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Guide to Planning LTE PRACH Parameters

Product Name

Confidentiality level

LTE RNP

INTERNAL

Product Version

Total 32 pages

INTERNAL

eRAN 2.0

Guide to Planning LTE PRACH Parameters


(For internal use only)

Prepared by:

Date:

Reviewed by:

Date:

Reviewed by:

Date:

Approved by:

Date:

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd


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Change History
Date

Issu
e

Description

Approved
by

Author

2010-8-24

1.0

First issue

Kong
Xiangjie

2010-9-26

1.1

1. Descriptions about preparations before the LTE


PRACH planning are added.

Kong
Xiangjie

2. Diagrams during the LTE PRACH planning are


updated according to actual engineering.
2011-2-17

2.0

1.TDD PRACH planning when preamble format


value set as 4 is added

MaLi

2.Principles of ZC root Sequence planning are


added
3.Contents updated and Typing mistake modified

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Contents
1 Theory of PRACH Planning.............................................................7
1.1 Purpose of ZC Root Sequence Planning............................................................................................................7
1.2 Restrictions of Ncs Selection..............................................................................................................................8
1.3 Principles of ZC Root Sequence Planning.........................................................................................................9
1.4 Planning Root Sequence Numbers for High-Speed Cells...............................................................................12
1.5 Planning Root Sequence Numbers for Medium- and Low-Speed Cells.........................................................12
1.6 ZC Root Sequence planning in TDD-LTE Model...........................................................................................13

2 LTE PRACH Planning Through U-Net..............................................16


2.1 Making Preparations........................................................................................................................................16
2.2 Starting LTE PRACH Planning.......................................................................................................................17
2.3 Setting Parameters...........................................................................................................................................17
2.4 Running the LTE PRACH Planning Process...................................................................................................19
2.5 Viewing the LTE PRACH Planning Result.....................................................................................................20
2.6 Submitting the LTE PRACH Planning Result.................................................................................................21
2.7 Exporting the LTE PRACH Planning Result...................................................................................................22

3 Modifying PRACH Configuration in a Manual Manner.....................25


3.1 Modifying PRACH Configuration in the PRACH Parameter Display Window.............................................25
3.2 Modifying PRACH Configuration in the NE Property Window.....................................................................26
3.3 Viewing PRACH Configuration......................................................................................................................26
3.4 Viewing the Planning Result............................................................................................................................27

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Figures
Figure 2-1 PRACH planning process....................................................................................................................16
Figure 2-2 Starting LTE PRACH planning...........................................................................................................17
Figure 2-3 LTE PRACH planning.........................................................................................................................18
Figure 2-4 Cell Select dialog box.........................................................................................................................19
Figure 2-5 Running PRACH.................................................................................................................................20
Figure 2-6 PRACH planning progress..................................................................................................................20
Figure 2-7 PRACH Parameter Display.................................................................................................................21
Figure 2-8 Submitting the PRACH planning result..............................................................................................22
Figure 2-9 Planning result in the NE public parameter template..........................................................................22
Figure 2-10 Exporting the LTE PRACH planning result......................................................................................23
Figure 2-11 Data Export........................................................................................................................................23
Figure 3-1 Starting PRACH Parameter Display...................................................................................................25
Figure 3-2 PRACH U-Net parameter configuration.............................................................................................26
Figure 3-3 Viewing PRACH parameter configuration..........................................................................................27
Figure 3-4 PRACH parameter display..................................................................................................................27
Figure 3-5 Viewing PRACH result.......................................................................................................................28

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Tables
Table 1-1 Ncs value (preamble format 0-3)..............................................................................................................8
Table 1-2 Mapping between logical root sequence numbers and physical root sequence numbers.......................9
Table 1-3 the Mapping among TcpTSEQ and Cell Radius...............................................................................13
Table 1-4 Length of ZC root sequences with different preamble format..............................................................14
Table 1-5 NCS value with preamble value 4...........................................................................................................14
Table 2-1 Meanings of fields in the planning result..............................................................................................21

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Guide to Planning LTE PRACH Parameters


Keywords: LTE, PRACH parameter planning, ZC root sequence planning
Abstract: This document introduces the theory of planning Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)
parameters and how to configure PRACH parameters through U-Net and in a manual manner.
Acronyms

