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SUMMARY ABOUT GERUND

SUPPORTING LECTURER :
MUHAMMAD HIDAYAT, S.KEP M.BIOMED

WRITTEN BY :
NESPA LIZMA OKTORINA
NPM 2014 21 048

PROGRAM STUDI ILMU KEPERAWATAN


SEKOLAH TINGGI ILMU KESEHATAN BAITURRAHIM
JAMBI
TAHUN AKADEMIK 2015/2016

GERUND

A. Pengertian Gerund
Gerund adalah kata kerja yang berfungsi sebagai kata benda sehingga dapat
berfungsi sebagai subject of a sentence, direct object, subject compliment,
object of a preposition, adjective, appositive, a short prohibition. Bentuk
gerund biasanya disebut verb+ing.
Singkatnya, Gerund adalah kata benda yang dibentuk dari kata kerja (verb) +
ing.

B. Kaidah Pembentukan Gerund


Ada beberapa kaidah untuk membentu gerund secara benar:
1. Jika ada lebih dari satu konsonan (b, c, d, f, dsb), tambahkan ing. Contoh: learn +
ing = learning.
2. Jika ada lebih dari satu kata hidup (a, i, u, e, dan o), tambahkan ing. Contoh: l ead
+ ing = leading dan wear + ing = wearing.
3. Jika ada satu huruf hidup dan konsonan yang diiringi dengan penekanan pada
suku kata, gandakan konsonan dan tambahkan ing. Contohnya: sit + ing = sitting.
4. Jika ada satu atau lebih konsonan dan e, hilangkan e dan tambahkan ing. Contoh:
give + ing = giving.
5. Jika huruf terakhirnya y, tambahkan ing. Contoh: Fly + ing = flying.

C. Susunan Gerund
Kalimat yang menggunakan bentuk gerund memiliki beberapa variasi susunan,
yaitu :
1. Verb + Gerund
Formula :

S + V + Gerund
Example :
1) We avoid eating fatty foods.
2) She likes talking about natural phenomena
2. Adjective + Gerund
Formula :

S + To Be + Adjective + Gerund
Example :
1) she is lazy preparing her homework
2) He is diligent doing gymnastics in the morning
3. Preposition + Gerund
Formula 1 :

S + V + Gerund + to + Gerund
Example :
1) She loves dancing to acting
2) They likes singing to dancing

Formula 2 :

Preposition + Gerund + S + V
Example :
1) Before going to market, they have visit rina's party
2) After listening the music, he looked very happy
4. Prepositional phrase + Gerund
Formula :

S + V + Preposition + Gerund
Example :
1) He is studying for getting good score in the exam
2) We are going to giving the letter for him
5. Object + Gerund
Formula :

S + V + O + Gerund
Example :
1) he doesn't like you using him phone
2) she loves her teliing about her family
6. Infinitive + Gerund
Formula :

S + V - inf + Gerund

Example :
1) They go jogging everyday.
2) He likes swimming very much.

D. Fungsi Gerund
Sebagaimana dijelaskan diatas bahwa gerund berfungsi sebagai subject of a
sentence, direct object, subject compliment, object of a preposition, adjective,
appositive, a short prohibition.
1. Gerund berfungsi sebagai subject of a sentence
Example :
1) Eating every morning give me the positive energy for study in my
college
2) Jogging is the cheapest sports to do every day
3) Speaking is easy but doing is so difficult
2.

Gerund berfungsi sebagai direct object


Example :
1) She likes reading
2) He loves singing very much
3) We must keep learning to get the good score

3.

Gerund berfungsi sebagai subject compliment


Example :
1) My friends favourite sport is swimming
2) Her hobbies are playing badminton and basketball
3) His best talent is singing

4. Gerund berfungsi sebagai object of preposition


Example :
1) He went to library for reading book about health
2) She is hungry before eating her fried rice
3) They will visit to palembang after going to medan
5. Gerund berfungsi sebagai adjective
Example :
1) Drawing book is the good book for drawing the scenary
2) Living room is my favourite room in my house
3) He doesnt have a driving license
6. Gerund berfungsi sebagai appositive
Example :
1) they are favourite activities are dancing and singing, they spend
much money for exercise every day
2) his hobby is studying take a lot of time every day
3) her hobby is reading book about history, she always goes to library
every morning
7. Gerund berfungsi sebagai a short prohibition
Example :
1) No smoking in this room
2) No swimming in this river
3) No parking in front of the store

Beberapa expression juga bisa ditambahkan gerund yaitu worth, rather than,
instead of, example :
1. Worth

: It is worth studying about english

2. Rather than

: I like shopping rather than swimming at the


swimming pool

3. Instead of

: instead of going to the party, she just stay at her


home every night

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