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utoCADTutorial3:

FORRELEASE2000i

PLEASEREAD:___________
Thesetutorialsweredesignedtobepartoftheintroductory
coursestaughtbytheGraphicCommunicationsProgramat
NORTHCAROLINASTATEUNIVERSITY.Allofthe
directionsusedinthis,andtheothertutorialsinthisseries,
assumethatyouarerunningAutoCADRelease2000ionanNT
system.ThesedirectionswillonlyworkwithRelease2000i.
Otherversionsmaynothavethesamecommandsorformat.

OBJECTIVES:
Aftercompletingthistutorialyoushouldbeableto:
1. define,reorient,andutilizetheUserCoordinateSystem;
2. createasimplesolidmodelfromprimitivesandcombinethemusing
BooleanOperations;
3. usetheROTATEandMOVEcommandstorepositionpartsfora
model;
4. usetheHIDEcommandtoremovehiddenfeaturesinasolidmodel;
5. usetheRENDERcommandtoaddshadingtoasolidmodel;
6. insertamodelintothetitleblock,scaleit,andprintit.

STEP1
ToworkeffectivelywithCADprograms,suchasAutoCAD,youmustbeabletocreate
threedimensionalmodelsofanobjectandconvertthemtotwodimensionaldrawings.
OneaspectofAutoCAD,andmanyotherCADprograms,isthatthecreationofamodelrelies
heavilyonyourunderstandingoftheCartesianSystem(Xaxis,Yaxis,andZaxis)and
yourabilitytorelateittothemodelinspace.Inthisprogramyoumustchangetheorientation
oftheX,Y,andZplanestosuittheneedsofthedrawingprocess.InAutoCAD,variationsof
theCartesianSystemarereferredtoastheUserCoordinateSystem(UCS).TheUser
CoordinateSystemallowsyoutorepositionthelocationoftheoriginpoint(0,0,0)andtheX,
Y,andZaxesduringamodel'sconstruction.
Inthelasttwotutorialsyouworkedwithtwodimensional(flat)drawingsandAutoCAD's
defaultcoordinateorientation,referredtoastheWORLDCoordinateSystem(WCS).
Oneofthemainobjectivesofthistutorialwillbetogiveyousomeexperiencecreatingand
usingUserCoordinateSystems(UCS),whicharecoordinatesystemsdefinedbytheuser.
TherearesomeAutoCADelementsyoucannotplaceormodifyunlessyouchangethe
UCSorientationfirst.
LookatFIGURE1,whichdisplaystheWorld
CoordinateSystem(WCS)iconyouhavebeen
seeingintheAutoCADdrawingarea.Youmay
havenoticeditbefore,butuntilnowyoudidnot
needtobeconcernedaboutit.Sinceyouwere
workinginatwodimensionalworld,thedefault
XYplaneorientationwassufficientforyour
drawings.
TheUCSICON,whichyouhaveseendisplayed
sofar,isathreedimensionalicon.Althoughit
hassomeadvantagesbecauseitdisplaystheZ
axisinsomeviews,wewillswitchtothemore
traditionaltwodimensionaliconprovidedby
AutoCADforthediscussionsofthe
UCSICON.

FIGURE1

TypeucsiconataCommand: prompt.The
promptwillread:Enter an option
[ON/OFF/All/Noorigin/ORigin/Properties]
<OFF>: type the letter p, for Properties, and
press the Enter key. The UCSICON
Properties dialogue box will appear.
NowthatyouhavetheUCSICON Properties
dialogueboxopen,clickon2D(SeeFigure2)
tochangetheicontoa2dimensionalversionof
theicon.The2Dmakesiteasiertotellwhen
youareinAutoCAD'sdefaultorientationor
WorldCoordinateSystem(WCS).
NoticetheletterWontheiconinFIGURE3.
ThisWindicatesthatyouareinAutoCAD's
WORLDCoordinateSystem(WCS).Since
thisisAutoCAD'sdefaultcoordinate
orientation,anewfileinAutoCADalways
opensintheWORLDCoordinateorientation
anddisplaystheWCSicon.
TheWORLDCoordinateSystem(WCS)icon
alsolabelsthepositionsoftheXandYaxes.
TheZaxis,whichisnotlabeledonthe2Dicon,
liesperpendiculartotheothertwo.Inadefault
file,thePOSITIVE(+)ZAXISis
perpendiculartothecomputerscreenand
pointstowardsyou.Ifyouunderstandthis
relationship,youcanunderstandhowto
repositiontheX,Y,andZaxestoformaUser
CoordinateSystem(UCS).

