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INTEROPERABILIDAD

E
INTEGRACION
en la Industria de la
Construccin

TECNOLOGA DE INFORMACIN
EN LA GESTION DE PROYECTOS
DE CONSTRUCCION
Duber Soto

PLANOS

Cubicaciones.dwg

Cubicaciones.XLS

Edificio 01.dwg

Edificio 02.dwg

Edificio 03.dwg

Edificio 04.dwg

Modelo 3D.dri
Display Sets.mdb

Presupuesto.XLS
Codigos.XLS

Recursos.XLS

Codigos.XLS

Programa Construccin

En 1864, los tornillos de una fabrica no


encajaban con las tuercas de otra fabrica.
Todo era Propietario.a mess.
Hasta que William Sellers propuso un
estndar para tornillos y tuercas que
permiti el intercambio de estos elementos

Si aplicamos la misma lgica a la aplicacin de TI, las herramientas


de TI deberan conversar entre ellas sin problemas

Modelo 3D.dri

Acad 2000.dwg

Cubicaciones?
Dimensiones?
Layers?

Cubicaciones
Dimensiones
Layers

INTEROPERABILIDAD

INGENIEROS CIVILES Y/O COMPUTINES

FLUJOS DE INFORMACION
Y CONOCIMIENTO

Metrados

Constructabilidad
Compras

Estimacin

Lgistica
Planificacin

Programacin

Control
Flujo de Datos

Current Situation
Conceptual Planning
Different Tools
Different Data Formats

Design Development
Estimating
Procurement
Mobilization

Implementation

Construction

Closeout

Finance
Human Resources

FIATECH
a collaorative organization to accelerate integration and
automation of major capital facilities projects

Fully Integrated and Automated TECHnology


for the capital facilities industry
Industry-led, collaborative, nonprofit,
cooperative research consortium
Established in july 2000
Research, development & Deployment
Manage projects aggressively to achieve
practical results quickly

FIATECH is a non-profit
consortium that focuses
on the fast-track
development and
deployment of
technologies to improve
substantially how capital
projects and facilities
are designed,
engineered,
constructed, and
maintained.

FIATECH develops new


technologies and adapts
existing
technologies from our industry,
as well as others, while
working with the standards
community to accelerate the
development of industry-wide
standards and guidelines for
capital projects.

FIATECH Members
a mix of Owners, EPCs, Suppliers and Research Organizations
Abbott labbs
Aspen Technology
AVEVA. Inc.
BE&K
Bechtel
Bentley Systems
Bnfl Engineering, Inc.
Burns and Roe Enterprises
CERL, U.S. Army Corp of Engin.
Chevron Texaco
Citadon
Daratech
Day & Zimmermann
International
Dick Corporation
The Dow Chemical Company
E.I. Dupont de Nemours
ePlantData
Flour Company
Impress Sftware

Intel
Integraph
Jacobs Engineering Group
Lean Construction Institute
Merck & Co.
NASA
National Research Council of Canada
NIST/Building & Fire Research Lab
Pantellos Group LTD
Parsons Energy & Chemicals
Primavera Systems
Reality Capture Technologies
Rohm And Haas Company
Saudi Aramco / Aramco Services
S&B Engineering
Smithsonian Institute
Skire
Stanford CIFE
Time Insdutrail
Virginia Tech
Zachry Construction

FIATECH AEX Project


Objetive
- Automate equipment design and delivery work
processes throught software interoperability

Approach
- Focus on high benefit problems
- Demostrate incremental working solutions
- Deploy in months, not years
- Schemas available on royalty free basis
- Promote broad-industry acceptance

Economic Impact of
Imperfect Interoperability
Challenge
- Convince public and private decisionmakers of the importance of increased
investment in integration and automation
in the capital projects industry

Approach
- Perform thorough economic analysis of
imperfect interoperability of data exchange
in capital projects

INTEGRACION vs. FRAGMENTACION


en la Industria de la Construccin

Participantes, Especialidades, Etapas/Fases, Empresas, Academia - Practica,


Academia Academia (Gestin Tecnologa), etc...

