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BIS PRESENTATION ON STANDARDSDISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS

PRAKASH BACHANI

Scientist E (Electrotechnical)
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS

STANDARDIZATION

IS 1180 (PART 1) OUTDOOR TYPE OIL


IMMERSED DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
UPTO AND INCLUDING 2500 KVA, 33KV

Bureau of Indian Standards


The National Standards Body of India
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) took over work of
Indian Standards Institution (ISI) through enactment of
BIS Act (1986) by the Indian Parliament

ISI was set up in 1947 as a registered society, under a


Government of India resolution.

The Bureau of Indian Standards was


established on 1 April 1987
under BIS Act,1986
as a statutory body

Focus of The Presentation


Objectives of BIS
Process of developing Standardization culture
Involvement of all concerned in the process of
Standardization
through consensus
Need for developing/improvement in Standards on
distribution transformers
Areas covered in Standard of distribution transformers
Thrust on new areas as well as enhancement of the
scope of the earlier version of distribution transformers
Need to give wider coverage in key area of activities

OBJECTIVES
Harmonious development of
Standards
Marking
Quality Certification

Provide new thrust to


Standardization
Quality Control

To evolve a National Strategy for according


recognition to standards and integrating them with
growth and development of production and exports

SUBJECT
-- NOMENCLATURE

-- SPECIFICATION
-- SAMPLING & INSPECTION
-- TEST & ANALYSIS
-- SYMBOLS
-- CODE OF PRACTICE
-- MODEL FORM OF CONTRACT OR AGREEMENT

CHEMICALS

TEXTILES

FORESTRY

AGRICULTURE

FOOD

HOUSING/BUILDING

TRANSPORT

INDIVIDUAL --

EDUCATION

COMPANY --

SCIENCE

ASSOCIATION --

COMMERCE

NATIONAL --

INDUSTRY

REGIONAL --

ENGINEERING

INTERNATIONAL --

LEVEL

STANDARDIZATION SPACE

STANDARDIZATION SET UP
Standard formulation activity of Bureau is functioning
under Standard Advisory Committee.
There are 14 Technical Sectors under SAC and each of
these sector has a Division Council (ETDC, LITDC
etc.)
Electro technical Division Council(ETDC) is
responsible for national standardization in the field of
Electrotechnology.

Structure for development of Standards

COMMENTS
NEW
WORK
ITEM

FIRST
DRAFT

CIRCULATION
TO
COMMITTEE
MEMBERS

P-DRAFT
COMMENTS

CIRCULATION
TO
COMMITTEE
MEMBERS

COMMENTS

MEETING

WC
DRAFT

PUBLIC
CIRCULATION
+Web
(30 to 90 Days)

MEETING
ADOPTION BY DIVISION
COUNCIL

F-DRAFT
STANDARD

NATIONAL
STANDARD
11

BASIC CONSIDERATIONS IN
EVOLVING STANDARDS
Consensus Principle
Access to International Technology
Research & Development
Availability of indigenous materials & technology
Co-ordination with other Levels of Standardization
Consultations involving all Stakeholders
Documents sent for public comments before
finalization & also hosted on BIS web site

Standards are developed with


following in mind

ELECTROTECHNICAL
DIVISION COUNCIL

39 Sectional Committees addressing the


diverse standardization needs of the Nation in
the field of Electrotechnology.
Number of Indian Standards
1467
Harmonized with IEC/ISO standards
Dual No.(IS/IEC.. : ..)
Technically equivalent
(IS and IEC with)

351
411

INDIAN STANDARDS ON
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
IS 1180(Part 1): 1989: Outdoor type three phase
distribution transformers upto and including
100kVA 11 kV Part 1: Non sealed type.
IS 1180(Part 2): 1989: Outdoor type three phase
distribution transformers upto and including
100kVA 11 kV Part 2: Sealed type.

