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We at ALS-II, have been constantly, working as a team

towards skill

development of our students by providing them with the best of all available resources. We
aspire to the best in academic learning and at the same time also focus on extra-curricular
platforms. The vision and mission of our Honble Founder President, Dr. Ashok K. Chauhan
and the zeal and enthusiasm of Honble Vice Chancellor, AUUP is the driving force behind
all efforts we do.
AmiComm-Communication Skills Newsletter is one such endeavour to bring out the best in
our students and faculty members at large. I am sure that AMICOMM reaches great heights
with the ever enthusiastic and hard working editorial team.

Dr. Aditya Tomer , Editor-in-Chief

Addl Director & Head of Institution ALS-II


Additional Editor-in-Chief
Ms. Sumitra Singh, Asst. Prof
Associate Editor
Ms. Lekha Rani Singh, Asst. Prof

MENTOR: Dr. Santosh Kumar, Asst.Prof

Mail your articles/Views/Book reviews/short stories :
Email :
Block address: I 3 Block, Room no. 304
Mobile: 9560839415
Office phone : 01204392087


Today, there is a dire need of Communication skills in almost all the

walks of life. The present newsletter issue focusses on the need of Communication skills for
budding lawyers especially. However, I am of the opinion that with the advent of new
technology tools in education and the phenomenal rise of Social media for communicating,
increased spoken words through written texts like the print media, the need of communication
skills becomes all the more very important.
So, today we dont focus on pronunciation, rather we focus on enunciation. Similarly , today
non verbal communication also plays a dominant role in determining ones personality. With
perfect gesticulations and art of conversation, one speaks with an unmatchable elan. If we
expand our social mentoring circles and try to communicate through Podcast, Radio or
Television, we need to focus more. Each word counts and each gesture means a lot. On the
whole Communication skills is now directly related to ones personality . A lawyer needs to
possess excellent advocacy skills, best of counseling techniques and interviewing behaviour.
Actually, our outreach has increased manifold with the ongoing process of globalization. We
have extended our proximities from local to glocal to global. Much because of internet. And
thats where there is a need to learn web based writing.. one more form of communication
skills.I am sure that AmiCOMM would be truly successful and that the students benefit a lot .

Wish you all the best!

Sumitra Singh
Additional Editorn-chief

Prabhat Yadav, Advocate, Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court comments

The young budding lawyers do need a platform like AmiCOMM where they can voice their
opinion and begin learning ,actually, how to communicate effectively

Akhand Pratap Singh, Advocate, Delhi High Court remarks:

Amicomm is a very good initiative by Amity Law School, Centre-II. I wish all the
best to the budding lawyers-the upcoming legal luminaries of tomorrow


Radhika Nagu

We may have a female statue of justice, but in actuality justice is non-gender in character. It
strives to iron out the creases of social, economic and political inequalities. But has it been
able to achieve this goal? Has it uprooted the age old sense of misogynist and instilled the
feeling of oneness in the society? Have women started to feel equal, safe and important?
Gender inequality or discrimination is a specie of social inequality. It arises when gender is
the raison-de-etr behind discrimination. Historically, our society being patriarchal has
experienced gender inequality since time immemorial. Women were pushed into the
background, striped of their voice and reduced to the category of a second-class citizen
whose place was announced to be in the kitchen. A womans sole purpose of existence was
declared to be to bear children and take care of a mans house and his parents. They were
crushed and pushed into a vicious man-made cycle of misery which continued for centuries
before any change occurred.
In the 21st century, weve come a long way but a lot is yet to be done. However, in this
process of evolution from a stagnant patriarchy to a society gradually shifting towards
equality, the law of our country has played a major role. Law and justice constantly step in to
minimize and eliminate this malady. Few of these examples are as follows:
1. Section 306 was incorporated in IPC to tackle the social menace of sati
2. Article 15 prohibits the State under Article 12to discriminate against citizens only on
grounds of sex. Similar prohibitions under Article 14 are prescribed in generic terms
and under Article 16 in the specific field of service.
3. Article 51-A(e) obliges every citizen to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity
of women.
4. The Hindu Succession Act 1956 has been amended to recognize the daughter as a
coparcener (having equal rights in ancestral property) thereby becoming a co-sharer
with her male siblings. However, this amendment w.e.f. 9-9-2005 has been interpreted

by the Apex Court in a leading case...... to have prospective effect and apply to
daughter whose father was alive on or after the amendment.
5. In the last one decade, several new legislations and amendments in existing
legislations are promulgated to set right gender discrimination.
In the formative years of our nation, laws for women were made to deal with gender bias
which was rampant in the society. However, in the last about 70 years, our nation has
matured from an under-developed to a developing nation standing on the threshold of
becoming a world leader. With ever-riding level of education, economic and social standing,
the women are now faced with comparatively less gender bias. The remedial laws
promulgated since independence have greatly contributed towards minimizing gender
discrimination and affording a level playing field for women. Gender inequality cannot be
eradicated by laws alone. This inequality needs women to be strong and opinionated, to not
be afraid to come out of their homes and raise their voices loud enough to shatter any glass
that this society has built to keep them out. But most importantly, women empowerment and
gender quality needs men. It needs men to change the way they have been conditioned to
think, to treat women as their equal and not as an inferior race. When social awareness
through quality and moral oriented education along with making of laws are introduced in
concerted efforts, only then will humankind witness a new dawn bereft of gender bias.


Pulkit Gupta
Capital reduction is the process of decreasing a companys shareholder equity. The
Companies Act, 1956 had provision of capital reduction U/S 100- 105 but the new amended
Companies Act, 2013 talks about capital reduction U/S 66. The section provides that a
company may reduce its share capital by

extinguish or reduce the liability on any share, where share capital not paid: or


either with of without reducing liability on its shares

a) cancel any paid up share capital which is lost or, unrepresented by
available assets: or

b) pay off any paid up share capital.