FIGURE3

LookatFigure2(tothe
RIGHT)whichagainshows
theWORLDCoordinate
Systemicon.
Inthisorientation,notice
thattheXaxisisalignedat
the0degreemarkonaflat
360degreeXYplane.Your
positionINthisflatXY
planeisatthe270degree
mark,butyouarealsoata
90degreeangleFROMthe
XYplaneorlooking
straightdowntheZaxis.
IfyoulookatFIGURE3,
youwillseethatthis
positionisslightly
deceptive.

FIGURE2

Inreality,youwouldbelookingatatopview
ofamodelordrawinginAutoCADwhenyour
pointofviewmatchesthedefaultWORLD
Coordinateorientation.SeeFIGURE3.
Thinkofthefrontofyourscreen,inthis
orientation,asatabletopflippeduponitsside.
Fortunately,itisavirtualtabletopsoyoudonot
havetoworryaboutthingsslidingoff.Youmust
becomecomfortablewiththisorientationforthe
WorldCoordinateSystemtousetheUser
CoordinateSystem.
NOTE:AutoCADusesthis"planview"asits
defaultorientationbecauseitwasoriginally
designedforarchitecturaldrawings,andthis
orientationwasappropriatefordrawingfloor
plans.

FIGURE3

Toseeasolidmodelasathree
dimensionalobject,youmustadjust
yourviewpoint(usingAutoCAD's
Vpointcommand)tothemodel.
InAutoCAD,thecoordinate
orientationandyourviewpointof
amodelareindependentofeach
other.Youcanchangeyour
viewpointofthemodelwithout
changingthemodel'scoordinate
system.Thisislikerepositioninga
cameratotakeaphotographofan

objectthatislyingonatable
withoutmovingtheobjectonthe
table,i.e.withoutchangingthe
object'scoordinates.

FIGURE4

InFIGURE4theeyerepresents
thedefaultviewpointofan
individualtothemodelasdescribed
above.Noticethattheeyeis
lookingstraightdownatthemodel.
Theimageseenfromthisvantage
pointwouldlookliketheonein
FIGURE5,whichappearstobea
2Ddrawingoftheobject'stop.
LookagainatFIGURE4.Notice
theWCSiconanditsorientation
tothemodel.Althoughforthis
exampleIchangedtheViewpoint
sothemodelwouldappearthree
dimensional,theorientationofthe
WORLDCoordinateSystemhas
notchanged;therefore,thelocation
oftheXYPlanehasremainedthe
same.**Whenyouworkwith
solidmodels,youmustconstantly
beawareoftheorientationofthe
coordinatesystemsoyoucan
correctlyaddnewormodify
existingfeatures.**
Laterinthistutorial,youwill

FIGURE5

changeyourviewpoint(Vpoint)
andthecoordinatesysteminorder
toconstructasimplemodel.
**Ifyoudonotunderstandsome
oftheseconcepts,youneedto
readthisinformationagain.**
Oneofthebestwaystorememberthe
relationshipoftheX,Y,andZaxesisthe
RIGHTHANDRULE.Thisruleusesthree
fingersontheRIGHThand,eachfinger
representinganaxis.
LookatFIGURE6toseearighthandinits
properarrangement,withlabelsfortheX,Y,and
Zaxes.Thethumb,indexfinger,andmiddle
fingerarepointinginthePOSITIVEdirection
ofeachaxis.Thesefingersareheldata90
degreeangletoeachotherwiththeTHUMBas
theXaxis,theINDEXFingerastheYaxis,
andtheMIDDLEFingerastheZaxis.

