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Day 1

I.Recognize the importance of recycle, reduce, reuse, recover, repair (5Rs)


in
waste management.
II. A. Materials:
Notebook and pen
B. References:
The New Science Links Worktext in Science and Technology pp.
68-80
Real Life Science 5 p. 50
C. Process Skills: Observing, classifying
D. Values Integration: Proper waste disposal
III. Learning Tasks:
A. Engagement
Say:
Products make our lives easier. They help us in school and even
in important occasions. We enjoy the benefits provided by products.
But what happens when we are through with using the products?
For example, at school, let us say I asked you to draw something on
your one whole sheet of paper and you mistakenly illustrated the
wrong picture, what will you do?
*Do you crample the paper and throw it immediately in the trash
bin?
*Do you play with it first before throwing it in the trash bin?
*Do you crample the paper and put it under your chair or
someones chair and act as if it is not yours?
*If the paper is completely not usable, do you think of ways to
recycle it?
*Do you repair it by erasing the mistakenly illustrated picture so
that you can reuse it?
B. Exploration

Provide your own definition based on your prior knowledge or


understanding of the word written in each box below.

Reduce
------------------

Reuse

Recycle

-------------

-------------

WASTE MATERIALS
Recover

Repair

-------------

-------------

C. Explanation
Allow them to share their answers.
1. What is reduce?
(Reduce means to minimize wastes.)
2. What is reuse?
(Reuse to use the same material again and again as many
times as possible. Many materials can be reused for their original
purpose.
3. What is recycle?
(Recycle to use the material again in another way or for
another purpose.)
4. What is recover?
(Recover- involves getting materials or substances from garbage
and having these processed then reused.)
5. What is repair?
(Repair- means to fix anything broken.)
D. Elaboration/Extension

The 5Rs or reduce, reuse, recycle, recover, and repair is the


modern method of waste management. What will happen if we do not
obey this method? Who and what will be affected?

E. Evaluation
Determine if the sentence describes a way to promote the 5Rs of
waste management. If it does, write Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Recover, or
Repair on the line. If it does not, draw
on the line.
__________ 1. Old plastic bags used several times.
__________ 2. Scraps of paper and old newspaper transformed into
newsprint.
__________ 3. Printer cartridge refilled with ink.
__________ 4. Turning off faucets that are not being used.
__________ 5. Parts from old cell phones used for repairing other phones.
__________ 6. Resoling worn-out school shoes.
__________ 7. Metal scraps from fabricating shops transformed into metal
sheets.
__________ 8. Walking to go to nearby places.
__________ 9. Changing the tires of a bike bought a few days ago.
__________10. Sharing rides with family or friends who are going to the
same destination.
IV. Assignment
Read each situation then answer the question that follows.
1. Your school uses stacks of paper every year for printing test papers
and worksheets that students later submit. After the test papers and
worksheets have been checked and graded; what can the school do
to recycle them?
2. At home, you notice that most of the trashes your family throws
away are made of plastic. What can you suggest to your parents so
your family can reduce the use of plastics?
Day 2
Activity 1

Materials needed: used paper, ruler, scissor, glue or fastener


References: Science in our World 5 pp. 16-17
Process Skills Observing, Classifying, Measuring
What to do:
1. Gather used paper, bond paper or even colored paper. Check if
only
has one writings. Keep those writings on both sides for other
purposes.
2. Cut those with writings only on one side into your desired length
and
width.(Tip: Cut your paper into equal sizes so you wont have to
throw excess cut-outs.)
3. Bind the cut pieces of paper using glue (or fastener). Make sure
that the side with writings is facing downward as you bind each
pieces of paper.
4. Set it aside and let it dry.
5. You may now use the side without writings as your notepad!
C. Explanation:
1. What are the used materials you used in the activity?
2. What did you do to reused these materials?
3. What strategy did you use to lessen your waste?
4. Do you think you were able to do your share in minimizing
wastes?
To reduce, simply means to lessen the amount of trash that will
add up to
environment .
To reuse is to use the same material again in another way
or for another purpose.
D. Elaboration
Reducing and reusing materials help minimize the generation of
waste
materials.
E. Evaluation:

What is the importance of reduce and reuse in our environment?