Procedural Requirements to be Fulfilled

1) Special Resolution:
The reduction of share capital can be affected only when a special resolution U/S 114
is passed at a general meeting of its shareholders. A special resolution is one in which
votes casted in favour are three times the votes casted against the resolution.
2) Court Sanction:
When an application for reduction of Capital is made the Tribunal U/S 66(2) give a
notice to creditors, Central Government, registrar, SEBI and ask them for their
representation. If no representation is received within 30 days means they have no
The Tribunal shall give Sanction if satisfied U/S 66(3) that, the debt or claim of every
creditor, has been discharged or has been secured or the consent of the creditor has
been obtained, then the Tribunal shall confirm the order of reduction with such terms
as it deems fit. If the company does not admit of fixes a amount of debt, then the
Tribunal has a right to do so.
The tribunal can direct to waive the above mentioned provisions under Special
Circumstances The Special Circumstances were discussed by the Honble High
Court of Andhra Pradesh in:
Il & FS Construction Co. Ltd Vs. Wardha Power Co.Ltd.
The court Held that such Circumstances will be considered as Special Circumstances
(i) whether the value of the companys liquid assets are sufficient to cover the
creditors, (ii) whether no creditor, who might otherwise be entitled to object to the
reduction, will be prejudiced by the capital reduction, (iii) whether it is established
that the company has cash and securities of a sufficient value to cover all the provable
liabilities as well as any amount proposed to be returned to the shareholders with a
reasonable margin of safety to cover oversights or contingencies, (iv) whether the
discharge of all the companys provable debts is guaranteed to the courts satisfaction,
and (v) securing claims of creditors by appropriating sufficient sum.

3) Court confirming reduction and power on making such order:

The court may direct the Company that words and reduced be added to the
companys name for a specific period of time and also causes which could lead to it,
giving proper information to the public.
Registration: As per the Act, minutes with a copy of order has to be registered with
the Registrar of the Companies and accordingly to that the Registrar will issue a
certificate under his hand or authenticated by his seal. Ones registered changes in the
Memorandum shall also be made.
4) Liability of the members:
The Liability of members is stated U/S 66(8) which states that, where any creditor
entitled to object the reduction by reason of his ignorance of the proceeding of
reduction, has not been entered on the list of creditors and after the reduction of the
capital, the company is unable to pay the debt then in such a case every member who
was a member of the company on the date of registration of the order of the reduction
shall pay such a amount which he would have had paid at the time of winding up.
Section 66(10) states that any officer who did a fraud will be liable U/S 447.

Reasons of Capital Reduction

There can be various reasons for capital reduction some of them are:
1) To return surplus capital to shareholders
2) It can be done as a remedy for deficit.
3) To reduce basis for taxations
4) To make up for trading loss
5) Sometimes, companies have more capital resources and reserves that they can
profitably employ, giving rise to reduction and readjustment of capital.


Shivani Dewalla
And with that six Pakistan loses to India by 3 runs announced the commentator, an
amalgamation of feelings was displayed by the crowd.
A match between India and Pakistan is not a match but a war there are some who become the
victims of war without reason. They suffer because of lines drawn years ago because of
hatred between two countries, the hatred which writes down the gory tales of torture.
We often are tear eyed while watching a first day first show movie but there are a few stories
which go beyond the script, mirroring the current world or narrating tales that failed to reach
our ears. Newspaper headlines often speak about the rivalry between India and Pakistan but
then its only read as a news by our eyes not felt by our heart.
Sarabjits news was also learnt up by entrance exam aspirants as the Indian prisoner who was
killed by inmates of Lahores Lokhpat jail but no one knew about the many dark nights he
spent in solitary confinement. The torture he went through, a simple farmer who was fondly
called sahib by his father lived a life worse than slaves.
Necessities were provided to him as favours. Did he ever know that a small bottle of liquor
would have such big repercussion on his life? A drunken stupor who accidentally crossed
over the border and was convicted for terrorism. The physical, mental and psychological
torture not only made him lose his talent of cooking, wrestling and kabootarbazi to the damp
walls of prison but also broke his soul apart.
Twenty-three years of long struggle to prove him innocent and his soul pious. But still the
land he had sown for years could only get his corpse back.
Will the Indian Government ever go farther than the 21 guns salute?
What is the point of honouring the dead if he could not live his life with dignity?
Red tapism is eating the system like termite, its often said history repeats itself because we
fail to learn from it the first time. May be Sarabjits lesson did not teach us enough that we

again have to read the tale of kripal singh which ran shivers down our spine. How long will
innocents continue to suffer because of their nationality is still remains a question.


Akansha Tiwari
Medical Ethics is a field which separates a legal obligation from a moral obligation and the
relationships expect the confidence of fiduciary duty of the doctor to his patient. From the
date of creation of the Hippocratic Oath ethics has played an important role. By dealing with
the beginning, and end process of human life, medicine and medical law are rendered
ineluctably ethical in nature. Law is connected to medical law and medical ethics. Morality is
sometimes explicitly incorporated into legal doctrine and it is unavoidably incorporated with
the law in the ethical controversial issues raised by medical care system.
Code Of Medical Ethics 2002 defines duties and obligations on the part of the physician and
to some extent codifies many generally-held assumptions of correct and ethical behaviour
including issues of confidentiality and the professionals role in mercy-killing. It prohibits in
clear terms a doctors involvement in torture. It delineates when consultations should be
resorted to keeping in mind at all times that the benefit to the patient is of foremost
importance and forbids the doctors involvement in euthanasia and in conducting sex
determination tests.
There is a general belief among doctors in India that it is that patients are unable to make
reasoned choice because they could not appreciate the intricacies of alternative medical
treatment, procedures or drug trials and so, often a paternalistic view is taken The doctor
knows best.
The present code is the outcome of the sustained work of small bands of professionals across
the country who, at the risk of professional ostracism, have joined issue with the MCI over its
corrupt practices and its inaction on rampant unethical practices. Unfortunately, there is a real
danger that the passage of a code that appears to be progressive may become an end in itself.
There are some conflicting areas relating to medical ethics like Informed consent, Disclosure
of information, Confidentiality, Patients autonomy, Euthanasia and Organ transplantation
etc. Ensuring a better regulated, ethical and patient-friendly medical practice can become a

reality only in the context of greater access to health care and a revitalisation of the sector.
But given the manner in which the extensive responses to the draft health policy have been
swept aside, there is little evidence of any such resurgence.


