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Paragraph for Question Nos.

57 to 59
57 59
A swimmer can swim with a speed v in still water.
v
[\\ashok\S-09-10\XI\Test paper\PHYSICS\VIKAAS (A)\02-08-09_CT-2_Paper-2_Q.62,63,64]

[Made PSA 2009]

57.

If the swimmer crosses a swimming pool 'd' from A to directly opposite point B on other side in time t1 as
shown in figure (i) and in a flowing river (river velocity 'u') of same width d from A to directly opposite point
B on other bank in time t2 , then (t1/t2) is equal to : (Assume v > u)
A
B 'd'
(swimming pool)
t1
(

(i))

t2

(t1/t2)

:
(

v > u)

v2
(A) 1 2
u

Sol.

(B)

d
d

t1 = v
;
v
sw

t2 =

u2
v2

u2
v2

(D) 1

d
v 2 u2

v 2 u2
d/ v
t1

t =
2
2 =
v
d/ v u
2

58.

(C*)

u2
v2

If the minimum time taken in swimming pool to reach opposite bank is t1 and minimum. time to reach
t 1
opposite bank in river is t2 , then the ratio will have a value :
t2

t1
t2

t1
t 2

(A*) 1
d
;
v

(B)

t2 =

d
v

v 2 u2
v

(C)

v 2 u2

(D)

u
v

t1
= 1.
t 2

Sol.

t1 =

59.

If the time taken by swimmer to reach opposite point on other bank in river is T1 and the time taken to travel

an equal distance upstream (against the water current) in the river is T2 , then ratio
T1

T2
will have a value :
T1

T2
T1

T2

(A)

1 u / v
1 u / v

1 u / v
1 u / v

(B*)

d
Sol.

T1 =

v u

T2
=
T1

so,

53.

and

(C)

:
v 2 u2
( v u)

(D)

v 2 u2
v

d
( v u)

T2 =

v 2 u2
=
v u

v u
=
v u

1 u / v
1 u / v

Two particles A & B are projected as shown in fig in xy plane. Under the effect of force which provide a
constant acceleration a =11 m/s2 in negative y-direction. Then match situation in column-I with the

corresponding results in column-II (All positions are given in metre) ( V AB = velocity of A w.r.t. B; rAB =
Position of A w.r.t. B) .
[Made RAG Sir 2010]

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)

Separation between the two particles is minimum at ....sec.

(p) 0

(B)
(C)

Minimum separation between the two particles is ........m.


Time when velocities of both particles are perpendicular
each other at .... sec.

(q) 0.5
(r) 0.9

(D)

At the time of minimum separation V AB . r AB =

(s) 2
(t) 2 5

A
a =11 m/s2

B, xy
) ( V AB = A

Sir 2010]

y
-I
B

rAB = A

-II
B

(
[Made RAG

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)
(B)
(C)

....sec.
........m

(D)

V AB . r AB =

(p) 0
(q) 0.5
(r) 0.9
(s) 2
(t) 2 5

Ans.

(A) (r), (B) (t); (C) (p), (s); (D) (p)

tan =

5
1
=
20
4

dmin =

425 sin 425 sin( )

Sol.

tan =

10
1
=
20
2

= 5 17 sin cos cos sin


= 5 17 1 4 1 1
17
5
17
5
=

t=

t=

5
5

[2] 2 5

425 cos
500

5 17 2
4
1
1

10 5 5
17
5
17

1
8 1 9 sec
10
10

v1 (8i 6j) (11t )j

v 2 (12i 16j ) (11t )j

v1 8i (6 11t )j

v 2 12i (16 11t )j



v 1.v 2 = 96 + 96 66 t 176 t + 121 t2
0 = 242 t + 121 t2 = 0

t = 0 and

t=

242
2
121

52.

For the velocitytime graph shown in figure, in a time interval from t = 0 to t = 15 s, match the following :
t = 0 t = 15 s
[Arihant_New Pattern IITJEE_DC Pandey_Pg.22_Q.4]

ColumnI
(A) Change in velocity (in m/s)
(B) Average acceleration (in m/s2)
(C) Total displacement (in m)
(D) Acceleration at t = 7 s (in m/s2)
I
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D) t = 7 s

Sol.

(m/s )
(m/s2
)
(m
)
(m/s2
)

4/3

Ans. (A)q, (B)p, (C)t, (D)s

v = 0 20 = 20 m/s

v
20
4

a = t = 15 = 3 m/s2
Displacemen

t=

Acceleration
6.

