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The University of the West Indies

St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies

Telephone: (868) 662 2002 Ext. 2167/2166 Fax: (868) 662 4414 email:

ECNG 3001 Communication Systems II

30% of the overall course grade
Friday 26 September, 2008
Early Submission: Friday 14 November 2008
Final Submission: 4:00pm, Friday 21 November 2008
In ECNG 2001 Communication Systems I, you studied the characteristics of signals transmitted
through analog communication systems, with some emphasis on the effect of the communication
channel on those signals. You would also have examined the overall structure of generic analog
transmitters and receivers and studied some elements of each.
Like their analogue counterparts, digital transmitters and receivers perform particular tasks
relating to the processing of information originally generated by a source in order to ensure data
integrity at the destination. The ECNG 3001 project maps these functions from the source all the
way to the receiver, according to group designs. Each design is required to analyze the conveyed
information as it makes its way from source to destination according to relevant functional and
performance metrics.
Your company is bidding for a contract to implement a proprietary digital communication system
for remotely displaying and recording impact data for a government vehicle crash testing
programme. The system must utilize the governments existing high-speed camera and five
amplitude-based force sensors to monitor crash events and to measure impact, respectively. You
are assured that all sensor outputs are completely random within the specified output ranges.
As the crow flies, the crash site is 450 m away from the office but a cabled route would require a
path length of 1 km. The key characteristics of the existing hardware are provided in Table 1.

Mission: To stimulate the cultural and economic growth of the Caribbean region through the provision of
competent, bold, innovative engineers and through relevant development and research



HS Camera

Frame Rate: 800 per sec; Resolution: 512px x 384px; Colour Depth: 4096
shades (tri-colour pixilation)

Sensor 1

2V; bandwidth: 0 Hz to 7 kHz

Sensors 2-5

1V; bandwidth: 245 Hz to 66 kHz

Table 1 Key Electrical Characteristics of the Existing Hardware

As the project implementation timeline is very tight, your team finds that the only practical
transmission options are those that are locally available. These are:

Category-6 copper cable with 250 MHz bandwidth; 13 dB/km loss; US$1.50 per
Fibre-optic cable specified at 850 MHz-km bandwidth; 1 dB/km loss; US$7.50 per
Four government-licensed wireless channels, each 75 MHz wide; ~98.4 dB/km loss;
TTD $7,000.00 per annum total license fee

Your team is to prepare the technical specifications of your companys proposal and to
demonstrate that a design based on these specifications will meet specific performance objectives
that you must articulate. These must include a sensor resolution of 31.25 mV and a received BER
that is justifiably appropriate to the task.
Group Formation
The project will be undertaken in groups of 4 students. Students may assemble themselves into
groups if they wish. Other students will be randomly allocated.
! Draft group assignments due Friday 26 September 2008
! Final group assignments posted Friday 03 October 2008
Submission Guidelines
No projects will be accepted past 21st November 2008, so you are urged to work towards the
submission date of 14th November, 2008.
The report must be submitted in soft as well as hard copy. The soft copy must be emailed to the
course tutor (, and copied to the course instructor
(; while the hard copy must be submitted directly to the course tutor
(Mr. Mark Lessey) or the course instructor (Dr. Mallalieu). All reports will be filtered through the
electronic plagiarism checker, Turnitin. Reports handed in by the early submission date may be
resubmitted on or before the final submission date.

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Appendices of any length may be included but care must be taken that their content is useful and
relevant. Marks will be deducted for irrelevance.
The report should be structured along the following lines:
1. Introduction

A brief overview of the key processes involved in preparing analog source signals for
transmission over a digital communication system, the impact of the physical channel and
key processes involved in the recovery of analog information from such digital signals
A review of your companys vision of the project and for its implementation

Your design must specify, at the least,
Digitization scheme(s)
Coding schemes
Key transmitter and receiver parameters
Multiplexing scheme, if applicable
Modulation scheme, if applicable
Key transmission metrics
A rich characterization of the information in each transformation from source to destination
The use of diagrams, including graphs, narrative and analysis are required. A discussion on the
manner in which your design is influenced by the characteristics of the source and of the
communication channel are expected. Justifications for all choices made are also expected.

4. Discussion and Conclusions

The Discussion should include, but not be limited to, a summary of how your selections meet
your stated requirements
Concluding remarks should include a statement on the importance of the choice of transmitter
input pre-processing based on source characteristics, and the choice of transmission scheme
based available transmission media.

5. References
The project requires that you take account of a comprehensive set of authoritative sources in your
research. An example of sources that are easily available on the Net but that not acceptable are
personal sites that offer tutorials and other technology briefs.
All of your sources should be authoritative (text and reference books; websites and documents
from recognized technical bodies such as the ITU, IEEE, etc.)

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All resource materials must be referenced. The Chicago style should be used for the end-of-text
list of references as well as for the in-text citations.
Reports will be evaluated as follows:

A single mark will be given to the project report, based on the following assessment criteria:
Research (15)
Structure (10)
Accuracy (15)
Relevance (10)
Initiative (15)
Completeness (20)
Presentation, including language (15).

! The overall project mark given to each team member will be computed using a participation
weighting determined by team peers, as follows:
0 (no participation);
0.3 (little participation);
0.6 (some useful participation);
0.9 (consistent, productive participation with little room for improvement);
1 (exemplary participation)
NOTE: The following will not be accepted:
1. Late submissions (for any reason)
2. Plagiarism
3. Any report less than 1800 words, excluding the Appendices.

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