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ROEVER COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, PERAMBALUR 621

220
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
LESSON PLAN

ELECTRICAL
MACHINES - II

Branch

EEE

EE6504

Year /
Semester

III / V

G. Anbalagan

Designati
on

Associate Professor

Subject Name
Subject
code
Name of the
faculty
Objectives:

To impart knowledge on Construction and performance of salient and non- salient type
synchronous generators.
To impart knowledge on Principle of operation and performance of synchronous motor.
To impart knowledge on Construction, principle of operation and performance of
induction machines.
To impart knowledge on Starting and speed control of three-phase induction motors.
To impart knowledge on Construction, principle of operation and performance of single
phase induction motors and special machines.

Theory Class:
Unit - I

SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR

Target Hours

14
Hours

Text Book
Sl
.
N
o

1.

Date
Planed /
Actual

4/7/16

Perio
d
Reqd.

Topics to be covered
Constructional details of SG
Basics of Electrical machines 5 min
Principle of EM 5 min
Classification of AC EM 5 min
2D diagram of SG 15 min
Rotor Explanation 5 min
Stator Explanation 5 min
Questions & discussion 5 min

2.

5/7/16

Types of rotors
Basic types of rotor 5min
2D diagram of salient rotor-5 min
2D diagram of non-salient rotor -5 min
Feature & application of salient rotor -10min
Feature & application non-salient rotor-10min
Compare rotor 5min
Questions & discussion 5 min

Ref.B
ook/P
age
No.

Remark
s

3.

Winding Factors & emf equation


About Winding & its factors -5 min
2D & vector diagram of factors 5 min
Derivation of distribution factor (Kd) 10 min
Derivation of Pitch factor (Kp) 10 min
E.M.F. Equation of an Alternator
Induced EMF of one conductor -2 min
Induced EMF of the generator-3 min
Derivation for Induced EMF 10min
(Simple wave wound generator & Simple lapwound generator included)

Synchronous reactance -Armature reaction


(AR)

4.

7/7/16

Concepts of synchronous reactance 5 min


Definition of synchronous reactance 5min
Role of SR in armature reaction 5min
Concepts of armature reaction 5 min
When load power factor is unity 5min
When load power factor is zero Lagging -5min
AR in cylindrical-rotor generator -5min

AR in a salient-pole generator-5min
connection between magnetic & electric
circuits5min

5.

4/7/16

6.

5/7/16

7.

6/7/16

Phasor diagrams of non-salient pole synchronous


generator connected to infinite bus
necessary for making the phasor diagram 5min
phasor diagram for unity pf 5min
phasor diagram for leading pf 5min
phasor diagram for lagging pf 5min
Generator connected to infinite bus
Infinite Bus Concept & Definition 10 min
Characteristics of an Infinite Bus - 5min
Questions & discussion 10 min

Synchronizing and parallel operation


Benefits of parallel power generation systems
10min
Key Considerations & Conditions 5 min
methods of synchronization 5min
Dark lamp Method 10min
Synchroscope Method 10min
reverse power 5min
Synchronizing torque -Change of
excitation and mechanical input
Different Torques
starting torque & running torque - 5min
Pull-in Torque & Pull-out Torque - 5min
Definition: Synchronizing Power - 5min
synchronizing Power Coefficient-5min
Synchronizing Torque Coefficient -5min
Excitation Decreased -5min
Excitation Increased -5min
Effect of change of field excitation -5min
Effect of change in mechanical input -5min

8.

9/7/16

9.

10/7/16

10.

Voltage regulation - EMF, MMF, ZPF and


A.S.A methods
Need of voltage regulation 5min
Direct & indirect Methods 5min
Synchronous impedance method -15 min
Ampere-turn method -15 min
Zero power factor method -15 min
American standard association method-15 min
Blondel's method -15 min
Comparison-5min
Steady state power angle characteristicsTwo reaction theory
About Load angle -10 min
Load angle measurement 5min
Improvement of load angle -5min
About Two reaction theory -5min
Diagram & explanation 10min
Derivation 10 min
Slip Test -short circuit transients
What is Slip 5 min
Slip test diagram & procedure 15min
Determination of Xd and Xq - 10min
Calculation 10min
Questions & discussion 5 min

11. 16/7/16

Capability Curves
Need of Capability Curves
Nature of generator constraints
Generator Limits
Voltage Limits

Theory Class:
Unit - II

SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

Target
Hours

14 Hours

Text Book
1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen. D. Umans, Electric Machinery, Tata Mc
Graw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.

Reference Book
1. Alexander S. Langsdorf, Theory of Alternating-Current Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill
Publications, 2001.
Sl
.
N
o

Date

Perio
d
Reqd.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

16/7/16
16/7/16
17/7/16
18/7/16
23/7/16

1
1
1
1
1

Topics to be covered

Principle of operation
Torque equation
Operation on infinite bus bass bars
V and Inverted V curves
Power input and power developed

Ref.
Book/Pag
e No.