Vidushi Singh
The National Green Tribunal was established on 18.10.2010 under the National Green
Tribunal Act 2010 for the effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to
environmental protection and conservation of forests and other natural resources, including
application of any law relating to the environment and giving the relief and compensation for
damages to persons and property and related matters, or accessories. It is a specialized agency
equipped with the expertise to deal with disputes involving multidisciplinary environmental
issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure under the Code of Civil Procedure,
1908, but must be guided by principles of natural justice.
Tribunal's jurisdiction with regard to dedicated environment must provide rapid
environmental justice and help reduce the burden of litigation in higher courts. The Tribunal
is mandated to do and strive for the elimination of applications or appeals finally within 6
months of the filing of the same. Initially, the NGT is proposed to set up five places of the
sessions and monitor the circuit to process itself more accessible. New Delhi is the primary
place of sitting of the Tribunal and Bhopal, Pune, Kolkata and Chennai are the other four
instead of the Tribunal session. After the enactment of the Act, the main bench of NGT was
established in the national capital - New Delhi, with regional banks in Pune (West Zone
Bench), Bhopal (Central Bench Zone), Chennai (Bench South) and Kolkata (bench Eastern).
Each bank has a specific geographical jurisdiction covering several countries of a region.
There is also a mechanism for the circuit banks. For example, Zone South Bank, which is
based in Chennai, decide to have meetings in other locations such as Bangalore or
Hyderabad. Click here for a copy of the notification indicating the competence of each bench.
Below is a link to all NGT area banks, addresses and contact information.
The President of the NGT is a retired judge of the Supreme Court, Head Quartered in Delhi.
Other court members are judges of superior courts in retirement. Each NGT bench include at
least one member of the judiciary and an expert member. Member of experts should have a

professional qualification and a minimum of 15 years experience in the field of

environmental/forest conservation and related topics. The present President of NGT is
Hon'ble Justice Swatanter Kumar.
1. Water Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1974;
2. Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977;
3. Forest Act (conservation), 1980;
4. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981;
5. Act (Protection) Environment, 1986;
6. Accountability Act Public Insurance, 1991;
7. Act 2002 biodiversity.
This means that violations pertaining only to these laws, or any order / decision by the
government under these laws can be challenged before the NGT. Importantly, the NGT has
not been invested with powers to hear any matter relating to the Act (protection) of wildlife,
1972 Indian Forest Act, 1927 and various laws adopted by states on forests, preservation
trees, etc. Therefore, substantial and specific issues these laws cannot be raised before the
NGT. You will need to approach the High Court of the State or of the Supreme Court through
a writ petition (PIL) or file a suit of origin before a civil judge of the taluk where the project
you're planning contest is set appropriately.
Procedures for filing a request or appeal
The NGT follows a very simple procedure to file a request for compensation for
environmental damage or an appeal against an order or decision of the government. The
official language of the NGT is English. Click here for the model prescribed for the filing of
an application / appeal to the NGT.
For each application / appeal, if no claim is in question, an amount of Rs 1000 / -. Is payable.
In cases where the compensation is requested, the fee will be a percentage of the amount of
compensation subject to a minimum of Rs 1000 /. -.
A claim can be made for:

1. Relief / compensation of victims of pollution and other environmental damage, including

accidents involving hazardous substances;
2. Return of damaged goods;
3. Restoration of the environment to such areas as determined by the NGT.
No grant of any compensation or relief or restitution of property or the environment will be
admissible only if it is made within five years from the date on which the cause of such
compensation or relief arose.

The principles of justice adopted by NGT

The NGT is not bound by the procedure under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but must
be guided by principles of natural justice. In addition, NGT is also not bound by the rules of
evidence listed in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Thus, it will be relatively easier (as opposed
to the approach of a court) for conservation groups to present facts and issues before the
NGT, including highlighting the technical flaws in a project, or suggest alternatives that
might minimize environmental damage, but that has not been considered.
Passing orders / decisions / price, the NGT will apply the principles of sustainable
development, the precautionary principle and the polluter pays.
However, note that if the NGT holds a claim is false, it may impose costs, including the
benefits lost due to any temporary injunction.
According to Article 22 of the NGT regulation, there is a provision for seeking a review of a
decision or order of the NGT. If this fails, an NGT order may be appealed to the Supreme
Court within ninety days.

Landmark judgment Art of Living Case

National Green Tribunal on Tuesday rejected the plea filed by the Art of Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
of Living Foundation and directed to pay Rs. 4.75 crores as penalty for the "World Culture
Festival" was held on the banks of river Yamuna. The NGT bench headed by Chairman
Justice Swatanter Kumar refused to accept the plea of the Foundation that the money they

should be treated as a bank guarantee and should be applied to the establishment of a park
biodiversity. The bench also slapped a fine of Rs. 5000 on the foundation, for the filing of an
application that has not in good faith. It was directed to submit within a week the rest of the
costs imposed for infringing biodiversity Yamuna.
At the hearing, the House struck the organization for failing to deposit the amount, despite
assurances to the court. "We noticed that the conduct of the Foundation is certainly not
worthy of any appreciation. Today submission of a bank guarantee is subject to the deposit of
money, if the Foundation can deposit the amount with the banks, so why not with the
concerned authorities as directed, to empty the March 9, 2016, "he was quoted as saying. The
Court also suggested that NGOs can use the grant to the Union Ministry of Culture to pay the
balance compensation. The ministry had granted it Rs. 2.5 crore for World Cultural Festival.

Meanwhile, the Organization had filed a motion alleging bias by the expert group established
by the Court to examine the Yamuna floodplains where the foundation had leveled sections
of land, built a temporary structure, strips of land agricultural borrowed and built in advance
pontoon bridges on its cultural festivities weekend. However, he was rapping to the
allegations, with the observation Bench, "We asked for (an) expert committee to visit your
site ... now you have moved a motion alleging bias. You can not make allegations and
accusations against anyone and everyone. "the Tribunal agreed to add two other members of
the Committee, provided that the request of the organization is removed. This condition was
not accepted by AOL, which decided to challenge the inspection and the constitution of the
committee. the committee of experts, including CR Babu, AK Gosain and Brij Gopal, to
submit its report in a sealed cover before the Court on July 4.
The Tribunal, in March this year, given a green signal to the cultural festival of three days,
provided that the Foundation has paid Rs. 5 crores as fine for damaging the biodiversity of
the fertile plain of Yamuna flood. The organization had then submitted a petition seeking
NGT four weeks to deposit the amount. He was then directed to deposit Rs. 25 lakhs on the
same day and granted three weeks time to pay the balance amount. The event witnessed
artists, musicians and dancers from around the world.


