165 tayangan

Diunggah oleh Nageswara Rao Ratipalli

questions on machines

- Electrical Engineering QUESTION BANK
- Mcq
- 22893773 36 2 Field Orientated Control of a Multi Level PWM Inverter Fed Induction Motor
- Motor starter
- Polyphase Induction Motors
- ED - 2 MARKS
- Fundamentals of Polyphase Induction Motors
- Various Types of Faults and Their Detection Techniquesin Three Phase Induction Motors Fault
- Induction motor
- Ac Motor Doc
- AC Machine Lecture No.3
- is.325.1996
- Chapter 17
- Design of Squirrel Cage Three (3) Phase Squirrel Cage Induction Motor
- induction motor failure conditions
- Induction Machines
- AC 3 Phase Induction Motors
- Chapter 6 Induction Motor Construction
- ELEC586 Polyphase Motor
- Slip Ring Im Drives

Anda di halaman 1dari 34

GATE-2014

Electrical Machines

1. The single phase, 50 Hz iron core transformer in the

circuit has both the vertical arms of cross sectional

area 20 cm2 and both the horizontal arms of cross

sectional area 10 cm2. If the two windings shown were

wound instead on opposite horizontal arms, the mutual

inductance will

(A) double

(C) be halved

(D) become one quarter

SOl: Given single-phase iron core transformer has both the vertical arms

of cross section area 20 cm2, and both the horizontal arms of cross

section are 10 cm2

So, Inductance NBA/ 1 (proportional to cross section area)

When cross section became half, inductance became half.

Hence (C) is correct option.

2. Figure shows the extended view of a 2-pole dc machine with 10

armature conductors. Normal brush positions are shown by A and B,

placed at the interpolar axis. If the brushes are now shifted, in the

direction of rotation, to A and B as shown, the voltage waveform

VA'B' will resemble

The figure above shows coils-1 and 2, with dot markings as shown,

having 4000 and 6000 turns respectively. Both the coils have a rated

current of 25 A. Coil-1 is excited with single phase, 400 V, 50 Hz

supply.

to drive a load of 10 kVA. Which of the option given should be exercised to realize the

required auto-transformer ?

(A) Connect A and D; Common B

(B) Connect B and D; Common C

(C) Connect A and C; Common B

(D) Connect A and C; Common D

Sol:

Core losses = 1200W = 1.2 kW

So,

Input power in stator = 3 400500.8 = 27.71 kW

Air gap power = 27.71 1.5 1.2

= 25.01 kW

Hence (C) is correct option.

A 3-phase, 440 V, 50 Hz, 4-pole slip ring induction motor is feed

from the rotor side through an auto-transformer and the stator is

connected to a variable resistance as shown in the figure.

feeding power to fixed resistance of 10 . Two-wattmeter method is

used to measure the input power to induction motor. The variable

resistance is adjusted such the motor runs at 1410 rpm and the

following readings were recorded W1 = 1800 W, W2 = 200 W.

structure will be

(A) 90 rpm in the direction of rotation

(B) 90 rpm in the opposite direction of rotation

(C) 1500 rpm in the direction of rotation

(D) 1500 rpm in the opposite direction of rotation.

Sol: Given 3-, 440 V, 50 Hz, 4-Pole slip ring motor

Motor is coupled to 220 V

N = 1410 rpm,W1 = 1800 W,W2 = 200 W

So,

Ns = 120f / p

= (12050)/4 =1500 rpm

Relative speed = 1500 1410

= 90 rpm in the direction of rotation.

Hence (A) is correct option.

5. Neglecting all losses of both the machines, the dc generator power

output and the current through resistance (Rex) will respectively be

(A) 96 W, 3.10 A

(C) 1504 W, 12.26 A

(D) 1880 W, 13.71 A

Slip(S ) =

15001410

1500

= 0.06

Pin= 1800 200 = 1600 W

Output power of induction motor

Pout = (1 S)Pin

= (1 0.06)1600

= 1504 W

Losses are neglected so dc generator input power = output power

= 1504W

So,

I2 R = 1504

I=

1504

10

= 12.26 A

6. The fifth harmonic component of phase emf(in volts), for a three

phase star connection is

(A) 0 (B) 269

(C) 281

(D) 808

So

Angle = 180/5 =36o

the phase emf of fifth harmonic is zero.

Hence (A) is correct option.

(B) possible at unity power factor load

(C) possible at leading power factor load

(D) possible at lagging power factor load

8. The dc motor, which can provide zero speed regulation at full load without any

controller is

[ b ]

(A) series (B) shunt

9. A three-phase, three-stack, variable reluctance step motor has 20 poles on each rotor

and stator stack. The step angle of this step motor is

[ b

]

(A)30

(B) 60

(C) 90

(D) 180

Variable reluctance step motor has 20-poles

Step angle = 360/(320) = 60

Hence (B) is correct option.

