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Designation: A 269 00

An American National Standard

Standard Specification for

Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for


General Service1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 269; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers grades of nominal-wallthickness, stainless steel tubing for general corrosion-resisting
and low- or high-temperature service, as designated in Table 1.
1.2 The tubing sizes and thicknesses usually furnished to
this specification are 14 in. (6.4 mm) in inside diameter and
larger and 0.020 in. (0.51 mm) in nominal wall-thickness and
heavier.
1.3 Mechanical property requirements do not apply to
tubing smaller than 18 in. (3.2 mm) in inside diameter or 0.015
in. (0.38 mm) in thickness.

A 450/A450M Specification for General Requirements for


Carbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes3
A 480/A480M Specification for General Requirements for
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip2
A 632 Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic
Stainless Steel Tubing (Small-Diameter) for General Service3
2.2 ANSI Standard:
B 31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping4
2.3 ASME Pressure Vessel Code:
Section VIII Division 1, Pressure Vessels5

NOTE 1When the impact test criterion for a low-temperature service


would be 15 ftlbf (20 J) energy absorption or 15 mils lateral expansion,
some of the austenitic stainless steel grades covered by this specification
are accepted by certain pressure vessel or piping codes without the
necessity of making the actual test. For example, Grades 304, 304L, and
347 are accepted by the ASME Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII
Division 1, and by ANSI B 31.3, for service at temperatures as low as
425F (254C) without qualification by impact tests. Other AISI
stainless steel grades are usually accepted for service temperatures as low
as 325F (198C) without impact testing. Impact testing may, under
certain circumstances, be required. For example, materials with chromium
or nickel content outside the AISI ranges, and for material with carbon
content exceeding 0.10 %, are required to be impact tested under the rules
of ASME Section VIII Division 1 when services temperatures are lower
than 50F (46C).

3. Ordering Information
3.1 Orders for material under this specification should
include the following, as required, to describe the desired
material adequately:
3.1.1 Quantity (feet, metres, or number of lengths),
3.1.2 Name of material (seamless or welded tubes),
3.1.3 Grade (Table 1),
3.1.4 Size (outside diameter and nominal wall thickness),
3.1.5 Length (specific or random),
3.1.6 Optional requirements (9.6 and Section 11),
3.1.7 Test report required (see Section on Inspection of
Specification A 450/A 450M),
3.1.8 Specification designation, and
3.1.9 Special requirements and any supplementary requirements selected.

1.4 Optional supplementary requirements are provided and,


when one or more of these are desired, each shall be so stated
in the order.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded
as the standard.

4. General Requirements
4.1 Material furnished under this specification shall conform to the applicable requirements of the current edition of
Specification A 450/A 450M, unless otherwise provided
herein.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels2
A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing
of Steel Products2

5. Manufacture
5.1 The tubes shall be made by the seamless or welded
process.

1
This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.10 on Tubing.
Current edition approved March 10, 2000. Published June 2000. Originally
published as A 269 44 T. Last previous edition A 269 98.
2
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03.

Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.01.


Available from American National Standards Institute, 11 West 42nd St., 13th
Floor, New York, NY 10036.
5
Available from ASME International, Three Park Avenue, New York, NY
10016-5990.
4

Copyright ASTM, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

1
COPYRIGHT 2000 American Society for Testing and Materials
Information Handling Services, 2000

TP
304

TP
304L

TP
304LN

TP
316

TP
316L

TP
316LN

TP
317

TP
321

TP
347

TP
348

TP
TP
TP
TP
TP
XM-10 XM-11 XM-15 XM-19 XM-29

Composition, %
...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

0.08
max
2.00

COPYRIGHT 2000 American Society for Testing and Materials


Information Handling Services, 2000

...

...

...

...

Vanadium

Copper

Others

...

...

...

...

...

...

0.10
0.16
...

...

...
...

...

...

...

...

...

10.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
2.00
3.00
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.08
max
2.00

...

...

...

...

...

10.0
14.0
16.0
18.0
2.00
3.00
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.035
maxB
2.00

...

...

0.10
0.16
...

...

10.0
13.0
16.0
18.0
2.00
3.00
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.035
maxB
2.00

...

...

...

...

...