2016-7-11

LTE

Long-Term Evolution

PRACH

Physical Random Access Channel

UE

User Equipment

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Theory of PRACH Planning

Random access plays an important role in the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) system. It is the
unique strategy for users to establish initial connection, perform handovers, re-establish
connection, and recover uplink synchronization. The difference between random access and
fixed uplink and downlink scheduling lies in the randomness. User equipment (UE) randomly
selects a preamble sequence to access and the access result is random. This means that the
access may fail. The random access control algorithm aims to ensure the success rate of
random access and control the random access failure in an acceptable range.
Preamble indexes can be reasonably allocated to cells through Zadoff-Chu (ZC) root sequence
planning. This ensures that a preamble sequence with good detection performance is
preferably allocated to a high-speed cell. A preamble sequence with good detection
performance indicates the preamble sequence with low CM value. The CM value, that is, the
maximum back-off value of the preamble transmit power, measures the impacts of the
transmission technology on the power amplifier. In addition, different preamble sequences are
allocated to neighboring cells to reduce interference.

1.1 Purpose of ZC Root Sequence Planning


The ZC sequence is used as the PRACH root sequence (hereinafter called "ZC root sequence
number"). Preamble sequences of cells are generated through the cyclic shift of the ZC root
sequence. Wherein, cyclic shift refers to the configuration of zero correlation zone. Each cell
has 64 preamble sequences, and the preamble sequence used by the UE is randomly selected
or allocated by the eNodeB. In this way, to reduce preamble sequence interference among
neighboring cells, ZC root sequence indexes need to be correctly planned. In Frequency
Division Duplex (FDD) mode, there are 838 ZC root sequence indexes and N cs has 16 values.
Through this planning, engineers allocate ZC root sequence indexes and specify Ncs values for
cells according to the cell feature (high-speed cell or not). In this way, preamble sequences of
neighboring cells which are generated through the indexes are different.
Different ZC root sequence indexes are allocated to generate different preamble sequences for
neighboring cells. In this way, the interference caused by the same preamble sequences of
neighboring cells is reduced.

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1.2 Restrictions of Ncs Selection


Ncs value is related to the cell radius and the maximum delay spread. The relationship among
them is reflected in Formula 1.1.

N CS .TS TRTD TMD

(1.1)

In Formula 1.1, TS indicates the sample length of the ZC sequence and TS = 800/839[
sec]; TMD indicates the maximum delay spread (maximum multipath delay spread); TRTD
indicates the maximum round trip delay (RTD). The relationship between TRTD and cell

radius (r) is as follows: TRTD = 6.67 r [ sec] (r in the unit of km). You can get Formula
1.2 based on Formula 1.1

N CS 1.04875 (6.67 r TMD )

(1.2)

You can get Formula 1.3 by adding TAdSch (indicating time length of forward search,
determined by downlink synchronization error (a maximum of 2 sec) to Formula 1.2.

N CS 1.04875 (6.67 r TMD 2)

(1.3)

In Formula 1.3, r is in the unit of km and TMD is in the unit of

sec. The value of N CS is

restricted by the cell radius and maximum delay spread. The value of TMD is related to the
preamble format of a cell. Currently, the value of TMD is 5 sec.

N CS value for a high-speed cell is different from that for a low-speed cell according to
3GPP TS 36.211. For details, see Figure 1.1.
Figure 1.1 Ncs value (preamble format 0-3)

N CS
Configuration

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N CS Value
(Low-Speed Cell)
Unrestricted Set

(High-Speed Cell)
Restricted Set

15

13

18

15

22

18

26

22

32

26

38

32

46

38

55

46

68

59

82

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N CS
Configuration

INTERNAL

N CS Value
(Low-Speed Cell)
Unrestricted Set

(High-Speed Cell)
Restricted Set

10

76

100

11

93

128

12

119

158

13

167

202

14

279

237

15

419

1.3 Principles of ZC Root Sequence Planning


The ZC root sequence index and Ncs value are required for the generation of preamble
sequences. The algorithm is used to allocate different ZC root sequence indexes and N cs
values to cells in the to-be-planned area.
The parameter ROOTSEQUINDEX configured in eNodeB, which is Logical ZC root
sequences number. There are 64 Preamble sequences available, which are generated by u
value that defined by parameter ROOTSEQUINDEX. When 64 logical ZC root sequences can
NOT be generated by one unique u value, the rest will be generated by other u values mapped
by subsequent logical ZC root sequences. Mapping between logical root sequence numbers
with u values showed in table 1-2.
Figure 1.1 Mapping between logical root sequence numbers and physical root sequence numbers

