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6/3/2016

CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

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CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

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Identification
U.S.PatentNumber
7,967,927B2
UNSNumber
S10500

TypeAnalysis
Singlefiguresarenominalexceptwherenoted.
Carbon
Nickel
Cobalt
Tungsten

0.21 %
5.50 %
14.00 %
1.00 %

Chromium
Molybdenum
Vanadium
Iron

10.00 %
2.00 %
0.30 %
Balance

GeneralInformation
Description
Acorrosionresistant,ultrahighstrengthsteelthathasbeenusedinstructuralaerospaceapplications.Thealloy
hasprovidedmechanicalpropertiesequaltoorbetterthanconventionalultrahighstrengthsteelssuchas300M
andSAE4340withtheaddedbenefitofgeneralcorrosionresistance.Thiscaneliminatetheneedforcadmium
coatingandthesubsequentaccompanyingprocessing.FerriumS53alloypossessesgreatlyimprovedresistance
tostresscorrosioncracking(SCC)comparedwith300Mand4340alloys.
Applications
Typicalapplicationsincludeaircraftlandinggears,pins,flaptracks,actuators,fastenersandotherstructural
applications.FerriumS53hasbeenusedforseveralsafetylandinggearcomponentsonAirForceplatformsA10,
C5,KC135andT38withoutcadmiumplating.

CorrosionResistance
ImportantNote:Thefollowing4levelratingscaleisintendedforcomparativepurposesonly.Corrosiontestingis
recommendedfactorswhichaffectcorrosionresistanceincludetemperature,concentration,pH,impurities,
aeration,velocity,crevices,deposits,metallurgicalcondition,stress,surfacefinishanddissimilarmetalcontact.
NitricAcid

Excellent

SaltSpray(NaCl)

Good

Properties
PhysicalProperties
Density

0.2880 lb/in

MeanSpecificHeat
73F

0.1080 Btu/lb/F

392F

0.1200 Btu/lb/F

752F

0.1340 Btu/lb/F

1076F

0.2330 Btu/lb/F

MeanCTE
75to220F

5.86 x106in/in/F

75to400F

5.89 x106in/in/F

75to600F

6.00 x106in/in/F

75to800F

6.13 x106in/in/F

75to1000F

6.22 x106in/in/F

75to1100F

6.19 x106in/in/F

ThermalConductivity
73F

124.6 BTUin/hr/ft/F

http://cartech.ides.com/datasheet.aspx?I=102&TAB=DV_DS&E=335&SKEY=102.36.5056540:12aaf1b70a664af1a7df3ce2545ca7c1&CULTURE=enUS&&FM 1/5

6/3/2016

CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

212F

140.2 BTUin/hr/ft/F

392F

157.2 BTUin/hr/ft/F

572F

171.3 BTUin/hr/ft/F

752F

181.2 BTUin/hr/ft/F

932F

199.8 BTUin/hr/ft/F

1100F

243.9 BTUin/hr/ft/F

ModulusofElasticity(E)

29.6 x103ksi

CriticalTemperature(AC1)

1364 F

CriticalTemperature(AC3)

1436 F

MartensiteStart

212 F

TypicalMechanicalProperties

http://cartech.ides.com/datasheet.aspx?I=102&TAB=DV_DS&E=335&SKEY=102.36.5056540:12aaf1b70a664af1a7df3ce2545ca7c1&CULTURE=enUS&&FM 2/5

6/3/2016

CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

HeatTreatment
FerriumS53canbesolutiontreatedandtemperedineithervacuum,airorothermediaasdescribedbelow,and
selectionoftheprocesscandependonfactorssuchas:industryapplicationabilityanddesiretofinalmachinea
partaftertemperingsizeorweightofpartachievablequenchratesetc.
Decarburization
FerriumS53issubjecttodecarburizationduringhardening.Tomitigatedecarburization,heattreatmentshould
takeplaceinaneutralatmospherefurnace,saltbathorvacuum.Theextentofdecarburizationcanbe
determinedbycomparingthesurfaceandinternalhardnessofasmalltestcoupon.
Normalizing
1975F(1080C)for1hourandaircool.
Annealing
1255F(680C)for8hoursandaircool.Anannealedhardnessof327HBorlowerisobtainedfollowing
annealing.
SolutionTreatment
1985F(1085C)1hourandoilquenchorequivalent.
http://cartech.ides.com/datasheet.aspx?I=102&TAB=DV_DS&E=335&SKEY=102.36.5056540:12aaf1b70a664af1a7df3ce2545ca7c1&CULTURE=enUS&&FM 3/5