Integracin de las Aplicaciones clave

Integracin

Aplicaciones

1970s

1990s

2010s

EPC WORK PROCESSES FOR PROJECT IT


Automations Role in EPC Processes

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EPC WORK PROCESSES FOR PROJECT IT


V-Team 9: Menbership

Janet Bird

Ravi Pothula (PGLG Sponsor)


Thomas Joseph
Dgeerai Modawel
Yao Gang Zhou

Patrick Faulk (lead)


Vijay Sinha

Jay Reinhadt
Jay Cruto
Michele Fleming
Chris Hayton
Joe Squyres

Mauricio Lopes
Leonardo Rischmoller

TIPICAL INTEGRATION MODEL

DATEBASE
A

DATEBASE
B

DATEBASE
C

DATEBASE
D
Data Creation Systems

DATEBASE
E

DATEBASE
F

DATEBASE
G

DATEBASE
H

Data Utilization Systems

DATEBASE
A

DATEBASE
B

DATEBASE
C

DATEBASE
D
Data Creation Systems

DATEBASE
E

DATEBASE
F

DATEBASE
G

DATEBASE
H

Data Utilization Systems

Morethan 150 firms with


more than $2B capital trying
to convince you they were:

Internet solution for the


Construction Industry

International alliance for


Interoperability

National Institute of Building Sciences

What is the IAI?


a voluntary organization, created in 1995,
to represent the public and private
sectors in an effort to facilitate the
exchange of dynamic information among
members of the building comunity

Its all about the data


Our World is now data-centric, and fast
becoming more-so.
Managing the data improves efficiency.
Effectively using the data improves efficiency
even more!
It removes the stove-pipes
It enable better decision-making throughout
the enterprise

What is interoperability?
the dynamic exchange of
information among all applications
and platforms serving the entire
building community throughout
the life-cycle of facilities.

What are IFCs?


(industry Foundation Classes)

a way of specifying things occurring in


the built environment standard, objetoriented, data structure to essemble shared
information models.
- Tangible items like doors, windows, fans, ceilings, actors
etc.
- Abstract concepts like schedule activity, space,
organization, etc..

More Information
www.iai-na.org
www.iai-international.org
www.nibs.org

http://www.aecbytes.com/index.html

INTEROPERABILIDAD

Formato
IFC

Representacin
Comn de la
Informacin de los
elementos del
proyecto (edificio)

Industry Foundation Classes

Modelo de Datos

Atributos de los Objetos


Describe:
Relacin entre los Objetos

Los Objetos son entidades geomtricas:


Puntos, lneas, planos, etc
Cubos, Cilindros, etc
Programas CAD 2D, 3D

Programas con add-ons


especificos (e.g. ADT)

Los Objetos son entidades geomtricas


y elementos de una edificacin:
Puntos, lneas, planos, etc
Muros, Puertas, Ventanas, etc

Modelo de Datos de una Edificacin

http://cadence.advanstar.com /newsletter/aec/0202_1.html
Home > Newsletter > AEC Tech News > 68

Lachmi Khemlani
CADENCE AEC Tech News #68 (Feb. 7, 2002), 69, 70

In This Issue:
Interoperability in Microsoft Visio: The BLIS Project
The Interoperability Acronyms : IAI, IFC, and BLIS
Visio's IFC Model Exchange Solution
Conclusions
Relevant links
http://cadence.advanstar.com /newsletter/aec/0202_1.html
The primary goal of the IAI has been to develop an integrated object-based
building-data model containing information aboutall aspects of a building
throughout its lifecyle, which can be used to support interoperability among
discipline-specific applications . This integrated model is called IFC (Industry
Foundation Classes) and is currently in its third release--2x.

