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57 to 59

57 59

A swimmer can swim with a speed v in still water.

v

[\\ashok\S-09-10\XI\Test paper\PHYSICS\VIKAAS (A)\02-08-09_CT-2_Paper-2_Q.62,63,64]

57.

If the swimmer crosses a swimming pool 'd' from A to directly opposite point B on other side in time t1 as

shown in figure (i) and in a flowing river (river velocity 'u') of same width d from A to directly opposite point

B on other bank in time t2 , then (t1/t2) is equal to : (Assume v > u)

A

B 'd'

(swimming pool)

t1

(

(i))

t2

(t1/t2)

:

(

v > u)

v2

(A) 1 2

u

Sol.

(B)

d

d

t1 = v

;

v

sw

t2 =

u2

v2

u2

v2

(D) 1

d

v 2 u2

v 2 u2

d/ v

t1

t =

2

2 =

v

d/ v u

2

58.

(C*)

u2

v2

If the minimum time taken in swimming pool to reach opposite bank is t1 and minimum. time to reach

t 1

opposite bank in river is t2 , then the ratio will have a value :

t2

t1

t2

t1

t 2

(A*) 1

d

;

v

(B)

t2 =

d

v

v 2 u2

v

(C)

v 2 u2

(D)

u

v

t1

= 1.

t 2

Sol.

t1 =

59.

If the time taken by swimmer to reach opposite point on other bank in river is T1 and the time taken to travel

an equal distance upstream (against the water current) in the river is T2 , then ratio

T1

T2

will have a value :

T1

T2

T1

T2

(A)

1 u / v

1 u / v

1 u / v

1 u / v

(B*)

d

Sol.

T1 =

v u

T2

=

T1

so,

53.

and

(C)

:

v 2 u2

( v u)

(D)

v 2 u2

v

d

( v u)

T2 =

v 2 u2

=

v u

v u

=

v u

1 u / v

1 u / v

Two particles A & B are projected as shown in fig in xy plane. Under the effect of force which provide a

constant acceleration a =11 m/s2 in negative y-direction. Then match situation in column-I with the

corresponding results in column-II (All positions are given in metre) ( V AB = velocity of A w.r.t. B; rAB =

Position of A w.r.t. B) .

[Made RAG Sir 2010]

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)

(p) 0

(B)

(C)

Time when velocities of both particles are perpendicular

each other at .... sec.

(q) 0.5

(r) 0.9

(D)

(s) 2

(t) 2 5

A

a =11 m/s2

B, xy

) ( V AB = A

Sir 2010]

y

-I

B

rAB = A

-II

B

(

[Made RAG

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)

(B)

(C)

....sec.

........m

(D)

V AB . r AB =

(p) 0

(q) 0.5

(r) 0.9

(s) 2

(t) 2 5

Ans.

tan =

5

1

=

20

4

dmin =

Sol.

tan =

10

1

=

20

2

= 5 17 1 4 1 1

17

5

17

5

=

t=

t=

5

5

[2] 2 5

425 cos

500

5 17 2

4

1

1

10 5 5

17

5

17

1

8 1 9 sec

10

10

v1 8i (6 11t )j

v 1.v 2 = 96 + 96 66 t 176 t + 121 t2

0 = 242 t + 121 t2 = 0

t = 0 and

t=

242

2

121

52.

For the velocitytime graph shown in figure, in a time interval from t = 0 to t = 15 s, match the following :

t = 0 t = 15 s

[Arihant_New Pattern IITJEE_DC Pandey_Pg.22_Q.4]

ColumnI

(A) Change in velocity (in m/s)

(B) Average acceleration (in m/s2)

(C) Total displacement (in m)

(D) Acceleration at t = 7 s (in m/s2)

I

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) t = 7 s

Sol.

(m/s )

(m/s2

)

(m

)

(m/s2

)

4/3

v = 0 20 = 20 m/s

v

20

4

a = t = 15 = 3 m/s2

Displacemen

t=

Acceleration

6.

