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# Applied Statistics first exam

## Q1) Consider a family photo where the grandmother is to be in the

center of a line of people. Given 7 family members in the photo
(including grandmother)
How many different ways are there to line up the people?

## Q2) a printed circuit board has eight different locations in which a

component can be placed.

## a) If four different components are to be placed on the board, how

many different designs are possible?

## b) If five identical components are to be placed on the board, how many

different designs are possible?

Q3)

## a bin of 50 parts contains five that are defective. A sample of two

parts is selected at random, without replacement.
Determine the probability that both parts in the sample are defective.

## Q4) the following circuit operates only if there is a path of functional

devices from left to right. The probability that each device functions is
shown on the graph. Assume that devices fail independently.
What is the probability that the circuit operates?

## Q5) the following circuit operates if and only if there is a path of

functional devices from left to right. The probability that each device
functions is as shown. Assume that the probability that a device is
functional does not depend on whether or not other devices are
functional.
What is the probability that the circuit operates?

## functional devices from left to right. Assume devices fail independently

and that the probability of failure of each device is as shown.
What is the probability that the circuit operates?

## Q7) a bowl contains 10 marbles, four of which are blue.

What is the probability that two marbles chosen at random will both
be blue?

Q8) the number of bad checks that a bank receives each day can be
modeled as a Poisson distribution with = average number of bad
checks received per day. If = 6.
What is the probability that 4 bad checks will be received on any given
day?

## Q9) a total of 46 percent of the voters in a certain city classify

themselves as Independents, whereas 30 percent classify themselves as
Liberals and 24 percent say that they are Conservatives. In a recent local
election, 35 percent of the Independents, 62 percent of the Liberals, and
58 percent of the Conservatives voted.

## (a) What fraction of voters participated in the local election?

(b) A voter is chosen at random. Given that this person voted in the
local election, what is the probability that he or she is an Independent?

Q10) If a random variable has the normal distribution with = 82.0 and
= 4.8, find the probabilities that it will take on a value

## (a) Less than 89.2

(b) Greater than 78.4
(c) Between 83.2 and 88.0
(d) Between 73.6 and 90.4

## Q11) The lifetime of a particular brand of light bulb follows an

exponential distribution with a mean life of 180 days.
a) Suppose you bought one light bulb of this brand.
Whats the probability it will burn out within 160 days?
b) Given that the light bulb you bought is still working after 90. Whats
the probability that it will keep working after another 50 days?