Byholdingthesefingersinthisposition,and
changingthepositionofyourhand,youcansee
therelationshipoftheaxeswhenthecoordinate
systemischanged.(SeeFIGURE7).
Tryplacingyourfingersinthepositionshownin
FIGURE6andthenrotateyourhandsothatyou
changetheaxestothepositionillustratedin
FIGURE7.FIGURE6wouldbethecorrect
positionfortheXandYaxestobeorientedto
theFRONTofanobject.Thisorientationwould
havetobedefinedbytheuser,and,therefore,
wouldbeaUserCoordinateSystem.FIGURE
7wouldbetheWorldCoordinateSystem,
whichisthesameasacoordinatesystemwiththe
XandYaxesorientedwiththeTOPofthe
object.
Finally,trytopositionyouhandforaRIGHT
SIDEorientation.

FIGURE6

FIGURE7

STEP2
Tobeginyourmodel,locateandopentheclasstemplatefileyoucreatedintheTutorial
1.
UseSaveAs...torenameitacadtutor3.
ClickontheModel tab,nexttotheLayout1tab,tomovetoMODEL Space.Yourmodel
mustbecreatedinModelSpace,sinceitis3dimensionalspace.
ToseeifyouhaveagraspoftheUserCoordinateSystem,andgiveyousomeexperience
withmodelinginAutoCAD,youwillchangeyourviewpointintheacadtutor3file.The
standardviewisalignedwiththeWorldCoordinates.Yournewviewpointwillprovidea
"pictorial"viewofamodelsimilartotheoneinFIGURE4.
ReadtheinformationontheViewpoint(Vpoint)commandanduseitsRotateoptionto
rotateyourviewto300degreesINtheXYplaneand35degreesFROMtheXYplane.
FIGURE8illustratesthechangeinyourviewtoamodel.Yourviewaftercompletingthis
operationwilllookliketheoneinFIGURE9.(Note:YourWCSiconmaybeinadifferent
positionthantheoneshownintheillustrations.)
FIGURE9

FIGURE8

Noticethatthecrosshairsonthescreenarenowataskewedangle(seeFIGURE9).This
indicatesthatyourViewpointisdifferent,buttheWCShasnotchanged.
Tohelpyouvisualizeyourpositionevenbetter,let'sturnonAutoCAD'sgrid.Findthe
StatusLineatthebottomofthescreen,andclickontheGRIDbutton.SeetheFIGURE
below.

Youalsoshouldseethatthedotpattern(GRID)matchestheWCS.Thecrosshairsandgrid
arealwaysalignedwiththeWCSorUCS.NOTE:Ifyourviewpointisperpendiculartothe
currentcoordinatesystem'sXYplane,soyouarelookingatitsedge,thegriddisappearsand
theUCSorWCSiconisreplacedbyonethatlookslikeabrokenpencil,seetheFIGUREto
theRIGHT.

STEP3
Tobeginassemblingyourmodel,youwillfirstcreateaBOX.
TheBoxcommandisoneofaclassofcommandsknownasPRIMITIVES.Primitives
aresimpleshapesthatcanbecombinedorsubtractedfromothersolids,throughaprocess
knownasBOOLEANOperations,tocreateamorecomplexshape.Manysoftwareprograms
usePrimitivesandBooleanOperationstomodelobjects.
YouwilluseseveralPrimitivestocreateyourmodel.***WARNING:***Gettingthese
featuresinthecorrectplacewilldependonwhetheryoucorrectlyorientyour
coordinatesystem,soworkthroughthissectioncarefully.
Tohelpyouworkwithprimitives,youcandisplayaSOLIDStoolbar,liketheOsnap
toolbaryouusedinthelasttutorial.LocatetheViewpulldownmenu,andthenselect
Toolbars...TheSolidstoolbarisoneofmanyyoucandisplayonthescreenthoughthis
command.YoualsocancustomizetoolbarsthroughtheToolbardialoguebox.Findthe
nameSolids,andclickonthecheckboxtoitsleft.AssoonastheSolidstoolbar
appears,closetheToolbardialoguewindow.MovetheSolidstoolbartoanappropriate
locationbyholdingdowntheleftmousebuttononitstopedgeanddraggingit.
Beforecreatingyourfirstprimitive,lookatFIGURE10toseewhatitshouldlooklikeafter
youcompletethenextsetofinstructions.