IV. Assignment:
List at least 5 materials at home that you can reduce and reuse.

Day 3 - 4
Activity 2
Materials needed: 30pcs. Metallic bottle caps, tin can (medium sized),
Scotch tape, scissor, ruler, coloring materials
Reference: Science in our World 5 p. 18
Process Skills: Observing, Measuring, Ordering
What to do:
1. Cut nine 20 cm. yarn.
2. Using a scotch tape, attach three metallic bottle caps to one
string
of yarn. Do the same to the remaining bottle caps and yarn.
3. Attach the yarn with bottle caps inside the tin can. Make sure
that the tin can is facing downward so that the yarn with bottle
caps will be left hanging.
4. Attach a single loop of yarn at the bottom of the tin can.
5. You may now hang your bottle caps chime!
C.Explanation:
1. What are the materials you used in the activity?
2. What strategy did you use to come up with a new product?
3. Do you think you were able to do your share in minimizing
wastes?
To recycle means to create a new product out of a material that
has
already served its purpose. Recycling is different from reusing in a
way that

recycling produces a new material out of discarded ones while


reusing uses
the same material over and over again.
D. Elaboration
Recycling produces a new material out of discarded ones so it
prevents
wastage of a material that can actually be useful for a different
purpose.
It also reduces the use of raw materials.

E. Evaluation:
Answer the following.
1. What is recycling?
2. How does reusing differ from recycling?
3. What benefit can we get from recycling materials?
IV. Assignment:
Think of a materials at home that you can recycled.

Day 5-6
Activity 3
Materials: paper and pencil
References: Science in Our World 5 p. 19
Process Skills: Describing, Communicating
What to do:
1. With an adult look for things in your house that are already
considered useless because they are broken ( like a chair with
wiggly or missing leg) or not working anymore (like busted electric
fan).

2. List the items down then write beside each why it is no longer
useful.
3. Go over your list then think of how the items can be repaired to
make them useful again.
Discuss this with your parents.
C.Explanation
What are the things at home that you repaired?
To repair means to fix slightly broken things to make them useful
again.
Repairable materials include furniture, appliances, and clothes.
Instead of
discarding broken or busted materials they can be checked if they are
still
repairable. If they are, then they should be repaired instead of
buying new materials to replace them.

D. Elaboration
Repairing is one more strategy that can be done in addition to
the 5Rs
In order to effectively manage and minimize waste. Do not
immediately throw
Your defective products at home. As much as possible, find ways to
fix them.
Fixing defective products enables you to reuse them thus saving
you from
Buying new ones and reducing waste.
E. Evaluation:
What do you do when you accidentally break your favorite toy or
cut your
huggable teddy bear ? Do you immediately throw them away?

IV Assignment

List at least 3 materials at home that needs repair.

Day 7
I.Practice the 5Rs strategy to minimize waste.
II. A. Materials:
Notebook and pen
B. Reference: Science in Our World 5 pp. 22-24
C. Process Skills: Classifying, Communicating
D. Values Integration:
III. Learning Tasks:
A. Engagement
Say: When we throw material, we just remove it from our house, but
it does not really disappear. It can change shape or form but is still
present somewhere else. The more waste materials that we
discard, the more trash pile up in landfills.
The waste that we generate per day is more than what landfills
can accommodate. This is why some waste are left uncollected in

different places. Uncollected waste causes water and air pollution


and any form of pollution is harmful to all living things. Therefore,
the main reason why we should practice the 5Rs to manage waste
is to minimize environmental problems.
Practicing the 5Rs also helps make our surroundings clean and
beautiful.
Moreover, it provides opportunities to people to earn money
by:
1. Selling recyclable materials to junk shops;
2. Selling handcrafted products made of recyclable materials and
3. Putting up their own junk shop where they buy recyclable
materials which they later sell to bigger companies who are
capable of rechycling materials.
B.Exploration
What to do:
A.1. Visit 3 households in your neighbourhood.
2.Ask permission first if you can interview them regarding their
waste segregation and waste reduction practices.
3.Let them cite some instances wherein they benefitted from
waste segregation and reduction.
4. If the household you interviewed does not practice waste
segregation and waste reduction, ask them how they can
start to reduce their waste at home.
B. Write how you can dispose each waste material listed below.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Waste Material
Can of softdrinks
Medicine bottles
Plastic containers
Dead animals
Bottle of vinegar
Toothpaste tube
Vegetable peelings
Piece of paper

Ways of Disposing

C.Explanation:
How did you dispose a can of softdrinks? Medicine bottles?
Plastic containers? Dead animals? Bottle of vinegar? Toothpaste
tube? Vegetable peelings? Piece of paper?

The main reason why we should practice the 5Rs to manage


waste is to minimize environmental problems.
D.Elaboration:
Practicing the 5Rs strategy to manage waste helps solve
environmental problems. It also makes our environment clean and
beautiful, and provides opportunities for people to earn money.
E. Evaluation:
How can waste segregation help:
1. You?
2. Your family?
3. The community?
IV. Assignment
Which of the 5Rs can you commit to follow regularly? Choose at
least one and plan on how you can honor such a commitment on a regular
basis.