11.0
15.0
18.0
20.0
3.0
4.0
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.08
max
2.00

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...
10 3 C
min
1.10
max
...

...

9.0
12.0
17.0
19.0
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.08
max
2.00

9.0
12.0
17.0
19.0
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.08
max
2.00

Co 0.20
max

...

...

...

0.10

...

9.0
12.0
17.0
19.0
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.08
max
2.00

...

...

0.15
0.40

...

...
...

5.5
7.5
19.0
21.5
...

0.030
1.00

0.08
max
8.00
10.00
0.045

...

...

0.15
0.40

...

...
...

5.5
7.5
19.0
21.5
...

0.030
1.00

0.04
max
8.00
10.00
0.045

...

...

...

...

...

...
...

0.030
1.50
2.50
17.5
18.5
17.0
19.0
...

0.030

0.08
max
2.00

...

0.20
0.40
0.10
0.30
...

...

11.5
13.5
20.5
23.5
1.50
3.00
...
0.10
0.30

0.030
1.00

0.06
max
4.0
6.0
0.045

...

...

0.20
0.40
...

...

...
...

2.3
3.7
17.0
19.0
...

0.030
1.00

0.08
max
11.5
14.5
0.060

0.50
1.00
...

0.18
0.22

...

17.5
18.5
19.5
20.5
6.0
6.5
...
...

0.015
0.80

0.030

0.020
max
1.00

...

...

0.20
max
...

...

13.5
17.5
18.0
20.0
4.0
5.0
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.035
max
2.00

...

...

0.10
0.20
...

...

14.5
17.5
17.0
20.0
4.0
5.0
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.045

0.035
max
2.00

0.50
max
...

14.0
15.5
17.0
18.5
0.20
max
...
...

0.020
3.74.3

0.020

0.018
max
2.0

...

...

0.40
0.60

...

16.0
18.0
23.0
25.0
4.0
5.0
...
0.10
max

0.010
1.00

0.030
max
5.0
7.0
0.030

0.30
0.60
...

0.45
0.55
...

...

21.0
23.0
24.0
25.0
7.0
8.0
...
...

0.005
0.50

0.020
max
2.0
4.0
0.030

0.75
max
...

0.18
0.25
...

...

23.5
25.5
20.0
22.0
6.0
7.0
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.040

0.030
max
2.00

0.50
1.50
...

0.15
0.25
...

...

24.0
26.0
19.0
21.0
6.0
7.0
...
...

0.010
0.50

0.030

0.020
max
2.00

1.00
2.00
...

0.10
max
...

...

19.0
23.0
23.0
28.0
4.0
5.0
...
...

0.030
1.00

0.040

0.020
max
2.00

New designation established in accordance with Practice E 527 and SAE J1086, Practice of Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS).
For small diameter or thin walls, or both, where many drawing passes are required, a carbon maximum of 0.040 % is necessary in grades TP 304L, TP 304LN, 316L and 316LN. Small outside diameter tubes are
defined as those with less than 0.500 in. [12.7 mm] in outside diameter and light walls are those less than 0.049 in. [1.2 mm] in minimum wall thickness.
C
Maximum, unless otherwise indicated.
D
Grade TP 321 shall have a titanium content of not less than five times the sum of the carbon and nitrogen content and not more than 0.70 %.
E
Grade TP 348 shall have a columbium plus tantalum content of not less than ten times the carbon content and not more than 1.10 %.
F
The method of analysis for nitrogen shall be a matter of agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.

...

Tantalum,
max
NitrogenF

...

...
...

...
...

Titanium
Columbium

0.030
1.00

0.030
1.00

8.0
11.0
18.0
20.0
...

0.045

0.045

8.0
12.0
18.0
20.0
...

0.035
maxB
2.00

0.035
maxB
2.00

8.0
11.0
Chromium
18.0
20.0
Molybdenum . . .