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Logical
Root
Sequence
Number

Physical Root Sequence Number

023

129, 710, 140, 699, 120, 719, 210, 629, 168, 671, 84, 755, 105, 734, 93,
746, 70, 769, 60, 779, 2, 837, 1, 838

2429

56, 783, 112, 727, 148, 691

3035

80, 759, 42, 797, 40, 799

3641

35, 804, 73, 766, 146, 693

4251

31, 808, 28, 811, 30, 809, 27, 812, 29, 810

5263

24, 815, 48, 791, 68, 771, 74, 765, 178, 661, 136, 703

6475

86, 753, 78, 761, 43, 796, 39, 800, 20, 819, 21, 818

7689

95, 744, 202, 637, 190, 649, 181, 658, 137, 702, 125, 714, 151, 688

(in increasing order of the corresponding logical


sequence number)

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Logical
Root
Sequence
Number

Physical Root Sequence Number

90115

217, 622, 128, 711, 142, 697, 122, 717, 203, 636, 118, 721, 110, 729, 89,
750, 103, 736, 61, 778, 55, 784, 15, 824, 14, 825

116135

12, 827, 23, 816, 34, 805, 37, 802, 46, 793, 207, 632, 179, 660, 145, 694,
130, 709, 223, 616

136167

228, 611, 227, 612, 132, 707, 133, 706, 143, 696, 135, 704, 161, 678, 201,
638, 173, 666, 106, 733, 83, 756, 91, 748, 66, 773, 53, 786, 10, 829, 9,
830

168203

7, 832, 8, 831, 16, 823, 47, 792, 64, 775, 57, 782, 104, 735, 101, 738, 108,
731, 208, 631, 184, 655, 197, 642, 191, 648, 121, 718, 141, 698, 149, 690,
216, 623, 218, 621

204263

152, 687, 144, 695, 134, 705, 138, 701, 199, 640, 162, 677, 176, 663, 119,
720, 158, 681, 164, 675, 174, 665, 171, 668, 170, 669, 87, 752, 169, 670,
88, 751, 107, 732, 81, 758, 82, 757, 100, 739, 98, 741, 71, 768, 59, 780,
65, 774, 50, 789, 49, 790, 26, 813, 17, 822, 13, 826, 6, 833

264327

5, 834, 33, 806, 51, 788, 75, 764, 99, 740, 96, 743, 97, 742, 166, 673, 172,
667, 175, 664, 187, 652, 163, 676, 185, 654, 200, 639, 114, 725, 189, 650,
115, 724, 194, 645, 195, 644, 192, 647, 182, 657, 157, 682, 156, 683, 211,
628, 154, 685, 123, 716, 139, 700, 212, 627, 153, 686, 213, 626, 215, 624,
150, 689

328383

225, 614, 224, 615, 221, 618, 220, 619, 127, 712, 147, 692, 124, 715, 193,
646, 205, 634, 206, 633, 116, 723, 160, 679, 186, 653, 167, 672, 79, 760,
85, 754, 77, 762, 92, 747, 58, 781, 62, 777, 69, 770, 54, 785, 36, 803, 32,
807, 25, 814, 18, 821, 11, 828, 4, 835

384455

3, 836, 19, 820, 22, 817, 41, 798, 38, 801, 44, 795, 52, 787, 45, 794, 63,
776, 67, 772, 72

(in increasing order of the corresponding logical


sequence number)

767, 76, 763, 94, 745, 102, 737, 90, 749, 109, 730, 165, 674, 111, 728,
209, 630, 204, 635, 117, 722, 188, 651, 159, 680, 198, 641, 113, 726, 183,
656, 180, 659, 177, 662, 196, 643, 155, 684, 214, 625, 126, 713, 131, 708,
219, 620, 222, 617, 226, 613

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456513

230, 609, 232, 607, 262, 577, 252, 587, 418, 421, 416, 423, 413, 426, 411,
428, 376, 463, 395, 444, 283, 556, 285, 554, 379, 460, 390, 449, 363, 476,
384, 455, 388, 451, 386, 453, 361, 478, 387, 452, 360, 479, 310, 529, 354,
485, 328, 511, 315, 524, 337, 502, 349, 490, 335, 504, 324, 515

