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Homework of Correlation and Regression for 2012 MBBS International Students of

Kunming Medical University

Reference Answer and Criterion for Evaluation


1. On entry to a school, a new intelligence test was given to a small group of children. The results
obtained in that test and in a subsequent examination are tabulated in table 1. (30 points)
Table 1 Intelligence test score and marks in examination
No.

intelligence test score


marks in examination

6
4

4
4

6
7

8
10

8
4

10
7

8
7

6
1

QUESTIONS
1) The type of the data is
. (3 points)
A. quantitative data
B. qualitative data
C. ordinal data
2) How many variables are there?
(3 points)
A. one
B. two
C. three
3) To analyze the association of intelligence test score and marks in examination, we could use
. (3
points)
A. Independent sample t test
B. Paired-samples t test
C. Pearsons correlation analysis
D. Simple linear regression
4) Please you explain the SPSS output of data in order of the steps of hypothesis. (21 points)
Analysis There are two continuous random variables(2 points). The data are measurement data
(quantitative data) (3 points). The distributions of the two variable data are normal. Pearsons correlation
could be used to analyze the association between intelligence test score and marks in examination (3
points).
Steps of Hypothesis
1. Formulate the statistical hypothesis and establish the level of significance (alpha,) (3 points)
H0There is no linear correlation between intelligence test score and marks in examination
H1There is a linear correlation between intelligence test score and marks in examination
= 0.05 (two-sided)
2. Calculate the test statistic r value
Correlations table. Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.500. (5 points)
3. Compare computed test statistic against a tabled/critical value
P=0.207 0.05(2 points), do not reject H0, there is no significance linear correlation between
intelligence test score and marks in examination. (3 points)

2. Someone measured IQ and exam scores of 15 boys aged 9 years old, table 2 shows the data.
(70 points)
Table 2 IQ and exam scores of 15 boys
No.

10

11

12

13

14

15

IQ

95

99

98

75

105

98

110

92

126

102

60

76

120

113

61

Score

79

84

61

53

93

89

98

74

99

81

44

64

95

88

48

QUESTIONS
1) The type of the data is
. (3 points)
A. quantitative data
B. qualitative data
C. ordinal data
2) How many variables are there?
(3 points)
A. one
B. two
C. three
3) To predict exam scores by IQ, we could use
. (3 points)
A. Independent sample t test
B. Paired-samples t test
C. Pearsons correlation analysis
D. Simple linear regression
4) Please you explain the SPSS output of data in order of the steps of hypothesis. (61 points)
Analysis There are two continuous random variables(3 points). The data are measurement data
(quantitative data) (3 points). The distributions of the two variable data are normal. Simple linear
regression could be used to predict exam scores by IQ (4 points).
Steps of Hypothesis
1. Formulate the statistical hypothesis and establish the level of significance (alpha,) (3 points)
H0There is no linear regression relationship between IQ and exam scores
H1There is a linear regression relationship between IQ and exam scores
= 0.05 (two-sided)
2. Calculate the test statistic and Compare computed test statistic against a tabled/critical value
1st table: Variables Entered/Removed. There is only one model (3 points). The method of
selection is Enter (3 points). The entered variable is IQ (3 points).
2nd table: Model Summary. The multiple correlation coefficient R = 0.925(4 points), the coefficient
of determination R2 = 0.856(4 points).
3rd table: ANOVA. The test statistic of analysis of variance F = 77.104(5 points), P 0.001, reject H0,
there is a linear regression relationship between IQ and exam scores (5 points).
4th table: Coefficients. (1) Intercept b0 and slope b1: the unstandardized coefficients of constant is
intercept (b0 = -5.769) (3 points), that of IQ is slope (b1 = 0.865) (3 points). (2) t test statistic: t = 8.781(5
points), P 0.001, reject H0, there is a linear regression relationship between IQ and exam scores (5
points). (3) The equation of using IQ to predict exam scores is y 5.769 0.865 x (5 points).