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PROCESS CALCULATION

Document No.

SUMMARY SHEET

PRxxxx

Sheet

203383 Shell Gabon Rabi 3 EPCM


Job
Item Name / Subject
Relief Valve Sizing

of

Rev.

Item No. (s)

1. OBJECTIVE
To size suitable relief valves to protect

from any possible overpressure

2. ASSUMPTIONS

6. The protected vessel will be built to ASME VIII codes ( based on vendor information)

3. REFERENCES
1. API RP520 Part.1
2. Shell DEP 80.45.10.10-Gen
3. Gas Processors Suppliers Assoc.,"Engineering Data Book"

PD127/2 Original Yellow

4. CONCLUSIONS
The sizing calculation method chosen was
The only credible overpressure scenario was
The fire load was calculated as

API 520 Gas critical flow

The calculated relief area is


This required standard orifice(s) of

mm2

Description
Made / Revised by
Checked by
Approved Process
Approved

Date

JG

8-Dec-03

kg/h

Date

Date

Date

Date

2 of 7

Project:

Calculations for:

Divn/Dept:
Calculated by:
Checked by:

Relief Valve :
Case

Type

Job Nr/File No .
Date:

Sheet No.

B/Bellows

USCust
USCust
lb/h
psig

PSV GAS/VAPOUR SIZING CALCULATIONS

REQUIRED CAPACITY (W) =


MOLECULAR WEIGHT (M) =
SET PRESSURE (Pset) =

Input values
Comments
53500 API Example3.6.3.2
65.000
75.000

OVERPRESSURE =
ATMOS PRESSURE (Patm)=
BACK PRESSURE(Pback)
TEMPERATURE (T) =
SPECIFIC HEAT RATIO (k) =
COMPRESSIBILITY (z) =
COEFF. OF DISCHARGE (Kd) =

%
psia
psig
F
-

10% ASME VIII non-fire single valve


14.6959 ground level
40.0000 incl built-up back P
167.00
1.090
0.840

0.975 API 520 rec. No rupture disk

CAPACITY CORRECTION FACTOR (Kb)

1.000 input according to type

COMBINATION CORRECTION FACTOR (Kc)

1.000

CONSTANT FOR CRIT.FLOW ORIF. AREA (Ccfoa)

US Cust

CONST. FOR CONVERSION TO ABS. TEMP( Tcon )

F->R

1.0
459.67

Calculation formula for relieving pressure( P1 )


P1 = Pset * ( 1 + Overpressure) + Patm
psia

RELIEVING PRESSURE (P1) =

97.196

1409

57.033
54.696
TRUE!

Calculation formula for critical back pressure(Pcf)

Pcf = P1 * [ 2 / (k+1) ] {k/(k-1)}


CRITICAL BACK PRESSURE(Pcf) =
ACTUAL BACK PRESSURE(P2)
Check if Critical Flow (P2 <= Pcf)

psia
psia

The following equations are valid for critical flow of Gas or Vapour only
Calculation formula for Sp. Ht. coefficient ( C )

C = 519.7 * {(k)[2/ (k+1) ](k+1)/(k-1)}


SP. HT COEFFICIENT (C) =

Ref. API 520 Fig.32


325.5

Calculation formula for crit. flow. calc. orif. area (AGCF)


AGCF =

Ccfoa * W * ( Tabs) * z / M ]

Ref. API 520 Eq.3.2

P1 * C * Kd * Kb * Kc
Tabs = T + Tcon

626.67

Calc. Area ( Acfoa) =

in

4.936

in

2.507

Calculation formula for diameter (d)


d=

(4 * AG/ )

Selection of no. off and API standard letter orifice


User choice of number
Selected API Orifice =
Selected Orifice Area (Asel) =

1 Check overpressure
4P6

Non std orifice


Calculation formula for rated flow = Aselect / Acalc * W
Rated Flow per PSV =

in
in

6.379
5.000

lb/h

54191

Conclusion :
Relief valve selection table:
Ref: GPSA Engineering Data Book Fig. 5-7
Orifice
1D2
1E2
1.5 F 2
2G3
2H3
3J4
3K6
319179276.xls

Area
in2
0.110
0.196
0.307
0.503
0.785
1.287
1.838

Area
mm
71
125
198
325
506
830
1186

Orifice
4L6
4M6
4N6
4P6
6Q8
6 R 10
8 T 10

Area
in2
2.853
3.600
4.340
6.379
11.045
16.000
26.000

Area
mm2
1841
2323
2800
4116
7129
10323
16774

Project:

Calculations for:

Divn/Dept
Calculated by:
Checked by:

Relief Valve :

Job Nr/File No.


Date:
Date:

Sheet No.

