrete frequency analysis and will produce an "x-y" frequency vs. amplitude
plot or spectrum in printed form. The equipment shall also be capable of
providing a complete broadband unfiltered reading or overall reading in addition
to the aforementioned individual frequency components.

B.

The sensor/pickup shall be of the seismic type (i.e. accelerometer or velocity


pickup).

C.

Vibration velocity readings in inches/second vs. frequency shall be used. Both


filtered and unfiltered readings shall be provided.

D.

Vibration Readings will be taken as follows:


1)

Equipment with integral shaft for driver and driven unit readings shall be
taken at positions shown on Drawing No. I at the end of this section.

2)

Coupled equipment with separate bearings for driver and driven unit shall
have readings taken at positions shown on Drawing No. 2 at the end of this
section.

3)

Readings for dry-pit submersible sewage pump installations shall be taken as


shown on Drawing No. 4 at the end of this section.

4)

Readings for horizontally mounted equipment shall be taken at measurement


points shown on Drawing No. 5 at the end of this section.

5)

Readings for vertical turbine deep-well type pumps shall be taken at


measurement positions as shown on Drawing No. 6 at the end of this section.

6)

Readings for vertical or right-angle gear driven equipment shall be taken at


measurement positions shown on Drawing No. 7 at the end of this section.

7)

Readings for belt-driven equipment shall be taken at measurement positions


shown on Drawing No. 8 at the end of this section.

Published: 01/01

Revised:

CHART NO. 2

Appendix F

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When coupled or belt-driven equipment is running and operating under load,
record vibration readings. If the equipment fails to meet vibration tolerances in
accordance with Part IV of his section, record vibration readings on the driver unit
disconnected from the driven equipment. Use this record to compare with the
vibration of the complete unit to determine the source of the problem.

IV.

Vibration Standards/Tolerances
Except as noted below, all equipment shall be within the "acceptable" range of the Vibration
Severity Chart No. 1 at the end of this section. Tolerances shall apply to filtered readings.
Curves A, B and C on the chart represent constant velocity lines in inches per second
peak.
A.

Pumps (Special Requirements) - See Vibration Severity Chart No. 1


1.

2.

B.
V.

Installations where motor is mounted vertically (piggyback) on pump and


horizontally mounted units connected by a flexible coupling (see Drawings
No. 2 and No. 5 at the end of this section):
a.

Motor when tested uncoupled from pump in accordance with Section


III-B.2 and III-E shall meet Curve C vibration tolerance.

b.

Motor connected to pump under operating conditions shall meet


Curve B vibration tolerance.

Vertical-turbine/deep-well pump (see Drawing No. 6 at the end of this


section) shall meet Curve B with motor coupled to pump and Curve C with
motor uncoupled from pump.

Reciprocating Compressors - Driver shall meet Curve C uncoupled from


compressor and Curve A when coupled to compressor.

Documentation
A.
1)
2)
3)

Copies of a vibration report shall be provided


outlining procedures used;
vibration standard used for equipment;
analysis results - pass/fail; and

Source of any unacceptable vibration found (rotor unbalance, shaft misalignment,


hydraulic vibration, etc.)
Recommend actions to correct or reduce vibration to acceptable levels.
B.

Vibration analysis signatures (x-y plots) shall also be provided for each piece of
equipment tested.

Published: 01/01

Revised:

CHART NO. 2

Appendix F

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C.

Certification that equipment rotating assembly has been statically and


dynamically balanced either by the manufacturer or his representative supplier.

D.

Final field shaft alignment report (as installed on site) on coupled equipment in
accordance with County Machinery Alignment Specifications.
END OF SECTION

Published: 01/01

Revised:

CHART NO. 2

Appendix F

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Revised:

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Appendix F

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Revised:

CHART NO. 2

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 1

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 2

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 4

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 5

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 6

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 7

APPENDIX F

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DRAWING NO. 8

APPENDIX F

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ANNE ARUNDEL COUNT
MACHINERY ALIGNMENT REPORT

Date:

Plant:

Done by:
Equip I.D. #:

Location in Plant

Equip Type
Equip Name
Manufacturer:

Max Input RPM

(Motor) Serial #:

(Motor)

(Gear box)

(Gear box)

(Driven)

(Driven)

Max Output RPM

Manufacturers alignment instruction available:


Specified Alignment:

Ang

(Vert)

Offset

(Hor)
Actual alignment (Before):

Ang

(Hor)

(Vert)

Offset

(Hor)
Actual alignment (Final):

Ang

(Vert)
(Hor)

(Vert)

Offset

(Hor)
Coupling Gap:

(Vert)

(Vert)
(Hor)

Coupling Type/Manufacturer:

Alignment Equipment Used:


Alignment Method Used:

Reverse Indicator
Rim (Indicator)

Comments:

Published: 01/01

Revised:

Rim and Face Indicator


Face (Feeler gage)

Laser