Anda di halaman 1dari 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT

QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD

TOPIC / LESSON NAME


CONTENT STANDARDS
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS
LEARNING COMPETENCIES

SPECIFIC LEARNING OUTCOMES


TIME ALLOTMENT

21st Century Literature from the region where the school is based in relation to the literature of other
regions in various genres and forms in consideration of three (3) canonical authors and works of
Philippine National Artists in Literature
The learner will be able to understand and appreciate the elements and contexts of 21st century
Philippine Literature from the regions (National Capital Region)
The learner will be able to demonstrate understanding and appreciation of 21st Century Philippine
Literature from the regions through a critical interpretation of a literary text in terms of theme.
Analyzing a literary text and appreciating the contributions of the canonical Filipino writers to the
development of national literature (En12Lit-Ic-24)
At the end of this lesson, the learners will be able to:
1. Read one poem written by a Filipino writer using the Historical and Biographical Criticism; and
2. Write a 500-word critical interpretation of the poem, with a description of its context derived
from research.
60 minutes

LESSON OUTLINE:
1. Introduction: Communicating learning objectives and Historical Criticism (13 minutes)
2. Motivation: Reading a Local News Article (7 minutes)
3. Instruction: Close Reading of A Man Falls to His Death (15 minutes)
4. Practice: Group Discussion (20 minutes)
5. Evaluation: Essay homework (5 minutes)
MATERIALS

Copy of the poem, notebook


Bautista, Cirilo. A Man Falls to His Death

RESOURCES
Galupo, Rey. Man dies after jumping off NLEX Overpass

Page 1 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
PROCEDURE

MEETING LEARNERS NEEDS

INTRODUCTION (3 MINUTES)
A. Communicate learning objectives
1. Introduce the following learning objectives using any of the suggested protocols (Verbatim, Own
Words, Read-aloud)
a. I can read a poem written by a Filipino writer using the Historical and Biographical Criticism.
b. I can write a 500-word critical interpretation of the poem, with a description of its context
derived from research.

Scaffolding:
If the learners are having a difficult
time in remembering the meaning
of Historical Criticism, you may
use these critical interpretations of
different texts:

2. Unlock the definitions of the following words. Ask the learners first and see if the class can derive
the definitions based on student responses:
a. Historical and Biographical Criticism
b. Context
REVIEW (10 MINUTES)
1. Ask the learners what they remember about Historical and Biographical Criticism.
2. Ask them to cite the different elements that Historical and Biographical Criticism focuses on (author,
context, setting, time)
3. Write the following phrases on the board:
a. The world behind the text
b. The life of the author
4. Ask them about some ideas they could think of about the phrases written on the board, as they relate
their ideas to Historical Criticism.

From the novel, Noli Me


Tangere, Padre Damaso
depicts the friars from the
Spanish colonial era and
exhibits the inequities of the
Spanish Catholic priests and
the ruling government.
Amanda Bartolome, the main
character in Lualhati Bautistas
Dekada 70 is a woman whos
unappreciated by the people
around her, especially her
family. The story was set in the
1970s, revealing the unjust
ruling of Martial Law.

Sample responses:
1. Historical criticism looks at the world behind the text, by understanding the time the text was
written and what other events took place upon the writing of the text.
2. Historical criticism investigates details about the authors life about his family, birthplace, and
educational background that could be used to better understand the text.
3. Historical criticism also investigates the context and life of the reader of the text, by understanding
current events in relation to the meaning of the text.

Page 2 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
MOTIVATION (7 MINUTES)
1. Remind the learners that todays topic revolves on current events, and that they need to be aware
about the happenings in their environment.
2. Hand out a copy of the news article, distributed as worksheets. This may also be written on a manila
paper; or shown as a news item on-screen.
3. Let them read the text quietly for 2 minutes.