(ABS)
lfcRoot

(ABS)
Lfc Object
(ABS)
Lfc Product
(ABS)
Lfc Element
(ABS)
Lfc Building Element

Ifcbuilding
ElementProxy
ilfcWall
ilfcCovering
ilfcBean
ilfcColumn
ilfcDoor
ilfcWindows
ilfcRoof
ilfcSlab
ilfcStair
ilfcStairFlight
ilfcRamp
ilfcRampFlight

ilfcRailing
ilfcCurtainWall

Lenguaje de modelacin

ilfcWallStandard
Case

Industry Foundation Classes

Modelo de Datos de una Edificacin

La Geometra es solo una mas de las propiedades (atributos) de los elementos del
Proyecto.. asi aunque la interfaz para crear el modelo es principalmente grfica,
se reduce la primacia de la geometra
El Modelo de datos se enfoca en objetos del proyecto (edificaci n) y las relaciones
entre ellos (e.g. puerta anclada a un muro)
El modelo se vuelve rico en informacin acerca del Edificio mis mo y pueden
extraerse datos para varios propsitos (e.g. documentacin, visualizacin, anlisis)
Los objetos del proyecto (edificio) son descritos solo una vez en el modelo de datos
(puede ser visto en planta, elevacin, isomtrico, etc)
El modelo se vuelve siempre consistente (no se dibuja/redibuja cada vista con el
riesgo de error que esto implica)
Cualquier cambio en el modelo se refleja automticamente en todas las vistas y
tambin en la base de datos con atributos/informacin

Modelo de Informacin de una Edificacin

BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL

http://www.aecbytes.com/index.html

At the same time, it is important not to burden the IFC with over-expectations of being
the be-all and end-all of interoperability in the building industry. There are other
methods ofdata integration that allow individual applications to communicate with
each other, such as APIs (Application Programming Interface), other data-oriented
export formats such as ODBC, XML for Internet-based applications , and so on. The
IFC mightnot be the best interoperability solution under all circumstances , and
applications mightstill need to develop direct links to some others formore efficient
communication and tighter integration. Also, seamless integration of a suite of
commercial applications based on the IFC formathas not yet been demonstrated,
except for carefullymodeled test projects , indicating that the effort hasn't yet reached
the point where it is ready for mass consumption. However, it is definitely something
to watch out for because once it works fully as envisioned, its integration capabilities
and collaborative benefits can go a long way towards eliminating the inefficiencies
and waste in the building industry.

La interoperabilidad a traves de cualquiera de sus


enfoques aun no es de uso masivo en la Industria de
la Construccin (STEP, IAI, IFCs, XML, APIs)
La Interoperabilidad es una realidad accesible en el
futuro cercano o un concepto en proceso de
desarrollo de aplicabilidad en el futuro lejano?
Dados los altos niveles de fragmentacin es un buen
comienzo en direccin hacia la
integracin.dependera de nosotros seguir
esa direccin o no.

CONFERENCE HIGHLIGHTS & FEATURED SPEAKERS


2004: The Year the Universe Changed for the Construction and Building Industry
Many exciting events have occurred this year that have had and will have a profound effect
on our efforts to integrate and automate this industry. The NIST interoperability study was
published and noted that the cost of inadequate interoperability in the U.S. capital fa cilities industry
is $15.8 billion per year. The U.S. General Services Administration has announced that,
starting in FY2006, they will require contractors to submit IFC -based building information
models in support of all national office concept reviews. FIATECH has brought together
hundreds of technical experts from across the industry to develop a research, development and
deployment agenda for achieving integration and automation in the most efficient and organized
way possible. The U.S. Federal Facilities council will hold a wo rkshop to use this Roadmap as a
way to identify common issues and identify specific programs and projects that they want to pursue,
and the U.S. National Science Foundation will have a workshop bringing together leading
academics from around the world to review the Roadmap agenda so that NSF can provide
funding to universities to help us pursue it. Lastly, a growing number of companies, agencies, and
industry associations are recognizing the need to work together and are using the Roadmap as a
way to do that. This panel will be an open, facilitated discussi on of these events and what they
mean for FIATECH and the industry.
Paul Domich , AssociateDirector, Building Fire and Research Laboratory, NIST
Stephen R. Hagan, FAIA, Project Knowledge Center, GSA Public Buildings Service
Dr. Jesusde la Garza, Program Director, Infrastructure and Information Systems, National Science Foundation
Lynda Stanley, Director, Federal Facilities Council
Norbert W. Young, Jr., FAIA, President , McGraw-Hill Construction