10. For a single phase capacitor start induction motor which of the following statements

is valid?

[ b ]

(A) The capacitor is used for power factor improvement

(B) The direction of rotation can be changed by reversing the main winding terminals

(C) The direction of rotation cannot be changed

(D) The direction of rotation can be changed by interchanging the supply terminals.

Ans: A single-phase capacitor starts induction motor. It has cage rotor and its stator

has two windings.The two windings are displaced 90o in space. The direction of rotation

can be changed by reversing the main winding terminals.

Hence (B) is correct option.

[ b ]

(A) Compensating winding is used for neutralizing armature reaction while interpole

winding is used for producing residual flux.

(B) Compensating winding is used for neutralizing armature reaction while interpole

winding is used for improving commutation.

(C) Compensating winding is used for improving commutation while interpole winding is

used for neutralizing armature reaction.

(D) Compensation winding is used for improving commutation while interpole winding is

used for producing residual flux.

Sol: In DC motor, compensating winding is used for neutralizing armature reactance

while interpole winding is used for improving commutation.

Interpoles generate voltage necessary to neutralize the e.m.f of self induction in

the armature coils undergoing commutation. Interpoles have a polarity opposite to

that of main pole in the direction of rotation of armature.Hence (B) is correct option.

12. A 220 V DC machine supplies 20 A at 200 V as a generator. The armature

resistance is 0.2 ohm. If the machine is now operated as a motor at same terminal

voltage and current but with the flux increased by 10%, the ratio of motor speed to

generator speed is

(A) 0.87

(B) 0.95

(C) 0.96

(D) 1.06

Ra = 0.2

The machine operated as a motor at same terminal voltage and

current, flux increased by 10%

So for generator

Eg = V + IaRa

= 200 + 200.2

Eg = 204 volt

Em = V IaRa

= 200 200.2

Em = 196 volt

for motor

So

204

196

=

=

1

1.1

196

2041.1

= 0.87

13. A synchronous generator is feeding a zero power factor (lagging) load at rated

current. The armature reaction is

[ b ]

(A) magnetizing

(D) ineffective

at rated current then the armature reaction is demagnetizing.

Hence (B) is correct option.

14. Two transformers are to be operated in parallel such that they share load in

proportion to their kVA ratings. The rating of the first transformer is 500 kVA ratings.

The rating of the first transformer is 500 kVA and its pu leakage impedance is 0.05

pu. If the rating of second transformer is 250 kVA, its pu leakage impedance is

(A) 0.20

(B) 0.10

(C) 0.05

(D) 0.025

Per unit leakage impedance is 0.05 p.u.

Rating of second transformer is 250 kVA

So,

Per unit impedance = actual impedance/ base impedance

and,

Per unit leakage impedance 1/ kVA

Then

500 kVA 0.05 = 250 kVA x

x =

500

250

= 0.1. .

15. The speed of a 4-pole induction motor is controlled by varying the supply frequency

while maintaining the ratio of supply voltage to supply frequency (V/f ) constant. At rated

frequency of 50 Hz and rated voltage of 400 V its speed is 1440 rpm. Find the speed at

30 Hz, if the load torque is constant

[ b ]

(A) 882 rpm (B) 864 rpm (C) 840 rpm (D) 828 rpm

Sol: Given speed of a 4-pole induction motor is controlled by varying the

supply frequency when the ratio of supply voltage and frequency is

constant.

f = 50 Hz, V = 400 V, N = 1440 rpm

So

V f

1

1

=

2

2

V2 = 400 (30/50) = 240V

In induction motor speed is directly proportional to voltage.

N2 = N1 (V2 / V1) = 1440 (240/400) = 864 rpm

A 300 kVA transformer has 95% efficiency at full load 0.8 p.f. lagging

and 96% efficiency at half load, unity p.f.

16. The iron loss (Pi) and copper loss (Pc) in kW, under full load operation

are

(A) Pc = 4.12,Pi = 8.51

(B) Pc = 6.59,Pi = 9.21

(C) Pc = 8.51,Pi = 4.12

(D) Pc = 12.72,Pi = 3.07

Sol:

Given that:

A 300 kVA transformer

Efficiency at full load is 95% and 0.8 p.f. lagging

96% efficiency at half load and unity power factor

So

For Ist condition for full load

95% =

0.8

0.8+ +

0.5

96% =

0.5+ +

So

Wcu +Wi = 12.63

0.25Wcu + 0.96Wi = 6.25

Then

Wcu = 8.51, Wi = 4.118

Hence (C) is correct option.