ColumnII
(p)
4/3
(q)
20
(r)
10
(s)
4
(t)
50
II
(p)
(q)
20
(r)
10
(s)
4
(t)
50

1
1
5 20 +
10 (20) = 50 m
2
2
20
= 4 m/s2 .
5

Figure shows four situations in which a small block of mass 'm' is released from rest (with respect to
smooth fixed wedge) as shown in figure. Column-II shows work done by normal reaction on the block (with
respect to an observer who is stationary on ground) till block reaches at the bottom of inclined wedge,
match the appropriate column.
[Made CSS 2011-12]
'm'
(
)

-II
(
):

ColumnI

(A)

[Made CSS 2011-12]


ColumnII

v = 2gh

(p) Positive
45

v = 2gh

(B) h

(q) Negative
45

h
45

(C)

(r) equal to mgh in magnitude

mgh

45
v = 2gh

(D) v = 2gh

(s) equal to zero


45

Ans.
7.

(A) p ; (B) p ; (C) s ; (D) q

In all cases in columnI, the blocks are placed on the smooth horizontal surface.
[Made CPG sir 2010-11]
ColumnI
ColumnII
(A)The initial velocities given to the blocks
(p) Centre of mass of the complete system
shown
when spring is relaxed are as shown
will not move horizontally
(friction is absent)

System (two blocks + spring)


(B) A constant force is applied on 2 kg block.
shown
Springs are initially relaxed & friction is absent

(q) Centre of mass of the complete system


will move horizontally

System (three blocks + two springs)


(C) There is no friction between plank and ground
be
and initially system is at rest. Man starts moving
on a large plank with constant velocity.

(r) Mechanical energy of the system will


conserved

System (man and plank)


(D) Two trolleys are resting on a smooth horizontal
crease
surface and a man standing on one of the trolleys
jumps to the other with relative velocity of 4 m/s

(s) Mechanical energy of the system will in-

System (two trolleys + man)


I,
[Made CPG sir 2010-11]
II

I
(A)

(p)

(B) 2 kg

(q)

(
(C)

)
(r)

(D)

(s)
4 m/s

Sol.

Ans. (A) p,r ; (B) q, s ; (C) p,s ; (D) p,s


A p,r,t
F = 0
So, linear momentum conservation and centre of mass will not move.
B q,s
So, linear momentum will not be conserved and centre of mass will accelerate W ext = E.
,
Wext = E.
C p,s,t
D p,s,t

Paragraph for Question Nos. 57 to 59

57

59

A block of mass m slides down a wedge of mass M as shown. The whole system is at rest, when the height
of the block is h above the ground. The wedge surface is smooth and gradually flattens. There is no friction
between wedge and ground.
m
M
m
h
[Aakash(IITJEE 2009)_Success Point(Physics)_Pg.66_C-25]

57.

As the block slides down, which of the following quantities associated with the system remains conserved?
(A) Total linear momentum of the system of wedge and block
(B*) Total mechanical energy of the complete system
(C) Total kinetic energy of the system
(D) Both linear momentum as well as mechanical energy of the system

(A)
(B*)
(C)
(D)

58.

If there would have been friction between wedge and block, which of the following quantities would still
remain conserved ?
?
(A*) Linear momentum of the system along horizontal direction
(B) Linear momentum of the system along vertical direction
(C) Linear momentum of the system along a tangent to the curved surface of the wedge
(D) Mechanical energy of the system
(A*)
(B)
(C)
(D)

59.

If there is no friction any where, the speed of the wedge, as the block leaves the wedge is :

(A*) m

2gh
(M m) M

(B) M

2gh
(M m) m

(C) ( 2gh )

m
Mm

(D) ( 2gh )

M
Mm

Sol.(57,58,59)
(57)
Linear momentum is conserved only in horizontal direction.
(58)

Net Fext on system is zero in horizontal direction therefore linear momentum is conserved only in
horizontal direction.
F

(59)

mv 1 = Mv 2
1
1
mv 12 + Mv 22 = mgh
2
2
From (i) & (ii),

v2 = m
51.

.......(i)
.......(ii)

2gh
.
(M m) M

A spring balance reads w1 when a ball is suspended from it. A weighing machine reads w2 when a
tank containing liquid is kept on it. When the ball is immersed in the liquid, the spring balance reads
w3 and weighing machine reads w4 :
[Made CPG sir 2010-11]
w1
w2
w3
w4
(A*) w1 > w3
(B*) w2 < w4
(C*) w1 + w2 = w3 + w4 (D) w1 + w4 = w2 + w3

Sol.

Only ball
w3 + FB = w1
w1 > w3
Only tank
w2 + F B = w4
w4 > w2
Both
w2 + w4 = w1 + w2 .
57.

