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AQS 1100 PRINCIPLES

OF MEASUREMENT FOR
BUILDING WORKS
WEEK SIX SITE CLEARANCE

OUTLINE

INTRODUCTION TO SMM2 CLAUSE


GENERAL
SECTION A (GENERAL RULES)
INTRODUCTION TO SITE CLEARANCE
MEASUREMENT
MEASUREMENT RULES
GUIDE TO TAKING OFF

INTRODUCTION TO SMM2
SECTIO HEADING
N

Guide for measuring:

GENERAL RULES

Guide on general rule for measurement


works

PRELIMINARIES

preliminaries items related to construction


works, contracts, descriptions etc

DEMOLITION

demolition works, description writing and


considerations

EXCAVATION &
EARTHWORK

Site clearance, excavation works,


earthworks (cutting & filling)

PILING &
DIAPHRAGM
WALLING

Piling works, testing for piling, diaphragm


wall

CONCRETE WORK Concrete works (precast/RC): foundations,


pile cap, beams, columns, wall etc.
including reinforcement, formwork

INTRODUCTION TO SMM2
SECTIO HEADING
N

Guide for measuring:

UNDERPINNING

Works associated with underpinning (i.e.


excavation)

MASONRY

Stoneworks, its classification and


construction joints

WATERPROOFING Waterproofing works for floors, pavement,


& ASPHALT WORK roofing, tanks, basements etc

ROOFING

Roof coverings, accessories and rain


water goods (RWG)

WOODWORK

Timberworks associated with : carcassing


(frame), boardings, finishes, door &
window frame, ironmongeries etc

STRUCTURAL
STEELWORK

Steel frame works (i.e. factory buildings,


malls, offices)

INTRODUCTION TO SMM2
SECTIO HEADING
N

Guide for measuring:

PLUMBING &
MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING
INSTALLATIONS

Pipeworks (refer Q2 pg 95), ductworks,


connections, supports, insulation.
Normally involve in water plumbing, air
conditioning ductworks, chemical gas
pipes in hospital, fuel pipes

ELECTRICAL
INSTALLATIONS

Electrical works: wiring, fittings, trunking,


cabling etc

FLOOR, WALL & Architectural works: finishes (i.e. wall


CEILING FINISHES tiles, slabs, ceiling boards, carpetting

GLAZING

Works associated with glass (i.e. window


& door glass)

PAINTING &
DECORATING

Works associated with painting works,


decorating works (wall papers)

DRAINAGE

Works associated with constructing drain

INTRODUCTION TO SMM2
SECTION A GENERAL RULES
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

introduction
Bills of Quantities
Measurement
Description
Drawn Information
Standard Products
Quantities
Provisional Sums & Prime Cost Sum
Works in Special Conditions

INTRODUCTION
Objective of Site Clearance
Preparing the site for construction activities

INTRODUCTION
WORKS INVOLVED IN SITE PREPARATION /
CLEARANCE
Cutting of trees
Removing the tree stumps
Removing the hedges
Removing the shrubs and bushes
Removing & Relocating the turf or grass
Removing & Relocating the topsoil

INTRODUCTION : SITE
CLEARANCE
Trees
Hedges

Shrubs
Groundcovers &
topsoil

INTRODUCTION
Cutting of Trees

& Removing of stump

INTRODUCTION
Removing Hedges , Shrubs & Bushes

INTRODUCTION
Does the Site Ready for Construction?

INTRODUCTION
Removing of Topsoil

INTRODUCTION
Removing of Topsoil

INTRODUCTION
Plant & Machinery Used
Excavator

Bull Dozer

INTRODUCTION
Plant & Machinery Used

Backhoe Loader

MEASUREMENT : SMM 2
CLAUSE
SECTION D : EXCAVATION AND
EARTHWORK
D2 Removing hedges
D3 Clearing undergrowth
D4 Removing trees
D5 Tree stumps
D6 Lifting turf
D7 Topsoil
D8 Alternative method of measurement

MEASUREMENT : ALTERNATIVE A

MEASUREMENT RULES : D2
Section D2
Cutting & Grubbing of hedges and their roots
Include the disposal
Measured in linear meter (m)
State the nature / height & location

MEASUREMENT RULES : D2
Example

20000

Measurement:

20000

Total Length = 20000 + 20000


= 40000
= 40.00m

SITE

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & Earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

Clearing site of hibiscus hedges average 1.00m high and grubbing up their
roots

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D2

QTY:
40
SQD:

Total Length = 20000 + 20000


= 40000

40.00
40.00

CHK SQD:

RED:

Side Cast

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

40.00

MEASUREMENT RULES : D3
Section D3
Clearing of undergrowth / bushes / shrubs
Include the disposal
Measure in meter square (m2)

MEASUREMENT RULES : D3
Example

20000

Measurement:

20000

Total Area

= 20000 x 20000
= 40.00m2

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & Earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

Clearing site of undergrowth, bushes, shrub & the like & grubbing up their
roots

m2

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D3

QTY:
40
SQD:

Length
20000

20.00
20.00

CHK SQD:

400.00

Width
20000
RED:

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

400.00

MEASUREMENT RULES : D4
Section D4
Cutting down trees and grubbing their roots
Include disposal
Measured in numbers (No)
Classified in stages of 300mm girth
(measured at 1.00m from the ground
Filling of void if necessary
Notes: Girth the measurement around the middle of
something
(i.e. circumference / perimeter)

MEASUREMENT RULES : D4
Classified in stages of 300mm girth

1.00

MEASUREMENT RULES : D4
Example
Measurement:
G = 280
Total No n.e. 300mm
G = 100

G = 500

= 2 no

Total No 300mm 600mm = 1 no

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & Earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D4

Cutting down trees & grubbing up their roots & filling voids left by removal
of roots with material arising from excavation
Not Exceeding 300mm girth at 1.00m above ground level

No
QTY:
2
SQD:

CHK SQD:

2
2
RED:

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D4

Cutting down trees & grubbing up their roots & filling voids left by removal
of roots with material arising from excavation
Exceeding 300mm & not exceeding 600mm girth ditto

No
QTY:
1
SQD:

CHK SQD:

1
1
RED:

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D5

Removing existing tree stumps and grubbing up their roots and filling
voids left by removal of roots with material arising from excavation
not exceeding 300mm girth at 1.00m above ground level

No
QTY:
1
SQD:

CHK SQD:

1
1
RED:

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

MEASUREMENT : ALTERNATIVE B

MEASUREMENT RULES : D8
Section D 8
Cutting of trees, removal of stump and
all clearance of undergrowth, shrubs,
hedges & bushes are given as item.
Describing the total area affected in the
description area.

MEASUREMENT RULES : D8
20000

Measurement:

20000

Total Area

= 20000 x 20000
= 40.00m2

JOB:

ELEMENT:

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & earthwork

HEADING:
SITE PREPARATION

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

MEASUREMENT
RULES : D8

Cutting down trees & clearing site of undergrowth, bushes, scrub and
Item
hedges & grubbing up their roots & filling voids left by removal of roots with
selected material arising from excavation
(in 40m2) QTY:

SQD:

Item

CHK SQD:

RED:

CHK RED:

RATE:

TOTAL COST

HOW TO START?

HOW TO START?

HOW TO START?
Proposed construction project site

GUIDELINES TO TAKING-OFF
1.
2.

3.
4.

5.
6.

Check the scale of the drawing


Check the sufficiency of the data provided
(i.e. sizes, annotation, specification)
Prepare taking off list
Prepare table to indicate various stages or
sizes of items
Prepare Query List (if required)
Indicate page numbers in every slip sort
sheet

GUIDELINES TO TAKING-OFF
Taking Off List
Indicate a list of items to be measured
from the drawing
Follow the sequence of work
State the clauses in the SMM 2 and unit
of measurement

JOB:

ELEMENT:

GUIDELINES : T.O.
LIST

AQS 1100

SLIP NO:

Excavation & earthwork

HEADING:
TAKING OFF LIST

DESCRIPTION:

UNIT:

QTY:

SQD:

Item
Unit
1. Clearing Undergrowth m2

SMM
D3
CHK SQD:

2. Cutting down trees


n.e. 300mm girth

No

D4
RED:

3. Ditto exceeding 300mm


& n.e. 600mm girth
No

D4
CHK RED:

4. Cutting down hedges

No

D5
RATE:

TOTAL COST

THANK YOU