FindArticles > CADalyst > May, 2005 >Article > Print friendly
State of the AEC industry: BIM Implementation slow, but inevitable
H.Edward Goldberg
The GSA and its BIM Mandate
In December 2003, the GSA (General Services Administration; www.gsa.gov) issued
internal guidelines to its regional staff stressing the need for on-time, under-budget
project deliveries in the capital construction program. It determined that new and
emerging technologies such as 3D/4D and BIM have the potential to dramatically
improve the outcome of projects and improve customer satisfaction.
As a result, earilier this year GSA/PBS solicited information on the use of IFC-based BIM
technology from all firms in the design, construction, facilitymanagement and real
property industries. According to GSA/PBS, the information will be "used to assist the
governmentin establishing potential sources in the marketplace with knowledge and
experience in the use and practices of this state-of-the-art technology."
GSA has indicated that, beginning in July, the delivery of IFC-based BIM will be required
for the preliminary design phaseof all new fiscal year 2006 projects .

Introduction
Building information modeling is Autodesks strategy for the application of information
technology to the building industry. Building information modeling solutions have three
characteristics:
(1) They create and operate on digital databases for collaboration.
(2) They manage change throughout those databases so that a change to any part of the
database is coordinated in all other parts.
(3) They capture and preserve information for reuse by additional industry-specific applications.
The application of building information modeling solutions results in higher quality work, greater
speed and productivity, and lower costs for building industry professionals in the design,
construction, and operation of buildings.

This paper discusseshow the use of information technology in the industry has led to the idea of
building information modeling and the characteristics and benefits of building information
modeling solutions.

While the term "building information modeling"


had not yet been coined at the time the design of
the Eureka Tower gotunderway in 1998, FKA
had committed to the use of ArchiCAD which
offered the 3D object-oriented, database-driven
approach to building design they were looking to
implement.

INGENIEROS CIVILES Y/O COMPUTINES

BIM, nD, VDC, IFC,


Whats in a name? That which
we call a rose by any other name
would smell as sweet;
Romeo and Juliet, William
Shakespeare

IT doesnt cost money, it makes money

Enfoques de Modelacin de
Informacin y Conocimiento en la
Industria de la Construccin
Representan maneras mas
inteligentes y efectivas de disear,
construir y operar proyectos

Interoperabilidad
e
Integracin

Preguntas?
Opiniones?
Comentarios?
Sugerencias?
Contradicciones?

William Shakespeare
(15641616). The Oxford Shakespeare. 1914.

Romeo and Juliet


Act II. Scene II.
Its only your name that is my enemy;
You are yourself, not even a Montague.
What's Montague? It is not a hand, or a foot,
Or an arm, or a face, or any other part
Belonging to a man. O, be some other name!
What's in a name? that which we call a rose
Would smell as sweet if it had any other name.
So Romeo, if he wasnt called Romeo, would
Retain that dear perfection which he has
Without that title. Romeo, throw your name
away;
And for that name, which isnt part of you,
Take all of me.

No es ms que su nombre es mi
enemigo;
Usted mismo es, ni siquiera un
Montague.
Qu es "Montague?" No es una mano,
o un pie,
O un brazo o una cara, o cualquier otro
Pertenecer a un hombre. O, ser otro
nombre!
Qu hay en un nombre? lo que
llamamos una rosa
Olera igual de dulce si tuviera otro
nombre.
As que Romeo, si l no se llamaba
"Romeo", sera
Conserve la perfeccin querida que
tiene
Sin ese ttulo. Romeo, lanzar lejos su
nombre;
Y por ese nombre, que no es parte de
ti,
Toma todo de m.