Match the column :


ColumnI

[Made CPG sir 2010-11]


ColumnII

(A)

(p) Speed of component travelling wave is portion

Two strings each of length and linear mass

AP will be

density and 9 are joined together and


system is oscillated such that joint P is node
T is tension in the strings. A and B are fixed ends.

(B)

(q) Speed of component travelling wave in the

Two strings each of length and linear mass


density and 9 are joined together and
system is oscillated such that joint P is antinode.
T is tension in each string.A and B are fixed ends.

portion AP will be more than that in portion BP.

(C)

(r) Frequency of oscillation of the system AB can

P is the midpoint of the string fixed at both ends.

be

1 T
2

T is tension in the string and is its linear mass density.

(D)

(s) Frequency of oscillation of the system AB can

T is the tension in the string fixed at A and B is free

be

1
4

end. P is midpoint. is its the linear mass density.


(t) Wavelength of the wave in the portion PB can

be
:

2
.
3

[Made CPG sir 2010-11]

II

(A)

(p) AP

9
P
(

T,

(B)

(q) AP

BP

9
P
A

T,
(

(C)

(r)

AB

1 T
2

(s)

AB

1
4

P
T

(D)
A

2
3

(t) PB
Ans.

(A) p,q,r,t ; (B) p,q,s ; (C) p,r,s,t ; (D) p,s

Paragraph for Question Nos. 19 to 20


19
20
A metal ball (Neutral) with radius r is concentric with hollow metal sphere of radius R, having charge Q as
shown in figure, Now ball is connected with a very long wire to earth. Then :
r

R
Q

,
:

made by nsb sir 2012-13

Q,R
r

19.

Potential difference between sphere and metal ball, after grounding is :

(A)

kQ
R

(B)

kQr
R

kQ
r
(C*) R 1 R

Ans. (c)
20.

After grounding :
(A) net electric field between sphere and ball is zero.

(B) electric field between ball and sphere is zero due to ball only.

(C*) electric field between sphere and ball due to ball is nonzero.

(D) electric field between sphere and ball is non-zero, due to sphere

Ans. (c)
Q,R

Sol.

r
x

Vball 0
KX KQ

0
r
R
x

Qr
R

(D)

kQ R
1
r
r

KQ Kx

R
R
because potential difference depend only on charge on inner surface after electrostatic condition is reached
after grounding.
Vs Vb

Potential difference

Vs Vb

KQ
r
1

R R

Paragraph for Question Nos. 23 to 24


23
24

COMPREHENSION

[M_Bank _C.E._9.7]

A car battery with a 12 V emf and an internal resistance of 0.04 is being charged with a current of 50 A.
12 V

0.04

50 A

(charged)

[Made A.K.S. sir]

23.

The potential difference V across the terminals of the battery are


V
(A) 10 V
(B) 12 V
(C*) 14 V

(D) 16 V

Sol.

V = E + ir (during charging) (
= 14 V.

24.

The rate at which energy is being dissipated as heat inside the battery is :

Sol.

(A*) 100 W
(B) 500 W
2
P = I r (Due to internal resistance) (
= 502 4 102 = 100 W

(C) 600 W

(D) 700 W
)

Paragraph for Question Nos. 13 to 14


13
14
In the arrangement shown in the figure when the switch S2 is open, the galvanometer shows no deflection
5
L . The internal
12
resistance (r) of 6 V cell, and the emf E of the other battery are respectively. Wire AB is potentiometer wire
and resistance of other conducting wires is negligible. (Internal resistance of cell E is negligible)
S2
= L/2

for = L/2. When the switch S2 is closed, the galvanometer shows no deflection for =

S2
E
)

5
L
12
AB

6V

(r)
(

[Only (JP,JF,JR)]

13.

Calculate emf of cell E :


(A) 6 V
(B) 5 V

E
(C*) 12 V

14.

Calculate the internal resistance 'r' :


(A) 1
(B*) 2
Sol.(13 to 14)
case
-I
S2 is open

Potential gradient
so

6=

E = 12 V
case
-II

i=

6
10 r

E L
L 2

S2 is closed

E
L

(D) 10 V
'r'

(C) 3

(D) zero

6 ir =
6

E 5L
L 12

6
r=5
10 r

6r
=1
r 10
6r = r + 10
r = 2

15.

If the current in 8 resistance is 2A then the current through resistance 'R' (in ampere) would be :
8
2A
'R'
[Made OP sir 2010-11]

Ans.

Sol.

Current in 4 resistance = 4A
Total current = 4 + 2 = 6A

Paragraph for Question Nos. 11 to 12


11
12
A small particle of mass m = 1kg and charge of 1C enters perpendicularly in a triangular region of uniform
magnetic field of strength 2T as shown in figure :
2T
m = 1kg
1C
:

[USED P,F,R 2012]

[Made Kamal sir 2010-11]

[Only (JP,JF,JR)]

11.