FIGURE10
Tocreateabox,youwillusetheBox
command.ReadtheinformationontheBox
commandbyclickingontheBoxlink.
Now,followthepromptstoaddaboxthatstartsatthe0,0,0point.
NotetheadditionoftheTHIRDnumber,whichistheZaxis.Youmustalso
workintheZaxiswhenworkingwithsolids.
Thebox'ssecondcornershouldbeplacedat60,40,whichistheopposite
diagonalcorneroftheBox'sbaseontheXYplane,anditsheightshouldbe
40.
NOTE:WhencreatingprimitivesinAutoCAD,theHeightisalwaysalong
theZaxisofthecoordinatesystemused.Thevaluefortheheightcanbea
positiveornegativenumber,anditssigndictatesinwhichdirectionthe
primitiveisprojected.
Now,checkyourdrawingagainstFIGURE10.Ifyourfiguredoesnotmatch,eraseitandtry
again.
Noticethattheboxyoucreatedappearstobetransparent.Thisisjustoneofthewaysthat
AutoCADcandisplayamodel.

Yourmodelisbeingdisplayed
inWIREFRAMEmode.See
FIGURE11(ontheRIGHT)for
anotherexampleofamodel
displayedasawireframe.
WIREFRAMESshowonlythe
edgesofamodel,sothemodel
appearstobetransparent.You
canthinkofthelinesthatmake
upaWIREFRAMEas"wires"
thatindicatethemodel'sedges,
hencethename.Wireframescan
bedifficulttointerpretbecause
theyaretransparent;however,
theyareeasierforthecomputer
todisplay,sotheyare
AutoCAD'sdefaultmethodof
displayingasolidmodel.Ifthe
modelwasalwaysdisplayedas
anopaquesolid,itwouldslow
downtheoperationofthe
programbecauseofthenumber
ofcalculationsthecomputer
wouldhavetoperformto
generatetheimage.

FIGURE11

HAVEYOUSAVEDYOURFILELATELY?

STEP4
Youwillnowaddasecondboxcenteredwiththefirst.Becausetheorientationofthisbox
willbethesameasthefirst(inWorldCoordinates)youwillnothavetochangethe
coordinatesystembeforeaddingit.
YouwillusetheBoxcommandagain,butinsteadofdrawingtheboxfromcornertocorner,
youwilladditaboutacenterpoint.Tofindthecenteroftheoriginalbox,youneedtoadd
someconstructionlines.LookatFIGURE12toseewheretoaddtheselines.

Noticethattwolineshavebeendrawndiagonalacrossthetopand
bottomofthebox(usetheEndpointOsnap),andoneline
connectsthetopline'smidpoint(usetheMidpoint Osnap)tothe
bottomline'smidpoint.
**NOTE:TheIntersection OsnapwillNOTworkwitha
solidmodel.
FIGURE12
Withtheselinesinserted,youarereadytousetheCEnteroptionoftheBoxcommand
toaddthesecondbox.ConsulttheinformationoftheBoxcommandagainbeforeinserting
thissecondbox.BesuretoselecttheCenteroptionbytypingthecapitallettersofthis
option.Now,usethemidpoint Osnaptolocatethecenterofthisboxatthemidpointof
theverticalconstructionlineyoujustadded.Thesecondcorneroftheboxshouldbeat@
20,10,20.LookatFIGURE13toseehowtheboxshouldlookwhenyouaredone.

FIGURE13

Help!!Mysecondboxiswrong!!
Ifyoursecondboxisnotthecorrectsizeandshape,oritisnotcenteredwiththelargerbox
(whichmeansyourboxisnotthecorrectsizeandshape)youprobablymadeoneoftwo
possibleerrors:
eitheryouforgottousedthemidpointOsnaptoselectthecenterforthe
boxontheverticalline,
OR
youdidnotselecttheCenteroptionbeforegivingthebox'scoordinates.

FailingtoselecttheCenteroptionisthemostcommonerrormade.
AfterevokingtheBoxcommand,thefirstpromptisSpecify corner of box
or [Center] <0,0,0>:.
Atthispromptyoumusttypea"ce"andthenpressEntertoindicatethatyou
wantaboxcreatedaboutacenterpoint.
Erasetheboxandthentrytoadditagain,keepingthesepossibleerrorsinmind.

Now,erasetheconstructionlinesyouusedtolocatethecenterforthesecondbox.

HAVEYOUSAVEDYOURFILELATELY?

