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PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MUNTINLUPA

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES

THE EFFECT OF VIOLENCE AND VERBAL


AGRESSION IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF
FAMILY

A Thesis

Presented to the
Pamantsan ng Lungsod ng
Muntinlupa

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the


subject of Society and Culture with family planning
By

BULANON, Jayniel Justine

Submitted to

PROF. Richard Lozada ph.d May 2016

PAMANTASAN NG LUNGSOD NG MUNTINLUPA


COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES
ABSTRACT
Title:
The effects of Violence and verbal aggression in the relationship of family in
Muntinlupa city

Researchers:

Bulanon, Jayniel Justine

Institution:
Pamantasan Ng Lungsod Ng Muntinlupa
NBP, RESERVATION MUNTINLUPA CITY
SUBMITTED TO
Prof. Richard Lozada Ph.d

SUBMITTED BY
BULANON, Jayniel Justine

Date:

May 2016

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Problem and its Background

Statement of the problem


Null Hypothesis
Significance of the study

CHAPTER 2 REVIEWNOF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDY


LOCAL LITERATURE
FOREIGN LITERATURE

CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY


PRESENTATION OF DATA
CONCLUSION

CHAPTER 4
Recommendation

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CHAPTER 1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

INTRODUCTION

The family is the basic unit of our society so everything that a family
does in their everyday life greatly affects the run of the processes inside and outside
the whole society. But not all family does the right thing in every members of the
group but instead they do some violent actions and verbal aggression just to imply
the rules they are creating inside the family.
Domestic violence and abuse can happen to anyone, yet the problem
is often overlooked, excused, or denied. This is especially true when the abuse is
psychological, rather than physical. Noticing and acknowledging the signs of an
abusive relationship is the first step to ending it. No one should live in fear of the
person they love. If you recognize yourself or someone you know in the following
warning signs and descriptions of abuse, reach out. There is help available

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Domestic abuse, also known as spousal abuse, occurs when one
person in an intimate relationship or marriage tries to dominate and control the
other person. Domestic abuse that includes physical violence is called domestic
violence. Domestic violence and abuse are used for one purpose and one
purpose only: to gain and maintain total control over you. An abuser doesnt
play fair. Abusers use fear, guilt, shame, and intimidation to wear you down
and keep you under his or her thumb. Your abuser may also threaten you, hurt
you, or hurt those around you.

Domestic violence and abuse does not discriminate; it happens among


heterosexual couples and in same-sex partnerships. It occurs within all age
ranges, ethnic backgrounds, and economic levels. And while women are more
commonly victimized, men are also abusedespecially verbally and
emotionally, although sometimes even physically as well. The bottom line is that
abusive behavior is never acceptable, whether its coming from a man, a
woman, a teenager, or an older adult. You deserve to feel valued, respected,
and safe.

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STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The main purpose of this study is to determine the effect of violence


and verbal aggression in the relationship of the family in the area of
Muntinlupa City. They have answer the following question.

1.

Have you ever feel violence inside the family you belong?

2.

Have you ever feel verbal aggression in your family communication


every day?

3.

Do you think violence is a kind of discipline that you have to pass


through especially in family?

4.

Would you do the same if you will create your own family?

5.

Do you think verbal aggression is necessary to gain the focus of the


member of the family?

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FACTORS AFFECTING FAMILY PROBLEM


There are a number of factors that affect family life and relationships,
both those within the family and outside the family. Family lifestyle is one of these
factors that encompasses a number of smaller issues including everything from the
eating habits of the people in the family to the way they communicate with each
other, and even the kinds of friends they have. Another significant factor is the
structure of the family itself, such as whether it is a two-parent or single-parent
family,

or

whether

additional

step-parents

are

part

of

the extended

family. Socioeconomic status is another extremely significant factor since this is


related to the amount of income a family has, as well as where and how they live.
There are a number of factors that affect family life and relationships,
both those within the family and outside the family. Family lifestyle is one of these
factors that encompasses a number of smaller issues including everything from the
eating habits of the people in the family to the way they communicate with each
other, and even the kinds of friends they have. Another significant factor is the
structure of the family itself, such as whether it is a two-parent or single-parent
family,

or

whether

additional

step-parents

are

part

of

the extended

family. Socioeconomic status is another extremely significant factor since this is


related to the amount of income a family has, as well as where and how they live

ii

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CHAPTER 2
Review Of Related Literature and studies

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Chapter 2
RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

Family violence is considered to be any form of physical, sexual,


emotional, or psychological abuse that occurs in the context of family
relationships. The term family violence encompasses child abuse and neglect,
spousal violence (intimate partner violence), and elder abuse. Throughout this
document the term family violence is intended to be inclusive of all forms of
abuse in the family and the term spousal violence signifies abuse within the
context of an intimate adult relationship. In the divorce literature, highconflict
couples are identified as those that require extensive and lengthy court
involvement to resolve disputes postseparation. Family violence issues are
present in a majority (but not all) of high conflict separations (Jaffe, Austin, &
Poisson, 1995; Johnston, 1994). This distinction is important because not all
conflict can be deemed violence, but conversely, violence should not be
euphemized as conflict.
Cases of spousal homicidesuicide involve female spouses as the target in
97% of these cases (Statistics Canada, 2005)

Data from the Homicide Survey (Dauvergne, 2003) indicate that


between 1993 and 2002, women were four times more likely to be
killed by their spouse (8 female homicide victims per million couples
compared to 2 male homicide victims per million couples)

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Female victims of spousal violence were twice as likely to suffer ten or


more incidents of violence in comparison to male victims (Statistics Canada,
2005).

