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NARRATIVE VS

SPOOF
Teks narrative merupakan jenis teks berupa cerita atau dongeng yang
bertujuan menghibur
pembaca.

Ciri utama teks narrative adalah terdapatnya masalah (atau hal yang
dianggap masalah
atau pelik) dan langkah yang diambil untuk merespon masalah tersebut—ini
umumnya berupa
solusi atau penyelesaian. Konten teks narrative dapat berupa cerita khayalan
atau kisah nyata
yang mendapatkan bumbu-bumbu perekayasa.

Teks narrative umumnya memiliki


struktur:
- orientation, pendahuluan atau pembuka berupa pengelanalan tokoh, waktu,
dan tempat.
- complication/crisis, pengembangan konflik atau pemunculan masalah.
- resolution, penyelesaian konflik atau langkah yang diambil untuk
merespon masalah.
- reorientation, penutup—ungkapan-ungkapan yang menunjukkan cerita
sudah berakhir, ini
sifatnya opsional.

Final Destination 3
After a high school senior, Wendy Christento (Mary Elizabeth
Winstead),
has a fatal premonition of a disastrous roller-coaster accident that
involves her and her friends and others of the roller-coaster before
it
sets off, it crashes just like in he premonition, soon she steams up
with a
friend, Kevin Fischer (Ryan Merriman) as well as many others, some
including Erin (Alexz Johnson) and Ian (Kris Lemche) to try and
cheat
death. Will they succeed or will they learn a lesson that you can’t
cheat
death?
This NEW LINE CINEMA’s sequel movie deserves ‘two thumbs up’.
Otong Setiawan Djuharie Genre
Genre,Ragam Teks dan Peruntukannya 34
- coda, perubahan yang terjadi pada tokoh dan pelajaran yang dapat dipetik
dari cerita; sifatnya
opsional.

Teks narrative sering menggunakan unsur kebahasaan tertentu, antara lain:


- noun tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan, dan benda dalam cerita,
misalnya stepmother,
household, dsb.
- indidual participant, terfokus pada kisahan partisipan (pelaku) tertentu
yang spesifik.
- past tense, menggunakan kata kerja bentuk lampau, misalnya went, ran,
ate, dsb.
- time connective dan conjunction untk mengurutkan kejadian, misalnya
after, before, soon,
then, after that,dsb.
- action verbs, kata kerja yang menunjukkan peristiwa atau kegiatan,
misalnya stayed, climbeb,
killed, dll.
- saying verb dan thinking verbs, kata kerja yang menunjukkan pelaporan
atau ujaran, misalnya
said, told, promised, thought, understood, dsb.
Contoh:
Snow White
Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She
lived with
her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.
One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow
White
in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they
didn’t have
enough money to take Snow White.
Snow White did not want he Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided
it
would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from
home
when her Aunt an Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into
the woods.
She was very tired and hungry. Then she saw this little cottage. She
knocked
but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep.
Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. The
went
inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White
woke up.
She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, what is your name? Snow
White said,
”My name is Snow White.’
Doc said, ‘if you wish, you may live here with us’. Snow White said,
Oh,
could I? Thank you’. Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole
story and
Snow White and the seven dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Spoo

f
Teks twist pada dasarnya sama dengan teks
narrative yakni merupakan jenis teks berupa cerita
atau dongeng yang bertujuan menghibur pembaca,
hanya saja ditambah unsur lucu atau hal yang
di luar dugaan. Ini berarti teks spoof merupakan
bentuk narrative plus—yaitu plus unsur lucu.

Teks spoof umumnya memiliki


struktur:
- orientation, pendahuluan atau pembuka berupa pengelanalan tokoh, waktu,
dan tempat.
- events, rangkaian kejadian/peristiwa.
- twist, akhir yang lucu atau tidak terduga.
Teks spoof sering menggunakan unsur kebahasaan tertentu, antara lain:
- noun tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan, dan benda dalam cerita,
misalnya a pinguin, a
farmer, dsb.
- indidual participant, terfokus pada kisahan partisipan (pelaku) tertentu
yang spesifik.
- past tense, menggunakan kata kerja bentuk lampau, misalnya went, ran,
ate, dsb.
- time connective dan conjunction untk mengurutkan kejadian, misalnya
after, before, soon,
then, after that,dsb.
- action verbs, kata kerja yang menunjukkan peristiwa atau kegiatan,
misalnya stayed, climbeb,
killed, dll.
- saying verb dan thinking verbs, kata kerja yang menunjukkan pelaporan
atau ujaran, misalnya
said, told, promised, thought, understood, dsb.
The Frog Prince
Long ago there was a king who had a beautiful daughter. He loved
her very
much. Everyday the Princess would sit by the old palace well and
toss a golden
ball high in the air and let it drop. She loved to play this game.
One day she accidentally tosses her ball too high. When it came
down she
could not catch it. It fell deep into the well. The Princess began
to cry. “Why are
you crying?” said a voice behind her. The Princess looks down. She
saw a frog.
“Oh, please, Frog”, said the princess, “I lost my ball down the well.
If you bring it
back to me, I will do anything you want.” “Anything at all?” asked
the frog. “Yes,
anything”, said the princess.
So the frog dived into the well and gave the ball back to the
princess. “I
don’t want money or property”, said a frog. “Let me live with you
and be favourite
friend.” The princess did not really want to let the frog came and
live with her
as her favourite friend but she was an honest princess. When she
made a
promise she kept it. So the frog came back with her to the
palace.
One day the princess discovered that the frog had turned into a
handsome
prince so they got married and live happily ever after.