ColumnII

(p)

4/3

(q)

20

(r)

10

(s)

4

(t)

50

II

(p)

(q)

20

(r)

10

(s)

4

(t)

50

1

1

5 20 +

10 (20) = 50 m

2

2

20

= 4 m/s2 .

5

Figure shows four situations in which a small block of mass 'm' is released from rest (with respect to

smooth fixed wedge) as shown in figure. Column-II shows work done by normal reaction on the block (with

respect to an observer who is stationary on ground) till block reaches at the bottom of inclined wedge,

match the appropriate column.

[Made CSS 2011-12]

'm'

(

)

-II

(

):

ColumnI

(A)

ColumnII

v = 2gh

(p) Positive

45

v = 2gh

(B) h

(q) Negative

45

h

45

(C)

mgh

45

v = 2gh

(D) v = 2gh

45

Ans.

7.

In all cases in columnI, the blocks are placed on the smooth horizontal surface.

[Made CPG sir 2010-11]

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)The initial velocities given to the blocks

(p) Centre of mass of the complete system

shown

when spring is relaxed are as shown

will not move horizontally

(friction is absent)

(B) A constant force is applied on 2 kg block.

shown

Springs are initially relaxed & friction is absent

will move horizontally

(C) There is no friction between plank and ground

be

and initially system is at rest. Man starts moving

on a large plank with constant velocity.

conserved

(D) Two trolleys are resting on a smooth horizontal

crease

surface and a man standing on one of the trolleys

jumps to the other with relative velocity of 4 m/s

I,

[Made CPG sir 2010-11]

II

I

(A)

(p)

(B) 2 kg

(q)

(

(C)

)

(r)

(D)

(s)

4 m/s

Sol.

A p,r,t

F = 0

So, linear momentum conservation and centre of mass will not move.

B q,s

So, linear momentum will not be conserved and centre of mass will accelerate W ext = E.

,

Wext = E.

C p,s,t

D p,s,t

57

59

A block of mass m slides down a wedge of mass M as shown. The whole system is at rest, when the height

of the block is h above the ground. The wedge surface is smooth and gradually flattens. There is no friction

between wedge and ground.

m

M

m

h

[Aakash(IITJEE 2009)_Success Point(Physics)_Pg.66_C-25]

57.

As the block slides down, which of the following quantities associated with the system remains conserved?

(A) Total linear momentum of the system of wedge and block

(B*) Total mechanical energy of the complete system

(C) Total kinetic energy of the system

(D) Both linear momentum as well as mechanical energy of the system

(A)

(B*)

(C)

(D)

58.

If there would have been friction between wedge and block, which of the following quantities would still

remain conserved ?

?

(A*) Linear momentum of the system along horizontal direction

(B) Linear momentum of the system along vertical direction

(C) Linear momentum of the system along a tangent to the curved surface of the wedge

(D) Mechanical energy of the system

(A*)

(B)

(C)

(D)

59.

If there is no friction any where, the speed of the wedge, as the block leaves the wedge is :

(A*) m

2gh

(M m) M

(B) M

2gh

(M m) m

(C) ( 2gh )

m

Mm

(D) ( 2gh )

M

Mm

Sol.(57,58,59)

(57)

Linear momentum is conserved only in horizontal direction.

(58)

Net Fext on system is zero in horizontal direction therefore linear momentum is conserved only in

horizontal direction.

F

(59)

mv 1 = Mv 2

1

1

mv 12 + Mv 22 = mgh

2

2

From (i) & (ii),

v2 = m

51.

.......(i)

.......(ii)

2gh

.

(M m) M

A spring balance reads w1 when a ball is suspended from it. A weighing machine reads w2 when a

tank containing liquid is kept on it. When the ball is immersed in the liquid, the spring balance reads

w3 and weighing machine reads w4 :

[Made CPG sir 2010-11]

w1

w2

w3

w4

(A*) w1 > w3

(B*) w2 < w4

(C*) w1 + w2 = w3 + w4 (D) w1 + w4 = w2 + w3

Sol.

Only ball

w3 + FB = w1

w1 > w3

Only tank

w2 + F B = w4

w4 > w2

Both

w2 + w4 = w1 + w2 .