Man dies after jumping off NLEX Overpass


By Rey Galupo, The Philippine Star,
April 23, 2015 12:00AM
MANILA, Philippines - A man died after jumping off an overpass along the North Luzon Expressway
interchange in Paso de Blas, Valenzuela City, snarling traffic in the area Tuesday night. Renjie
Navarro died instantly after he fell on passing vehicles along the highway, Valenzuela police chief
Senior Superintendent Rhoderick Armamento said.
Reports said barangay watchmen saw Navarro apparently waiting for vehicles before he jumped off
the overpass at around 10:30 p.m. One of the watchmen, Antonio Ligasan, approached Navarro
and tried to persuade him not to jump but to no avail.
Medrano said the victims identification card shows that Navarro was a worker at a factory in
Barangay Parada, Valenzuela. Police checked the closed-circuit television camera installed in the
area but it was not operational when the incident happened.
4. Ask the learners to write their questions about the given article on their notebooks. Encourage them to
write as many questions as they can for 2 minutes.

Teacher Tips:
On sensitivity:
This topic is a bit sensitive, so
guide the learners by reminding
them to regularly be aware about
the happenings in their
surroundings, and be updated with
the local and international news as
much as possible.
On Inquiry-Based Learning:
The sample questions from the
learners do not need to be
answered right away. This is the
premise of Inquiry-Based Learning
that some questions are broad
and are better left rhetorical.
Sample questions from the
learners:
1. Why did he jump off NLEX?
2. Was he suffering from
psychological difficulties?
3. Did he suffer problems with
the factory hes working in?
4. What will happen to his
family?
5. Why are these incidents
very common these days?

5. Gather some questions from the class.


6. Write their questions on the board.

Page 3 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
INSTRUCTION (15 MINUTES)
1. Remind the learners that they are living in the 21st Century and that some notable Filipino writers are
already giving their perspective on current events.
2. Inform them that one of these writers is Dr Cirilo Baustia who is National Artist for Literature. Dr. Cirilo
Bautista. We will study one of his well-known poems which might clarify some perspectives we have
about Renjie Navarro, or answer your questions as to why these events happen. It may help us
understand how we, as viewers, view these events.

Teacher Tips:
A Challenge to the Learners:
This poem may present some
difficulty for the learners, but allow
them to undergo the necessary
reading of the poem despite its
complex language.

3. Post the reading on the board, or hand out as sheets. This may also be written on a manila paper.
4. Allow them to read the poem quietly for five (5) minutes.
A Man Falls To His Death
By Dr Cirilo Bautista
Blood is nothing. Space is all. Is.
A simple diagram illustrates this:

Characteristics of Poetry:
Remind the learners that poetry is
intentionally vague to allow a
number of interpretations to
surface. Remind them to read the
poem in these manners:
a. Continuous reading in a
normal pace
b. Continuous reading in a slow
pace
c. Reading in parts (every five
lines) in a slow pace

where A is the tenth floor of steel and glass (He was on


the noon shift forging the dream to a reality fine mean
could slumber in, or whores, in antechamber, touch their bone)
and B the level earth (Above the clogged engine
a shadow traced the lines on his foot, while shoot
his brain with firelights the money did). Put
down an imaginary circle around the vertical.
Compute the square of guilt against an integral
his age built when he was young: wrong,
axiomatic: the sum stands thus: Along
the curve X (none noticed the leap; what they saw
was the red imprint) by which we know
the nothing particular, the momentum
Page 4 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
carried him to the point beyond the dictum
Hic primus geometrosfor a body physical, a
Mass, emits energy equal to zero, the stay
Necessary to arrive at a base, as in Bergers
Formula for optics. Here we remember
the fallacy of inclusive force if we extend
A to the absolute (He was, a day ago, threatened
With dismissal for displeasing a superior)
and call it the Cause: heat, hunger, air
these were just contingent. To recapitulate:
Bergers law does not apply here, as the late
Projections of X show, space being non-mathematic;
from A to B the descent exhibits a quick
increase in force, though the exact ellipsis we know not.
(The Blank and Blank Co., Inc., regrets to announce that. . .)
5. Ask them the following:
a. What was your experience in reading the poem? Was it easy or difficult to read? Why?
b. What words make it a difficult poem?
c. What is the tone of the poem? How does it sound like?
6. Ask a learner to read the words outside the parentheses.
7. Instruct the rest of the class to listen to the one reciting the poem.
8. After reading the words outside the parentheses, ask for their meaning.
9. Next, ask another learner to read the words inside the parentheses.
10. After reading the words inside the parentheses, ask the learners to highlight the words inside the
parentheses.