514561

323, 516, 320, 519, 334, 505, 359, 480, 295, 544, 385, 454, 292, 547, 291,
548, 381, 458, 399, 440, 380, 459, 397, 442, 369, 470, 377, 462, 410, 429,
407, 432, 281, 558, 414, 425, 247, 592, 277, 562, 271, 568, 272, 567, 264,
575, 259, 580

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Logical
Root
Sequence
Number

Physical Root Sequence Number

562629

237, 602, 239, 600, 244, 595, 243, 596, 275, 564, 278, 561, 250, 589, 246,
593, 417, 422, 248, 591, 394, 445, 393, 446, 370, 469, 365, 474, 300, 539,
299, 540, 364, 475, 362, 477, 298, 541, 312, 527, 313, 526, 314, 525, 353,
486, 352, 487, 343, 496, 327, 512, 350, 489, 326, 513, 319, 520, 332, 507,
333, 506, 348, 491, 347, 492, 322, 517

630659

330, 509, 338, 501, 341, 498, 340, 499, 342, 497, 301, 538, 366, 473, 401,
438, 371, 468, 408, 431, 375, 464, 249, 590, 269, 570, 238, 601, 234, 605

660707

257, 582, 273, 566, 255, 584, 254, 585, 245, 594, 251, 588, 412, 427, 372,
467, 282, 557, 403, 436, 396, 443, 392, 447, 391, 448, 382, 457, 389, 450,
294, 545, 297, 542, 311, 528, 344, 495, 345, 494, 318, 521, 331, 508, 325,
514, 321, 518

708729

346, 493, 339, 500, 351, 488, 306, 533, 289, 550, 400, 439, 378, 461, 374,
465, 415, 424, 270, 569, 241, 598

730751

231, 608, 260, 579, 268, 571, 276, 563, 409, 430, 398, 441, 290, 549, 304,
535, 308, 531, 358, 481, 316, 523

752765

293, 546, 288, 551, 284, 555, 368, 471, 253, 586, 256, 583, 263, 576

766777

242, 597, 274, 565, 402, 437, 383, 456, 357, 482, 329, 510

778789

317, 522, 307, 532, 286, 553, 287, 552, 266, 573, 261, 578

790795

236, 603, 303, 536, 356, 483

796803

355, 484, 405, 434, 404, 435, 406, 433

804809

235, 604, 267, 572, 302, 537

810815

309, 530, 265, 574, 233, 606

816819

367, 472, 296, 543

820837

336, 503, 305, 534, 373, 466, 280, 559, 279, 560, 419, 420, 240, 599, 258,
581, 229, 610

(in increasing order of the corresponding logical


sequence number)

The allocation of ZC root sequence index should follow the principles below:

2016-7-11

First, ZC root sequence indexes are preferably allocated to high-speed cells. Logical root
sequence numbers from 816 to 837 are allocated to high-speed cells.

Then, ZC root sequence indexes are allocated to medium- and low-speed cells, and
logical root sequence numbers from 0 to 815 are allocated to these cells. The number of
ZC root sequence indexes is limited. If the number of ZC root sequence indexes is
insufficient for the medium- and low-speed cells in the to-be-planned area, a ZC root
sequence index can be reused when the distance between two cells exceeds a specified
range.
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In the radio network, PRACH root sequences should be staggered in adjacent cells, otherwise
collisions followed as below:
1. In the case of eNodeB frame synchronization in intra-frequency structure radio
network, all adjacent cells will detect preamble from one UE. Interferences are
increasing as Most of eNodeBs are modulating useless signal, and interferences
increased by quantities of UE. The accessibility KPI of whole network will be
decreased due to Preamble collision in different cells. Meanwhile, other UEs KPIs
are affected in adjacent cells caused by unnecessary resources in adjacent cells when
UE initial to access and handover to services needs Uplink and Downlink resources.
2. Handover will be influenced when configurations in different cells is the same as
Preamble index is mapping different events in L3. All adjacent cells with the same
configurations will initial handover procedures when preamble index is in certain
ranges.
3. In handover initial procedures, UE initial Preamble to target eNodeB in uplink and
receive information from service eNodeB. If all cells configured the same root
sequences, UE will receive RAR response from service cells and adjust to service
cells, so handover failed.

