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ECE 209

HOMEWORK #2

SOLUTIONS

Dr. James S. Kang, Professor, ECE Department, Cal Poly Pomona


9.10 For the circuit shown in Figure P9.10,
(a) find the impedances ZR and ZL.
(b) find the phasors I, VR, VL.
(v) find the waveforms i(t), vR(t) and vL(t).
vS(t) = 10 cos(250t + 60o), R = 250, L = 1H
i(t)

1
+

R
v R(t)

2
+

v S(t)
L
v L(t)
-

Figure P9.10
(a) = 250 = 314.1593 rad/s, ZR = 250, ZL = j314.1593, Z = 250 + j314.1593
VS = 10cos(60o) + j10sin(60o) = 5 + j8.6603 = 1060o V
(b) I = VS/Z = 0.02463 + j 0.003687 = 0.024907088.5119o A
VR= IZR =6.1582 + j0.9217 = 6.22688.5119o V
VL = IZL = -1.1582 + j7.7386 = 7.824898.5119o V
(c) i(t) = 24.90708 cos(250t + 8.5119o) mA
vR(t) = 6.2268 cos(250t + 8.5119o) V
vL(t) = 7.8248 cos(250t + 98.5119o) V
9.11. The input signal vS(t) in the circuit shown in Figure P9.11 is given by
=
vS (t ) 5cos ( 2 2000t + 120o )

Let R1 = 200, R2 = 100, C = 1F.


(a) Find the impedances ZR1, ZR2, ZC
(b) Find the phasors VS, I, I1, I2, VR1, VC.
(c) Find steady-state waveformsi(t), i1(t), i2(t)vR1(t), and vC(t) in the steady state.

i(t)

1
+

R1

v R(t)

i1(t)
1

i2(t)
1

v S(t)
R2

v C(t)

C
2

2
-

Figure P9.11
(a) = 22000 = 12566.3706 rad/s, ZR1 = 200, ZR2 = 100, ZC = 1/(jC) = -j79.5775
(b) VS = 5120o = -2.5 + j4.3301,
Zeq = ZR2 // ZC = ZR2ZC/(ZR2 + ZC) = 38.7727 j48.7232 = 62.2667-51.4881o
Z = ZR1 + Zeq = 238.7727 j48.7232 = 243.6931-11.5333o
I = VS/Z = -0.01361 + j0.01536 = 0.02052131.5333o A
Current Divider Rule: I1= IZC/(ZR2+ZC) = 0.002209 + j0.01258
= 0.0127880.0451o
Current Divider Rule: I2= IZR2/(ZR2+ZC) = -0.01581 + j0.002775
= 0.01605170.0451o
VR1 = IZR1 = -2.7209 + j3.0718 = 4.1035131.5333o
(c) i(t) = 20.52 cos(22000t + 131.5333o) mA
i1(t) = 12.78 cos(22000t + 80.0451o) mA
i2(t) = 16.0546 cos(22000t + 170.0451o) mA
9.12. The input signal vS(t) in the circuit shown in Figure P9.12 is given by
=
vS (t ) 2 cos ( 2 3000t + 45o )

Let R1 = 200, L1 = 30mH, C1 = 0.2F.


(a) Find the impedances ZR, ZL, ZC.
(b) Find the phasors ZR1, ZL, ZC.
(c) Find the waveformsvR(t), vL(t), i(t), i1(t), and i2(t) in the steady state.
i(t)

1
+

R
v R(t)

2
-

i1(t)

i2(t)
1

1
v S(t)
L

v C(t)

C
2

Figure P9.12
(a) = 23000 = 18849.5559 rad/s, ZR = 200, ZL = jL = j565.4867 ,
ZC = 1/(jC) = -j265.2582
(b) Zeq = ZL // ZC = ZLZC/(ZL+ZC) = -j499.6196 = 499.6196-90o
Z = ZR + Zeq = 200 j499.6196 = 538.1633-68.1835o
(c) VS = 245o = 1.4142 + j1.4142
I = VS/I = -0.001463 + j0.003416 = 0.003716113.1835o
VR = IZR = -0.2926 + j0.6832 = 0.7433113.1835o
Current Divider Rule: I1 = IZC/(ZL+ZC) = 0.001293 j0.003018
= 0.003283-66.8165o
Current Divider Rule: I2 = IZL/(ZL+ZC) = -0.002756 + j0.003018
= 0.007113.1835o
VC = I2ZC = 1.7068 + j0.7310 = 1.856823.1835o
(c) i(t) = 3.716 cos(23000t + 113.1835o) mA
i1(t) = 3.283 cos(23000t 66.8165o) mA
i2(t) = 7 cos(23000t + 113.1835o) mA
vC(t) = 1.8568 cos(23000t + 23.1835o) V
9.13. The input signal x(t) in the circuit shown in Figure P9.13 is given by
=
vS (t ) 5cos ( 2 50000t + 135o )

Let R1 = 300, R2 = 800, L = 2mH, C = 0.005F.


