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LESSON PLAN FOR ADDITIONAL MATHEMATICS

TOPIC 1: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

A. General Details
Subject

Additional Mathematics

Target Group

Form Four

Number of Students

17

Date

25.04.2005

Day

Monday

Time

8.00 a.m. 8.40 a.m. (40 mins)

Title

G1. Coordinate Geometry

Learning Area

4.

Skills

Level 1:

Linear Equation

4.1

To identify the interception of x-axis and y-axis.

4.2

To calculate the gradient of a straight line passing through 2


points.

4.3

To calculate the gradient of a straight line based on the xintercept and y-intercept.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the teaching and learning session, the students will be
able to:
1.

Identify the interception at x-axis and y-axis correctly.

2.

Calculate the gradient of a straight line when the coordinate of


2 points is given.

3.

Identify and differentiate between positive gradient, negative


gradient, zero gradient and undefined gradient.

4.

Calculate the gradient given y-intercept and x-intercept.

5.

Answer correctly at least 80% of all the questions asked


during the lesson.

Previous Knowledge

The students have knowledge regarding:


1.

The concept of the x-axis and y-axis in Cartesian coordinate.

2.

The linear graph in Cartesian coordinate

3.

Linear Inequalities in everyday situation.

Integration of Value

Cooperation, Independence, Rational, Tolerance, Empathy.

Integration of Knowledge

English and Physics.

Critical and Creative Thinking:

Estimating for problem solving, Explaining, Compare and contrast,


Analyzing

Teaching Aids

:
No
1
2
3

Teaching Aid
LCD and Laptop
A4 paper
A Model

Quantity
1 set
17 pieces
1

B. IMPLEMENTATION
Steps /
Time
Set
Induction
( 5 min)

Contents
1. Teacher starts the class by showing the
picture Leaning Tower of Pisa.

Teaching and Learning Activities

Show and guess activity:


1. Teacher shows to the class a picture and

2. teacher asks the student:

asks questions. Students are given the

a. What do you see at the screen?


b. Our learning area is linear equation,

chances to guess the skills.


2. Suggested answers:

so why if I say this picture related to

a. Leaning Tower of Pisa and square

our lesson today?

grid.

3. To introduce the skills to student:

b. Leaning Tower is not perpendicular

a) To identify the interception of x-axis and

with the earth, so it has less than 90

y-axis

degree angle and a positive slope

b) To calculate the gradient of a straight


line passing through 2 points.

from the earth.


3. Teacher introduces the skills that will be

c) To calculate the gradient of a straight

going to taught to the students.

line based on the x-intercept and y3

Remarks
Method:
Exposition
Technique:
Show and guess
Demonstration
Moral Values:
Responsible,
obey the rules
Materials:
LCD and Laptop.
Critical
Thinking:
Explain, Compare
and contrast

intercept.

Steps /
Time
Step 1
( 5 min)

Contents

Teaching and Learning Activities

4.1 To identify the interception of x-axis and

1. Teacher shows the slide and explains

Remarks
Method:

y-axis

to the students which one is the x-

Discovery-inquiry

1. To shows x-intercept and y-intercept.

intercept and y-intercept.

Relationship

(shows also x-axis, y axis and a linear

a. Blue arrow : x-intercept

Technique:

graph)

b. Red arrow : y-intercept

Demonstration

2. Activity:

Moral Value:

a. Shows a linear graph and lets

1. Obedience

the students guess which one

2. Systematic

is x-intercept and y-intercept.

4. Careful
Thinking Skills:
1. Analyze
2. Questioning
and
Observation
3. Explanation
Materials:
LCD , Laptop and
the model.

Steps
Step 2
( 10 min)

Contents
4.2 To calculate the gradient of a straight line passing

Teaching and Learning Activities


1. The teacher explains to the

through 2 points.

students by showing slide and

1. To show the students a straight line passing 2

model.

points.

2. Then, the teacher show the

Remarks
Method:
Discovery-inquiry
Technique:
1. Discussion
2. Practical work

gradient formula.
3. the teacher gives 2 examples
of the calculation.

Moral Value:
Cooperative-ness,
Tolerance
Thinking -Skills:
1. Discover
relationship
2. Explain
Materials:
1. LCD and laptop
2. Powerpoint
Presentation
3. model

2.

EXAMPLES:
Find the gradient of the straight line joining
the points P(-3, 4) and Q(3, 13).

Find the gradient of the straight line joining


the points A(4, 0) and B(0, 2).

SKIP

Steps

Contents
To give the example of the types of

Teaching and Learning Activities

gradients:
a) Positive gradient
b) Negative gradient
c) Zero gradient
d) Undefined gradient

Remarks

Steps
Step 3

Contents
4.3 Gradient of a straight line based on

( 15 min)

the x-intercept and y-intercept

Teaching and Learning Activities


Using the formula, determine the gradient of the
straight line.

Remarks
Method:
Discovery-inquiry
Technique:
3. Group
discussion
4. Practical work

a)

To relate y-intercept and x-intercept as the


alternative to determine the gradient of a straight
line.
b) Introduce the formulation of gradient with
respect to the y-intercept and x-intercept.
Gradient = y-intercept
x-intercept
-2

4
3

Moral Value:
Cooperative-ness,
Tolerance
Thinking -Skills:
1. Classify
information
2. Discover
relationship
3. Explain
Materials:
1. LCD
2. Powerpoint
Presentation
3. Envelops

Steps
Closure
( 5 min)

Contents
1. To give the examples for the application of

Teaching and Learning Activities


1. Teacher shows to student the application

gradient in daily life.

of gradient. The examples given are:

Remarks
Method:
Exposition

a.

Escalator

Technique:

b.

Solar panels

Discussion

c.

Mountain climbing

Moral Value:
Responsibility
Thinking Skills:
Summarize

10

Students Reflection

Supervision Notes

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