Nickel

Manganese,
maxC
Phosphorus, 0.045
max.
Sulfur, max. 0.030
1.00
SiliconC

Carbon

UNS
S30400 S30403 S30453 S31600 31603 S31653 S31700 S32100 S34700 S34800 S21900 S21904 S38100 S20910 S24000 S31254 S31725 S31726 S30600A S24565 S32654 N08367 N08926 N08904
DesignationA

Grade

TABLE 1 Chemical Requirements %

A 269

A 269
5.2 At the manufacturers option, tubing may be furnished
either hot finished or cold finished.

the requirements of the specification; otherwise all remaining


material in the heat or lot shall be rejected or, at the option of
the producer, each billet, length of flat-rolled stock, or tube
may be individually tested for acceptance. Billets, lengths of
flat-rolled stock, or tubes which do not meet the requirements
of the specification shall be rejected.

6. Heat Treatment
6.1 All material shall be furnished in the heat-treated
condition. Except as provided in 6.2, the heat-treatment procedure shall, except for S31254 and S32654 (see 6.3), S24565
(see 6.4), N08367 (see 6.8), N08904 (see 6.5) and N08926 (see
6.7), consist of heating the material to a minimum temperature
of 1900F (1040C) and quenching in water or rapidly cooling
by other means. Alternatively, for seamless tubes, immediately
following hot forming while the temperature of the tubes is not
less than the specified minimum solution treatment temperature, tubes may be individually quenched in water or rapidly
cooled by other means.
6.2 Controlled structural or special service characteristics
shall be specified as a guide for the most suitable heat
treatment. If the final heat treatment is at a temperature under
1900F and is so specified on the order, each tube shall be
stenciled with the final heat treatment temperature in degrees
Fahrenheit after the suffix HT.
6.3 S31254 and S32654 shall be heat-treated to a minimum
temperature of 2100F (1150C) followed by quenching in
water or rapidly cooling by other means.
6.4 S24565 shall be heat-treated in the range 2050F
(1120C) to 2140F (1170C) followed by quenching in water
or rapidly cooling by other means.
6.5 N08904 shall be heat treated to a minimum temperature
of 2000F (1100C) followed by quenching in water or rapidly
cooling by other means.
6.6 A solution annealing temperature above 1950F
(1065C) may impair the resistance to intergranular corrosion
after subsequent exposure to sensitizing conditions in TP321,
TP347, and TP348. When specified by the purchaser, a lower
temperature stabilization or re-solution anneal shall be used
subsequent to the initial high temperature solution anneal (see
Supplementary Requirement S3).
6.7 N08926 shall be heat-treated to a minimum temperature
of 2010F (1100C) followed by quenching in water or rapidly
cooling by other means.
6.8 UNS N08367 should be solution annealed from 2025F
(1107C) minimum followed by rapid quenching.

9. Mechanical Tests Required


9.1 Flaring Test (Seamless Tubes) One test shall be made
on specimens from one end of one tube from each lot (Note 2)
of finished tubes.
NOTE 2The term lot applies to all tubes prior to cutting to length of
the same nominal size and wall thickness which are produced from the
same heat of steel. When final heat treatment is in a batch-type furnace, a
heat-treatment lot shall include only those tubes of the same size and from
the same heat which are heat treated in the same furnace charge. When the
final heat treatment is in a continuous furnace or when the heat-treated
condition is obtained directly by quenching after hot forming, the number
of tubes of the same size and from the same heat in a heat-treatment lot
shall be determined from the size of the tubes as prescribed in Table 2.

9.2 Flange Test (Welded Tubes)One test shall be made on


specimens from one end of one tube from each lot (Note 2) of
finished tubes.
9.3 Hardness TestBrinell or Rockwell hardness determination shall be made on specimens from two tubes from each
lot. The term lot applies to all tubes prior to cutting, of the same
nominal diameter and wall thickness that are produced from
the same heat of steel. When final heat treatment is in a
batch-type furnace, a lot shall include only those tubes of the
same size and the same heat which are heat treated in the same
furnace charge. When the final heat treatment is in a continuous
furnace or when the heat-treated condition is obtained directly
by quenching after hot forming, a lot shall include all tubes of
the same size and heat, heat treated in the same furnace at the
same temperature, time at heat, and furnace speed, or all tubes
of the same size and heat, hot formed and quenched in the same
production run.
9.4 When more than one heat is involved, the flaring,
flanging, and hardness test requirements shall apply to each
heat.
9.5 Reverse Flattening TestFor welded tubes, one reverse
flattening test shall be made on a specimen from each 1500 ft
(460 m) of finished tubing. Coiled tubing greater than 1500 ft
(450 m) in length shall be sampled at both ends. A coil must be
continuous without any circumferential butt welds.
9.6 Hydrostatic or Nondestructive Electric TestEach tube,
seamless or welded, shall be subjected to the Nondestructive