1.4 Planning Root Sequence Numbers for


High-Speed Cells
The method to calculate preamble sequences in the case of high-speed cells according to ZC
root sequence indexes is different from that in the case of medium- and low-speed cells.
Step 1 Calculate the Ncs value range of a cell according to the cell radius and maximum delay spread.
For the calculation method of Ncs, see Formula 1.2. Obtain Ncs value from the protocol, for
example, if Ncs is greater than 217, the value of Ncs can be set to 237.
Step 2 Preferably choose root sequence numbers ranging from 816 to 837 as ZC root sequence
indexes.
Step 3 Check whether the cycling of Ncs values is complete. If the cycling is complete, go to Step 6.
If the cycling is not complete, go to Step 4.
Step 4 Beginning with the first unused ZC root sequence logical number among the remaining ZC
root sequence indexes, check whether these continuous ZC root sequence indexes can
generate 64 preamble sequences. If 64 preamble sequences cannot be generated, go on
searching for the next continuous ZC root sequence indexes until the cycling of remaining
continuous ZC root sequences is complete. If 64 preamble sequences are generated, go to Step
5. If 64 preamble sequences fail to be generated, go to Step 3 to specify another value for N cs.
Then, find continuous ZC root sequence indexes that can generate 64 preamble sequences
among the remaining ZC root sequence indexes.
Step 5 Allocate logic root sequence numbers and Ncs values to cells. You need to export only the
minimum logic root sequence number and the minimum Ncs value in the Ncs value range.
Step 6 According to the reuse principle, allocate proper ZC root sequence indexes and N cs values to
cells.
----End

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1.5 Planning Root Sequence Numbers for


Medium- and Low-Speed Cells
For medium- and low-speed cells, the number of preamble sequences generated by each root
sequence index is equal to 839/Ncs. When the cell radius is 30 km, the Ncs is 237. The number
of preamble sequences is 839/237 (integer part 4). To generate 64 preamble sequences, 16
(64/4) ZC root sequence indexes are required. That is, these 16 ZC root sequence indexes are
allocated to the cells.
Step 1 Calculate the Ncs value range of a cell according to the cell radius and maximum delay spread.
For the calculation method, see Formula 1.2. Obtain Ncs value from the protocol. For example,
if Ncs is greater than 217, the value of Ncs can be set to 237 or 419.
For a low-speed cell, if Ncs is greater than 419, set Ncs to 0.

Step 2 Select Ncs values in the Ncs value range in sequence.


Step 3 Check whether the cycling of Ncs values is complete. If the cycling is complete, go to Step 6.
If the cycling is not complete, go to Step 4.
Step 4 Beginning with the first unused ZC root sequence logical number among the remaining ZC
root sequence indexes, check whether these continuous ZC root sequence indexes can
generate 64 preamble sequences. If 64 preamble sequences cannot be generated, go on
searching for the next continuous ZC root sequence indexes until the cycling of remaining
continuous ZC root sequences is complete. If 64 preamble sequences are generated, go to Step
5. If 64 preamble sequences fail to be generated, go to Step 3 to specify another value for N cs.
Then, find continuous ZC root sequence indexes that can generate 64 preamble sequences
among the remaining ZC root sequence indexes.
The ZC root sequence indexes allocated to low-speed cells must be continuous. If continuous ZC root
sequence indexes fail to generate 64 preamble sequences, these continuous ZC root sequence indexes
cannot be allocated to cells. The system goes on traversing proper root sequence indexes among
remaining root sequence indexes.

Step 5 Allocate logic root sequence numbers and Ncs values to cells. You need to export only the
minimum logical root sequence number and the minimum Ncs value within the Ncs value
range.
Step 6 According to the reuse principle, allocate proper ZC root sequence indexes and N cs values to
cells.
----End

1.6 ZC Root Sequence planning in TDD-LTE


Model
In TDD model, there are no obvious differences in planning purpose, concept of ZC root
sequence and Ncs with FDD.The main difference between FDD and TDD is preamble format
4 added, which showed in Table 1-3.