Rudrali Patil
The Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act, 2016(hereinafter referred to as the act), is
a welcome step to overcome the challenges of regulating the real estate sector of India. For
decades following the independence, Indian real estate sector was under the strong hold of
the builders. The prices of real estate were sky high and one of the biggest woes of home
buyers was the timely delivery of house. This act provides a legal safeguard for the buyers
investment. The buyers can now invest with greater confidence. The act has brought about
considerable amount of transparency in the system.

Up until the 1980s real estate was mostly regulated by the State Institutions as private
players were few. With liberalization, the private sector got the much needed push and today
the sector contributes substantially to the countrys GDP.
After much discussion and deliberation in the Parliament by both houses the ambitious Real
Estate Bill,2015 was enacted. Here we have focused on some salient features of the act.
1) Clarity and Definitions of Various Terms
The Act defines key terms such as Carpet Area, Promoter, Real Estate Agent, Real
Estate Project which have been widely misinterpreted and misused by the developers
and builders in the past.

2) Registration under Real Estate Regulatory Authority(RERA)

The purchasers of real estate can now under the act approach the Real Estate
Regulatory Authority which will be set up within the span of a year since the coming
into force of the Act. All States and Union Territories must establish State level
regulatory authorities. Previously purchasers had to approach the regular consumer
forums. The act seeks to set up RERA in States and Union Territories to oversee real
estate transactions. RERA has also been entrusted with adjudicatory functions, which
have been discussed below. With the establishment of State level RERA every
developer launching any residential project with an area of over 500sqm or 8
apartments has to register it. It requires the developers the deposit 70% of the sums
received from buyers in a separate bank account earmarked for each project.

The Act mandates all new real estate projects and agents to be registered with RERA.
The builders must disclose details of the registered project including those about
promoters, layout plan, consultants, land status approvals, agreements along with
contractors, real estate agents and structural engineers. All these details must be
uploaded on the website of the RERAs. RERA will revitalize consumer confidence
in the over supplied and over-priced real estate market.

3) Adjudicatory Bodies
The Act sets up 3 bodies namely, the Real Estate Regulatory Authority, Real Estate
Appellate Tribunal, Central Advisory Council.

The Real Estate Regulatory Authority- RERA will consist of a chairperson

and at least 2 full time members with experience in real estate, urban
development etc. It has been vested with powers of a civil court. An appeal
against its order preferred within 60 days to the Real Estate Appellate
Tribunal. If RERA observes that an issue affects competition, it may refer it to
Competition Commission.

Real Estate Appellate Tribunal (REAT)- An appeal against the order by

RERA is preferred to REAT within 60 days. One Tribunal may be established
for two or more states. Each Tribunal will consist of a chairperson and two
members, one with a judicial background and one with a technical
background. It has been vested with the powers of a Civil court. It is not
bound by procedure laid by Code of Civil Procedure 1908 or Evidence Act
1872 but principles of natural justice. An appeal against REAT lies to the High
Court within 60 days.

Central Advisory Council - A Central Advisory Council, consisting of

representatives from union ministries, state governments, RERAs and
representatives of the real estate industry, consumers, and labourers will be
established. The Council will advise the central government on major
questions of policy, and protection of consumer interests.

4) Promoters

Promoters can offer or book the projects for sale only after registration, unless
exempted under the act. Upon registration the promoter shall upload all the details of
the project on the website of RERA. The promoters must schedule the completion of
the project. They may not accept more than 10% of the cost of the apartment,
building, plot etc. as advance. The Act prohibits the Promoter from changing the plan
and design of the project unless 2/3rd of the allottees have agreed for such a change.
The promoter is required to declare that it has legal title to the project land or
authenticate validity of title and obtain insurance for the same.
5) Penalties
The act provides for penalties on agents, promoters, allottees against non-compliance
of the Act. These may act as deterrent. It imposes monetary penalty on promoter of up
to 5% of the estimated cost of the project for disclosure related defaults.
Up to 10% for other defaults along with a maximum imprisonment of 3 years.
The consumers are liable to a fine of up to 10% of the apartment cost or imprisonment
up to 1 year for non-compliance with orders of the real estate appellate tribunal.

In Conclusion, the act aims to bring about a more transparent and structured real estate sector
however it is bound to have some teething problems in its initial phase. In the short term, the
challenges maybe mainly from the supply side. It also attempts to check the practice of using
black money in transactions. It may may seem that the developers have got a raw deal but it
insures only serious players remaining in the real-estate sector which ultimately leads to
greater transparency in the long run. The act regulates various challenges and problems and if
implemented efficiently would go a long way in bringing structural changes in the sector.


Mrudula Mohan
A temple is a structure or building reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such
as prayer and sacrifice for gods. It is a place which efforts to brings humans and gods
together. It is typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific
term such as church, mosque or synagogue is not generally used in English. These include
Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism among religions with many modern followers, as well as
other ancient religions such as Ancient Egyptian religion.
Two of such ancient temples Sabarimala Ayyapa Temple in Kerala and Shani Shingnapur
Temple in Maharashtra in recent have been in a controversy that they have been
distinguishing between gender by not allowing the women to enter into its premises.
"In the context of Sabarimala, the administration vests with the Travancore Devaswom Board
under the provisions of the Travancore-Cochin Hindu Religious Institutions Act, 1950. Under
the Act, there is a statutory duty cast on the Board to arrange worship in temples in
accordance with the usage. Therefore, in matters of religion, it is the opinion of the priests
that is final," the affidavit filed by state chief secretary Jiji Thomson said. A bench led by
Justice Dipak Misra on January 11th said it would examine the issue of ban on entry of
women of menstrual age in the temple on constitutional parameters, and adjudge whether
this practice was intricately fundamental to religious customs and hence cannot be
interfered with.
The state government is "duty bound to protect the right to practice the religion of these
devotees". "The same is an essential and integral part of the right of practice of religion of a
devotee and comes under the protective guarantee of the Constitution under Articles 25 and
26 which have been held to contain guarantee for rituals, observances, ceremonies and modes
of worship which are an integral part of religion," it said. The government also said "the right
to exclude persons who are not allowed to participate in worship according to the tenets of
the religious institution in question is a matter of religion" and such essential or integral parts
of religion are "immune" from challenge under Article 14 (right to equality).
According to the puranas, Ayappa was born to destroy a female demon who could only be
vanquished by a child born to both Shiva and Vishnu. When Ayappa fulfils his destiny by
killing her, a beautiful woman emerges from the body. She had been cursed to live as a
demon, but her killing reversed the curse. Now free, she asks Ayappa to marry her. He

