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Rectangular Beam Design

Let concrete cube strength fc' 35


Let steel yield strength
fy 460
Simply supported span

L5

Effective depth required

L
= 0.313
16

Let beam height


h 500
Appr. beam widgth
0.5 h = 250
Let beam height
b 250
Assuming 25mm cover, 8mm dia links & 16mm dia main reinforcement;
Effective depth
d h 25
8
8
d = 459
Total dead load on beam

g 25

Total dead load on beam

q 15

Factored load on beam

wu 1.4 g + 1.6 q

Maximum moment

wu L
Mu
8

wu = 59

Mu
K
2
fc' b d

K = 0.100

Mu = 184.375

< 0.156 hence singly reinforced

K
z d 0.5 + 0.25

0.9

z = 0.401

exceed the Limit 0.95 d = 0.436

Required steel area

Mu
As
0.87 fy z

As = 1150

Minimum steel area

Asmin 0.13% b h

Asmin = 163

Provide 6 No. Y16 bottom reinforcement


Provided steel area
Asprov 201

6 Asprov = 1206