17. What is the maximum efficiency (in %) at unity p.f. load ?

(A) 95.1

(B) 96.2

(C) 96.4

(D) 98.1

Efficiency () =

.

+ 2 +

So

4.118

X = 8.51 = 0.6956

%=

0.69561300

0.6956300+4.118+8.510.69562

= 96.20%

Hence (B) is correct option.

18 . The core flux of a practical transformer with a resistive load

(A) is strictly constant with load changes

(B) increases linearly with load

(D) decreases with increased load

Sol: We know that in case of practical transformer with resistive load, the

core flux is strictly constant with variation of load.

Hence (A) is correct option.

19. If a 400 V, 50 Hz, star connected, 3-phase squirrel cage induction

motor is operated from a 400 V, 75 Hz supply, the torque that the

motor can now provide while drawing rated current from the supply [ b

(A) reduces

(B) increases

(C) remains the same

(D) increases or reduces depending upon the rotor resistance

speed characteristics become linear at saturated region.

as shown in figure

Hence (B) is correct option.

20. In relation to DC machines, match the following and choose the

correct combination

List-I

List-II

Performance Variables Proportional to

P. Armature emf (E)

1. Flux(), speed () and

armature current (Ia)

Q. Developed torque (T)

2. and only

R. Developed power (P)

3. and Ia only

4. Ia and only

5. Ia only

Codes:

P

Q

R

(A)

3

3

1

(B)

2

5

4

(C)

3

5

4

(D)

2

3

1

Sol: In DC motor

E=PN (Z/A)

or

E = Kn

So

Armature emf E depends upon and only.

and torque developed depends upon

T = PZ Ia /2 A

So, torque(T ) is depends of and Ia and developed power(P) is

depend of flux , speed and armature current Ia .

Hence (D) is correct option.

21. Under no load condition, if the applied voltage to an induction motor

is reduced from the rated voltage to half the rated value, [

b ]

(A) the speed decreases and the stator current increases

(B) both the speed and the stator current decreases

(C) the speed and the stator current remain practically constant

(D) there is negligible change in the speed but the stator current

Decreases

Sol: Given a three-phase cage induction motor is started by direct on line

switching at rated voltage. The starting current drawn is 6 time the

full load current.

Full load slip = 4%)

So

2

= ( ) 1

1

1

= (6)2 0.04 = 1.44

Hence (B) is correct option.

22 . Xd, X d and X d are steady state d -axis synchronous reactance,

transient d -axis reactance and sub-transient d -axis reactance of a

synchronous machine respectively. Which of the following statements

is true ?

[ a ]

(B) X d > X d > Xd

(C) X d > X d > Xd

(D) Xd > X d > X d

Sol: In synchronous machine it is known that

Xd > X d > X d

X d = transient d -axis reactance

X d = sub-transient d -axis reactance

Hence (A) is correct option.

23. A dc series motor driving and electric train faces a constant power

load. It is running at rated speed and rated voltage. If the speed

has to be brought down to 0.25 p.u. the supply voltage has to be

approximately brought down to

[ A ]

(A) 0.75 p.u

(B) 0.5 p.u

(C) 0.25 p.u

(D) 0.125 p.u

Sol:

Given that:

A dc series motor driving a constant power load running at rated

speed and rated voltage. Its speed brought down 0.25 pu. Then

Emf equation of dc series motor

E = V (Ra + Rse)

Ra + Rse = R

so,

E = V IR

= KN

Then

N= E/K

In series motor I

so, N = (V IR)/ KI

At constant power load

EI = TW = Const

...(1)

2

T = KI = KI

...(2)

If W is decreased then torque increases to maintain power constant.

T I 2

W=

1

4

then T = 4

Hence (B) is correct option.

motor is operated from a 400 V, 75 Hz supply, the torque that the

motor can now provide while drawing rated current from the supply [ a

(A) reduces

(B) increases

(C) remains the same

Sol: Given 400 V, 50 Hz, Y-connected, 3- squirrel cage induction motor

operated from 400 V, 75 Hz supply. Than Torque is decreased.

Machine is rated at 400 V, 50 Hz

and it is operated from 400 V, 75 Hz

so, speed of Motor will increase as N =120 f / P

N f

and we know Torque in induction motor

3 2 2

=>

Hence (A) is correct option.

25. A single-phase induction motor with only the main winding excited

would exhibit the following response at synchronous speed

[ d

(A) Rotor current is zero

(B) Rotor current is non-zero and is at slip frequency

(C) Forward and backward rotaling fields are equal

(D) Forward rotating field is more than the backward rotating field

Sol: Given that:

1- induction motor main winding excited then the rotating field of

motor changes, the forward rotating field of motor is greater then the

back ward rotating field.

