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Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS

Chemical Engineering Department


May 2016 Semester
CDB2023-Process Heat Transfer
Assignment One
(Due Date: 24th June 2016)
1. Consider the base plate of a 800 W household iron with a thickness of L = 0.6 cm,
base area of A = 160 cm2, and thermal conductivity of k = 20 W/m C. The inner
surface of the base plate is subjected to uniform heat flux generated by the
resistance heaters inside. When steady operating conditions are reached, the outer
surface temperature of the plate is measured to be 85C. Disregarding any heat loss
through the upper part of the iron,
i.

express the differential equation and the boundary conditions for steady onedimensional heat conduction through the plate,
ii.

obtain a relation for the variation of temperature in the base plate by solving the
differential equation, and

iii.

Evaluate the inner surface temperature.

Figure Q (1)

2. Consider a large plane wall of thickness L = 0.3 m, thermal conductivity


k = 2.5 W/m C, and surface area A =12 m2. The left side of the wall at x = 0 is
subjected to a net heat flux of q0= 700 W/m2 while the temperature at that surface is
measured to beT1= 80C. Assuming constant thermal conductivity and no heat
generation in the wall.
a. express the differential equation and the boundary conditions for steady
one-dimensional heat conduction through the wall,

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b. obtain a relation for the variation of temperature in the wall by solving the
differential equation, and
c. Evaluate the temperature of the right surface of the wall at x =L.

Figure Q (2)

3. Consider a 1.2-mhigh and 2 m wide double pane window consisting of two 3 mm


thick layers of glass (k = 0.78W/m C) separated by a 12 mm wide stagnant air
space (k =0.026 W/m C). Determine the steady rate of heat transfer through this
double pane window and the temperature of its inner surface for a day during which
the room is maintained at 24C while the temperature of the outdoors is -5C. Take
the convection heat transfer coefficients on the inner and outer surfaces of the
window to be h1= 10 W/m2 C and h2=25 W/m2 C, and disregard any heat transfer
by radiation.

Figure Q (3)

4. Steam at 320C flows in a stainless steel pipe (k =15 W/mC) whose inner and outer
diameters are 5 cm and5.5 cm, respectively. The pipe is covered with 3cmthick glass
wool insulation (k =0.038 W/mC). Heat is lost to the surroundings at 5C by natural

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convection and radiation, with a combined natural convection and radiation heat
transfer coefficientof15 W/m2C. Taking the heat transfer coefficient inside the pipe
to be 80 W/m2C, determine the rate of heat loss from the steam per unit length of
the pipe. Also determine the temperature drops across the pipe shell and the
insulation.

5.

The boiling temperature of nitrogen at atmospheric pressure at sea level (1 atm


pressure) is -196C. Therefore, nitrogen is commonly used in low temperature
scientific studies since the temperature of liquid nitrogen in a tank open to the
atmosphere will remain constant at -196C until it is depleted. Any heat transfer to
the tank will result in the evaporation of some liquid nitrogen, which has a heat of
vaporization of 198kJ/kg and a density of 810 kg/m3 at 1 atm. Consider a
3mdiameter spherical tank that is initially filled with liquid nitrogen at 1 atm and 196C. The tank is exposed to ambient air at 15C, with a combined convection and
radiation heat transfer coefficient of 35 W/m2C. The temperature

of the thin-

shelled spherical tank is observed to be almost the same as the temperature of the
nitrogen inside. Determine the rate of evaporation of the liquid nitrogen in the tank
as a result of the heat transfer from the ambient air if the tank is
a.

Not insulated,

b.

Insulated with 5cmthick fiberglass insulation(k =0.035 W/mC), and

c.

Insulated with 2 cm thick superinsulation which has an effective thermal


conductivity of0.00005 W/m C.

Figure Q (5)

Good Luck
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