Youwillusethesecondboxyouaddedtocutarectangularholethroughthefirst.The
commandyouwilluseforthisoperationiscalledtheSubtractcommandandisaBoolean
Operation.Readtheinformationonthiscommandbeforeyoustart.
UsetheSubtractcommandtoremovethesmallerboxfromthebiggerone.Lookat
FIGURE14toseehowthefigureshouldnowlook.
Hint:Readthedescriptionofthepromptsforthiscommandcarefully.Thepromptswill
directyoutoselectthesolidorsolidsyouwanttosubtractanothersolidorsolidsFROM
(thelargerbox)andthentoselectthesolidorsolidsyouwanttosubtract(thesmaller
box).Ifyouarenotpayingattention,itiseasytogetthesereversed.

FIGURE14

AfteryouusetheSubtractcommand,themodeldoesn'tnotlookanydifferent,solet'scheck
yourmodelbyusingtheRendercommand.ThisisasecondwaythatAutoCADcandisplay
asolidmodel,anditisalsoagoodwaytoseeifyoucompletedthelastcommandcorrectly.
Becausethemodelyouareworkingonisdisplayedasawireframe,youcannottellifthe
smallerboxwasactuallyremovedfromthelargerone.
TheRendercommandadds
shadingtothesurfacesofa
model.Sincethisconsumesa
greatdealofmemory,itshould
onlybeusedoccasionallyto
checkyourmodel.AutoCAD
willreturnthefiguretoa
wireframe,butyoumusttype
regenataCommand:prompt
toreturnthemodeltoanormal
wireframeappearance.
LookatFIGURE15toseehow
amodellookswhenRenderis
used.

Readthedirectionsforthe
Rendercommandanduseitto
renderyourmodel.Yoursmay
notbethiscolor.
Whenyouhavecompleted
viewingthemodel,useEscape
(Esc)andthentyperegenata
Command:prompttorefresh
themodelandremovethe
shading.
ThethirdwaythatAutoCAD
candisplayasolidmodeliswith
theHidecommand.TheHide
commandremovesthehidden
linesinamodelsothatitappears
opaque.Itisaquickerwayto
checkyourmodelforerrorsthan
theRendercommand.
FIGURE16,totheRIGHT,

FIGURE15

illustratesthelookofamodel
whentheHidecommandisused.
UsetheHidelinktoreadthe
proceduresforusingthis
commandandthenapplyitto
yourmodel.
Itisnotnecessarytouseregen
aftertheHidecommand.
AutoCADwillreturnyourmodel
toawireframeappearancewhen
youactivateanothercommand.

FIGURE16

IftheRenderorHidecommandsrevealedthatthemodelwasnotcorrect,undothelast
stepsyoucompletedandtryagain.

STEP5
Toaddthenextfeature,youmustchangetheUCS(UserCoordinateSystem)sotheXY
PlaneisorientedtotheFrontface.Therearetwowaystodothis.Onewayistotypeucsat
aCommand:prompt,selecttheorthoGraphicoptionandthenFront.
ThesecondwayistotypedducsataCommand:prompt,whichwillbringuptheUCS
dialoguebox.SeeFIGURE17.Now,,selecttheFront UCSorientationintheUCSdialogue
box.
LookattheUCSICONontheAutoCADscreentobesuretheUCSchanged.

FIGURE17
NOTE:Anytime"dd"isatthebeginningofatypedcommand,AutoCADwilldisplaya
dialoguebox.

STEP6
WiththeUCSorientedtoFront,youcanaddacylinder,withtheCylindercommand
,
throughthissideofthemodel.NOTE:TheUCSchangewasneededbeforeyoucouldaddthis
cylinderbecausethecircularbaseofacylinderisalwaysorientedwiththeXYplaneof
thecurrentUCS.
Tolocatethecylinder,youneedtoaddaconstructionlinediagonallyacrossthefront
surfaceofthebox(asseeninFIGURE18).Thecylinderwillbelocatedatthemidpointof
thisconstructionline.

FIGURE18
Beforeaddingthecylinder,readtheinformationontheCylindercommand.
Now,addacylinderattheMidpointofthediagonalconstructionlinethathasaradius
of10andaheightof50.
Noticetheuseofthenegativenumberforheight.Thecylinderheight,whichisalongthe
Zaxis,mustbenegativesoitwillbeprojectedintothemodel.Apositiveheightvaluewould
projectthecylinderforwardsothatitsatonthefrontofthebox'sface.