57.

ColumnI

ColumnII

(A)

AP will be

system is oscillated such that joint P is node

T is tension in the strings. A and B are fixed ends.

(B)

density and 9 are joined together and

system is oscillated such that joint P is antinode.

T is tension in each string.A and B are fixed ends.

(C)

be

1 T

2

(D)

be

1

4

(t) Wavelength of the wave in the portion PB can

be

:

2

.

3

II

(A)

(p) AP

9

P

(

T,

(B)

(q) AP

BP

9

P

A

T,

(

(C)

(r)

AB

1 T

2

(s)

AB

1

4

P

T

(D)

A

2

3

(t) PB

Ans.

19

20

A metal ball (Neutral) with radius r is concentric with hollow metal sphere of radius R, having charge Q as

shown in figure, Now ball is connected with a very long wire to earth. Then :

r

R

Q

,

:

Q,R

r

19.

(A)

kQ

R

(B)

kQr

R

kQ

r

(C*) R 1 R

Ans. (c)

20.

After grounding :

(A) net electric field between sphere and ball is zero.

(B) electric field between ball and sphere is zero due to ball only.

(C*) electric field between sphere and ball due to ball is nonzero.

(D) electric field between sphere and ball is non-zero, due to sphere

Ans. (c)

Q,R

Sol.

r

x

Vball 0

KX KQ

0

r

R

x

Qr

R

(D)

kQ R

1

r

r

KQ Kx

R

R

because potential difference depend only on charge on inner surface after electrostatic condition is reached

after grounding.

Vs Vb

Potential difference

Vs Vb

KQ

r

1

R R

23

24

COMPREHENSION

[M_Bank _C.E._9.7]

A car battery with a 12 V emf and an internal resistance of 0.04 is being charged with a current of 50 A.

12 V

0.04

50 A

(charged)

23.

V

(A) 10 V

(B) 12 V

(C*) 14 V

(D) 16 V

Sol.

V = E + ir (during charging) (

= 14 V.

24.

The rate at which energy is being dissipated as heat inside the battery is :

Sol.

(A*) 100 W

(B) 500 W

2

P = I r (Due to internal resistance) (

= 502 4 102 = 100 W

(C) 600 W

(D) 700 W

)

13

14

In the arrangement shown in the figure when the switch S2 is open, the galvanometer shows no deflection

5

L . The internal

12

resistance (r) of 6 V cell, and the emf E of the other battery are respectively. Wire AB is potentiometer wire

and resistance of other conducting wires is negligible. (Internal resistance of cell E is negligible)

S2

= L/2

for = L/2. When the switch S2 is closed, the galvanometer shows no deflection for =

S2

E

)

5

L

12

AB

6V

(r)

(

[Only (JP,JF,JR)]

13.

(A) 6 V

(B) 5 V

E

(C*) 12 V

14.

(A) 1

(B*) 2

Sol.(13 to 14)

case

-I

S2 is open

Potential gradient

so

6=

E = 12 V

case

-II

i=

6

10 r

E L

L 2

S2 is closed

E

L

(D) 10 V

'r'

(C) 3

(D) zero

6 ir =

6

E 5L

L 12

6

r=5

10 r

6r

=1

r 10

6r = r + 10

r = 2

15.

If the current in 8 resistance is 2A then the current through resistance 'R' (in ampere) would be :

8

2A

'R'

[Made OP sir 2010-11]

Ans.

Sol.

Current in 4 resistance = 4A

Total current = 4 + 2 = 6A

11

12

A small particle of mass m = 1kg and charge of 1C enters perpendicularly in a triangular region of uniform

magnetic field of strength 2T as shown in figure :

2T

m = 1kg

1C

:

[Only (JP,JF,JR)]

11.

Calculate maximum velocity of the particle with which it should enter so that it complete a halfcircle in

magnetic region :

:

(A) 2 m/s

(B) 2.5 m/s

(C*) 3 m/s

(D) 4 m/s

Sol.