Female victims of spousal violence were significantly more likely than male
victims to suffer injuries, require medical attention, lose time from work, live in
fear, and worry about the safety of their children (Statistics Canada, 2005).

Data from the Homicide Survey (Dauvergne, 2003) indicate that between
1993 and 2002, women were four times more likely to be killed by their
spouse (8 female homicide victims per million couples compared to 2 male
homicide victims per million couples).

Cases of spousal homicidesuicide involve female spouses as the target in


97% of these cases (Statistics Canada, 2005)

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CHAPTER 3
PRESENTATION AND CONCLUSION

As we can see in the diagram above thee re different things that


pushes a person to do some violent things inside the family by using verbal
aggression that results to the mental breakdown of every person which is not good
in family building advocacy. This can be last vey longa and can cause depression
too which is a bad symptoms for a healthy family living under a roop.
3

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There has been much research and policy focus on children exposed to
spousal violence. The term "exposure" covers such a wide range of circumstances
which include hearing a violent event, visually witnessing the event, intervening,
being used as a part of a violent event (e.g., being used as a shield against abusive
actions), and experiencing the aftermath of a violent event (Edleson, 1999c). The
negative effects of childhood exposure to spousal violence have been presented in
numerous studies and metaanalyses (Edleson, 1999a; Kitzmann, Gaylord, Holt, &
Kenny, 2003; Wolfe, Crooks, Lee, McIntyreSmith, & Jaffe, 2003). Most notably,
research indicates that children exposed to spousal violence are more likely than
other children to be aggressive and have behavioural problems (GrahamBermann,
1998), have different physiological presentations (Saltzman, Holden, & Holahan,
2005), exhibit higher rates of PostTraumatic Stress Disorder [4] symptomatology
(Kilpatrick, Litt, & Williams, 1997), are likely to try to intervene on behalf of the
victimized parent (Peled, 1998), and may also develop a 'traumatic bond' (a longing
for kindness, leading to confusion between love and abuse) with the perpetrator
(Bancroft & Silverman, 2002). In some cases, children express preference to live
with the abusive parent, who is perceived as more powerful.

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between what one wants in a job and what one has in a job. Furthermore, the theory
states that how much one values a given facet of work (e.g. the degree of autonomy
in a position) moderates how satisfied/dissatisfied one becomes when expectations
are met or arent met. When a person values a particular facet of a job, his
satisfaction is more greatly impacted both positively (when expectations are met)
and negatively (when expectations are not met), compared to one who doesnt value
that facet. To illustrate, if Employee A values autonomy in the workplace and
Employee B is indifferent about autonomy, then Employee A would be more satisfied
in a position that offers a high degree of autonomy and less satisfied in a position
with little or no autonomy compared to Employee B. This theory also states that too
much of a particular facet will produce stronger feelings of dissatisfaction the more a
worker values that facet.
Another well-known job satisfaction theory is the Dispositional Theory. It is a
very general theory that suggests that people have innate dispositions that cause
them to have tendencies toward a certain level of satisfaction, regardless of ones
job. This approach became a notable explanation of job satisfaction in light of
evidence that job satisfaction tends to be stable over time and across careers and
jobs.
Other related literatures are on the succeeding page.

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CHAPTER 4
RECCOMENDATION
In the light of the foregoing
recommendations are here by forwarded:

conclusions,

the

following

1. Ongoing / Episodic Male Battering


This type of violence most closely resembles the traditional
understanding about batterers as it relates to the cycle of violence
theory. Men's perpetration of violence is attributed to "their low
tolerance for frustration, their problems with impulse control, and
their angry, possessive, or jealous reactions to any perceived threat
to their potency, masculinity and 'proprietary male rights'." (p. 193).
These men generally are a threat to women, and over time their
propensity to use violence increases with the threat of separation
and long after separation.

2. Female Initiated Violence


Women's use of violence (not in the context of selfdefense) is seen
as a reaction to their own stress and tension. While women
demonstrate physical, emotional and verbal abuse within
relationships, these acts do not affect the power differential
between partners (in relation to perceived or actual power and
control dynamics between partners).

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3. Male Controlling Interactive Violence
This type of violence most closely resembles what has come to be
known as "mutual violence". This type of violence arises out of a
mutual disagreement or verbal altercation and escalates into a
physical struggle. It should be noted that the term "mutual
violence" is not without controversy, as most advocates and others
working in the antiviolence field acknowledge that context and
power dynamics are not often recognized in the understanding of
this type of violence. Indeed, the name of this category has been
identified as problematic due to the seeming paradox of
"interactive" and "male controlling" (see Bancroft, 1998 for critique).

4. Separation / Divorce Trauma


This category refers to acts of violence which only occur about the
time of separation, but were not present in the relationship prior to
separation. Often, after an escalation of outrage, anger and
abandonment, physical violence is typically perpetrated by the
partner who is being 'left'. The violence does not develop into an
ongoing pattern of violence, but stops following a few isolated
incidents at the height of the separation.
5. Battering
Battering consists of not only acts of violence and abuse, but is a
component of a larger system of intimidation, control and isolation
that purposefully puts the victim at a power disadvantage, severely
compromising the victim's independence, selfesteem and safety.
While some batterers are also "fighters," many are violent only in a
familial setting.