(a) Find the impedances ZR1, ZR2, ZL, ZC.
(b) Find the phasors VS, I, I1, I2, VL, VC.
(c) Find the waveformsvL(t), vC(t), and i2(t) in the steady state.
i(t)

1
+

R1

v R1(t)

i1(t)

i2(t)

R2
2
v S(t)

1
+

1
v C(t)
L

v L(t)

Figure P9.13
(a) = 250000 = 3.141593105, ZR1 = 300, ZR2 = 800, ZL = j628.31853,

ZC = -j636.6198
(b) VS = 5135o = -3.5355 + j3.5355
Zeq = (ZR2+ZL) // ZC = (ZR2+ZL)ZC/(ZR2+ZL+ZC) = 506.5514 j631.3635
= 809.4530-51.2595o
Z = ZR1 + Zeq = 806.5514 j631.3635 = 1024.2778-38.0536o
I = -0.004846 + j0.0005904 = 0.004881173.0536o
I1 = IZC/(ZR2+ZL+ZC) = 0.0004297 + j0.003861 = 0.00388483.6481o
I2 = I(ZR2+ZL)/(ZR2+ZL+ZC) = -0.005275 j0.003270 = 0.006207-148.2058o
VC = I2ZC = -2.0818 + j3.3584 = 3.9513121.7942o
VL = I1ZL = -2.4256 + j0.2700 = 2.4406173.6481o
VR1 = IZR1 = -1.4537 + j0.1771 = 1.4644173.0536o
VR2 = I1ZR2 = 0.3438 + j3.0884 = 3.107583.6481o
(c)
vL(t) = 2.4406 cos(250000t + 173.6481o) V
vC(t) = 3.9513 cos(250000t + 121.7942o) V
i2(t) = 6.207 cos(250000t - 148.2058o) mA
9.14. The input signal to the series RLC circuit shown in Figure P9.14 is given by
=
vS (t ) 5cos ( 2 1500t + 60o )

Find vR(t), vL(t), and vC(t) in the steady state. R = 500, L = 50mH, C = 0.6F.
R

i(t)

2
+

v R(t)

v L(t)

v S(t)

v C(t)

Figure P9.14
f = 1500, = 2f = 9425 rad / s
VS = 5e

= 5

, Z R= R= 2000 , Z L= j L= j 2 1500 50 103= j 471.239

1
1
=
= j179.839
jC j 2 1500 6 107
The phasor transformed circuit is shown below.
ZC =

ZR

ZL

2
+

VR

VL

Vs

ZC

VC
-

ZR = 600, ZL = j471.239, ZC = -j179.839


The total impedance seen from the voltage source is
Z = Z R + Z L + Z C = 500 + j 294.4 = 580.23390.5321 =580.233930.4896o
The current phasor Iis given by
VS
3
I
=
= 7.4993 103 + j 4.2447 10=
8.6172 103 0.5151
Z
= 8.6172 103 29.5104o
The phasor VR of the voltage across the resistor is given by the product of I and ZR:
VR =I Z R =( 7.499 103 + j 4.245 103 ) 500 =3.7496 + j 2.1223 =4.30860.5151
= 4.308629.5104o
The phasor VL of the voltage across the inductor is given by the product of I and ZL:
VL =
I ZL =
2.0003 + j 3.5339
( 7.499 103 + j 4.245 103 ) j 471.239 =

= 4.06082.0859 = 4.0608119.5104o
The phasor VC of the voltage across the capacitor is given by the product of I and ZC:
VC = I Z C = ( 7.499 103 + j 4.245 103 ) ( j176.839 ) = 0.7506 j1.3262
= 1.5239 1.0557
= 1.5239 60.4896o
The voltage across the resistor in the time domain, vR(t), is obtained by transforming the
phasor VR:
o
j ( 2 1500 t + 29.5104o )
VR e jt Re 4.3086e j 29.5104 =
vR (t ) Re
e j 2 1500t Re 4.3086e
=
=

4.3086 cos ( 2 1500t + 29.5104o )

Similarly, the voltages across the inductor and capacitor in the time domain are given
respectively by
o
j ( 2 1500 t +119.5104o )
VL e jt Re 4.0608e j119.5104 =
=
=
vL (t ) Re
e j 2 1500t Re 4.0608e

4.0608cos ( 2 1500t + 119.5104o )

o
j ( 2 1500 t 60.4896o )
VC e jt Re 1.5239e j 60.4896 =
=
=
vC (t ) Re
e j 2 1500t Re 1.5239e

1.5239 cos ( 2 1500t 60.4896o )