7. Chemical Composition
7.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements as to
chemical composition as prescribed in Table 1.
8. Product Analysis
8.1 An analysis of either one billet or one length of
flat-rolled stock or one tube shall be made from each heat. The
chemical composition thus determined shall conform to the
requirements specified.
8.2 A product analysis tolerance of Table A1.1 in Specification A 480/A 480M shall apply. The product analysis tolerance is not applicable to the carbon content for material with a
specified maximum carbon of .04 % or less.
8.3 If the original test for product analysis fails, retests of
two additional billets, lengths of flat-rolled stock, or tubes shall
be made. Both retests for the elements in question shall meet

TABLE 2 Number of Tubes in a Lot Heat Treated by the


Continuous Process or by Direct Quench After Hot Forming
Size of Tube
2 in. and over in outside diameter and
0.200 in.
(5.08 mm) and over in wall thickness
Less than 2 in. but over 1 in. in outside
diameter
or over 1 in. in outside diameter and
under
0.200 in. (5.08 mm) in wall thickness
1 in. or less in outside diameter

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Information Handling Services, 2000

Size of Lot
not more than 50
tubes
not more than 75
tubes

not more than 125


tubes

A 269
grades shall not exceed 74 on the 30 T scale or 88 on the 15 T
scale.
10.3 The hardness test shall not be required on tubes smaller
than 14 in. (6.4 mm) in inside diameter or tubes having a wall
thickness thinner than 0.020 in. (0.51 mm) (see A2.4 of
Methods and Definitions A 370). Smaller or thinner tubes
should be tension tested only, in accordance with Specification
A 632.

Electric Test or the Hydrostatic Test. Unless specified by the


purchaser, either test may be used at the option of the producer.
10. Hardness Requirements
10.1 Grades TPXM-29, S24565, N08367, and N08926
tubes shall have a hardness number not exceeding 256 HB/270
HV or 100 HRB. Grades TPXM-10, TPXM-11, and TPXM-19
tubes shall have a hardness number not exceeding 269 HB/285
HV or 25 HRC. S31254 shall have a hardness number not
exceeding 220 HB/230 HV or 96 HRB. S32654 shall have a
hardness number not exceeding 250 HB/263 HV or 100 HRB.
Tubes made from all other grades shall have a hardness number
not exceeding 192 HB/200 HV or 90 HRB.
10.2 For tubing less than 0.065 in. (1.65 mm) in wall
thickness, it is permissible to use the Rockwell superficial
hardness test or the Vickers hardness test. When the Vickers
test is used, the values of 11.1 will apply. The superficial
hardness number for Grade TPXM-29 tubes shall not exceed
80 on the 30 T scale or 92 on the 15 T scale. The hardness
number for Grades TPXM-10, TPXM-11, and TPXM-19 tubes
shall not exceed 46 on the 30 N scale or 73 on the 15 N scale.
The hardness number for S31254 shall not exceed 79 on the 30
T scale or 91 on the 15 T scale. Tubes made from all other

11. Permissible Variations in Dimensions


11.1 Variations in outside diameter, wall thickness, and
length, from those specified, shall not exceed the amounts
prescribed in Table 3.
11.2 The permissible variations in outside diameter given in
Table 3 are not sufficient to provide for ovality in thin-walled
tubes, as defined in the Table. In such tubes, the maximum and
minimum diameters at any cross section shall deviate from the
nominal diameter by no more than twice the permissible
variation in outside diameter given in Table 3; however, the
mean diameter at that cross section must still be within the
given permissible variation.
12. Surface Condition
12.1 The tubes shall be pickled free of scale. When bright
annealing is used, pickling is not necessary.
13. Product Marking
13.1 In addition to the marking prescribed in Specification
A 450/A 450M, the marking shall include whether the tubing is
seamless or welded and the final heat-treatment temperature in
degrees Fahrenheit after the suffix HT if the final heat
treatment temperature is under 1900F (1040C).
13.2 When the Nondestructive Electric Test is performed,
each length of tubing shall be marked with the letters NDE,
and the certification, when required, shall also indicate this test.
14. Keywords
14.1 austenitic stainless steel; seamless steel tube; stainless
steel tube; steel tube; welded steel tube

TABLE 3 Permissible Variations in Dimensions

Group

Size, Outside
Diameter, in.

