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SBST1303

FACULTY OF BUSINESS AND MANAGEMENT

MEI/ 2015
SBST1303
ELEMENTARY STATISTICS

NO. MATRIKULASI

790908085534001

NO. KAD PENGENALAN

790908-08-5534

NO. TELEFON

019-7101787

E-MEL

salinder88@yahoo.com.my

PUSAT PEMBELAJARAN

SEAMEO RECSAM LEARNING CENTER

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Content
1. Question 1
a) Less Than Or Equal Cumulative Distribution Table
b) Less Than Or Equal Cumulative Distribution Polygon
2. Question 2
a) Frequency Distribution Table of Weight of Males and Females
b) Histogram Frequency Distribution Table For the Weight of Males and Females
3. Question 3
a) Frequency Distribution Table
b) Calculation of Mean , Mode and Median
4. Question 4
a)First Quartile
b) Second Quartile
c) Third Quartile
d) Inter-quartile Range
5.Attachment
6. Reference

1.a)

Developing Less Than Or Equal Cumulative Distribution Of Masses (in kg)


Of 35 Objects

Class

6-8
9 - 11
12 - 14

Frequency

Upper

Cumulative Class Boundary

(f)

Boundary

Frequency

4
6
10

5.5
8.5
11.5
14.5

0
4
10
20
2

LB

UB

5.5 - 8.5
8.5 - 11.5
11.5 - 14.5

Class Width

Page
3
4
5
6
7
8-9
10
11
11
11
12-13
14

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15 - 17
18 - 20

3
12

SUM

35

17.5
20.5

23
35

14.5 - 17.5
17.5 - 21.5

UB - L B
8.5 5.5 = 3

Cumulative Distribution Less Than Or Equal Of Masses (in kg) Of 35 Objects

Upper

Cumulative

Boundary

Frequency

5.5

8.5
11.5
14.5

4
10
20

17.5

23

20.5

35

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Less Than Or Equal Cumulative Frequency Polygon The Masses (in kg) Of 35

Objects

40
35
30
25
Cumulative frequency
18

20

Frequency

15
10
5
0
5.5

8.5

11.5

14.5

17.5

Upper boundary

b) This can be read from the graph as shown above median = 13.9 (the estimation of
median was line in red colour) or it can be count as below.
There are 35 objects so the median will be the :~
The median, x position is

~
x =

1
( n+1 ) =
2

35+ 1
2

= 18 = MO

from cumulative frequency, class median with F 18 that is F = 20


Class median = 12 14.

20.5

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The median,

~
x =L +C
B

( n+12 f )

~
x = 11.5 + 3

2. a) (i)

fm

( 1810
10 )

= 13.9

Frequency Distribution Table of Weight of Males

As given 10 as a class width for distributions and 50 as a lower limit of the first
class for the males
Class

Lower

Upper

Frequency (f)

50 - 59

Boundary
49.5

Boundary
59.5

60 - 69

59.5

69.5

17

70 - 79

69.5

79.5

80 - 89

79.5

89.5

90 - 99

89.5

99.5

1
Sum = 40

(ii)

Frequency Distribution Table of Weight of Females

As given 10 as a class width for distributions and 60 as a lower limit of the first
the

Class

Lower

Upper

Frequency

60 - 69

Boundary
59.5

Boundary
69.5

(f)
12

70 - 79

69.5

79.5

13

80 - 89

79.5

89.5

10

90 - 99

89.5

99.5

100 - 109

99.5

5109.5

2
Sum =

40

class for
females

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b) (i)
Histogram Of Frequency Distribution Table For The Weight Of Males
18
16
14
12
10
Frequency 8
6
4
2
0

17

8
6

1
49.5 - 59.5 59.5 - 69.5 69.5 8- 79.5 79.5 - 89.5 89.5 - 99.5
Weight of Males

(ii)

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Histogram Of Frequency Distribution Table For The Weight Of Females


14
12

13

12

10
8
Frequency

6
4
2
0
59.5 - 69.5

79.510
- 89.5

69.5 - 79.5

89.5 3- 99.5 99.5 -2109.5

Weight of Females

3. a)

Calculation number of classes


K = 1 + 3.3 log(40)

= 6.28

As it is an approximation, we can choose any close integer to 6.28, i.e. 6 or 7. Let`s say
we choose 6, this mean we should have at least 6 classes ( 6 or more )

Class width =

Range
Number of class

19.34.8
6

Largest number smallest number


K

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= 2.4 ( as the class width )

