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KANT For Every Man – Willaid Klinke

Early environment 4th child of a master harness-maker, born 4, 20, 1724, Konigsberg, Eastern Germany. ( kids in total. Mother died 1737, father in 1746. Parents are priests. 1732 entered the Collegium Fredericianum, a protestant college. Strongly ??? Kant called the excessive devotional performance “yoke of statutory ecclesiastical law” in contrast of “free moral service of good,” “not entirely worthless discipline of those fanatics.” Mother died from contracting a fatal illness while tending a friend. 1740 entered Konigsberg Univ. Study of math lead him to the conviction of absolute truth and how far we can proceed with cognition, independently of experience. Hobby: billiard and very good card player. Left university 1747 due to lack of money.

1747-1754: Private tutor. 1755, 17 th of April, present the university his thesis for the degree of Doctor (or Magister). ??? later – philosophical treastise “Concerning Fire” (???). 1755-1770: Years as a “Magister”. Lecture in metaphysics, mathematics, Natural Science (Geography).

Developed “Kant-Laplace” theory” in “…

..

Mechanical

origin and composition of Universe”. 1755 on

Newtonian principle.” 1764: “Observation on the sentiment of the beautiful and the sublime. 1770, 3, 31, nominated professor of logic and Metaphysics by king Frederic II. Appraised Rousseu’s Emile and Heliose. Kant and Women Schopenhauer jokingly said all great philosophers had remained unmarried – Heraclitus, Democritus, Plato, Zeno, Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, Kant. Socrate married, but it didn’t turn out too well. “From the life of Immanual Kant” in “Art and life ?????” by Stuttgart, 1881, pp231-62. His life style is caricatured in “the Man by the clock or the regular man.” Personal appearance: less than 5ft, big head,skinny Character and personality Exceptional memory, intellectual power. Watch-word: “self-determination” ???????????? according to principles established by reason and not governed by inclination and passions. “Intelligence is the highest power of the soul, and it is a sad thing when the lord and master follows in the wake of the rabble of the passions. Favorite maxims; I’m human, nothing human is foreign to me (Terence). Hold fast and hold yourself in check, the aim of your endeavors is within you, do not seek it outside (Persilis). Do not give way to misfortune, but confront it with all the true greater courage (Virgil). Kant and Art No artistic sense, don’t play musical instrument. “Music only arouse emotion and leaves nothing behind.” Like john Locke, who discourages music and poetry.

  • 1. Practice

Islam

Muhammad – from Ishmel (eldest son of Abraham), Moses/Jesus from Issac Islam = self-surrender; Muslim = the self-surrendered one. Muhammad, born 570 AC in Mecca of father Abdulla and mother Aminah; married at 25 to the 40-yr-old Khadijs; during the meditation (at 40) through Archangel Gabriel God revealed to him (Koran = revelation) for 23 years. 622 AD – Higira to Madinah, a north city 260 miles from mecca, beginning of the Muslim calendar. Returned after several years, died at 63. Sunnah – practice and example of the prophet 5 components of Islam; 1) Belief in God and Muhammad; 2) dialy prayer (5x); 3). Almsgiving; 4) fasting the

month of Ramdan from dawn to sundown; 5) Pilgrimage to Mecca 12th month of the Islamic lunar year. Iman = faith; Salah = prayer; Zakah = almsgiving; Sawm = fasting; Hajj = pilgrimage – go around the Kabah 7 times, between Hills of Safa and Marina, (as Abraham’s wife hagar did in search for water0; then stand on the plains of Arafat (a desert outside Mecca) praying. Hagjj is ended in festival (???)

  • 2. What does Islam think of Jesus; call Jesus the greatest God’s prophet, confi rm virgin birth (3:5?); miracles of

Jesus (3:49); one chapter is titled Mary; Muhammad is just a messenger.

  • 3. How to become one? Profess in mouth, then all sins will be forgiven.

  • 3. However, Islam thinks Jesus was just another prophet who was turned into God by His disciples. Incarnation

is an exaggeration. No one can intercedes and forgive our sinds. Our own “conduct” determines if we go to

Paradise or Hell After the court room trial. Salvation comes from self-control and fear of Hereafter. Day of Judgment will come and each will be tried (34: 3-5). Day of Resurrection (28: 61). There is a Hereafter (life-after-death) (45: 24-25). Wordly life is a preparation for eternal life (23: 99-104). Consequence of denying life-after-death: the tribes of