refuses, explaining to her that his mission is to go to Sabarimala where he would answer the
prayers of his devotees. However, he assures her, he will marry her when kanni-swamis stop
coming to Sabarimala. She now sits and waits for him at a neighbouring shrine near the main
temple and is worshipped as Malikapurathamma. With hundreds of thousands of new
devotees pouring in every year, hers will be a long wait. And that is why women do not go to
Sabarimala. It is partly out of empathy for Malikapurathamma and her eternal wait and its
also out of respect for Ayappa's commitment to answer the prayers of his devotees. Since he
is celibate, he should not be distracted. For hundreds of years, devotees had bought into this
story. It has nothing to do with menstruation or being unclean. Anyone who goes to
Sabarimala knows that.
"The temple cannot prohibit entry (women), except on the basis of religion. Unless you have
a constitutional right, you cannot prohibit entry, "said the judges who heard the case.
For over four centuries, women had been barred from stepping onto the high platform on
which stands a black stone - symbolizing Lord Shanidev, the personification of planet Saturn.
However, the temple trust on Friday took a decision to end the age-old discriminatory
practice and allow women inside the sanctum sanctorum. The temple trust's decision came
following a Bombay high court order on April 1 which said that it is women's fundamental
right to go into places of worship and the government is duty-bound to protect it. The
Maharashtra government had made its stand clear in the court and had said that it will not
allow any discrimination between men and women devotees. Sayaram Bankar, a trustee of
Shani Shingnapur temple, said the trustees held a meeting and decided to facilitate
unrestricted entry to all devotees including men and women, in keeping with the high court
directive. The agitation for women's entry gained momentum over the last few months with
some activists of Bhoomata Brigade led by Trupti Desai making several bids to enter the
temple's sanctum sanctorum. They were prevented by locals leading to confrontation.
Woman has the same religious and spiritual freedom in Hinduism as man. Like a man, she is
the soul in bondage and the goal of her life is the same as that of man, spiritual perfection
ormoksha through selfless work, meditation and yoga. Hindus have elevated women to the
level of divinity. They worship God in the form of Divine Mother. However, the status of
women in Hindu society has also been affected by factors other than the ideals set forth in the
Vedas and Upanishads, such as cultural mores and the exploitation of the biological and
psychological differences between men and women. Therefore, on an individual and social

level, complete and total equality of women is a goal that Hindu society (and other societies)
is still striving for. As Swami Vivekananda says, we must realize that man and woman are
two wings of the same bird; that in order to truly soar to great heights, a man and woman
must work in unison in order to achieve greater harmony in life.
According to manusmriti Where women are honoured, there the Gods are pleased. But
where they are not honoured, no sacred rite yields rewards.


Harshit Hassanwalia
Drugs takes you to Hell, Disguised as Heaven. -Donald Lynn Frost
Drug Addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug
seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the addicted individual and to those around
him or her.
The Monstrous Devil of Drug Abuse, has, in the last Decade, widened and deepened its roots,
mostly, in the Northern and the Eastern parts of India. Leading the ill- fated list of the states
having drug addicts, Punjab, by far, comes first.
Some damned facts about the catastrophic setback of drug abuse, that has, by many means,
debauched the entire Youth Generation of Punjab are, as follows

A survey in January of ten Punjab districts conducted by the National Drug

Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC) at AIIMS, revealed, that 18-35 year olds
accounted for 76% of Opioid users in Punjab. Opioids are a class of drugs that
includes some prescription analgesics, morphine and heroin.

Heroin, which is primarily smuggled into Punjab from Afghanistan through Pakistan allegedly with support from its spy agency, the Inter-Intelligence Services - accounted
for 86.6 % of total Opioid consumption in the State. That's worth a staggering Rs.
7,500 Crore, the survey added. Moreover, the state's 2.3 Lakh Opioid Abusers spend a
total of approximately Rs. 20 Crores every day on Drugs

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data showed that average drug abuse among
youth in Punjab in 2013 was 51.6%, a figure that's 18 times higher than the national

We, have always been pointing out fingers on Punjabs Youth and their Culture, for the
excessive drug abuse prevalent among them, but have given less thought as to why, a State
which was once referred to as Sone Di Chirhi and was Prosperous as it had Abundant
Resources, a State which used to be the War Front or the Wall that kept the Insurgents and
Terrorists at bay from entering the India , has witnessed such a

diabolic, undesired

misfortune for its Youth.

The Geographical location of Punjab has in turn worked in favour of the Increase in Drug
Addiction and Abuse in Punjab. Pakistan has ever after Partition kept an evil eye on India,
has tried to destroy our Heritage, our Infrastructure and Socialist and Secular nature of our
Nation. Punjab due to its Geographical location has always fought the terrorists single
handily, and has, proved to be a Roadblock in the malaise intentions of Pakistan. Pakistan
knew that if the wall that prevents Pakistani forces and Terrorists from coming to the heart of
India is taken out of equation, then it will turn the tide in favour of Pakistans malafide
intentions. Hence, they primarily, supplied free drugs to the border neighbouring villages of
Punjab, and then, after making them drug addicts, started Smuggling large quantities which








through Indo-

Pakistan borders, right under the noses of the Border Security Force, The Directorate of
Revenue Intelligence, The Narcotics Control Bureau and the Intelligence Bureau. Drugs are
smuggled through Indo-Pakistan borders, right under the noses of the Border Security Force,
The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence, The Narcotics Control Bureau and the Intelligence
Bureau. Pakistan is taking advantage of the sleeping & debauched vigil on the Punjab side of
The Pop Culture has always advertised Drugs as a "cool" thing to do. This has always
influenced the youth into trying out drugs. Apart from this, peer pressure, depression,
loneliness, unemployment etc. also play a huge role. Also, the ignorance of government and
the society fuelled the problem.

