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Basic Pharmacology

Introduction: principles of drug action

Drugreceptor interactions

Drug absorption, distribution and excretion

Drug metabolism

Local anesthetics

Drugs acting at the neuromuscular junction

Autonomic nervous system

Autonomic drugs acting at cholinergic


Drugs acting on the sympathetic system

Ocular pharmacology

Asthma, hay fever and anaphylaxis

Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal tract I:

peptic ulcer

Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal tract II:

motility and secretions

Drugs acting on the kidney: diuretics

Drugs used in hypertension

Drugs used in angina

Antiarrhythmic drugs

Drugs used in heart failure

Drugs used to affect blood coagulation

Lipid-lowering drugs

Agents used in anaemias

Central transmitter substances

General anaesthetics

Anxiolytics and hypnotics

Antiepileptic drugs

Drugs used in Parkinsons disease

Antipsychotic drugs (neuroleptics)

Drugs used in affective disorders:


Opioid analgesics

Drugs used in nausea and vertigo


Drug misuse and dependence

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)


Sex hormones and drugs

Thyroid and antithyroid drugs

Antidiabetic agents

Antibacterial drugs that inhibit nucleic acid

synthesis: sulphonamides, trimethoprim,
quinolones and nitroimidazoles

Antibacterial drugs that inhibit cell wall

synthesis: penicillins, cephalosporins
and vancomycin

Antibacterial drugs that inhibit protein synthesis:

aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, macrolides
and chloramphenicol

Antifungal drugs

Antiviral drugs

Drugs acting on parasites I: helminths (worms)

Drugs acting on parasites II: protozoa

Drugs used in cancer

Immunosuppressants and antirheumatoid



Adverse drug reactions