Afteraddingthecylinder,erasethediagonalconstructionline.
UsetheSubtractcommandtoremovethecylinderfromtherestofthemodel.See
FIGURE19.
NOTE:IfyourmodeldoesnotmatchtheoneinFIGURE20afterthelastSubtract
operation,thenyoudidnotsubtractthesmallerboxfromthelargeroneearlier.Ifyou
subtractitnow,themodelwillstillbecorrect.

FIGURE19

HAVEYOUSAVEDYOURFILELATELY?

STEP7
Tocarryoutthenextstep,usetheUCScommandtochangebacktotheWorld
CoordinateSystem.YoucanmakethischangebytypingucsataCommand:prompt,
andselectingtheWorldoption.ChecktheUCSiconfortheWtobesureyoumadethe
changeproperly.
ThelastprimitiveyouwilladdtothemodelisasmallWedgeonitsRIGHTFRONT
CORNER.TounderstandhowtheWedgecommandworks,youwillneedalittle
explanation.TheWedgecommandwillpromptyouforthetwodiagonalcornersofthebase
ofthewedge.Thenextpromptwillaskforthewedge'sheight.Wedgestendtobeorientedin
onedirection.Therefore,youwillcreatethewedge,rotateitintoanewposition,andthen
moveittoitsfinallocation.
ReadtheinformationontheWEDGEcommandbeforeyoustart.
Withthisinformation,activatetheWEDGEcommand.Locatethefirstcornerofthewedgeat
theRightFrontcorneroftheexistingmodel.Whenpromptedforthenextcorner,usea
relativecoordinatetoplacethiscornerat30,30and20fortheheight.SeeFIGURE20.

FIGURE20
TheWEDGEyoujustaddedisnotintheorientationthatisneeded,soyouneedtoROTATE
itandthenMOVEitintothecorrectposition.

WewillbeginbyusingtheRotatecommandtoturn
thewedge90degrees.Readtheinformationonthe
Rotatecommandbeforewestart.
Torotatethewedgeyouwillfollowthepromptsthat
firstaskyoutoselecttheobjectyouwishtorotate.
Next,apromptwillinstructyoutoselectaBase point.
TheBase pointisthepositiononthewedgethatyou
willrotatetheobjectaround.Youshouldusethe
Endpoint Osnapandthefrontleftcornerofthe
wedgeasitsBasepoint.SeeFIGURE21.Finally,the
promptwillaskyouforthedegreesofrotation.Use90
sothatthefigurewillrotateintothecorrectposition.
NOTE:Youcouldalsohaveused270degreestorotate
theobjecttothesameposition.
FIGURE21

YourfigureshouldlooklikeFIGURE22whenyouarefinished.

FIGURE22

Thenextstepwillbeto
movethewedgeinto
position.Tochangeits
position,youusetheMOVE
command.ReadtheMOVE
commandbeforeyoubegin.
WhenusingtheMOVE
commandtomovethe
wedge,andselecttheFront
LEFTcornerofthewedge
astheBase point for the
move.SeeFIGURE23.

FIGURE23

Finally, select the Front


LEFT corner of the box as
the point to align the wedge
with. See FIGURE 24.

FIGURE24

The final figure should look


like the one in FIGURE 25.

FIGURE25

Saveyourfile!

STEP8
Tofinishthemodel,youwilladdacylindertothemiddleoftheslopedsurfaceofthe
wedge.BecausethebaseofacylinderisalwaysalignedwiththeXYplane,andwewantto
havethecylinderparallelwiththetopofthewedge,youmustreorienttheUCStotheface
ofthewedge.
AutoCADallowsyoutoplaceaUCSanywhereyouneedittoaccomplishthetaskyouneed.
ToplacetheUCS,wewillusethe3PointoptionoftheUCScommand.Rereadthe
informationontheUCScommand.

ActivatetheUCScommand,selecttheNewoptionandthen3point.LookatFIGURE26.
Whenthepromptsaskforaneworiginpoint,useanOsnaptoselectthepointlabeledas1.
WhenaskedforapositiveonthenewXaxis,selectthepointlabeled2,andwhenasfora
positivepositionontheYaxis,selectthepointlabeled3.Whenyouarefinished,theUCS
willbeorientedtothefigureasitisinFIGURE27.