REVISED VERSION OF IS ON
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS
IS 1180(Part 1): 2014 - Outdoor type, insulated
liquid immersed Distribution Transformers upto
and including 2500 kVA, 33kV (Part 1: Mineral
Oil Immersed)

SCOPE
SPECIFIES REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS
INCLUDING STANDARD LOSS LEVELS OF
MINERAL OIL IMMERSED, NATURAL AIR
COOLED, OUTDOOR TYPE, DOUBLE WOUND
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS FOR USE
IN POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS WITH
NOMINAL SYSTEM VOLTAGES UPTO AND
INCLUDING 33Kv AND OF FOLLOWING
TYPES AND RATINGS:

Contd.
a) Three Phase ratings upto and including
200KVA both non sealed type and sealed type.
b) Three Phase ratings higher than 200KVA
upto and including 2500KVA both non sealed
type and sealed type.
Single Phase ratings upto and including 25KVA
sealed type.

Distribution Transformers
A Distribution Transformer is a transformer that
provides the final voltage transformation in the
electric power distribution system, stepping
down the voltage used in the distribution lines to
the level used by the customers.

Non Sealed Type Transformers


A transformer which has a conservator and a
breather for breathing out and breathing in with
expansion and contraction of oil with
temperature. The transformer tank body and
cover are bolted / clamped / welded type. The
tank can also be of corrugated construction.

Sealed Type Transformers


A transformer which is non-breathing that is so
sealed that normally there is no significant
interchange between its contents and the
external atmosphere. No conservator is
provided. Such a transformer may or may not
have a cushion of dry air (or inert gas for
example; Nitrogen, IS 1747).

Two Categories of SEALED


TRANSFORMERS
a) Transformers in which the total volume of oil together
with air (or inert gas) or any combination thereof,
remains constant over the temperature range.
b.) Transformers in which the total volume of oil, air (or
inert gas) or any combination thereof, varies over the
temperature range and this variation is accommodated
by a sealed flexible container (corrugated tank) or a
flexible membrane.
Sealed type transformers usually have a bolted /
clamped / welded cover construction.

STANDARD RATINGS
(Clause6.1)
______________________________________
Nominal System Voltage
Up to and including 11 kV -

Standard Ratings (kVA)


*6.3,*10,16, *20,25, *40,63, 100,
160 and 200

Above 11 kV up to and including 22 kV-

63, 100, 160 and 200

Above 22 kV up to and including 33 kV NOTE -* ratings are non-preferred

100, 160 and 200

BASIC INSULATION LEVEL (BIL)


(Clause6.4)

_________________________________________________________
Nominal System Voltage (kV)

Rated BIL (kVp)

3.3

40

6.6

60

11

75

22

125

33
170
_________________________________________________________

NO LOAD VOLTAGE RATIOS


The no-load voltage ratios shall be as follows:
3 300/433-250, 6 600/433-250, 11 000/433250, 22 000/433-250 and 33 000/433-250 V
NOTE- Secondary voltage may be selected as
415-240 V, subject to agreement between User
and Supplier

MAXIMUM TOTAL LOSSES & IMPEDANCE


VALUES upto 11 kV class transformers
S.No

Rating Impedan
(kVA)
ce
(percent)

Max. Total Loss (W)


Energy
Efficiency
Level 1
50 % 100 %
Load Load
150
480

Energy
Efficiency
Level 2
50 %
100 %
Load
Load
135
440

Energy
Efficiency
Level 3
50 %
100 %
Load
Load
120
400

16

4.5

ii

25

4.5

210

695

190

635

175

595

iii

63

4.5

380

1250

340

1140

300

1050

iv

100

4.5

520

1800

475

1650

435

1500

160

4.5

770

2200

670

1950

570

1700

vi

200

4.5

890

2700

780

2300

670

2100

LOSSES & IMPEDANCE VALUES above


11 kV and 22 kV class Transformers
* For transformers having voltage class above 11kV and up
to and including 22 kV, the permissible total loss values
shall not exceed by 5 percent of the maximum total loss
values mentioned in above table.

For transformers having voltage class above 22 kV and


up to and including 33 kV, the permissible total loss
values shall not exceed by 7 percent of the maximum
total loss values mentioned in above table
The recommended impedance at 75C for different
ratings is as per above Table

Limits Of Temperature Rise


The type of cooling shall be type ONAN as per IS
2026 (Part 2).
The permissible temperature-rise shall not
exceed the limits of 40oC (when measured by
resistance method) for transformer winding and
35oC (measured by thermometer) for top oil
when tested in accordance with IS 2026 (Part 2).