Page 5 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
PRACTICE (20 MINUTES)
1. Direct the learners to look at the words inside the parentheses:
a. He was on the noon shift forging the dream to a reality fine mean could slumber in, or whores, in
antechamber, touch their bone
b. Above the clogged engine a shadow traced the lines on his foot, while shoot his brain with
firelights the money did
c. None noticed the leap; what they saw was the red imprint
d. He was, a day ago, threatened with dismissal for displeasing a superior
e. The Blank and Blank Co., Inc., regrets to announce that
2. Divide the class into five groups. Enforce the One Voice Rule before allowing any of the groups to
discuss the questions among themselves.
3. Remind the groups to have a Group Facilitator who will moderate the discussion.
4. Remind the groups to have a Scribe who will write the key concepts shared by each member.
5. Remind the groups that the remaining members who are not Group Facilitators or Scribes will take
the role of the Reporters. They will share three group insights after the group discussions.
6. Assign one item for each group to study.
7. Each group needs to discuss the following questions:
a. Who are the character/s present in this line?
b. What do you think happened here?
c. This line contributed to the mans death. How does this affect his decision to fall on his death?
8. Allow them to discuss for 10 minutes.
9. After the groups have reviewed their answers, instruct each group to share their findings to the class.

Teacher Tips:
On Group Dynamics:
The teacher may notice that some
groups may experience the
following:
a. A member dominating the
discussion, leaving other
members passive
b. Most members stuck with the
passage given to them
c. Some members not using the
One Voice Rule
Sample responses from the
learners:
a. We believe this line (A) tells
us that he works in a
construction site. Maybe, he
is a construction worker and
their company is building a
hotel or a casino.
b. Perhas he is desperate to
earn money and that he is not
content with his daily wage.
c. Our group thinks he did it
when all of the construction
people have finished working.
d. We believe that he jumped off
the site because he had a
fight with his boss.
e. We think this is from an
obituary page.
Page 6 of 7

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CORE SUBJECT


QUARTER ONE 21ST CENTURY LITERATURE FROM THE PHILIPPINES AND THE WORLD
EVALUATION (5 MINUTES)
1. For homework, ask the learners to write an essay to respond to the following questions:
a. What are the details about Cirilo Bautistas life that tells of his background on scientific studies and
humanities?
b. Was there a tragedy that happened during the authors lifetime that motivated him to write about
this topic?
c. How do companies treat casualties from their companies these days?
2. Remind them to write their answers on a sheet of paper to be submitted after a week.

Teacher Tips:
Allotting Enough Time:
To come up with a rich reflection,
learners need enough time to
process and express their thoughts
in writing. Also, consider their
academic load in the other subjects
as well.

3. Instruct them to cite references accordingly, following the Modern Language Association (MLA)
Format.

EVALUATION RUBRICS (For the Group Discussion)


2 (NEEDS IMPROVEMENT)

3 (MEETS EXPECTATIONS)

4 (EXCEEDS EXPECTATIONS)

Participation

Learners do not know their


roles and are not actively
performing these roles.

1 (NOT VISIBLE)

Learners know their roles but


are not actively performing
these roles.

Learners know their roles and


they are actively performing
these roles.

Discussion

Learners did not try and were


not able to give a critical
interpretation of the assigned
part of the poem.

Learners were able to come


up with 1-2 critical
interpretations of their
assigned parts.

Learners were able to come


up with 3-5 critical
interpretations of their
assigned parts.

Learners listen to other


groups while other groups are
reporting.
Learners were able to come
up with critical interpretations
of their assigned parts and
were able to link it with other
parts in the poem.

EVALUATION RUBRICS (For the Enrichment Paper)


1 (NOT VISIBLE)

Meaningfulness

The student did not try


answering the questions and
did not research data about
the poet or about the context
of the poem.

2 (NEEDS IMPROVEMENT)

The student was able to


answer 1-2 answers, but
lacking depth (no supporting
details given).

3 (MEETS EXPECTATIONS)

The student was able to


answer the three questions
and was able to create a deep
understanding of the poem.

4 (EXCEEDS EXPECTATIONS)

The student was able to


create a cohesive and
comprehensive paper, with
supporting details to the
context of the author, and to
current events.

Page 7 of 7