Films like Udta Punjab are doing what the Govt. needed to do. It does not show Punjab in any
bad light, but only shows the Social Evil of Drug Addiction as Evil, and a film that carries the
message that the Social Evil is Evil cannot be impermissible on the ground that it depicts the
Social Evil as stated by Supreme Court in the Bandit Queen Case. It will make people aware,
that how drugs are being smuggled by Pakistan and how some corrupt Politicians and Police
Officers are making Humongous Profits out of this Drug Circulation Racket and hence, our
every fibre of existence should support the release of such Film and eradication of the Social
Drug Addiction and Abuse are the most gravest type of social disorganisations, and hence, it
is important that the Govt. and Society should end the blame game, and rather, should start
working together in the direction of total Purge of the of the Drug Mafias, Dealers and all
those Administrators which have helped the drug trafficking to spread its roots in the Sone Di
Chirhi of our country, while sitting outside the central picture for Pecuniary Gains.

World of Tarot(On invitation)

Namrata Gulati Sapra, Free lance writer & Tarot reader

Welcome to the world of Tarot! This is an amazing world, where questions about your past
and present are answered with precision, while the future is foretold. In the world of Tarot,
there isnt 1, but 78 angels guiding you on the right path.
Reading for roll number 16
I, Namrata Gulati, a Tarotista, would like to have the pleasure of reading Tarot Cards for you.
To begin with, I would like to tap into my intuition and experience and pick out a guidance
Card for a student enrolled in the first year of BA LLB at ALSN with roll number 16.
So, the two Cards that I picked out for you are The Sun and The Star.

The Sun

Well, this is one of my favourite Cards in the Deck! Looks like you are headed on the right
path. You are bold enough to take initiatives and are blessed with leadership qualities. You
are confident and can inspire people around you with as much ease as charm. That said, you
are smart yet have the quality of innocent about you. Life looks bright for you.

The Star

Aha! Stars make dreams come true. And this Card indicates that a wish you made is sure to
come true. If you havent yet, I suggest you to wish upon a star quickly for it is more likely to
come true now than any other time. Also, everyone knows how brightly stars shine. Get
ready, for a new ray of hope is about to enter into your life. Enjoy this phase of tranquillity to
the fullest!


The appearance of these Cards together in your reading indicate that things seem to be going
quite alright for you at the moment, and by Gods grace, they will only get better in the
future! While the sun radiates warmth, stars are cool and peaceful, which means you are both
a motivated individual yet a peaceful and patient one, who knows that good things come to
those who wait! At the same time, this is an auspicious phase of life for you. All the best!

To know more about Tarot or for a reading or simply to get in touch with me, visit my
Facebook page, Thank you Tarot. However, you may have to like it before you can read

Iqbal and Kierkegaard: The Self(On invitation)

Sufyan Bin Uzayr, Freelance writer, author and blogger
The Self is an integral part of a person. It is in ones inner nature, which psychology
does not grasp, but it definitely exists and is real beyond any doubt. We can intuit Self; in fact
it is only in intuition that the true nature of the Self is revealed. To Kierkegaard, the Self is
nucleus of our existence. He says that a person first learns to know himself before learning
anything else. This single sentence of a great philosopher takes us into certain depth of the
subject. He is not telling us to know the Self but wants us to learn how to know the Self
before learning anything else. This particular knowledge, that is, how to know the Self is a
pre-requisite in Philosophy. It is only after we acquire the required knowledge of the Self that
we can move further on. After knowing the Self, one is able to proceed towards his or her
development. The development of the Self is a movement from temporal to eternal, but one
must be brave enough to put the first step on this path, as it is extremely difficult, full of
riddles and risks. In other words, it demands personal sacrifices. Therefore Kierkegaard had
to forego all the pleasures of his life before choosing this difficult path. In The Secrets of the
Self, Iqbal says, Jigar khoon ho to chashm-i-dil men hoti hai nazar paida (The inner eye
gets vision only when the heart bleeds).
According to Kierkegaard, the Self has its origin in God. It is a vital entity in the
individual, which has deep insight and tremendous observing power. It has the power to see
The Unseen. Kierkegaards concept of approach to the Self is a movement from Temporal to
Eternal. His movement from the beginning to the end is religious, in which Faith and Love
are the most essential and central tools. Faith provides the wisdom to choose the correct path
and Love is the force which provides strength to overcome all hurdles. It removes all the
fears and doubts from the mind of the traveller. Love is the most sacred feeling in a person as
it relates to one of the attributes of God. Thus, Sren Kierkegaard gives utmost importance to
the cleanliness of the heart for the growth of Love. To him, purifying the heart from rubbish
is the first and foremost step towards self- awareness. Tying to know the Self with an impure
heart is, simply put, self-deceit. Indeed, such an effort is bound to end in tragedy. In Works of
Love, Kierkegaard says, A person can damage his soul without anyone suspecting it, for this
is not an external damage, it lies within the persons innermost being. It is like the rot at the
heart of fruit, while the outside can look very delectable; it is like the inner hollowness of
which the shell gives no hint. The inner rot is the rubbish of the heart and for its