Hence (D) is correct option.

26. A 4-pole, 3-phase, double-layer winding is housed in a 36-slot stator

for an ac machine with 60c phase spread. Coil span is 7 short pitches.

Number of slots in which top and bottom layers belong to different

phases is

(A) 24 (B) 18

Sol: Given that:

(C) 12

(D) 0

A 4-pole, 3-, double layer winding has 36 slots stator with 60 phase

spread, coil span is 7 short pitched

so,

Pole pitch

36

=9

4

Slot/pole/phase = 3

so,

3-slots in one phase, if it is chorded by 2 slots then

=

Out of 36 24 have different phase.

Hence (A) is correct option

27. The following table gives four set of statement as regards poles and

torque. Select the correct set corresponding to the mmf axes as shown

in figure.

Stator

Surface

ABC forms

Stator

Surface

CDA forms

Rotor

Surface

abc forms

Rotor

surface

cda forms

Torque

is

(B) South Pole

South Pole

North Pole

North Pole

North Pole

South Pole

South Pole

Clockwise

Counter

Clockwise

South Pole

South Pole

North Pole

North Pole

South Pole

North Pole

Counter

Clockwise

Clockwise

Sol:

Given that

Fs is the peak value of stator mmf axis. Fr is the peak value of

rotor mmf axis. The rotor mmf lags stator mmf by space angle

. The direction of torque acting on the rotor is clockwise or counter

clockwise.

When the opposite pole is produced in same half portion of stator

and rotor then the rotor moves. So portion of stator is north-pole in

ABC and rotor abc is produced south pole as well as portion surface

CDA is produced south pole and the rotor cda is produced North

pole.

The torque direction of the rotor is clock wise and torque at surface

is in counter clockwise direction.

Hence (C) is correct option.

28. Group-I lists different applications and Group-II lists the motors

for these applications. Match the application with the most suitable

motor and choose the right combination among the choices given

thereafter

[

Group-I

P. Food mixer

Q. Cassette tape recorder

R. Domestic water pump

S. Escalator

Group-II

1. Permanent magnet dc motor

2. Single-phase induction motor

3. Universal motor

4. Three-phase induction motor

5. DC series motor

6. Stepper motor

Codes:

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

P

3

1

3

3

Q

6

3

1

2

R

4

2

2

1

S

5

4

4

4

Sol: In food mixer the universal motor is used and in cassette tap recorder

permanent magnet DC motor is used. The Domestic water pump

used the single and three phase induction motor and escalator used

the three phase induction motor.

Hence (C) is correct option.

29. A stand alone engine driven synchronous generator is feeding a partly

inductive load. A capacitor is now connected across the load to

completely nullify the inductive current. For this operating condition.

(A) the field current and fuel input have to be reduced

(B) the field current and fuel input have to be increased

(C) the field current has to be increased and fuel input left

unaltered

(D) the field current has to be reduced and fuel input left unaltered

Sol: Given a engine drive synchronous generator is feeding a partly

inductive load. A capacitor is connected across the load to completely

nullify the inductive current. Then the motor field current has to be

reduced and fuel input left unaltered.

Hence (D) is correct option.

30. A 500 kVA, 3-phase transformer has iron losses of 300 W and full load

copper losses of 600 W. The percentage load at which the transformer

is expected to have maximum efficiency is

[ b

(A) 50.0%

31.

(B) 70.7%

(C) 141.4%

(D) 200.0%

Answer:- D

32.

33.

34.

[34] A field excitation of 20A in a certain alternator results in an armature current of 400A in

short circuit and a terminal voltage of 2000V on open circuit. The magnitude of the internal

voltage drop within the machine at a load current of 200A is [GATE2009]

[ d ]

A.1V

B.10V

C.100V

D.1000V

[35] Figure shows the extended view of a 2 pole dc machine with 10 armature

conductors.Normal brush positions are shown by A and B, placed at the interpolar axis. If the

brushes are now shifted, in the direction of rotation, to A' and B' as shown, the voltage waveform

VA'B' will resemble. [GATE]

[

a

]

[36]A 220V,50Hz,single-phase induction motor has the following connection diagram and winding

orientations shown.MM' is the axis of the main stator winding(M1M2) and AA' is that of the auxiliary

winding (A1A2). Directions of the winding axes indicate direction of flux when currents in the windings

are in the directions shown. Parameters of each winding are indicated. When switch S is closed, the

motor [GATE]

[

c ]

A. rotates clockwise

B. rotates anticlockwise

C. does not rotate

D. rotates momentarily and comes to a halt

[37] The electromagnetic torque Te of a drive, and its connected load torque Tl are as shown below. Out

of the operating points A,B, C and D, the stable ones are [GATE 2007] [ c ]

c ]