Actual
Date of
completi
on

Remarks

6.

24/7/16

7.

25/7/16

8.

26/7/16

9.

27/7/16

10.

Theory Class:
Unit - III
Text Book
Sl
.
N
o

THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR

Target Hours

13 Hours

1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen. D. Umans, Electric


Machinery, Tata Mc Graw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.

2. Alexander S. Langsdorf, Theory of Alternating-Current Machinery, Tata McGraw


Hill Publications, 2001.

Date

Perio
d
Reqd.

31/7/16

1/8/16

3/8/16

4/8/16

5/8/16

6. 6/8/16

7. 7/8/16

8. 8/8/16

9.

1.
1
2.
2
3.
3
4.
4
5.
5

equations
Starting methods
Current loci for constant power input,
constant excitation and constant power
developed
Hunting natural frequency of
oscillations
Damper
windingssynchronous
condenser.
Tutorial

Topics to be covered

Ref.
Book/Page
No.

Actual
Date of
completi
on

Remark
s

Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar
Chalk
& Boar

Constructional details Types of


rotors
Principle of operation & Slip
cogging and crawling
Equivalent circuit Torque-Slip
characteristics
Condition for maximum torque
Losses and efficiency
Load test - No load and blocked rotor
tests
Circle diagram Separation of losses
Double cage induction motors
Induction generators Synchronous
induction motor
Tutorial

LCD

Theory Class:
STARTING AND SPEED CONTROL OF THREE
Unit - IV
Target Hours
PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR
Text Book

11 Hours

1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen. D. Umans, Electric Machinery, Tata Mc Graw
Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.

Reference book
1. Alexander S. Langsdorf, Theory of Alternating-Current Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill
Publications, 2001.
Sl

Date

Perio

Topics to be covered

Ref.

Actual

Remarks

.
N
o

1.
1

d
Reqd.

9/8/16

2.
3.
3
4.
4

1
10/8/16

13/8/16

5.

14/8/16

6.

21/8/16

7.

Book/Page
No.

Date of
completi
on

Need for starting Types of starters


DOL, Rotor resistance,
Autotransformer and Star-delta
starters
Speed control Voltage control,
Frequency control and pole changing
Cascaded connection-V/f control
Slip power recovery scheme-Braking
of three phase induction motor
Plugging, dynamic braking and
regenerative braking.
Tutorial

Theory Class:
SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS AND
Unit - V
SPECIAL MACHINES
Text Book

Target
Hours

12 Hours

1. 1 A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen. D. Umans, Electric Machinery, Tata Mc


Graw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.
2. D.P. Kothari and I.J. Nagrath, Electric Machines, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company
Ltd, 2002.
3. P.S. Bhimbhra, Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers, 2003.

Reference Book
1. Alexander S. Langsdorf, Theory of Alternating-Current Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill
Publications, 2001.
Sl
.
N
o

Date

Perio
d
Reqd.

1.
1

30/8/1
6

2.
2
3.
3

31/8/1
6

3/9/16

4.

4/9/16

5.

5/9/16

6.

6/9/16

7.
8.

2
1

Topics to be covered

Constructional details of single phase


induction motor Double field
revolving theory and operation
Equivalent circuit No load and
blocked rotor test
Performance analysis
Starting methods of Single-phase
induction motors Capacitor-start
capacitor run Induction motor
Shaded pole induction motor - Linear
induction motor Repulsion motor Hysteresis motor
AC series motor- Servo motors- Stepper
motors - introduction to magnetic
levitation systems.
Tutorial
Recall all five units

Ref. Book
/Page No.

Actual
Date of
completio
n

Remarks

TOTAL NO OF HOURS
= 64
TEXT BOOKS:
3. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen. D. Umans, Electric Machinery, Tata Mc
Graw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.
4. D.P. Kothari and I.J. Nagrath, Electric Machines, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing
Company Ltd, 2002.
5. P.S. Bhimbhra, Electrical Machinery, Khanna Publishers, 2003.
REFERENCES:
1. M. N. Bandyopadhyay, Electrical Machines Theory and Practice, PHI Learning PVT
LTD., New Delhi, 2009.
2. Charless A. Gross, Electric /Machines, CRC Press, 2010.
3. K. Murugesh Kumar, Electric Machines, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd, 2002.
4. Syed A. Nasar, Electric Machines and Power Systems: Volume I, Mcgraw -Hill
College; International Edition, January 1995.
5. Alexander S. Langsdorf, Theory of Alternating-Current Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill
Publications, 2001.

FACULTY IN-CHARGE

HOD