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Vision 181 (25)

Question 11 (in database) Complete the following statement. The f ov ea consists of:

a)

rods only.

b)

cones

and rods .

cl

cones only_

 

d)

no light cells· it is part of the blind spot.

The correct answer is c.

Questi on 1 (in database)

Which of the following organs of the body is the single most dependable source of sensory

 

infor mation?

a)

The Ear.

b)

The

Nose .

c)

The

Eye .

d)

The Neo-cortex.

 

he correct answer is c.

Question 22 (in database )

Dark adaptation takes about

for the Rods , and

for the Cones.

a)

30

minutes , 7 minutes .

b)

15

minutes , 20 minutes .

cl

7 minutes , 30 minutes .

 

d)

25 minutes , 45 minutes .

The correct answer is a .

Question 9 (in database) For the pilot of an aircraft on a head-on collision course with a fast-moving jet, the image of the approaching jet will appear to grow in size in the following manner:

a)

only slowly at first until just before impact when the image would grow in size very rapidly.

b)

at a constant rate .

 

c)

very rapidly at first but then continue to grow at a constant rate.

 

d)

rapidly initially, and then remain at a constant size until impact.

T he correct answer is a .

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Question 25 (in database) I n a Myopic eye, the eyeball is

than normal causing the image to fall

th,

retina.

 

a)

shorter

in front of

b)

longer

in front of

c)

longer behind

 

d)

shorter

behind

Th e oorrect

answer is b.

Question 7 (in database) Two light aircraft, both travelling at 110 kt are on a head on collision course . Flight visibility is 3 kilometres . What would be the time available to either pilot to take avoiding action , if visual contact were made at maximum visual range?

a)

About

15

seconds .

b)

About

28

seconds .

c)

About 20 seconds.

 

\:;l)About 10 seconds.

 

I

iThe correct

answe r is b.

Question 12 (In database) Complete the following statement. Hypermetropia and Myopia are normally caused by :

a)

eye strain .

 

b)

stress .

c)

a misshapened eye ball.

 

d)

badly fitting spectacles.

The correct answer is c.

Question 20 (in database)

What is the component of the eye responsible for peripheral vision and sensitive to low light

levels?

a)

T he

Cones.

b)

T he

Rods.

c)

T he

Fovea .

d)

Th e

Retina.

Th e correct answer is b.

 

Question 23 (in database) Complete the following statement. To lessen the danger of collision with an aircraft which might be in a pilot's blind spot and closing on a constant relative bearing, the pilot should :

a)

change heading by a few

degrees every 10 minutes or

so .

b)

roll the aircraft from right to left by a few degrees every 10 minutes or so.

 

c)

carry out a systematic look out at all times .

 

d)

carry out periodic clearing tums.

T he correct answer is c.

 
 

Question 21 (in database) Complete the following statement. As light falls on the Retina at increasing angles from the Fovea the sharpness of central vision :

a)

increases .

 

b)

remains the same.

c)

decreases.

 
c) decreases .

d)

decreases at first and then retums to normal.

 

T he correct answer is c .

 

Question 15 (in database) Accommodation is the power of the lens to focus rays of light from near objects onto the Fovea .

Now, complete the following statement. Accommodation is controlled by :

a)

the I ris .

b)

the

Ciliary muscles .

c)

the Rods and Cones.

 

d)

the Retina.

T he co rrect answer is b .

Question 4 (in databa s e) Visual a cu ity i s at its h ighest when the image o f an obje c t is sharply focu sed o n the :

a ) Fo vea .

 

b)

Opti c Nerve .

 

c ) Iris ,

 

d)

Retina .

The correct answer is a .

 

Question 18 (in database) What is the name of the condition in which the eyes of people in mid to late middle age are unable to accommodate sufficiently to focus on small objects near to the eye?

  • a) Astigmatism.

  • b) Presbyopia.

    • cl Myopia .

      • d) Hypennetropia .

The oorrect answer is b.

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Question 8 (in database) Two light aircraft are on a head on collision course with a closing speed of 280 kt. Flight visibility is 4 kilometres. What would be the time available to either pilot to take avoiding action, if visual contact were made at maximum visual range?

  • a) 25 - 30 seconds.

  • b) 20 - 25 seconds.

cl

10 - 15 seconds.

dl

15· 20 seconds.

The correct answer is a.

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Question 13 (in database) Complete the following statement. Th e power of accommodation in an eye :

al is decreased as the elasticity of the lens decreases.

bl is

increased as the elasticity

of the lens decreases .

  • cl is not affected by the degree of elasticity o f the lens.

    • d) has nothing to do with the lens.

The correct answer is a .

Question 3 (in database)

Hypermetropia is caused by a _-'-C7C"C,eyeball and treated by a _---cc--,-- Iens whereas

Myopia is caused by a

eyeball and treated

with a

lens .

  • a) lengthened , convex, shortened , concave .

 
  • b) shortened , concave , lengthened , convex .

  • cl lengthened , concave , shortened , convex.

  • d) shortened, convex. lengthened, concave .

The correct answer is d.

I

Question 24 (in database) Complete the following statement. Colour-blindness or, more accurately, colour-defective vision, is caused by:

  • a) a defect in the lens tissue of the eye.

  • b) defective functioning of the ciliary muscles .

  • c) a foreshortened eyeball.

  • d) a defect in the structure of the colour-sensitive cones in the retina .

T he

correct answer is d .

Question 10 (in database) At night it is easier to focus on an object if you :

  • a) look directly at it.

  • b) look about 50 degrees either side o f it.

  • c) look slightly to one side of it.

  • d) look directly at it while holding your eyes open as wide as you can.

The correct answer is c.

Question 6 (in database) With an in-flight visibility of 4 kilometres a light aircraft flying at 120 kt sees a fast jet at maximum visual range. T he light aircraft pilot assumes that the fast jet is flying at 450 kt. What time would be left to the pilot of either aircraft to take avoiding action?

  • a) About 7 seconds.

  • b) About 10 seconds.

  • c) About 14 seconds.

  • d) About

17

Seconds .

Th e correct answer is c.

Question 16 (in database) Where is the blind spot?

_I

On

  • a) Iris .

the

On

  • b) Fovea .

the

On

  • c) edge of the len s.

the

  • d) Where the optic nerve enters the Retina .

The correct answer is d.

Question 19 (in database) Complete the following statement. T he amount of light entering the eye is controlled by the :

  • a) Cornea .

  • b) Lens .

  • c) Pupil.

d)

Iris .

Th e correct answer is d.

Question 2 (in database) Complete the following statement. Empty Field Myopia is a condition where the eyes naturally focus at a distance of approximately :

  • a) 1 - 2 metres .

  • b) infinity.

  • c) 20 - 500 metres.

  • d) at the horizon .

iThe correct answer is a .

Question 5 (in database) Complete the following statement. In order to see a sharp image of an oncoming aircraft which has been detected by the eye , a pilot should :

  • a) look to one side of the oncoming aircraft .

  • b) commence a systematic scan of the airspace in front of him.

  • c) blink several times to make the image clearer.

  • d) look directly at the oncoming aircraft.

The correct answer is d .

f

Question 17 (in database) In which part of the eye is visual acuity at its highest?

a)

T he

Retina .

b)

T he

Pupil.

c)

T he

Fovea .

d)

T he

Cornea .

T he oo rrect answer is c.

Qu

es ti o n 14 (i n datab

as e )

C o mplete the foll o win g statement. Astigmatism is ca u sed b y a defe ct in the :

a ) Retina .

 

b ) Fo vea .

c)

Iris .

d)

Cornea .

The correct answer is d .

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