Case

0
0
USCust
lb/h
psig
%
psia
psig
F
-

REQUIRED CAPACITY (W) =


MOLECULAR WEIGHT (M) =
SET PRESSURE (Pset) =
OVERPRESSURE =
ATMOS PRESSURE (Patm)=
BACK PRESSURE(Pback)
TEMPERATURE (T) =
SPECIFIC HEAT RATIO (k) =
COMPRESSIBILITY (z) =
COEFF. OF DISCHARGE (Kd) =
CAPACITY CORRECTION FACTOR (Kb)
COMBINATION CORRECTION FACTOR (Kc)
CONSTANT FOR Sub crit. orif. area (Cscoa)
CONST. FOR CONVERSION TO ABS. TEMP( Tcon )

Value Comments
53500
65.00
75.00
10%
14.696
40.000
167.00
1.090
0.840
0.975
1.000
1.000
735.0000

F->R

459.67

The following equations are valid for sub-critical flow of Gas or Vapour (std valves) only
RELIEVING PRESSURE (P1) =
CRITICAL BACK PRESSURE(Pcf) =
ACTUAL BACK PRESSURE(P2)
Check for sub-criticality(P2 > Pcf)
Calculation for Subcritical Flow of Gas or Vapour

psia
psia
psia

97.1959
57.0333
54.6959
FALSE!
API RP520 para 3.6.3

Calculate coefficient (F2)


F2 = SQRT[ {k/(k-1)} * r2/k * {(1-r((k-1)/k) / (1-r) } ]
k/(k-1)
(k-1)/k
2/k
r
1-r
F2

= P2 / P1

12.1111
0.0826
1.8349
0.5627
0.4373
0.6687

Calculate required orifice area (AG)


AG ={ W / Cscoa / F2 / Kd / Kc } * SQRT [ Z * Tabs / M / P1 / ( P1- P2) ]
Tabs = T + Tcon

626.67

W / Cunit / F2 / Kd / Kc

111.64

Z * Tabs / M / P1 / (P1-P2)
Calc. Area (AG )

0.0020
in2

Calculation formula for diameter (d)


d=

(4 * AG/ )
in

Selected Orifice =
Selected Orifice area (Asel) =

in2

0.000
#N/A
#N/A

lb/h

#N/A

Calculation formula for rated flow = Aselect / Acalc * W


Rated Flow per PSV =

Conclusion :

319179276.xls

#N/A

Project:

Calculations for:

Divn/Dept
Calculated by:
Checked by:

Relief Valve :

Case

Job Nr/File No
Date:
Date:

Sheet No.

API RP520 Examples

Work in progress
Units
USCust
USgpm
cP
psig
%
psia
psig

PSV LIQUID CERTIFIED SIZING CALCULATIONS

REQUIRED CAPACITY (Q) =


SPECIFIC GRAVITY rel. water 60F(G) =
VISCOSITY OF FLUID AT RELIEF CONDITIONS ( Mu)
SET PRESSURE (Pset) =
OVERPRESSURE =
ATMOS PRESSURE (Patm)=
BACK PRESSURE(Pback)
COEFF. OF DISCHARGE (Kd) =

Input values
Comments
1800
0.900
396.850
250.00
10%
14.700
50.00
0.65 API reccom. For RV w/o BD

CORRECTION FACTOR DUE TO BACK PRESSURE (Kw) =

0.970

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR RUPTURE DISK (Kc) =

1.000

CORRECTION FACTOR FOR VISCOSITY (Kv) =

Init. Estimate

CONSTANT FOR ORIFICE AREA EQN.(Carea)=

0.9666
38

CONSTANT FOR REYNOLDS No. EQN(CR)=

2800
YES

ITERATE FOR Kv?


Calculation formula for relieving pressure( P1 )
P1= Pset * ( 1 + Overpressure) + Patm
RELIEVING PRESSURE (P1) =
psia
BACK PRESSURE(P2)=
P2= Pback+Patm
psia
Calculation formula for required orifice area(AL)

289.696
64.700

AL = Q * [G / ( P1- P2) ]
Carea * Kd * Kw * Kv
Required orifice area(AL) =

ref:API RP 520 Pt.1 para.3.8.1.2

in2

Selected Orifice =
Selected Orifice Area (Asel) =

from table

4201

4.916
4P6
6.379

in2

Calculation formula for Reynolds number(R)


R = Q * CR * G / Mu / Asel

5155

Calculation formula for Kv


Kv = [.9935+2.878/R0.5 + 342.75/R1.5]-1.0

Conclusion :

As per Relief valve selection table:- 4 P 6 , to be considered

Relief valve selection table:


=============================
Ref: GPSA Engineering Data Book Fig. 5-7
Data:
Orifice
0
1D2
1E2
1.5 F 2
2G3
2H3
3J4

319179276.xls

0.9666

Area
in2
0.110
0.196
0.307
0.503
0.785
1.287

Area
mm
71
125
198
325
506
830

Orifice
0
4L6
4M6
4N6
4P6
6Q8
6 R 10

Area
in2
2.853
3.600
4.340
6.379
11.045
16.000

Area
mm2
1841
2323
2800
4116
7129
10323

319179276.xls

USCust
SI

Units selection
Units selection

YES
NO
10
21

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
319179276.xls

0.0001
0.1100
0.1960
0.3070
0.5030
0.7850
1.2870
1.8380
2.8530
3.6000
4.3400

1D2
1E2
1.5 F 2
2G3
2H3
3J4
3K6
4L6
4M6
4N6
4P6

0.110
0.196
0.307
0.503
0.785
1.287
1.838
2.853
3.600
4.340
6.379

12
13
14

319179276.xls

6.3790
11.0450
16.0000
26.0000

6Q8
6 R 10
8 T 10
Too big

11.045
16.000
26.000