A. Not possible

B. Possible at unity Power factor load

C. Possible at leading Power factor load

D. Possible at lagging Power factor load

[39] The DC motor, which can provide zero speed regulation at full load without any controller is [GATE

2007]

[ b

]

A. Series

B. Shunt

C. Cumulative Compound

D. Differential Compound

[40] A single phase 10kVA, 50 Hz transformer with 1kV primary winding draws 0.5A and 55W, at rated

voltage and frequency, on no load. A second transformer has a core with all its linear 2 times the

corresponding dimensions of the first transformer. The core material and lamination thickness are the

same in both transformers. The primary windings of both the transformers have the same number of

turns. If a rated voltage of 2kV at 50Hz is applied to the primary of the second transformer, then the no

load current and power, respectively, are [GATE2012]

[ b

]

a. 0.7 A,77.8W

b. 0.7A,155.6 W

c. 1A,110W

d. 1A,220W

[41] The locked rotor current in a 3-phase, star connected 15kW, 4-pole, 230V, 50Hz induction motor at

rated conditions is 50A. Neglecting losses and magnetizing current, the approximate locked rotor line

current drawn when the motor is connected to a 236V, 57Hz supply is [GATE2012] [b ]

a. 58.5A

b. 45.0A

c. 45.7A

d. 55.6A

[42] A 220V, 15kW,1000rpm shunt motor with armature resistance of 0.25, has a rated line current of

68A and a rated field current of 2.2A. The change in field flux required to obtain a speed of 1600 rpm

while drawing a line current of 52.8A and a field current of 1.8A is [GATE2012] [

d]

a. 18.18% increase

b. 18.18% decrease

c. 36.36% increase

d. 36.36% decrease

[43] In 8 - pole wave connected motor armature, the number of parallel paths are [ c ]

A. 8

B. 4

C. 2

D. 1

[44] The crawling in an induction motor is caused by

A. improper design of the machine

B. low voltage supply

C. high loads

D. harmonics developed in the motor

Ans = D

[45] The speed of an induction motor

A. decreases too much with the increase of load

B. increase with the increase of load

C. decreases slightly with the increase of load

D. remains constant with the increase of load

Ans = C

[46] The effect of increasing the length of the air gap in an induction motor will increase

A. power factor

B. speed

C. magnetising current

D. air-gap flux

Ans = C

[47] the difference between the synchronous speed and the actual speed of an induction motor is

known as

A. Regulation

B. back lash

C. slip

D. lag

Ans = C

[48] Rotating magnetic field is produced in a....

A. single - phase induction motor

B. three phase induction motor

C. dc series motor

D. ac series motor

Ans= B

[49] The stator core of the induction motor is made of

A. Laminated cast iron

B. Mild steel

C. Silicon steel stampings

D. Soft wood

Ans = C

[50] Star- delta starter of an induction motor

A. Inserts resistance in rotor circuit

B. Inserts resistance in stator circuit

D. Applies reduced voltage to stator

Ans = D

[51] The starting torque of a 1-phase induction motor is

A. High

B. Medium

C. Low

D. Zero

Ans = D

[52] The thrust developed by a linear induction motor depends on

A. Synchronous speed

B. Rotor input

C. Number of poles

D. both A and B

Ans = D

[53] The slip in actual induction motor is generally

(a) 1%

(b) 3% to 5%

b ]

[54] In terms of slip s, the ratio of rotor copper loss to rotor output is equal to

(a) s-1

(c) (1-s2)

(b) 1/(1-s)

[ a

(b) 3

(c) 6

(d) none

[ c

(d) aluminium

(a) 1

(d)Synchronous motor

(a) carbon

b ]

(d) 1/(1-s)2

[55] Which motor has the highest power to the weight ratio

(a)Universal motor

(a) Pale yellow

(b) 5KVA

(c) 50KVA

(a) 1KVA

(d) 500KVA

[60] A transformer working under the conditions of maximum efficiency has a total losses of 1600W.

While operating at half load, the copper loss will be

[ c ]

(a)800W

(b)400W

(c) 200W

(d)100W

[61] A properly shunted a centre zero galvanometer is connected in a rotor circuit 6 poles 50Hz

induction motor, if the galvanometer makes 90 complete oscillations in 1min. Calculate the rotor speed?

[ b ]

(a) 980rpm

(b)970rpm

(c) 1000rpm

(d) 960rpm

Sol: Given

Fr = no. of oscillations per second;

Fr = 90/60 =1.5Hz

Slip = Fr / F = 1.5 / 50 = 0.03

Rotor speed (Nr) = Ns (1-s) = 1000 ( 1 - 0.03) = 970 rpm

A 3- phase, 50Hz , induction motor runs at a speed 576 Rpm at full load.