Background Information
Waste management refers to the practice of proper waste
disposal.
Wastes refer to used or consumed products or materials. A very good
example of
this is garbage.
Waste management is implemented anywhere in order to clean
the
Environment and make everyone healthy. Surely, you do not want to leave
a place
Full of garbage and wastes. Aside from their foul smell, we do not want to
get sick
Because of them.
A kind of waste management we follow nowadays is the 5Rs or
the 5Rs
Of waste management.

5Rs in Waste Management


The 5Rs of waste management is the modern way of organizing
garbage
and waste materials. The focus of 5Rs waste management is to:

Promote a clean and healthful environment


Transform garbage into something useful (Example:used
cooking oil to fuel through recycling) thus
Making the earth free from any garbage or waste material
zero waste

The ultimate goal of the 5Rs waste management is to free Planet


Earth
from any kind of garbage; a situation rendered to as zero waste. Do you
want to
make Mother Earth free of any kind of garbage?
Each R focuses on a way to achieve zero waste. What are
these?
1. Reduce means to minimize wastes. When you use only those
resources
that you need, you use fewer resources and in the end,
you throw
away fewer things and therefore help to reduce the
worlds waste.
In this way you also contribute
toward reducing the use of materials that could harm the
environment.
It is very important for us to rethink what kind of products
we are going to purchase and whether these products
would benefit not just us but the environment as well.
Specifically, we can do the following:
1. Buy rechargeable battery instead of disposable
batteries for our gadgets. This way we can
minimize waste and save money at the same
time.
2. Buy products in bigger packs than those
packed in small sachets. While doing the
latter prevents excessive use of a product,
such practice can increase production of non-

biodegradable waste because more plastic


sachets will be discarded.
2.Reuse means to find another use for materials that have already
been used or that have already served its purpose. We can
reuse materials by:
a. Using reusable bags when shopping or going to the
grocery store;
b. Using reusable containers when packing,
storing food or drinks, and even when buying drinks.
c. Rethink first and consider the properties of materials and
try to find some use for it in some instances. For example,
empty medicine bottles may be sold to junkshops or small
retailers that need small containers for packaging. (Doing this
minimize waste and generates extra income for the
household);
d. Avoiding to
buy new materials when you still have supplies that can be
used. This way, existing materials can be reused.
e. Donating clothes and other useful materials to some
organization that conduct relief operations during calamities;
and
f. Conducting a rummage sale, not just of
clothes but of other items that are still functional.
3.Recycle means to use the material again in another way or for
another purpose.
Reduction of the amount of solid wastes can be achieved
most successfully through recycling programs. There must be
intensive campaigns to encourage increased household
participation in waste recycling.
Ways of Recycling Wastes
1. Waste metals can be sold as scrap. These can be melted
and reformed.
2. Glass is first separated by color (green, amber and clear)
before it can be melted, reformed and reused.
3. Several major types of plastic can now be recycled. Plastic
foam containers are melted and extruded to make such
plastic materials as plastic lumber , furniture, frames
and garbage cans.
4. Certain kinds of plastic soda bottles can be shredded and
reformed as fiber, to be used as fiberfill.
5. Paper is recycled by de-inking, shredding and repulping.
They can be used as clean paper again, and then remade

into newsprint, cardboard boxes, paper bags, and other


paper products.
4.Recover Waste recovery involves getting materials or substances
from garbage and having these processed then reused.
Here are some ways to recovery:
1. Cell phones become obsolete as new models are
developed.
Instead of throwing away an old phone, you can sell it to
electronic shops that will extract functioning parts from
your old phone and use for other purposes.
2. Instead of buying a new ink cartridge for your printer, you
can have it refilled with new ink in shops that provide this
service.
5.Repair Some materials are deemed useless because they are
broken or some of their parts are not functioning properly. To
aid in waste management, have materials like these repaired
instead of replacing them right away with new ones. Note
the following examples of this form of waste management:
1. When your clothes seem to be tighter, you can ask a
seamstress to adjust parts of your clothes instead of buying
new ones.
2. If your shoes get worn out or your school bag gets torn in
some parts, you can have the shoes resoled or the bag
repaired instead of buying new ones right away.
3. In the same manner, when things that you use in your
home get broken or busted, have them repaired or
readjusted. These include faucets that have to be checked
regularly for leaks. Do not think of immediately replacing
these household items with new ones.