Three Phase Distribution Transformers Higher


than 200kVA upto and including 2500 kVA
Standard Ratings Up to and including 11 kV - 250, 315, 400, 500,
630, 1000, 1250, 1600, 2000 and 2500 .
Above 11 kV up to and including 22 kV - 250,
315, 400, 500, 630, 1000, 1250, 1600, 2000 and
2500
Above 22 kV up to and including 33 kV - 250,
315, 400, 500, 630, 1000, 1250, 1600, 2000 and
2500

Nominal System Voltage


Nominal system voltage shall be chosen from the
following :

HV - 3.3, 6.6, 11, 22 & 33 kV


LV - 415V

Limits of Temperature Rise


The type of cooling shall be ONAN as per IS
2026 (Part 2)
The permissible temperature-rise shall not
exceed the limits of 45C when measured by
resistance method for transformer winding and
40C measured by thermometer for top oil when
tested in accordance with The type of cooling
shall be ONAN as per IS 2026 (Part 2)

Single Phase Distribution Transformers


upto and incl. 25 kVA sealed type.
Standard Ratings:

Input Voltage

kVA Rating

11 kV

5,10,16 & 25

22 kV

10,16 & 25

33 kV

16 & 25

Nominal System Voltages


Nominal system voltage shall be chosen from the following :

HV
LV

11, 22 and 33 kV
415V (240 V, 1 Phase)

Limits of Temperature Rise


The type of cooling shall be ONAN as per IS
2026 (Part 2)
The permissible temperature-rise shall not
exceed the limits of 40 C when measured by
resistance method for transformer winding and
35 C measured by thermometer for top oil when
tested in accordance with IS 2026 (Part 2).

Standard Materials
Major material used in the transformer shall
conform to the following Indian Standards:
Cold Rolled Grain Oriented electrical steel IS 3024
Amorphous core material (IS under preparation)
Copper/Aluminum conductor IS 191, IS 1897,IS 7404,IS
12444,IS 13730/IS 6162 series as given in Annex A.
Kraft paper IS 9335 series as given in Annex A.
Press Board IS 1576
Mineral oil IS 335 (Note: use of other insulating liquids
namely natural ester, synthetic organic ester -IS 16081 subject
to agreement between User and Supplier)

Tests
Routine Tests (to be conducted on all units)
The following shall constitute the routine tests:
Measurement of winding resistance (IS 2026 Part 1)
Measurement of voltage ratio and check of phase displacement
(IS 2026 Part 1 )

Measurement of short-circuit impedance (principal tapping, when applicable)


and load loss at 50% and 100% load (IS 2026 Part 1 )
Measurement of no-load loss and current (IS 2026 Part 1 )
Measurement of insulation resistance (IS 2026 Part 1 )
Induced over-voltage withstand test (IS 2026 Part 3 )
Separate-source voltage withstand test (IS 2026 Part 3)

Pressure test

Oil leakage test

} Additional Tests
}
}

Contd.
Type Tests: to be conducted on one unit
The following shall constitute the type tests:
Lightning impulse test (IS 2026: Part 3)

Temperature-rise test (IS 2026: Part 2)


NOTE - Maximum measured total loss (No load at rated excitation +
load loss at maximum current tap converted to 75 C reference
temperature) at 100 percent loading shall be supplied during
temperature rise test.
Short-circuit withstand test (IS 2026 :Part 5) (up to 200 kVA)
NOTE - Routine tests before and after short circuit test shall be conducted
as per IS 2026 (Part 1)
Pressure test (see 21.5)

..