1
2
3
4
5

Up to 12
12 to 112, excl
112 to 312, excl
312 to 512, excl
512to 8, excl

Permissible
Variations in
Outside Diameter,
in. (mm)
60.005
60.005
60.010
60.015
60.030

(0.13)
(0.13)
(0.25)
(0.38)
(0.76)

Permissible
Variations in
Wall
Thickness,A %
615
610
610
610
610

Permissible Variations in
Cut
Length,
in. (mm)B
Over
(3.2)
18 (3.2)
316(4.8)
316(4.8)
316(4.8)
18

Thin Walled TubesC

Under
0
0
0
0
0

less
less
less
less

than
than
than
than

0.065
0.095
0.150
0.150

...
in. (1.65
in. (2.41
in. (3.81
in. (3.81

mm)
mm)
mm)
mm)

nominal
nominal
nominal
nominal

A
When tubes as ordered require wall thicknesses 34 in. (19.0 mm) or over, or an inside diameter 60 % or less of the outside diameter, a wider variation in wall thickness
is required. On such sizes a variation in wall thickness of 12.5 % over or under will be permitted.
For tubes less than 12 in. (12.7 mm) in inside diameter which cannot be successfully drawn over a mandrel, the wall thickness may vary 615 % from that specified.
B
These tolerances apply to cut lengths up to and including 24 ft (7.3 m). For lengths greater than 24 ft (7.3 m), the above over tolerances shall be increased by 18 in.
(3 mm) for each 10 ft (3 m) or fraction thereof over 24 ft, or 12 in. (13 mm), whichever is lesser.
C
Ovality provisions of 11.2 apply.

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A 269
SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS
The following supplementary requirements shall apply only when specified by the purchaser in the
inquiry, contract, or order.
become calm. If any tube shows leakage during the air
underwater test, it shall be rejected. Any leaking areas may be
cut out and the tube retested.

S1. Stress-Relieved Annealed Tubes


S1.1 For use in certain corrosives, particularly chlorides
where stress corrosion may occur, tubes in Grades TP304L,
TP316L, TP321, TP347, and TP348 may be specified in the
stress-relieved-annealed condition.
S1.2 When stress-relieved tubes are specified, tubes shall be
given a heat treatment at 1550 to 1650F (845 to 900C) after
roll straightening. Cooling from this temperature range may be
either in air or by slow cooling. No mechanical straightening is
permitted after the stress-relief treatment.
S1.3 Straightness of the tubes and additional details of this
supplementary requirement shall be agreed upon between the
manufacturer and purchaser.

S3. Stabilizing Heat Treatment


S3.1 Subsequent to the solution anneal required in Section
6, Grades TP321, TP347, and TP348 shall be given a stabilization heat treatment at a temperature lower than that used for
the initial solution annealing heat treatment. The temperature
of stabilization heat treatment shall be at a temperature as
agreed upon between the purchaser and vendor.
S4. Intergranular Corrosion Test
S4.1 When specified, material shall pass intergranular corrosion tests conducted by the manufacturer in accordance with
Practices A 262, Practice E.
S4.2 A stabilization heat treatment in accordance with
Supplementary Requirement S3 may be necessary and is
permitted in order to meet this requirement for the grades
containing titanium or columbium.

S2. Air Underwater Pressure Test


S2.1 Each tube, with internal surface clean and dry, shall be
internally pressurized to 150 psi (1034 kPa) minimum with
clean and dry compressed air while being submerged in clear
water. The tube shall be well lighted, preferably by underwater
illumination. Any evidence of air leakage of the pneumatic
couplings shall be corrected prior to testing. Inspection shall be
made of the entire external surface of the tube after holding the
pressure for not less than 5 s after the surface of the water has

NOTE S00001Practice E requires testing on the sensitized condition


for low carbon or stabilized grades, and on the as-shipped condition for
other grades.

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