treatment Kierkegaard prescribes his formula of upbuilding (edifying) belief, and says that
it is Love that builds up belief. To further quote from him:
Love is the origin of everything, and spiritually understood love is the deepest
ground of the life of the spirit. Spiritually understood, the foundation is laid
down in every person in whom there is Love. And the edifice which,
spiritually understood, is to be constructed, is again love.
Furthermore, it is Faith that strengthens the inner being of a person. One must not
abandon his soul to worldly appetites as human being is destined to rule the world and not to
be ruled by evil forces.
The transparency of heart is symbolic of the transparency of the sea, as maintained by
Kierkegaard. Thus, he stresses on the process of constant deepening of transparency of the
heart. He says, the depth of the sea determines its purity and its purity determines its
transparency. According to him, elevation of Heaven can be seen in pure depth of the sea.
Similarly, when the heart is deeply transparent and calm, it mirrors the Divine elevation of
Reality in its pure depths.
Iqbal on the other hand, feels that the journey to selfhood begins with Love and ends
at Reality. He also believes that the greater the conception of God, the more Self. (The
Secrets of the Self) According to Iqbal, the human Ego is deeply related to the Ultimate Ego
or the All-embracing Ego. This All-embracing Ego is the fountain of awareness of the higher
consciousness. The ego of a human when fully developed becomes deeply related with
Ultimate Ego. This means that a human being comes in direct contact with God, at least
spiritually. To quote Iqbal from The Secrets of the Self:
Physically as well as spiritually, Man is a self-contained centre, but he is not
yet a complete Individual. The greater his distance from God, the less his
Individuality. He who comes nearest to God is the completest [sic.] person.
Not that he is finally absorbed in God; on the contrary, he absorbs God into
himself. A true person not only absorbs the world of matter; by mastering it,
he absorbs God Himself into his Ego.
Both Iqbal and Kierkegaard propagate the view that Self attains its highest goal by
becoming deeply related to God and becomes a union of the Temporal and the Eternal. When
one becomes aware of it, his knowledge leads him to know that the world has been created
for him and he is for the world. As Kierkegaard puts it: Therefore, just as soon as a person
collects himself in a more understanding consideration of life, he seeks to assure himself of a
coherence in everything and as the ruler of creation he approaches.

Iqbal maintains that the more developed ones Ego is, the better he or she can stand
the heaviest shocks without being destroyed, and can even survive the shocks of corporeal
death. Sufferings in spiritual struggle for development of the Self are inevitable, and the
farther away the goal, the more difficult the path. Love, however, makes the voyage beautiful
and easy for the traveller. Quoted below are five verses from Iqbals The Secrets of the Self:
The luminous point whose name is the Self, Is the life-spark beneath our dust.
By Love it is made more lasting, More living, more burning, more glowing.
From Love proceeds the radiance of its being, And the development of its
unknown possibilities.
Its nature gathers fire from Love, Love instructs it to illumine the world.
The hardest rocks are shivered by Loves glance; Love of God at last becomes
wholly God.
The above verses coincide beautifully with the ideas of Kierkegaard on Self, Love and
the relationship between the two. To conclude, in words of Kierkegaard, discovery of the Self
wins the heart before taking possession of the mind.
Works Cited
Iqbal, Muhammad. The Secrets of the Self. Lahore: Indus Press, 1920. Print.
Kierkegaard, Sren. Works of Love. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1946.

Diksha Suri
Student,Amity Institute of Competitions.
Apeejay School, Noida.

Laugh like you aren't being heard,

Love like you haven't been hurt.
Your life is a story you write.
Go down, get up and fight.
You can't be controlled,
You are a ball of fire.
Which never runs cold.
You are an eagle.
You have to aim higher.
They aren't you.
And you are not feeble.
You are the morning dew.
Cool those you surround.
You moist the hard ground.
You aren't them.
And they aren't you.
Your life is a story you write.
Go down, get up and fight.

Women Directors on Corporate Boards

.A move to Women Empowerment

CS Monica Suri
Astt Prof (III)
Amity Law School, Noida
(And Independent Women Director Panasonic AVC Networks Ltd
The women Directors on the Board can be analyzed from both the perspectives, social and
A clear pattern shows, Women Directors on the Board add to effectiveness of the boards and
improve the quality and discussions. Her varied roles in life as a mother and a professional at
the same time makes her better strategist and builds better consensus on various issues in the
board room. Most of these directors are highly Motivated and contribute substantially in
various committees and segments of the Company functioning! It s also being rightly said
that woman directors are more thoughtful , less risk taking and thus provide important
balance in Board decision making
The new Companies Act came into force in August 2013. The Act and the SEBI guidelines
have mandated that Corporate Boards have at least One Women Director.
The provisions under the Act (section 149) states:

every listed company and those public firms ,

---having paid up share capital of Rs 100 crore or more should have at least one woman
director on their board.
---It will be also applicable to entities with a minimum turnover of Rs 300 crore.

The Act has further

enhanced the accountability of the Board by mandating certain

disclosures relating to CSR, risk policies, whistle blower mechanism , performance of Board
etc. Thus, new mandatory committees have been constituted like,

Corporate Social

responsibility , Stakeholders, Audit committee, sexual harassment etc . The Women Directors
are either member of these Committees or Chairperson , depending on the strength and
capacity of the Board!
To conclude, gender bias had deterred many companies to appoint women on boards, but
with new provisions of the Act , companies are looking for good women candidates for
appointment, whether within their networking or outside. Lots of University Professors have
also been appointed, based on their knowledge and analytical skills. Simultaneously there is
also a need to have repository , wherein more and more competent minds could synergize.


Shivani Dewella

"The scene is set , it all goes black;

The curtain raised The Final Act.
Sirens raging in the night , sounds of horror gasps of fright .
Intense pain the smell of blood , teary eyes begin to flood .
They pull out our bodies one by one
What is going on we were only having fun "

These famous lines from the poem The final act by Lisa teller narrate the catastrophe people
meet after consuming liquor.

Recently Bihar has joined Gujrat , Manipur , Nagaland and the territory of lakshwadeep in
becoming a dry state .

W.C. Field said " There are only two ways to get ahead today sell liquor or drink it " so will a
ban on liquor stop growth and shoot up taxes ?
Every coin has two sides and so does this story .

Alcohol consumers have always opposed the ban stating that a major chunk of government
revenue comes from the tax on liquor and a ban on it will make state exchequer empty.
Making Bihar a dry state did come at a high cost , as a loss of revenue worth 4000 crore. Also
it has been alleged that the ban is nothing more than a political sham ,as seen in Bihar the ban
was imposed by CM Mr. Nitish Kumar who himself in 2007 took liquor to villages to
increase revenue.
The Act prohibiting the manufacturing , transportation , consumption also states an exception
making the army cantonements free from the prohibition which has fair chances of being
misused .
Moreover producers in the neighbouring state have gained by selling out the same liquor at
an inflated figure.