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Table 1.3 the Mapping among TcpTSEQ and Cell Radius


Preamble
Format

Pulse

Tcp

TSEQ

Cell Radius of FDD

Cell Radius of TDD

1000us

103.1us

800us

R=14km

1.4kmR=14km

2000us

684.4us

800us

29kmR=77km

29kmR=77km

2000us

203.1us

1600us

14kmR=29km

14kmR=29km

3000us

684.4us

1600us

77kmR
=100km

77kmR=100km

167.9us

14.58us

133.33us

R=1.4km

When preamble format value is set as 4 in TDD, then length of ZC root sequences N zc and
cyclic shift NCS are different with FDD which showed in table 1-4 and table 1-5.
Figure 1.1 Length of ZC root sequences with different preamble format
Preamble format

Nzc

0-3

839

139

Figure 1.2 NCS value with preamble value 4


NCS configuration

NCS value

10

12

15

N/A

N/A

N/A

10

N/A

11

N/A

12

N/A

13

N/A

14

N/A

15

N/A

In TDD PRACH preamble planning, restrictions of NCS


NCS>1.04875(6.67R+TMD+2) PreambleFmt=0-3
NCS>1.04250(6.67R+TMD+2) PreambleFmt=4
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When cell radius, preamble format and restrictions are set, the methods and principles of
planning are the same with FDD.
While preamble format value set as 0-3, Both TDD and FDD can plan preamble with U-NET,which
version is V300R006c00SPC300;while value set as 4, TDD preamble will be planed manully.

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LTE PRACH Planning Through UNet

2.1 Making Preparations


Before LTE PRACH planning, make preparations such as U-Net project building, map
setting, propagation model obtaining, antenna setting, and network element (NE) parameters
setting. Figure 1.1 shows the planning process.
Figure 1.1 PRACH planning process

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2.2 Starting LTE PRACH Planning


After project parameters are imported into a new project or an existed project is opened,
choose Project Explorer > Operation > LTE PRACH Planning > Automatic Allocation,
as shown in Figure 1.1. The LTE PRACH automatic planning is started.
Figure 1.1 Starting LTE PRACH planning

2.3 Setting Parameters


On the U-Net, choose Project Explorer > Operation > LTE PRACH Planning >
Automatic Allocation. Then the LTE PRACH Planning window is displayed, as shown in
Figure 1.1.

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Figure 1.1 LTE PRACH planning

Setting parameters as follows:

2016-7-11

Calculate Cell Radius: It specifies the calculation method of the cell radius. The value
can be Propagation Radius or Coverage Radius. Propagation Radius is
corresponding to Propagation calculation Radius. The cell radius determines the Ncs
value.

Propagation Radius: When it is selected, users use propagation radius as the cell radius
during Ncs calculation.

Propagation Radius Factor: When the propagation radius is used as the cell radius, you
can obtain the radius of all to-be-planned cells to calculate Ncs values during LTE
PRACH planning through the value of Propagation calculation Radius multiplied by
the value of Propagation Radius Factor.

Coverage Radius: When it is selected, users use coverage radius as the cell radius to
calculate the Ncs value during LTE PRACH planning.

Min Signal Level (dBm): It specifies the minimum edge RSRP threshold when the
coverage radius is used as the cell radius.

Shadowing taken into account: It specifies whether to consider shadow fading when
coverage radius is used as the cell radius.

Cell Edge Coverage Probability: Users need to enter a value of Cell Edge Coverage
Probability when Shadowing taken into account is selected. The default value is 75%.

Indoor Coverage: It specifies whether to consider the indoor coverage.

Area: It specifies the to-be-planned area. By default, all cells on the entire network are
planned. When multiple polygons exist on the map, they will all be displayed in Area.
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Cell Filter: It filters out the cells that do not need to be planned. Users click the button
and then the Cell Select window is displayed, as shown in Figure 1.2. If users want to
filter out a cell (that is, PRACH planning is not performed on the cell), they need to only
clear the Select checkbox corresponding to the cell.

Figure 1.2 Cell Select dialog box

2.4 Running the LTE PRACH Planning Process


After parameter setting is complete, click Run to start the LTE PRACH planning, as shown in
Figure 1.1.

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Figure 1.1 Running PRACH

During the LTE PRACH planning process, the planning progress is displayed in the Event
Viewer window of U-Net, as shown in Figure 1.2.
Figure 1.2 PRACH planning progress

2.5 Viewing the LTE PRACH Planning Result


After LTE PRACH planning is complete, the planning result is displayed in the PRACH
Parameter Display window, as shown in Figure 1.1.