[62] How many poles does the motor have

(a)10

(b)12

(c) 8

(d) 6

Sol: Given

Nr = 576 rpm, Ns = 120 f / p;

The Synchronous speed nearer to 576 is 600rpm, for 50Hz supply and Ns = 600 rpm, the no. of poles

should be

P = 120* f /Ns = 120* 50 / 600 = 10 poles

[63] What is the slip and the frequency of the rotor currents at full load

(a)0.02 , 2Hz

(b)0.04, 2Hz

(c) 0.06,4Hz

[ b

(d)none

= (600-570) / 600 =0.04

Fr = S F = 0.04 * 50 =2Hz

(a)10rpm

(b)12 rpm

(c) 24 rpm

(d) 20 rpm

The speed of the rotor w.r.t stator structure is = 576 rpm

The rotor speed w.r.t rotating field is = 600 -576 = 24 rpm.

[65] What is the motor speed at twice the full load silp is

(a)550rpm

(b)552rpm

(d)5 20 rpm

Sol: Given

Rotor speed at full load Nfl1 =576 rpm

Slip at full load

Sfl1 = 0.04

New slip is twice the full load slip Snew = 2* Sfl1 = 2 * 0.04 = 0.08

New Rotor speed is

[66] By what factor should the rotor resistance to increase to run the rotor at 528 rpm at full load

torque?

[

b ]

(a)4 times

(b)3 times

(c)2 times

(d) 6 times

Ns = 600 rpm;

Rext is inserted to decrease the rotor speed to N2 = 528 rpm

Snew = (Ns - N2) /Ns = (600 528)/ 600 = 0.12

T = SV2 / R2 =>

S R2

R2new =( Snew / Sfl ) R2old = 3 R2 old

[67] A Centre 0 Ammeter connected in the rotor circuit of a 6 pole, 50Hz induction motor makes 30

oscillations in one minute, the rotor speed is .

[

]

(a)990rpm

(b)982rpm

(d)10 20 rpm

In rotor circuit Ammeter is connected, it makes 30 oscillations in one minute,

Fr = 30 / 60 = = 0.5

S = Fr /F = 0.5 / 50 = 0.01

Nr = Ns(1- S) = 1000(1- 0.01) =990rpm.

A 3- phase, 4 pole 50Hz has a full load speed is 1440 rpm, for this calculate the following

[68] The speed of the Stator field w.r.t Stator Structure, .

(a)1500rpm

(b)12 00rpm

[ a ]

Sol:

Stator Structure is stationary, so its speed is zero.

Stator field is rotating at synchronous speed i.e., Ns = 120 * f / P = 120 * 50 /4 =1500 rpm

So, The speed of the Stator field w.r.t Stator Structure = 1500 -0 = 1500 rpm

a)60rpm

(b)12 0rpm

The speed of the Stator field w.r.t Rotor Structure is = 1500 1440 =60 rpm

[ a

(a)1500rpm

(b)12 00rpm

Sol: The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator Structure is equal to the speed of the stator field.

So, The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator Structure is =1500 rpm.

a)60rpm

(b)12 0rpm

Sol: Given

The speed of the rotor structure is Nr = 1440rpm.

The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator Structure is =1500 rpm.

The speed of the rotor field w.r.t rotor Structure is =1500 -1440 rpm = 60 rpm.

a)60rpm

(b)12 0rpm

[ d

(d) 0 rpm

Sol:

The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator Structure is =1500 rpm.

The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator Structure is =1500 rpm.

So, The speed of the rotor field w.r.t Stator field is =1500 - 1500 rpm = 0 rpm.

[73]. The magnetizing current component of a no-load current of an induction motor is much larger

than a corresponding transformer because of

[ d ]

(a) additional frictional and windage losses in motor

(b) different in winding, configuration on rotor

& stator.

(c) increased flux requirement (d) an air gap in magnetic circuit

(a) Its speed will reduce

(b) its efficiency will improve

break down torque will reduce

(d)its

[75]. A 3- phase, 4-pole Squirrel cage induction motor has 36 stator slots and 28 rotor slots. The no. of

phases in rotor is

[

b ]

(a)10

(b)7

(c) 8

(d) 6

= 28 / 4 =7

[76]. The rotor of a 3-, 5KW, 400V, 50Hz slip ring induction motor is wound for 6- poles, while its stator

is wound for 4 poles. The approximate average no load steady state speed, when this motor is

connected to 400V, 50Hz supply is ..