FIGURE26

FIGURE27
WiththeUCSalignedwiththeslopeofthewedge,constructalinefromonecornerofthe
slopedsurfaceofthewedgediagonallytotheoppositecornerofthesamesurface.See
FIGURE30.UsetheMidpointofthisconstructionlinetoplaceacylinderthathasaradius
of5andaheightof20.Oncethecylinderisplaced,

FIGURE28

FIGURE29

Subtractthecylinderfromthewedge.
Tofinishthefigure,youwillusetheUNIONcommandtoconnectthewedgetotherestofthe
model.ReadtheinformationontheUNIONcommandandthencompletethemodel.

FIGURE30
Erasetheconstructionlineusedtoplacethecylinder.

STEP9
With the model complete, you are ready to insert it into your titleblock.
Move to Layout1 by selecting the Layout1 tab. If the model appears in the layout, click on
the viewport edge and erase it.
Next, use the VPORTS command to create a Single Viewport that fills the drawing area of
the titleblock. HINT: Remember to select the opposite diagonal corners of the drawing area
for the corners of the viewport.

In Layout1, click on the edge of the viewport to select it. HINT: Remember you can click on
the upper edge of the titeblock to select this viewport because it overlaps the edges of the
titleblock image area. Now, locate the Viewport Toolbar and select a scale of 2:1 in the
Scale window to scale the model size. Finally, if the model needs moving, use the PAN
command to adjust its position in the window.
Oncethemodeliscenteredinthetitleblock,youmustExplodeitbeforeyoucaneditthe
textifitisnotalreadyexploded.Useddedittoeditthetextintheblockasneeded.
Remember,youneedtochangethesizeintheSCALE:sectiontomatchthesizeofthe
figureinsidethetitleblockor2:1.SeeFIGURE31.

FIGURE31

FIGURE 32

You are now ready to Plot your drawing, but first we will make two additional settings.
The first setting you need to make will remove the hidden edges in the model when it is
printed. To remove these edges, you will use the Properties command. To make this change,
again select the edge of the viewport containing the model if it is not already selected. Now,
type prop or at a Command: prompt or select Properties on the Modify menu. The
Properties dialogue box will appear. See FIGURE 32.
In this dialogue box, locate the listing, Hide plot. NOTE: It does not matter if the
Alphabetic or Categorized list is used, since this heading appears on both lists. Click in
the block to the Right of Hide plot heading and a Drop-down menu will appear. Click on
the drop-down menu arrow and select Yes. Close this dialogue box. Now, select the Plot
command and make the selections that are listed in the Plot information.
The second setting you need to make will remove the contour or mesh lines that are added
to solids in AutoCAD when a solid is printed with the Hide plot setting is selected. Normally
your print with Hide plot selected would look like the model in FIGURE 33. To remove these
so that the model will print, as the one in FIGURE 34, you will use a command called
DISPSILH (Display Show silhouettes). To access this
command you can either type dispsilh at a Command:
prompt or select Options... and then Display Show
silhouettes in wireframe under the Tools menu. The
prompts will read: Enter new value for DISPSILH <0>:
Type 1 and press Enter.

FIGURE 33

FIGURE 34

Use the Plot command and make the appropriate settings to print the model. You can check
these settings by reading the information of the PLOT command again. Check the look of the
drawing by selecting Full Preview and then click on OK to send the drawing to the printer.

Congratulations!YouhavenowfinishedTutorial3.
Solidmodelsarealotoffun,aren'tthey?

Inthenexttutorial,youwilllearnhowtoconvertasolidmodeltoa
MultiviewDrawing.

AutoCADisaregisteredtrademarkofAutoDesk,Inc.
AutoCADTutorial3:ForRelease2000iwaswrittenby:
Dr.AliceY.Scales,Ed.D.
GraphicCommunicationsProgram
DepartmentofMathematics,ScienceandTechnologyEducation
NORTHCAROLINASTATEUNIVERSITY

ThisworkiscopyrightedandthepropertyofAliceY.Scalesandisnottobecopied
withoutpermissionoftheauthor.
9/5/01

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