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Figure 1.1 PRACH Parameter Display

Figure 1.2 provides meanings of fields in the planning result.


Figure 1.2 Meanings of fields in the planning result
Parameter

Meaning

Cell Name

Cell name

High Speed

Cell identification

Ncs

Zero correlation zone configuration of a


cell

Cell Radius

Cell radius

Start Root Sequence Index

Start ZC root sequence index of a cell

End Root Sequence Index

End ZC root sequence index of a cell

Reuse Tier

Minimum number of reuse tier of a ZC


root sequence number

Reuse Distance

Minimum reuse distance of a ZC root


sequence number

2.6 Submitting the LTE PRACH Planning Result


After LTE PRACH planning is complete, right-click in the PRACH Parameter Display
window and choose Commit from the shortcut menu, as shown in Figure 1.1. Then, the
PRACH planning result is submitted to the cell priority.

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Figure 1.1 Submitting the PRACH planning result

After the planning result is submitted, fill the values of Cell Radius and Start Root
Sequence Index in the NE public parameter template, as shown in Figure 1.2. Cell Radius
corresponds to Radius (m) and Start Root Sequence Index corresponds to Min Root
Sequence Index.
Figure 1.2 Planning result in the NE public parameter template

2.7 Exporting the LTE PRACH Planning Result


After LTE PRACH planning is complete, right-click in the PRACH Parameter Display
window and then choose Export from the shortcut menu, as shown in Figure 1.1. Then, the
PRACH planning result is exported.

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Figure 1.1 Exporting the LTE PRACH planning result

After Export is chosen from the shortcut menu, the Data Export window is displayed, as
shown in Figure 1.2.
Figure 1.2 Data Export

Parameters are specified as follows:

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Configuration File: It is used to save and load the exported format template. Users can
save the current exported fields as the template, which can be imported by loading it.

Save: It is used to save the current exported field format as the template.

Load: It is used to load the existed field template. The data is exported in the field
format as specified in the template.

Header: It specifies whether each field name is included in the exported data.

Field Separator: It specifies the separating character for each field.


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Available Fields/Exported Fields: Valid fields exported from the current data are listed
in the Available Fields box. Fields included in the exported data are listed in the
Exported Fields box. You can click

to add the valid fields listed in the

Available Fields box to the Exported Fields box and click


listed in the Exported Fields box. You can click
fields listed in the Exported Fields box.

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and

to delete fields
to change the order of

Preview: It is used to preview exported data according to the exported fields and format
set by the user.

Export: It is used to export associated data.

Cancel: It is used to cancel data exporting.

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Modifying PRACH Configuration


in a Manual Manner

3.1 Modifying PRACH Configuration in the


PRACH Parameter Display Window

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On the U-Net, choose Project Explorer > Operation > LTE PRACH Planning >
Open PRACH Parameter, as shown in Figure 1.1. The PRACH Parameter Display
window is displayed.

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Figure 1.1 Starting PRACH Parameter Display

You can directly modify the unreasonable PRACH configuration in the PRACH
Parameter Display window. You need to modify only the start ZC root sequence
number, and the U-Net can automatically calculate the end ZC root sequence number.
After the modification, you can click Commit to submit the PRACH configuration to the
cell property. For details, see section 2.6"Submitting the LTE PRACH Planning Result."

3.2 Modifying PRACH Configuration in the NE


Property Window
When the PRACH is configured on the eNodeB, the Ncs value is calculated through the cell
radius. The Ncs value cannot be directly configured on the eNodeB. Only the minimum ZC
root sequence index needs to be configured. The values of Radius (m) and Min Root
Sequence Index can be directly modified in the U-Net Cell table, as shown in Figure 1.1.

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Figure 1.1 PRACH U-Net parameter configuration

3.3 Viewing PRACH Configuration


On the U-Net, choose Project Explorer > Operation > LTE PRACH Planning > Open
PRACH Parameter, as shown in Figure 1.1. The PRACH Parameter Display window is
displayed, as shown in Figure 1.2.
Figure 1.1 Viewing PRACH parameter configuration

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Figure 1.2 PRACH parameter display

3.4 Viewing the Planning Result


In the displayed PRACH Parameter Display window, you can view the reuse distance and
reuse tiers of the same preamble sequence, as shown in Figure 1.1.
Figure 1.1 Viewing PRACH result

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