Anda di halaman 1dari 11

Job Number

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

W25-L02-L07 STY
General column design by PROKON.
Design code : CP65 - 1999

Input tables
General design parameters:
Code

X/Radius or
Bar dia. (mm)

Y (mm)
Angle ()

10.000
230.000
10.000

10.000
1955.000

-10.000

10.000

-230.000
-10.000

-10.000
-1955.000

125.0

75.000

47.500

25

202.500

25

202.500

25

47.500

25

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

137.5
47.500
47.500
1927.500
1927.500
218.409
218.409
389.318
389.318
560.227
560.227
731.136
731.136
902.045
902.045
1072.955
1072.955

Sheet

Date

May 2016
C13

(GenCol Ver W2.6.11 - 24 Apr 2014)

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

47.500

25.000

202.500

25.000

125.000

25.000

125.000

25.000

Client
Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

1243.864
1243.864
1414.773
1414.773
1585.682
1585.682
1756.591
1756.591
47.500
1927.500

Design loads:
Load
case

Designation

Ultimate limit state design loads


P (kN)

Mx top (kNm) My top (kNm) Mx bot (kNm) My bot (kNm)

Axial

12500

Axial+Mxx

12500

Axial+Myy

12500

Axial+Mxx+Myy 12500

350

100

Axial+Mecc

850

850

12500

350
100
CP65 - 1999

2000

General design parameters:

Assumptions:
(1) The general conditions of clause 3.8.1 are applicable.
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

Design approach:
The column is designed using an iterative procedure:
(1) An area of reinforcement is chosen.
(2) The column design charts are constructed.
(3) The corresponding slenderness moments are calculated.
(4) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(5) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(6) The safety factor is calculated for this load case.
(7) The procedure is repeated for each load case.

1500

X 1000
X
500
0

Given:
Lo = 5.000 m
fcu = 50 MPa
fy = 460 MPa
Ac = 463116 mm

-500

Sheet

Date

May 2016

Job Number

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Client
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
Calcs by
Checked by
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com
T&T
T&T
(8) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis

Sheet

Job Title

Date

May 2016

Through inspection:
Load case 5 (Axial+Mecc) is critical.

Check column slenderness:


End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
At the bottom end: Condition 2 (partially fixed).
The column is braced.
Effective length factor = 1.00

Table 3.21

Effective column height:


le = . Lo
= 1 5
= 5.000 m

Column slenderness about weakest axis:

max_s140l =
=

le
h
5
.25311

= 19.754

Where h is an equivalent column depth derived from the radius of gyration*square root of 12

Minimum Moments for Design:


Check for mininum eccentricity:
Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
Use emin = 20mm

3.8.2.4

Mmin = emin. N
= .02 12500
= 250.000 kNm

Check if the column is slender:


le/h = 19.8 > 15
The column is slender.

3.8.1.3

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Sheet

Date

May 2016

Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 850.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :

3.8.3.2

Mi = - 0.4 . M1 + 0.6 . M2
= - 0.4 0 + 0.6 850
= 510.000 kNm

Mi2 = 0.4 . M2
= 0.4 850
= 340.000 kNm

Mi 0.4M2 = 510.0 kNm


The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 850.0 kNm
The initial moment near mid-height of the column :

3.8.3.2

Mi = - 0.4 . M1 + 0.6 . M2
= - 0.4 0 + 0.6 850
= 510.000 kNm

Mi2 = 0.4 . M2
= 0.4 850
= 340.000 kNm

Mi 0.4M2 = 510.0 kNm

Deflection induced moments:


Design ultimate capacity of section under axial load only:
Nuz = 0.45 . f cu. Ac + 0.87 . f y. Asc
= 0.45 50 463.12 + 0.87 460 12.763
= 15.53103 kN

Maximum allowable stress and strain:


Allowable compression stress in steel

3.8.3.1

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Sheet

Date

f sc = 0.87 . f y
= 0.87 460
= 400.200 MPa
Allowable tensile stress in steel
f st = 0.87 . f y
= 0.87 460
= 400.200 MPa
Allowable tensile strain in steel

ey =
=

f st
Es
400.2
205000

= 0.0020

Allowable compressive strain in concrete


ec = 0.0035

For bending about the weakest axis:


Weakest axis lies at an angle of -90.00 to the X-X axis
Overall dimension perpendicular to weakest axis h = 253mm

K=
=

Nuz - N
Nuz - Nbal
1553104 - 1250104
1553104 - 4856103

= 0.2839

a =
=

1 .
max_sl 2
2000
1
19.754 2
2000

= 0.1951

Where max_sl is the maximum slenderness ratio of the column as an equivalent rectangular column.
Therefore:

May 2016

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Sheet

Date

May 2016

Madd = N. a. K . h
= 12500 .19511 .28373 .25311
= 175.148 kNm

Maddx = Madd*cos(-90.00) = 0.0 kNm


Maddy = Madd*sin(-90.00) = 173.0 kNm

Design ultimate load and moment:


Design axial load:
Pu = 12500.0 kN
Moments as a result of imperfections added about Design axis

5.8.9 2)

For bending about the X-X axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a)

3.8.3.2

Mtop = Mt +

3.8.3.2

Madd
2

= 850 +

0
2

= 850.000 kNm

(b)

3.8.3.2
Mmid = Mi + Madd
= 510 + 0
= 510.000 kNm

(c)

3.8.3.2

Mbot = Mb +
=0 +

Madd
2

0
2

= 0.0000100 kNm

(d)

3.8.3.2
M = eminx. N
= .02 12500
= 250.000 kNm

Thus

3.8.3.2

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Date

May 2016

M = 850.0 kNm

Moments about X-X axis( kNm)

Mx=850.0 kNm
Mxmin=250.0 kNm

Mxtop=850.0 kNm

Mxbot=0.0 kNm
Initial

Additional

Design

Moments as a result of imperfections added about Design axis

5.8.9 2)

For bending about the Y-Y axis, the maximum design moment is the greatest of:
(a)

3.8.3.2

Mtop = Mt +

3.8.3.2

Madd
2

= 850 +

172.99
2

= 936.495 kNm

(b)

3.8.3.2
Mmid = Mi + Madd
= 510 + 172.99
= 682.990 kNm

(c)

3.8.3.2

Mbot = Mb +
=0 +

Madd
2

172.99
2

= 86.495 kNm

(d)

3.8.3.2

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Date

May 2016

M = eminy. N
= .02 12500
= 250.000 kNm
Thus

3.8.3.2
M = 936.5 kNm

Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

My=936.5 kNm
Mymin=156.2 kNm

Myadd/2=86.5 kNm

Myadd=-173.0 kNm

Mytop=850.0 kNm

Mybot=0.0 kNm

Myadd/2=86.5 kNm

Initial

Additional

Design

Design of column section for ULS:


The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the top end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 5 lies at an angle of 47.77 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 5 is 1.02

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Date

For bending about the design axis:

-1000
-2000
-3000
-4000
Bending moment (kNm)

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
The final design moments were calculated as the vector sum of the X- and Y- moments
of the critical load case. This also determined the design axis direction
At the top, Mx = 1264.7 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 852.4 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 156.2 kNm

Stresses at the top end of the column for the critical load case 5

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000
1265 kNm

500

0.00

-500

-1000

-1500

-2000

-2500

-3000

-3500

Axial load (kN)

12500 kN

Moment max = 3335 kNm @ 3901kN

Interaction Diagram
14E3
13E3
12E3
11E3
10E3
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000

May 2016

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Date

May 2016

CP65 - 1999

2000
1500

D
47.8
X 1000
X
D 500
0
-500

Summary of design calculations:


Design table for critical load case:
Moments and Reinforcement for LC 5:Axial+Mecc
Middle

Bottom

Madd-x

(kNm) 0.0

Top

0.0

0.0

Madd-y

(kNm) 86.5

-173.0

-86.5

Mx

(kNm) 850.0

510.0

0.0

My

(kNm) 936.5

683.0

86.5

Mmin

(kNm) 156.2

156.2

156.2

M-design (kNm) 1264.7

852.4

156.2

Design axis ()

47.77

53.25

270.00

Safety factor

1.02

1.06

1.08

12763

12763

2.68 %

2.68 %

1852

1852

Asc

(mm) 12763

Percentage
AsNom

2.68 %

(mm) 1852

Critical load case: LC 5

Design results for all load cases:


Load case

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 1
Axial

X-X
Y-Y

12500.0

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design


0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
-173.0

Middle

M (kNm) M' (kNm)


0.0
173.0

173.0

Safety
factor
1.067

Job Number
Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Sheet

KTP/20/13
ECHELON@Alexandra View
Ms KTP Consultants Pte Ltd
Checked by
T&T
T&T

Safety
factor

Axis

N (kN)

Load case 2
Axial+Mxx

X-X
Y-Y

12500.0

0.0
0.0

350.0
0.0

210.0
0.0

0.0
-173.0

Middle

350.0
173.0

272.1

1.093

Load case 3
Axial+Myy

X-X
Y-Y

12500.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
100.0

0.0
60.0

0.0
-173.0

Middle

0.0
233.0

233.0

1.022

Load case 4
X-X
Axial+Mxx+Myy Y-Y

12500.0

0.0
0.0

350.0
100.0

210.0
60.0

0.0
-173.0

Middle

350.0
233.0

313.7

1.093

Load case 5
Axial+Mecc

12500.0

0.0
0.0

850.0
850.0

510.0
510.0

0.0
86.5

Top

850.0
936.5

1264.7

1.016

Load case 5 (Axial+Mecc) is critical.

M (kNm) M' (kNm)

May 2016

Load case

X-X
Y-Y

M1 (kNm) M2 (kNm) Mi (kNm) Madd (kNm) Design

Date