Calculate maximum velocity of the particle with which it should enter so that it complete a halfcircle in
magnetic region :
:
(A) 2 m/s
(B) 2.5 m/s
(C*) 3 m/s
(D) 4 m/s

Sol.

In triangle PMC
cos53 =

PMC
MP
MC

3
R
=
5
4R
12 = 8R

R=

3
m (R is the maximum radius of halfcircle) (
2

Rmax =
12.

mumax
qB

Umax = 3 m/s.

In previous question, if particle enters perpendicularly with velocity 48 m/s in magnetic region. Then, how
much time will it spend in magnetic region :
48 m/s
:

Sol.

(A)

11
sec.
360

R=

mu
= 24 m
qB

(B*)

7
sec.
360

(C)

13
sec.
360

(D)

17
sec.
360

Let,
MPQ =
By geometry,
CPO = (37 )
In CPO ,

OC
OP
=
sin(CPO)
sin(PCO)
20
24
=
sin(37 )
sin(180 37 )
5
56
=
sin(37 )
3
sin(37 ) =
=

1
2

7
rad.
180

qB
m
= 2 rad/sec.

t=
11.

7
sec.
360

Three indentical bulbs each of resistance 2 are connected as shown. The maximum power that can be
consumed by individual bulb is 32W, then the maximum power consumed by the combination is :
2
32W
,
:
[Made RKS sir 2012-13]

Sol.

12.

(A*) 48 W
(B) 96 W
P = i2 R
32 = i2 (2)
i = 4A
Pmax = (2)2 (2) + (22)2 + (4)2 (2)
= 8 + 8 + 32 = 48 W

(C) 128 W

(D) 160 W

Two coaxial rings are separated by a distance x. R is radius of larger ring having charge Q uniformly
distributed on it.The other ring is having very small radius r (<<R) then magnitude of electric flux
through smaller ring due to larger ring is maxium if x is equal to : [Made RKS sir 2012-13]
x
R
Q
r (<<R)
x

(A) 0

Sol.

E=

E=

(B)
KQx
2

2 3/2

(x R )
KQx
2

2 3/2

(x R )

R
3

(C)

, E is maximum for x =

,E

x=

R
2

(D*)

R
2

R
2

Paragraph for Question Nos. 24 to 25


24
25
Consider a situation as shown in figure in which a rope of mass 'm and length ' ' is attached to fixed
ceiling. Other end is free. Free end is given a small disturbance and this disturbance travels in upwards
direction.
'm
' '
[M.Bank_S.W._5.7]

[Made ABJ, 2009-10]


x
t=0

24.

t=t

The velocity of disturbance when it is at a height 'x' from bottom end is :


'x'
(A)

2 xg

(B)

(C)

(D*)

xg

25.

Acceleration of disturbance is :
(A) Zero

Sol.

(B) g

(C*)

g
2

(D) 2g

(24 to 25)

T
=

v=

a=

mxg
=
m

xg

vdv
g
=
dx
2

t = 2T = 2

2
4

2
4
=
=
g/ 2
g
g

Paragraph for Question Nos. 26 to 27


26
27
A driver is riding a car with velocity v C between two vertical walls on a horizontal surface as shown in figure.
A source of sound of frequency 'f' is situated on the car. (v c << v, where v is the speed of sound in air)
vC
'f'
(vc << v,
v
) [Made Kamal sir 2010-11]

26.

Beat frequency observed by the driver corresponding to sound waves reflected from wall-1 and wall-2
(reflected waves corresponding to waves directly coming from source) :
-1
-2
(
):
(A)

27.

vc
f
v

(B)

2v c
f
v

(C)

vc
f
2v

(D*)

4v c
f
v

Consider the sound wave observed by the driver directly from car has a wavelength 1 and the sound wave
after reflection from wall-1 observed by the driver has wavelength 2 then
-1

1
2
(A*)

vc
v

(26)

1 2
1 2

(B)

Sol.(26& 27)
v
f 1i = f1r = v v f
c
v
f 2i = f2r = v v f
c

1 2
is :
1 2

2v c
v

(C)

vc
4v

(D)

4v c
v

Now, for driver


f dr1 =

v vc
f1r
v

v vc
f2r
v
So, beat frequency

and

f dr2 =

v vc
v vc
f1r
f2r
v
v

4vv c
4v
2 f = c f .
v
v

(27)

1 =

v vc
f

1 2 =

2v c
f

1 + 2 =

2v
f

1 2
vc
=
.
1 2
v

= | fdr1 fdr2 |
=

2 =

(v v c )2 ( v v c )2

f
(v v c )(v v c )

v vc
f