In triangle PMC

cos53 =

PMC

MP

MC

3

R

=

5

4R

12 = 8R

R=

3

m (R is the maximum radius of halfcircle) (

2

Rmax =

12.

mumax

qB

Umax = 3 m/s.

In previous question, if particle enters perpendicularly with velocity 48 m/s in magnetic region. Then, how

much time will it spend in magnetic region :

48 m/s

:

Sol.

(A)

11

sec.

360

R=

mu

= 24 m

qB

(B*)

7

sec.

360

(C)

13

sec.

360

(D)

17

sec.

360

Let,

MPQ =

By geometry,

CPO = (37 )

In CPO ,

OC

OP

=

sin(CPO)

sin(PCO)

20

24

=

sin(37 )

sin(180 37 )

5

56

=

sin(37 )

3

sin(37 ) =

=

1

2

7

rad.

180

qB

m

= 2 rad/sec.

t=

11.

7

sec.

360

Three indentical bulbs each of resistance 2 are connected as shown. The maximum power that can be

consumed by individual bulb is 32W, then the maximum power consumed by the combination is :

2

32W

,

:

[Made RKS sir 2012-13]

Sol.

12.

(A*) 48 W

(B) 96 W

P = i2 R

32 = i2 (2)

i = 4A

Pmax = (2)2 (2) + (22)2 + (4)2 (2)

= 8 + 8 + 32 = 48 W

(C) 128 W

(D) 160 W

Two coaxial rings are separated by a distance x. R is radius of larger ring having charge Q uniformly

distributed on it.The other ring is having very small radius r (<<R) then magnitude of electric flux

through smaller ring due to larger ring is maxium if x is equal to : [Made RKS sir 2012-13]

x

R

Q

r (<<R)

x

(A) 0

Sol.

E=

E=

(B)

KQx

2

2 3/2

(x R )

KQx

2

2 3/2

(x R )

R

3

(C)

, E is maximum for x =

,E

x=

R

2

(D*)

R

2

R

2

24

25

Consider a situation as shown in figure in which a rope of mass 'm and length ' ' is attached to fixed

ceiling. Other end is free. Free end is given a small disturbance and this disturbance travels in upwards

direction.

'm

' '

[M.Bank_S.W._5.7]

x

t=0

24.

t=t

'x'

(A)

2 xg

(B)

(C)

(D*)

xg

25.

Acceleration of disturbance is :

(A) Zero

Sol.

(B) g

(C*)

g

2

(D) 2g

(24 to 25)

T

=

v=

a=

mxg

=

m

xg

vdv

g

=

dx

2

t = 2T = 2

2

4

2

4

=

=

g/ 2

g

g

26

27

A driver is riding a car with velocity v C between two vertical walls on a horizontal surface as shown in figure.

A source of sound of frequency 'f' is situated on the car. (v c << v, where v is the speed of sound in air)

vC

'f'

(vc << v,

v

) [Made Kamal sir 2010-11]

26.

Beat frequency observed by the driver corresponding to sound waves reflected from wall-1 and wall-2

(reflected waves corresponding to waves directly coming from source) :

-1

-2

(

):

(A)

27.

vc

f

v

(B)

2v c

f

v

(C)

vc

f

2v

(D*)

4v c

f

v

Consider the sound wave observed by the driver directly from car has a wavelength 1 and the sound wave

after reflection from wall-1 observed by the driver has wavelength 2 then

-1

1

2

(A*)

vc

v

(26)

1 2

1 2

(B)

Sol.(26& 27)

v

f 1i = f1r = v v f

c

v

f 2i = f2r = v v f

c

1 2

is :

1 2

2v c

v

(C)

vc

4v

(D)

4v c

v

f dr1 =

v vc

f1r

v

v vc

f2r

v

So, beat frequency

and

f dr2 =

v vc

v vc

f1r

f2r

v

v

4vv c

4v

2 f = c f .

v

v

(27)

1 =

v vc

f

1 2 =

2v c

f

1 + 2 =

2v

f

1 2

vc

=

.

1 2

v

= | fdr1 fdr2 |

=

2 =

(v v c )2 ( v v c )2

f

(v v c )(v v c )

v vc

f

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