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Advanced multilayer handling

Overview of BSS8123: Advanced multilayer Handling:


Advanced Multilayer Handling (AMH) concept consists of three
different features, which all related to network load. The AMH
features are:
BSC-initiated Traffic Reason Handover.
IUO load control.
Multilayer load control
The AMH provides the operator both improved quality and
capacity by distributing the traffic evenly over the network. It is
useful especially in multiband (GSM 900/GSM 1800), microcellular
or multilayer (Intelligent Underlay-overlay) networks.
With the AMH the operator can relief the load of the congested
cells and balance the load over the network. The operators can
also direct traffic to use only overlay network during low traffic
periods, thus avoiding additional handovers between two layers.
The AMH can also be applied efficiently with IUO to avoid
congestion in overlay layer providing more trunking gain.
The AMH dynamically distributes the traffic to the appropriate
cell/layer/frequency band according to prevailing load of the
network. It can redistribute the traffic from congested regular
layer to other cells by selecting the best mobile and cell
combination, which is likely to survive and give good quality on
the new cell. To avoid additional handovers back to the heavy
loaded cell, the AMH has a particular penalty system. With the
penalty system the mobile stations cannot be directed back to the
original heavy loaded cell before the penalty timer is expired.
In general, by using AMH and setting AMH related parameters,
operators can move the capacity between different layers
according to the prevailing traffic.

IUO load control


In this test case the idea is that the AMH keeps the first two calls
on the regular TRX. The third call makes an Intelligent UnderlayOverlay handover because the AMH Lower Load Threshold is
exceeded. Starting from the third call, all the calls with fulfill the
IUO condition are handed over from BTS to super TRX of target
BTS.

Multilayer load control


In this test case the idea is that at first the AMH keeps the first
two calls in the GSM 900 cell. The third call is handed over from
GSM 900 cell to GSM 1800 cell, because the load exceeds the
threshold. Starting from the third call, all the calls which fulfill the
umbrella condition are handed over from GSM 900 cell to GSM
1800 cell.