[ d ]

a)1460rpm

(b)1500rpm

(d) 0 rpm

Sol: Given that slip ring IM, whose Stator poles are = 4;

Rotor poles are = 6;

Induction motor rotates only when Stator poles must be equal to rotor poles

So, in this problem Stator and Rotor poles are not equal , so speed of induction motor if 0rpm

[77]. The direction of rotation of a 3- IM is clockwise when it is supplied with 3- sinusoidal voltage

having phase sequence ABC. For the counter clockwise rotation of motor, the phase sequence of the

power supply should be

[ c

]

(a)BCA

(b)CAB

(c) ACB

[ b

Sol: The mmf produced by the currents of a 3- induction motor either in Stator or Rotor are equal.

And also its speeds are equal and both rotate at synchronous speeds.

So, Stator mmf is stand still w.r.t rotor mmf.

[79] If a 400V, 50Hz, Y- connected, 3- Squirrel cage IM is operated from a 400V, 75Hz supply, the

torque that the motor can provide while drawing a rated current from the supply.

(a) reduces

resistance.

(b) increases

Then Torque (T) SV2 /f

T 1/f

As f - increases , T -reduces

[80]. When the applied voltage per phase is to halved, the starting torque of a 3- cage motor becomes

a ..

[

b ]

(a) half of initial value

value.

Sol: We Know that starting torque is directly proportional to square of the supply voltage.

Tst V2

2

1

22

12

2 = 1

(0.5)2

2

2 = 1

1

4

[81] For a slip ring induction motor if the rotor resistance is increased, then

(a)Tst & increases

Sol: We Know that starting torque is directly proportional to rotor resistance

Tst R2

As R2 increases Tst increases, but if R2 increases

[82] A 4-pole, 50Hz, 3- IM has blocked reactance per phase which is 4 times the rotor resistance per

phase. The speed at which maximum torque developed is ..

[ a ]

(a)1125 rpm

blocked reactance per phase which is 4 times the rotor resistance per phase

X20 = 4 R20

Slip at maximum torque STmax = R20 / X20

The speed at which maximum torque developed is

NrTmax = Ns (1 STmax)

= 1500 (1 0.25)

= 1125 rpm.

[83]. A 3 Squirrel cage IM has a starting torque of 150% and a torque of 300% with respect to rated

torque at a rated voltage and rated frequency. Neglect the stator resistance and rotational losses. The

value of slip for maximum torque :

[ d ]

(a)13.48%

(b) 16.42%

(c) 18.92%

(d) 26.79%

Sol: Given Tst =150%, Tmax = 300% both w.r.t Tfl ,E,& f

Tst = 1.5 TFL ;

1.5

2

1+

2

2

1+

2

1 +

4 = 0

STmax = 26.79%

[84] In an IM what is the ratio of rotor cu losses and the rotor input

(a) 1/s

(b) s

(c) 1 s

(d) s / (1 -s)

Where Pri = rotor input ; Pcl = rotor cu loss ; Pgm = gross mechanical power

the ratio of rotor cu losses and the rotor input ( Pcl / Pri ) = s

[85]. An IM has a rotor resistance of 0.02/phase. If the resistance is increased to 0.04/phase then

the maximum torque will

(a) reduced to half

Sol:

We know

2

20

220

[86]. If the rotor p.f of a 3- IM is 0.866. Then special displacement between the stator

magnetic field & rotor magnetic field is .

[ c ]

(a) 300

(b) 900

(c) 1200

(d) 1500

Sol:

The Spacial displacement between the stator magnetic field & rotor magnetic field is = 900 +

= 900 + 300

=1200

[87]. A 400V, 50Hz, 30h.p , 3 IM is drawing 50A current at 0.8 p.f lagging. The Stator and

rotor cu losses are 1.5kW and 900W respectively. The frictional and windage losses are 1050W

and core losses are 1200W. The air gap power of the motor will be ..

[ c ]

(a) 23.06kW

Sol:

we know

(b) 24.11kW

(c) 25.01kW

(d) 26.21kW

Where Pag is the air gap power ; Psi = stator input power ; PsL = stator losses

= = 3 cos 0

= = 3 400 50 0.8 = 27.7

PsL = Core loss + copper loss

= 1200 + 1500 =2.7kW

Pag = Psi - PsL

Pag = 27.7kW -2.7kW = 27.0kW

[88]. No load test on a 3- IM was conducted on different supply voltages and a plot of input

power verses voltage was drawn. The curve was extrapolated to intersect the Y- axis. This

intersection point yields

[ d ]

frictional losses

[89]. what is the shunt resistance component in equivalent circuit obtained by no-load test of

an induction motor representative

[ a ]

(a) Core losses only

& frictional losses.

(b) cu losses

[90]. An IM having full load torque of 60 N-m when delta connected develops a starting torque

of 120 N-m. For the same supply if the motor is changed to Y- connection, the starting torque

developed will be ..