Contd

Special Tests: (to be conducted on one unit)


The following shall constitute the special tests which shall be carried out by mutual
agreement between the User and Supplier.

a) Determination of sound levels (IS 2026: Part 10)


b) Short-circuit withstand test (IS 2026: Part 5) (above 200 kVA)
NOTE - Routine tests before and after short circuit test shall be conducted as per IS
2026 (Part 1)
c) No load current at 112.5% voltage (see 5.9.3)
d) Paint adhesion test
The test is performed as per ASTM D3359 (Standard Test Methods for measuring
adhesion by Tape test).
e) BDV and Moisture content of oil in the transformer (IS 335)
NOTE Tests at d) and e) may be carried out on more than one unit subject to
agreement between user and supplier

Method of Declaring Efficiency


EFFICIENCY

B-1.1
The efficiency to be declared is the ratio of the output
in kW to the input in kW and calculated as under.

Efficiency = output/input = input- total losses/ input

Total losses comprise:


No-load loss, which is considered to be constant at all loads : and
Load loss, which varies with load.

The total loss, on load is the sum of above losses.

Inherent Voltage regulation


The inherent voltage regulation from no-load to
a load of any assumed value and power factor
may be computed from the impedance voltage
and corresponding load loss measured with
rated current in the winding.

NORMAL INFORMATION

The following information should be given in all cases:


Particulars of the specification to be complied with;
Application of Transformer e.g. normal Distribution Transformer, Solar duty, wind
application, Motor starting etc.
Single or three phase unit;
Number of phases in system;
Frequency;
Indoor or outdoor type;
Type of cooling;
Rated power (in kVA)
Rated voltages (for each winding);
State if tappings are required and if on-load or off-circuit tap-changers, or links are
required.
Highest voltage for equipment (for each winding);
Method of system earthing (for each winding);
Insulation level (for each winding), power frequency test level/impulse level;
Connection symbol;
Neutral terminals, if required (for each winding) and their insulation level to earth;
Special requirements of installation, assembly, transport and handling;
Fittings required and an indication of the side from which meters, rating plates, oil-level
indicator, etc. may be readable.

SPECIAL INFORMATION

The following additional information may be required to be given:

If a lightning impulse voltage test is required, whether or not the test is to include chopped waves
[see IS 2026 (Part 3)].

Impedance voltage at rated current, if specific value is required;

Altitude above mean sea-level, if in excess of 1 000 m;

Whether transformers will be subjected to frequent overcurrent, for example, furnace


transformers and traction feeding transformers;

Any other exceptional service conditions;

Whether noise level measurement is to be carried out;

Vacuum withstand of the transformer tank, if a specific value is required;

Type of Tap-changer controls required (if OLTC is provided);

Type of mounting for example pole mounted, ground mounted etc.

Any other appropriate information, including reference to any special tests not referred to
above which may be required.

The Gazette of India


Extraordinary
Part II- Section 3- Subsection (II)
No 216, New Delhi Monday, January 27, 2014
MINISTRY OF HEAVY INDUSTRIES AND
PUBLIC ENTERPRISES ORDER
New Delhi, the 27th January, 2014
(1) This Order may be called the Electrical Transformers
(Quality Control) Order, 2014.
(2) This Order shall come into force after six months from
the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

Schedule
List of Electrical Transformers under mandatory Bureau of Indian
Standards certification
Sl. No. Indian Standard number
Title
(Latest version)
1
IS 1180(Part 1):1989 Outdoor type three-phase Distribution
Transformers upto and including 100
KVA 11 KV: Part 1 Non-sealed type
(third revision)
2
IS 1180(Part 2):1989 Outdoor type three-phase Distribution
Transformers upto and including 100
KVA 11 KV: Part 2 (Sealed type)
(first revision)

The Gazette of India


Extraordinary,
New Delhi, July 21, 2014
IS 1180(Part1):2014
Date of Establishment : 19 July 2014
Date of Cancellation of IS 1180 (Part 1): 1989 &
IS 1180 (Part 2) : 1989 : 30 Jan 2015

The Gazette of India


Extraordinary
Part II- Section 3- Subsection (II)
No 216, New Delhi Monday, November 14th , 2014
MINISTRY OF HEAVY INDUSTRIES AND
PUBLIC ENTERPRISES ORDER
New Delhi
(1) This Order may be called the Electrical Transformers (Quality
Control) Order, 2014.

(2)