Apart from the above arguments no major defences have come to stop the prohibition while
the flip side weighs a little heavier on the scale of development agreed that a huge amount of
revenue does come from taxes on liquor but at what cost ?
Alcohol has a link to most of the criminal case the Delhi gangrape of a 23 year old is a
potential reminder of the limits of alcohol where the offendors were reportedly drunk.

Alcohol fuelled domestic violence , rape cases , drunken driving are just a few instances
where alcohol has played the devil in the act.
Maharashtra tops the chart of alcohol related death followed by Madhya Pradesh and Tamil
15 people die everyday in India from the effects of alcohol reveals analysis if 2013 National
Crime Records Bureau.
The survey also reveals that about 85 % of the crime against women is due to alcoholism.

The figures reveal an ugly picture of how many women lose their life , prestige and
opportunities of education to this bottle it's often said a country whether is progressive or not
can be said after seeing it's women so will the revenue help us to progress if women are
beaten by men after consuming alcohol behind doors or the part of the salary that should go
for a daughters education and buying grains for home goes for buying a bottle of liquor .
This makes us ask a significant question why do people drink " it makes then forget their
worries " but for how long ?
But most importantly will simply banning liquor reduce alcoholism, alcoholism is a
syndrome where people cannot live without consuming and their actions are altered when the
same isnt available .
Nothing can be totally removed until replaced, a ban on liqour will not be effective until and
unless there is also a ban on drugs as a prohibition on one increases the sale of other also
centers to treat people suffering from alcohol need to be opened if the problem is to be
removed from the root .
We have to realise that alcohol isn't the answer it just makes us forget the question so can a
growing economy like India progress with half of its citizens intoxicated ?

Dead is not an option(On invitation)

Anu Tripathi , QA Engineer
AgreeYa Mobility, Pune
Project Location: client location at Reliance JIO, Mumbai
My life is full of miseries, unfortunate things, and struggles. I find it worthless.
I have heard many people complaining about their life. In fact, many people go for ending up
with their life finding no hopes to live and commit suicides.
I ask them- Have you ever tried to actually live your life?
Its just our approach which creates the aura of our life. Let it be good or bad, it is created
only by us.
After a lot of fight and struggles, people lose hope and think that the only way to come out of
this situation is by ending up with everything, by ending up their life. Even if someone tries
to inspire or motivate them, few take it positively and try coming out of it and few starts
reacting like the biggest sufferers and say- Youll not understand my situation because
youve never been into it. Leave it, because youll not understand my pain.
Sometimes, I think, If circumstances are meant for life or life is meant for circumstances.
The biggest harm to anyone in this world is losing their own life. It is the end which has to
come someday by someway on its own. Then, why ending up everything by yourself? Why
committing suicides? Why giving up? Why not giving it a try again? Why not living it again,
starting a new journey just by being yourself.
Life is not difficult but we make it difficult to understand its simplicity. It just requires your
WILL TO LIVE, rest all complexities are created by yourself. Let it be the personal
relationships, financial struggles, or health problems. Its up to you, how you handle your
difficult times. This is where you actually differentiate yourself from others.
There is so much in this world to be admired for. Have you ever tried to feel the happiness
when your dear ones get an unexpected call or surprises from you? Have you ever tried
feeling the cold breeze with open arms trying to understand the calmness which it gives?
Have you ever tried giving a thought to how much worth is your life forgetting the
By being coward and giving up in a difficult or abnormal situation, you never add up to
anything to anyones life, not even yours. But, fighting with it actually matters. Your life may
not be important or justified to you. But, it might be important to others for whom you are the
only hope to live.
If you feel, you are not capable financially, look to them who sleep on roads and sometimes
dont even get a single time meal. If you think you are rejected by someone in a relationship,
think of someone who lost his family since birth. If you think you are not good enough to
perform at your work, may be you are not meant for that kind of profession. Try looking for

your area of interest and think of someone who failed several times and at the end made it for
him inspiring others. Keep that spark of being happy and alive. There are many more
examples like these but none of them asks for your life.
There is lot more waiting for you in coming time and it goes with many ups and downs.
Chase your dreams and follow your heart. You are much more worth than you think of
Try giving an extra bread left by you to someone who couldnt get food and is needy.
Observe the light visible in their eyes which makes them smile.
Try giving a free tuition class to someone who has never been to school and feel the
satisfaction which you get after that.
Try helping an old man to lift their heavy luggage on road and feel the blessings which they
give by thanking you.
There is a lot more which you can think to make your life worth for. Try finding happiness in
small things and let life do wonders to you.
Life is too short to complain for. It is your life, your relationships and your dreams. If you
cant fight for it, then you dont deserve it.
World is competing with each other for success, money, position and recognition. Try finding
LIFE out of your survival. Try coming out of your comfort zone and be an inspiration to
others. Keep chasing your dreams confidently and live the kind of life that you have imagined
for yourself. Time moves on, even the hardest day pass. So, yours is not a different case, you
hard days shall pass too. Just chose HOPE instead of giving up and life will be yours.
Your life is a gift to yourself, Reward your survival because Dead is not an option!!




Winners Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law(RGNUL), Punjab
(Anishka Gupta, Neha Singh and Komal Parakh)
Runners Up Gujarat National Law University(GNLU), Gandhinagar
(Palak Nagar, Rishika Mendiratta and Abhishek Kakkar)
2nd Runners Up School of Law, Christ University, Bangalore
(Himashi Thakur, Rachit Francis and Keerthanaa B)
Best Advocate Mr. Akshay Nandkumar (NMIMS, Mumbai)
2nd Best Advocate Ms. Anwesha Sinha (KIIT, Bhubaneshwar)
Best Memorial Symbiosis Law School, Pune
(Sugandha Chowdhry, Mihika Hegde, Manasa Rao)
Best Researcher Mr. Abhishek R Nippani
(Alliance University, Karnataka)