[ a ]

(a) 40N-m

Sol:

=

(b) 60N-m

120 = 40

3

(c) 90N-m

[91]. In an induction motor rotor slots are usually not quite parallel to the shaft but given a

slight skew

[ c ]

(a)To reduce the magnetic hum

(d) none

[92].The rotor power output of a three phase induction motor is 15KW and corresponding slip

is 4%, the rotor copper loss will be

[ b ]

(a)600W

(b) 620W

(c)650W

(d)700W

[93]. A permanent magnet DC commutator motor has no-load speed of 6000rpm, when

connected to a 120V DC supply. The armature resistance is 2.5, and other losses may be

neglected. The speed of the motor with supply voltage of 60V developing a torque 0.5N-m is

..

[ b ]

(a)3000rpm

Sol:

Given

CASE 1:

CASE 2:

(b)2673rpm

(c)2836rpm

DC supply = 120 v

Armature resistance = 2.5 ohms

DC supply = 60 v

Armature resistance = 2.5 ohms

Torque = 0.5 N-m

Speed =?

(d)5346rpm

KT = torque constant

KB = Back emf constant

EB speed w

EB = KB* w

T = EB * Ia / w = KB* w *Ia / w

= KB * Ia

= KT * Ia

CASE 1:

No load speed = 6000 rpm ; DC supply = 120 v; Armature resistance = 2.5 ohms

K= EB /w

= 120/ (2* 3.14*6000/ 60)

= 0.19

CASE 2:

DC supply = 60 v; Armature resistance = 2.5 ohms;

Torque = 0.5 N-m

Ia = T/K = 0.5/0.19 = 2.61A

EB = V Ia Ra

= 60 2.16 * 2.5 = 53.47V

2

1

2

1

1

2

2 =

53.47

6000 = 2673

120

(a) DC Shunt Motor with armature resistance control

(b) DC Shunt Motor with field weakening control

(c) DC Series Motor

(d) DC Compound Motor

a ]

[95]. A 3-, Salient Pole Synchronous motor is connected to an infinite bus. It is operated at noload at normal excitation. The field excitation of the motor is first reduced to zero and then

increased in the reverse direction gradually. Then the armature current

[ b ]

(a) Increases continuously

(c) First decreases and then increases steeply (d) remains constant

[96]. Consider the following statements:

(i) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the effect of the

impedance of the current coil.

(ii) The compensating coil of a low power factor wattmeter compensates the effect of the

impedance of the voltage coil circuit.

[

b ]

(a) (i) is true but (ii) is false

[97]. A 220 V, DC Shunt motor is operating at a speed of 1440 rpm. The armature resistance is

1.0 and armature current is 10 A. If the excitation of the machine is reduced by 10%, the extra

resistance to be put in armature circuit to maintain the same speed and torque will be [ a ]

(a) 1.79

(b) 2.1

(c) 3.1

(d) 18.9

Sol: Ia1 = 10

Now flux is decreased by 10 %, so 2 = 0.9 1

Torque is constant,

Ia1 1 = Ia2 2

Therefore

N Eb /

N1 / N2 = (Eb1 / Eb2) (2 / 1)

=

2201 1

2202 (1+)

0.91

1

210 0.9

22011.11(1+)

1+ R =2.79

R = 1.79

[98]. A 3- 440 V, 6-pole, 50Hz Squirrel cage Induction motor is running at a slip of 5 %. The

speed of stator magnetic field with respect to rotor magnetic field and speed of the rotor with

respect to stator magnetic field are..

[ c ]

(a) zero, -5 rpm

Sol:

Ns =

120

12050

6

=1000 rpm

Stator magnetic field speed Ns = 1000 rpm.

Rotor magnetic field speed, Ns = 1000 rpm.

Relative speed between stator and rotor magnetic fields is zero.

Rotor speed with respect to Stator magnetic field = 950 -1000 =-50 rpm.

[99]. A field excitation of 20 A in a certain alternator results in an armaturecurrent of 400 A in

short circuit and a terminal voltage of 2000 V onopen circuit. The magnitude of the internal

voltage drop within the machine at a load current of 200 A is

(A) 1 V

(B) 10 V

(C) 100 V

(D) 1000 V

Armature current = 400 A

Short circuit and terminal voltage = 200 V

On open circuit, load current = 200 A

So, Internal resistance =2000 /400 = 5

Internal vol. drop = 5 200= 1000 V

Hence (D) is correct option.

[100]. For an induction motor, operation at a slip s , the ration of grosspower output to air gap

power is equal to

[

b ]

(A) (1 s)2

(B) (1 s)

Gross power output = Pg(1-s)

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