Aad, Thamud, Pharoah (69: 4-39). 4. Muhammad in the Bible and prophecies of his advent 1). Blessing of Ishmael and Issac: Gen12:2-3; 17:4;21:13, 18; Deut21:15-17; rights of the first born son is not affected by mother’s social status Gen16:3;21:13 – legitimacy of Ishmael and Hagar. 2). Muhammad is like Moses, much more so than Jesus was. Deut18:18, Moses spoke of the prophet sent by God. 3). The Prophet is to come from Arabia. Gen21:21: the wilderness of Paran is the place of settlement for Ishmael Deut33;1-2 (i.e., Arabia, specifi cally, Mecca)Isaiah 42:1-13 connects the prophet with Kedar, who is the second son of Ishmael (Gen25;13). KJ Bible Psalm 84:4-6 mentions pilgrimage via Baca (Mecca) Valley. 4). Migration from Mecca to medina was prophesized: Habakkuk3:3 - Para (Mecca); Isaiah21:13-17 – battle of Badr, defeated mighty men of ke? 5). Koran was foretold in the Bible: John16:13 – Jesus mention one “who shall not speak of him…” Isaiah28:10-11 – “For with stammering lips…” Isaiah42:10-11 - ”sing a new song” 6). That Prophet – Paraclete – Muhammud. John1:19-21 “Are you that prophet: “No.” said John. John14,15,16 – Jesus spoke of a Paraclete (comforter) who will come after him. 7). Jesus predict the shift of religious leadership: Mat21:19-21,42,43,44. 8). There’re coincidence taken out of context: Deut33:2(KJV): the prophet will come from Paran (Mecca) with 10,000 saints. This is the number of Muhammad’s followers who accompanied him to Paran and destroy the idolatry in Kabah. 9). Islam consider some Biblical stories about prophets as slanderous and does not accept them as true: Lot committed fornication while drunk; David commit murder; 10). Ouran mentioned 25 prophets. Jews reject Jesus and Muhammad; Christians reject Muhammad; Muslim believe in all of them. 11). Rejects Jesus’ Divinity and Divine Sonship.; virgin birth does not make him So of God. The misconception find a way among his followers because Jesus’ message was not recorded during his presence but after a lapse of 100 years (?). According to Koran, Jesus was sent to confi rm the Torah (61:6); Ouran doesn’t believe the Jews killed and crucifi ed Jesus. He raised to God and will come back.

Church History

100-312 AD: Departure Jesus’ ID crisis: deny His deity; Gnostic deny His humanity (col2; John4) Forgiveness: murder, sexual sin, denial of faith are unforgivable Persecution and penance: a plan invented by Cyrian, the Cartharge Bishop. 312-600 AD: State adopts the church (395) Bishop come together to defi ne doctrine Hierarchy solidifi ed; papacy; infant baptism Augustine: father of Catholic church --- original sin, celibacy, church ? 600-1500 AD: Catholicism Full Bloom

After Gregory, Moral descent of papacy reach bottom from 1000 – 1100 AD; Bible reading prohibited

  • 1054 AD: Eastern Orthodox and Roman church break up (excommunicate)

  • 1100 AD: Crusade (for 200 yrs) v.s Muslims; Children’s Crusade; Monasticism and Aceticism

(Francis of Assisi)

1500-1700 AD: Protestant Reformation -> Protestanism

  • 1517 AD: Martin Luke, 95 theses on church door of univ: 1. faith justifi ed not by work – col2; 2.

Bible alone is the authority. (Martin is rude, coarse, lacking self-control) John Calvin (France) -> Presybytarian; John Smith -> Baptist. TULIP doctrine: Total depravation; Uncondi forg; Lim atonement; Irresistible; Predestination or once saved always saved

  • 1534 AD: Henry VIII -> Church of England (Anglican/Episcopal): breakaway from Catholic church

for political reason so he can marry the young Anne Bolyen? Later sprouting Puritan and

Methodists

  • 1535 AD: Anabaptist (Protestant in Netherlands): executed by drowning for “rebaptizing people”;

between Cath and Prot, no real interest in following the Bible.

1700-2000 AD: Denominationalism – House divided and descent of faith due to science

  • 1744 AD: John and Charles Wesley -> Methodism

  • 1800 AD: Restoration movement begin: Thomas Campbell and Alexander Campbell call for

uniting of sects -> “Disciples of Christ”, “Christian Church” and “Churches of Christ” (no

instrumental music)

  • 1830 AD: Mormon Church

1886-1920 AD: student volunteer movement

  • 1951 AD: Campus Crusade

1970’s: Crossroad movement – Chuck Lucas

  • 1979 AD: BCC

  • 1986 AD: Reconstruction

Pentacostal movement ?? Holiness movement: Assembly of God;

Paul’s epistles:

The NT

1st Missionary Journey: Paul & Banarbas in Galatian clarifying the misconception that gentiles has to be circumcised.

Galatian. 48 AD 2nd Missionary Journey: Establish church in Thessalonica. Wrote 1Thess in Corinth on sanctifi cation and 2nd coming

1Thess, 2Thess. 50 AD

3rd Missionary Journey:

church

3 yrs at Ephesus. Wrote 1Cor (practical) dealing w/ 3 problems he heard about the

(1-6) and 6 problems they wrote him (7-16). 55 AD Wrote 2Cor in Macedonia, self-defense. 55 AD. The Cor churches are headache churches. Made 3 mon visit to Corinth (Acts 20). Wanted to go to Rome, but instead went to Jerusalem, where he wrote Rome. 56 AD.

Imprisonment in Rome: Wrote 4 prison letters: 59-61 AD: Philemon (to an owner of slave Onesimus); Colossian (the

Church that meets at Philemon’s place, dealing w/ the nature and person of Christ); Ephesians; Philipians.

After 1st imprisonment: Wrote pastoral epistles 62-64 AD: 1Tim, IITim, Titus, (apocalyptic)

General Epistles: 45-60 AD: James 65 AD: Hebrew 65 AD: I, IIPeter; Jude (much like the second chapter of IIPeter)

Gospels: 60 AD: Mark (by John Mark)

  • 60 AD: Matthew

60-80 AD: Luke:

  • 90 AD: John

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