The Frequency Distribution


Lower Limit - Upper Limit

1st class

Class

start with 4.8 4.8-7.1

Frequency

Class Mid-point

(f)

(x)

+ class width 7.2-9.5


9.6-11.9
12.0-14.3
14.4-16.7
16.8-19.1
19.2-21.5
Sum

6th class
7th class

(ii)

f i x i =
f i

Cumulative
Frequency

9
15

8.35
10.75

75.15
161.25

14
29

5
3
2
1
40

13.15
15.55
17.95
20.35

65.75
46.65
35.9
20.35
434.8

34
37
39
40

b) (i) Mean calculation

x)

fx
4.8+7.1
29.75
=5.95
2

or less
2nd class

(f

434.8
40

= 10.87

Mode calculation

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Class

Frequency

Class Boundaries

4.8-7.1
7.2-9.5
9.6-11.9

(f)
5
9
15

Lower boundary
4.75 7.15
7.15 9.55
9.55 11.95

12.0-14.3
14.4-16.7
16.8-19.1
19.2-21.5
Sum

5
3
2
1
40

11.95 14.35
14.35 16.75
16.75 19.15
19.15 21.55

Class Width
Upper boundary

11.95 9.55 =
2.4

From the table above refer to frequency, class mode which contains the largest frequency
Class mode = 9.6 - 11.9
B

^x

^x

iii)

= 15 - 9 = 6;

= LB + C

= 9.55 + 2.4

B
B + A

= 15 5 = 10.

6
( 6+10
)

= 10.45

Median calculation

Class

4.8-7.1
7.2-9.5
9.6-11.9

Frequency

Cumulative

Class Boundaries

(f)

Frequency

Lower

5
9
15

5
14
29

boundary
boundary
4.75 7.15
7.15 9.55
9.55 11.95
9

Class Width

Upper

11.95 9.55 =

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2.4
12.0-14.3
14.4-16.7
16.8-19.1
19.2-21.5
Sum

~
x

position

5
3
2
1
40

34
37
39
40

1
( n+1 )
=
2

11.95 14.35
14.35 16.75
16.75 19.15
19.15 21.55

40+1
2

= 20.5 = MO

from cumulative frequency, class median with F 20.5 that is F = 29

Class median = 9.6 11.9


The median,

~
x =L +C
B

( n+12 f )
B

fm

20.514
~
x = 9.55 + 2.4
15

4.

= 10.59

Frequency Distribution Of Life Span (In Years) Of 100 Horses


Class

59
10 14
15 19

Frequenc

Cumulative

Class

Class

y (f)

Frequency

Boundaries

Width

(F)

Lower

Upper

boundary

boundary

5
8
18

5
13
31

9.5 14.5
14.5 19.5
10

19.5 -14.5

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=5
20 24
25 29
30 34
35 39
40 44

a)

40
18
6
4
1
100

71
89
95
99
100

19.5 24.5
24.5 29.5
29.5 34.5
34.5 39.5
39.5 44.5

First quartile

Q1 position =

1
( 100+1 )
= 25.25 = Mo
4

from cumulative frequency, select class quartile with F 25.25 that is F = 31


Class Q1 = 15 - 19

b)

r ( n+1 )
F B
4
fQ

Q1

= LB + C

Q1

= 14.5 + 5

( 25.2513 )
18

= 17.9

Second quartile

Q2 position =

2
( 100+1 )
= 50.5 = Mo
4

from cumulative frequency, select class quartile with F 50.5 that is F = 71


Class Q2 = 20 - 24

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Q2

Q2

c)

= LB + C

)
F )
( r ( n+1
4
B

fQ

= 19.5 + 5

( 50.531 )
40

= 21.94

Third quartile

Q3 position =

3
( 100+1 )
= 75.75 = Mo
4

from cumulative frequency, select class quartile with F 75.75 that is F = 89


Class Q3 = 25 - 29

Q3

Q3

= LB + C

)
F )
( r ( n+1
4
B

fQ

= 24.5 + 5

( 75.7571 )
18

d)

Inter-quartile range

IQR =

|Q3Q1|

= 25.82

= 25.82 - 17.9

IQR = 7.92
ATTACHMENT

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REFERENCE
Prof Dr Mohd Kidin Shahran, Nora`asikin Abu Bakar (2013) Elementary Statistics,(2nd
ed) Kuala Lumpur, Open University Malaysia (OUM)

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