6/3/2016

CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

Deformation(SizeChange)inHardening
HeattreatmentgrowthofFerriumS53isdependentuponthethermalhistoryandmachiningpath(e.g.
machiningstresses)ofthepartsbeingproduced.TypicalgrowthofS53isuniformandapproximately0.002
0.003inchesperinch.
Quenching
Gas,Oil,orEquivalent.
ColdTreatment
Followingnormalizationand/orsolutiontreatment,100F(73C)for1hourandairwarm.
Straightening
Operationssuchasshaftstraightening(ifrequired)shouldpreferablybedoneafterthesubzerotreatmentbut
priortothetemper.S53achievesfullmechanicalstrengthaftertempering,andthustryingtostraightenparts
aftertemperingwillbemoredifficult.
Forsomeparts,mechanicalstraighteningmaybedesiredtocompensateforpossibledistortionduringheat
treatment.Priortostraightening,alowtemperaturestressreliefat392F(200C)for1hourfollowingthefirst
refrigerationoperationshouldbeconducted.Hotstraighteningshouldbeconductedbelow700F(371C)toavoid
tempering,oxidationordecarburization.
StressRelieving
Ifitisdesiredtostressrelieveamachinedpartinthemillannealedconditionasameanstohelpprevent
distortionduringfurtherprocessing(e.g.ifsignificantforceswereimposedonthepartduringmachining),then
eitheroftwooptionsarerecommended:
i.Producethepartinaroughmachinedstatewithadequatestockmaterialonallsurfacessothatoxidescale
canberemoved,andthenstressrelievethepartat~1200F(649C)for2hours,followedbycoolinginair.
Thencompleteallfinalmachiningoperationspriortosolutiontreatment,quench,subzerotreatmentand
temper,inordertoremovetheoxidescaleformedat1200F(649C).
ii.Producethepartinafullyornearlyfullymachinedstatepriortosolutiontreatment,subzerotreatment
quenchandtemper,andthenstressrelievethepartat700F(371C)for2hoursor525F(274C)for4hours,
followedbycoolinginair.
Tempering
Doubletemperat934F(501C)for3hoursandoilquenchorequivalent,followedby100F(73C)for1hour
andairwarm,thenathirdandfinaltemperat900F(482C)for12hoursandaircool.
Preheating
Apreheattemperatureofnohigherthan600F(315C)isrecommended.

Workability
HotWorking
18002050F(9821121C).
Recommendedreductionratioof4:1.
Forging
Standardforgingofbilletandbarstockshouldbeconductedat18002050F(9821121C).Ifhigherforging
temperaturesarepreferred,hotfiretemperaturesof23002350F(12601288C)maybeused,provideda
minimumof4:1forgingreductionratioisachieved.Followingforgingthepartsshouldbeaircooledtoroom
temperature,followedbynormalization,coldtreatmentandannealingtoimprovemachinability.
Machinability

http://cartech.ides.com/datasheet.aspx?I=102&TAB=DV_DS&E=335&SKEY=102.36.5056540:12aaf1b70a664af1a7df3ce2545ca7c1&CULTURE=enUS&&FM 4/5

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CarTechFerriumS53Alloy

AnnealedFerriumS53hasmachinabilitysimilarto300Mat35HRC.Toolsusedforcuttinganddrillingaretypically
thoseusedforother400seriesstainlesssteels.Recommendedspeedsare225to260SFMformilling,250300
SFMfordrilling.
PreheatingofDies
None
Plating
FerriumS53canbeelectroplatedwithsurfaceprotectionoptionssuchas:CrNiduplexNi+CrZnNiCdAl,
includingAlumiplateandIonVaporDeposition(IVD)aluminumandWCCopowderbyHVOFthermalspray.
Passivation
Passivationina50%nitricacidsolutionisrecommendedformaximumcorrosionresistanceperAMS2700B,
Method1.

OtherInformation
Descaling(Cleaning)
BarPeeling
MetallurgicalRequirements
Perbelowmaterialspecifications.
ApplicableSpecifications
Note:Whilethismaterialmeetsthefollowingspecifications,itmaybecapableofmeetingorbeingmanufactured
tomeetothergeneralandcustomerspecificspecifications.
AMS5922
FormsManufactured
BarFlats
BarRounds
References

BarRectangles
Billet

CINDASASMD/ASMH
MMPDS09
AMS2759/3forthermalprocessing
AMS2759/9forhydrogenbakeoutparameters
AMS2759/11forstressrelievingparameters

Disclaimer:
Theinformationanddatapresentedhereinaretypicaloraveragevaluesandarenotaguaranteeofmaximumor
minimumvalues.Applicationsspecificallysuggestedformaterialdescribedhereinaremadesolelyforthepurposeof
illustrationtoenablethereadertomakehis/herownevaluationandarenotintendedaswarranties,eitherexpress
orimplied,offitnessfortheseorotherpurposes.Thereisnorepresentationthattherecipientofthisliteraturewill
receiveupdatededitionsastheybecomeavailable.
Unlessotherwisespecified,registeredtrademarksarepropertyof
CRSHoldingsInc.,asubsidiaryofCarpenterTechnologyCorporation.
Copyright2016CRSHoldingsInc.Allrightsreserved.
EditionDate:10/26/2015
ContactourU.S.SalesOfficeoroneofourInternationalSalesOfficesformoreinformation.

http://cartech.ides.com/datasheet.aspx?I=102&TAB=DV_DS&E=335&SKEY=102.36.5056540:12aaf1b70a664af1a7df3ce2545ca7c1&CULTURE=enUS&&FM 5/5