Anda di halaman 1dari 51

STRUKTUR BAJA I

Bayzoni 2013
Jususan Sipil Fakultas Teknik Universitas Lampung

ANALISIS & DESIGN BATANG TARIK

Batang Tarik merupakan elemen struktur yang


menerima beban aksial tarik.
Terdapat pada : roof trusses, truss bridge,
suspension cable, stayed cable, lateral bracing,
threaded road.
Batang tarik dihubungkan dengan dengan
sambungan baut atau rivet dan dengan sambungan
las dengan menggunakan pelat sambung pada
ujung batang

Faktor beban dan Kombinasi Pembebanan

Kombinasi pembebanan

The required strength is defined in the AISC LRFD


Specification as the maximum (absolute value) force
obtained from the following load combinations.
1.4D
1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5 (L, or S or R)
1.2D + 1.6 (L, or ,S or R) + (0.5L or 0.8142)
1.2D + 1.3W + 0.5L + 0.5 (L, or S or R)
1.2D + 1.5E + (0.5r or 0.2S)
0.9D * (I.3W or 1.5E)

Dalam SNI 03-1729-2002

Berdasarkan beban-beban tersebut di atas maka struktur


baja harus mampu memikul semua kombinasi pembebanan
di bawah ini:
1,4D
(6.2-1)
1,2D + 1,6 L + 0,5 (La atau H)
(6.2-2)
1,2D + 1,6 (La atau H) + ( L L atau 0,8W) (6.2-3)
1,2D + 1,3 W + L L + 0,5 (La atau H)
(6.2-4)
1,2D 1,0E + L L
(6.2-5)
0,9D (1,3W atau 1,0E)
(6.2-6)

KUAT NOMINAL BATANG TARIK


Kuat Nominal batang tarik ditentukan oleh beberapa
kriteria:
Yielding of Gross Section, yielding of tension
member over the member length away from the
connection.
Fracture of Effective Net Section, fracture of
tension member in the connection region.
Block Shear Rupture, tearing out the connection
these is combination of tension and shear failure.

LUAS NETTO BATANG TARIK

Jika batang tarik dihubungkan dengan menggunakan


sambungan baut maka luas brutto akan berkurang oleh
lubang baut.
Berdasarkan teori elastisitas, terdapat konsentrasi
tegangan pada area lubang baut , tegangan yang
terjadi mencapai 3x tegangan rata-rata pada area netto

DISTRIBUSI TEGANGAN PADA AREA NETTO

LUBANG BAUT

Metode yang paling umum untuk membuat lubang


baut adalah dengan punch yang memiliki lubang
lebih besar 1.6 mm (1/16 inch) dari diameter baut

UN-STAGGERED HOLES

STAGGERED HOLES

ANGLE, CHANNEL AND FLANGE


SECTION

If angle, channel or
flange section is used as
tension member the
calculation of net area
is also use the same
equation.
The difference is in the
determination of
transverse spacing g.

EFFECTIVE NET AREA

Effective net area is used to account the effect of nonuniformity of tensile load acts at the member connection
(member end).
The non-uniformity of tensile load occurs when the
tension member is not connected at all sides.
The simple example of this condition is if the angle
section is only connected at one leg, the tensile stress
distribution is concentrated at the leg being connected.
Lengthening the connected region will reduce this effect

EFFECTIVE NET AREA FOR BOLT


&WELD CONNECTION

APPROXIMATE REDUCTION FACTOR U

ANALYSIS OF TENSION MEMBER


BOLT END CONNECTION
The strength of tension member with bolt end
connection based on the LRFD is the minimum of three
categories below, as follows
Yielding of Gross Section, yielding of tension
member over the member length away from the
connection.
Fracture of Effective Net Section, fracture of
tension member in the connection region.
Block Shear Rupture, tearing out the connection
these is combination of tension and shear failure.

YIELDING OF GROSS SECTION

FRACTURE OF EFFECTIVE NET


SECTION

BLOCK SHEAR RUPTURE

The block shear rupture (BSR) occurs when the bolt end
connection is tearing out. The block shear strength of the
section is provided by the tensile yield strength and
shear rupture strength.
Combination of shear and tension tearing is uncommon
in tension member design, it is useful when we design
the bolt end connection to determine the minimum
distance of end bolt to edge of gusset plate.
The block shear rupture controls for short connection.
The following figure shows the block shear rupture of
bolt end connection

BLOCK SHEAR STRENGTH BOLT END CONNECTION

ANALYSIS OF TENSION MEMBER


WELD END CONNECTION

Tension member with weld end connection is a tension


member connected by longitudinal and transverse welds
at the end of member. Because there are no bolt holes
then the section area is not reduced so the gross section is
used to determine the tensile strength
The strength of tension member with weld end connection
based on the LRFD is the minimum of three categories
below, as follows
Yielding of Gross Section, yielding of tension member over
the member length away from the connection
Fracture of Effective Section, fracture of tension member in
the connection region.
Block Shear Rupture, tearing out the connection these is
combination of tension and shearfailure.

YIELDING OF GROSS SECTION

FRACTURE OF EFFECTIVE SECTION

FRACTURE OF EFFECTIVE SECTION

Fracture of effective area occurs at the end of


connection. When the member yield at gross section,
the connection may deform with large elongation and
reach the strain hardening region with its tensile
strength.
The strength reduction factor is lower than when
yielding occurs because when the large elongation
condition in net section is more dangerous.

BLOCK SHEAR RUPTURE

BLOCK SHEAR RUPTURE

BLOCK SHEAR STRENGTH WELD END CONNECTION

Anda mungkin juga menyukai